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Encyclopedia > Adelaide
Adelaide
South Australia

Looking south at the Adelaide skyline
Population: 1,146,119 (2006)[1] (5th)
Density: 615/km² (1592.8/sq mi)
Established: 28 December 1836
Area: 1826.9 km² (705.4sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST) The name Adelaide (French: Adélaïde or Adélaide) can refer to: Places: Adelaide, South Australia. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities, and provides rankings for each. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...

ACST (UTC+9:30)

ACDT (UTC+10:30) Australia (ACST—Australian Central Standard Time) New South Wales Broken Hill**, Northern Territory, South Australia** Categories: Time zones ... In mainland Australia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Australian Eastern Standard Time EST/AEST (UTC+10), Australian Central Standard Time CST/ACST (UTC+9:30) and Australian Western Standard Time WST/AWST (UTC+8). ...

Location:
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
12.1 °C
54 °F
600.5 mm
23.6 in
Location of Adelaide within Australia
Location of Adelaide within Australia

Adelaide is the fifth most populous city in Australia, with a population of over 1.1 million in 2006,[2] and is the capital and most populous city of the state of South Australia. It is a coastal city situated on the eastern side of Gulf St. Vincent on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, and west of the Mount Lofty Ranges, which rise to around 700 metres (2,300 ft). “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Image File history File links Adelaide_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia locating Adelaide. ... Image File history File links Adelaide_locator-MJC.png Summary Map of Australia locating Adelaide. ... This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities, and provides rankings for each. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Gulf St. ... The Adelaide Plains (34°30′ S 138°30′ E) is the area in South Australia between the Mount Lofty Ranges on the east and the Gulf Saint Vincent on the west. ... The Fleurieu Peninsula is a picturesque peninsula located south of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia. ... Mount Lofty Summit The Mount Lofty Ranges are the range of mountains to the east of Adelaide in South Australia, stretching from the southernmost point of the Fleurieu Peninsula at Cape Jervis northwards for over 300 kilometres before petering out north of Peterborough. ...


Prior to British settlement, the area now known as the Adelaide plains was home to the Kaurna Aboriginal peoples. Named in honour of Queen Adelaide, the consort of King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for the only freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, is said to have designed the city and to have chosen its location close to the River Torrens. Inspired by William Penn, Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parkland. The Kaurna (pronounced Garner or Gowna) people are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands lie in and around the Adelaide Plains of South Australia. ... Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia) ( 13 August 1792 - 2 December 1849 ) as Queen Adelaide was the Queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of Hanover and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 26 June 1830 until his death. ... See New Town for places with that name. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Colonel William Light Colonel William Light (1786 - 1839) was born in Kuala Kedah, Malaya in 1786, an illegitimate son of Captain Francis Light, the Governor of Penang, and Martina Rozells, the so-called Princess of Kedah of mixed Siamese-Portuguese descent. ... The River Torrens is the most significant river of the Adelaide Plains. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... The Adelaide Parklands are the parklands that surround the City of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia. ...


Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom, hence its moniker "The City of Churches,". Today Adelaide is known for its many festivals as well as for its wine, arts and sports. As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area. North Terrace, looking west from Kintore Avenue Adelaide in 1839 as viewed south-east from North Terrace North Terrace is a street in Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia. ... King William Street, looking south towards Victoria Square, circa 1992. ...

Contents

History

Adelaide's Tallest Building, Westpac House
Adelaide's Tallest Building, Westpac House
Main article: History of Adelaide

Prior to British settlement, the Adelaide area was inhabited by the Kaurna Aboriginal tribe (pronounced "Garner" or "Gowna"). Acknowledged Kaurna country comprised the Adelaide Plains and surrounding regions - from Cape Jervis in the south, and to Port Wakefield in the north. Among their unique customs were burn-offs (controlled bushfires) in the Adelaide Hills which the early Europeans spotted before the Kaurna people were pushed out by settlement. By 1852, the total population (by census count) of the Kaurna was 650 in the Adelaide region and steadily decreasing. During the winter months, they moved into the Adelaide Hills for better shelter and firewood.[3][4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Adelaide Festival Centre The Adelaide Festival Centre is Adelaides first multi-purpose art center. ... Adelaide is the capital city of the Australian state of South Australia. ... The Kaurna (pronounced Garner or Gowna) people are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands lie in and around the Adelaide Plains of South Australia. ... Australian Aborigines are the main indigenous people of Australia. ... Cape Jervis is a town at the southwestern tip of Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia at 35°36′ S 138°06′ E, approximately 108 km south of Adelaide. ... Port Wakefield is the first government town to be established north of capital Adelaide in South Australia. ... Backburning in Townsville, Australia to prevent bushfires. ... The Waterfall Gully waterfall in the Adelaide Foothills The Adelaide Hills are part of the Mount Lofty Ranges, east of the city of Adelaide in the state of South Australia. ...

Adelaide in 1839, looking south-east from North Terrace
Adelaide in 1839, looking south-east from North Terrace

South Australia was officially settled as a new British province on 28 December 1836, near the The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North. This day is now commemorated as Proclamation Day in South Australia. The site of the colony's capital city was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston.[5] In 1823, Light had fondly written of the Sicilian city of Catania: "The two principal streets cross each other at right angles in the square in the direction of north and south and east and west. They are wide and spacious and about a mile long", and this became the basis for the plan of Adelaide. Light chose, not without opposition, a site on rising ground close to the River Torrens, which became the chief early water supply for the fledgling colony. "Light's Vision", as it has been termed, has meant that the initial design of Adelaide required little modification as the city grew and prospered. Usually in an older city it would be necessary to accommodate larger roads and add parks, whereas Adelaide had them from the start. Adelaide was established as the centre of a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Wakefield had read accounts of Australian settlement[6] while in prison in London for attempting to abduct an heiress, and realised that the eastern colonies suffered from a lack of available labour, due to the practice of giving land grants to all arrivals.[7] Wakefield's idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen.[8] Funds raised from the sale of land would be used to bring out working class emigrants, who would have to work hard for the monied settlers to ever afford their own land.[9] As a result of this policy, Adelaide does not share the convict settlement history of other Australian cities like Sydney, Perth, Brisbane and Hobart. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1460x1156, 384 KB)Adelaide, North Terrace 1839, looking south-east. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1460x1156, 384 KB)Adelaide, North Terrace 1839, looking south-east. ... North Terrace, looking west from Kintore Avenue Adelaide in 1839 as viewed south-east from North Terrace North Terrace is a street in Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Old Gum Tree. ... Glenelg North is a suburb of Adelaide, in the City of Holdfast Bay and the City of West Torrens. ... Proclamation Day is the South Australian public holiday that celebrates the proclamation of South Australia as a British colony. ... Photographer Unknown George Strickland Kingston (born August 1807 in Bandon, County Cork, Ireland, died 1880 at sea) arrived in South Australia on the Cygnet in 1836. ... The Roman Odeon. ... Lights Vision, Montefiore Hill Adelaide, City of Squares Map of Adelaide The first surveyor-general of Adelaide, South Australia, Colonel William Light designed a layout and development programme for the city. ... See New Town for places with that name. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Edward Gibbon Wakefield Edward Gibbon Wakefield (20 March 1796 – May 16, 1862) was the driving force behind much of the early colonization of South Australia, and later New Zealand. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. ...


Adelaide's early history was wrought by economic uncertainty and incompetent leadership. The first governor of South Australia, John Hindmarsh, clashed frequently with others, in particular with the Resident Commissioner, James Hurtle Fisher. The rural area surrounding Adelaide city was surveyed by Light in preparation to sell a total of over 405 km² of land. Adelaide's early economy started to get on its feet in 1838 with the arrival of livestock from New South Wales and Tasmania. The wool industry served as an early basis for the South Australian economy. Light's survey was completed in this period, and land was promptly offered to sale to early colonists. Wheat farms ranged from Encounter Bay in the south to Clare in the north by 1860. Governor Gawler took over from Hindmarsh in late 1838 and promptly oversaw construction of a governor's house, Adelaide Gaol, police barracks, hospital, and customs house and a wharf at Port Adelaide. In addition, houses for public officials and missionaries, and outstations for police and surveyors were also constructed during Gawler's governorship. Adelaide had also become economically self-sufficient during this period, but at heavy cost: the colony was heavily in debt and relied on bail-outs from London to stay afloat. Gawler was recalled and replaced by Governor Grey in 1841. Grey slashed public expenditure against heavy opposition, although its impact was negligible at this point: silver was discovered in Glen Osmond that year, agricultural industries were well underway, and other mines sprung up all over the state, aiding Adelaide's commercial development. The city exported meat, wool, wine, fruit and wheat by the time Grey left in 1845, contrasting with a low point in 1842 when one-third of Adelaide houses were abandoned. Captain John Hindmarsh, KH, RN was the first Governor of South Australia, from 28 December 1836 to 16 July 1838. ... Sir James Hurtle Fisher (1790 – January 28, 1875) was a lawyer and prominent South Australian pioneer. ... NSW redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Encounter Bay is located on the south coast of Australia. ... The town of Clare (postcode 5453) is located in South Australia in the Mid North region, 136 km north of Adelaide. ... George Gawler Lieutenant Colonel George Gawler, KH (21 July 1795–7 May 1869) was the second governor of South Australia. ... Adelaide Gaol was an Australian prison located in Thebarton, South Australia, Australia. ... Port Adelaide ( ) is a suburb of Adelaide lying about 14 kilometres northwest of the City of Adelaide. ... For other uses, see Debt (disambiguation). ... George Edward Grey Statue of Sir George Grey in Albert Park, Auckland For other men with a similar name, see George Grey or George Gray Sir George Edward Grey KCB (April 14, 1812–September 19, 1898) was a soldier, explorer, Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor... This article is about the chemical element. ... Glen Osmond is a small suburb of Adelaide in the City of Burnside located in the foothills of the Adelaide Hills. ...

Adelaide General Post Office in 1950
The historic home Carclew
The historic home Carclew
Ayre's House
Ayre's House

Trade links with the rest of the Australian states were established with the Murray River being successfully navigated in 1853 by Francis Cadell, an Adelaide resident. Image File history File links Adelaide_town_hall_1950. ... Image File history File links Adelaide_town_hall_1950. ... The term General Post Office is or has been used by a number of postal and telecommunications governmental administrations worldwide, including: United Kingdom until 1969, see Post Office UK. After 1981 see Royal Mail for a continuing history of the British Post Office. ... For other uses, see Murray River (disambiguation). ... Francis Cadell c. ...


South Australia became a self-governing colony in 1856 with the ratification of a new constitution by the British parliament. Secret ballots were introduced, and a bicameral parliament was elected on 9 March 1857, by which time 109,917 people lived in the province.[10] A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. ... Ratification is the act of giving official sanction to a formal document such as a treaty or constitution. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voters choices are confidential. ... This article is about bicameralism in government. ...


In 1860 the Thorndon Park reservoir was opened, finally providing an alternative water source to the turbid River Torrens. In 1867 gas street lighting was implemented, the University of Adelaide was founded in 1874, the South Australian Art Gallery opened in 1881 and the Happy Valley Reservoir opened in 1896. In the 1890s Australia was affected by a severe economic depression, ending a hectic era of land booms and tumultuous expansionism. Financial institutions in Melbourne and banks in Sydney closed. The national fertility rate fell and immigration was reduced to a trickle. The value of South Australia's exports nearly halved. Drought and poor harvests from 1884 compounded the problems, with some families leaving for Western Australia. Adelaide was not as badly hit as the larger gold-rush cities of Sydney and Melbourne, and silver and lead discoveries at Broken Hill provided some relief. Only one year of deficit was recorded, but the price paid was retrenchments and lean public spending. Wine and copper were the only industries not to suffer a downturn. Turbidity standards of 5, 50, and 500 NTU Turbidity is a cloudiness or haziness of a fluid, or of air, caused by individual particles (suspended solids) that are generally invisible to the naked eye, similar to smoke in air. ... A high pressure sodium vapor street lamp from Australia. ... The University of Adelaide (colloquially Adelaide University or Adelaide Uni) is a public university located in Adelaide. ... ... Happy Valley Reservoir is one of the oldest reservoirs in South Australia, being built between 1892 and 1897 at a cost of AU$1. ... In economics, a depression is a term commonly used for a sustained downturn in the economy. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... The (total) fertility rate of a population is the average number of child births per woman. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... Broken Hill Post Office Broken Hill is an isolated mining city and Local Government Area (see City of Broken Hill) in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 21,000. ... This article is about budget deficits. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ...


Electric street lighting was introduced in 1900 and electric trams were transporting passengers in 1909. 28,000 men were sent to fight in World War I. Adelaide enjoyed a post-war boom but, with the return of droughts, entered the depression of the 1930s, later returning to prosperity under strong government leadership. Secondary industries helped reduce the state's dependence on primary industries. The 1933 census recorded the state population at 580,949, less of an increase than other states due to the state's economic limitations.[citation needed] World War II brought industrial stimulus and diversification to Adelaide under the Playford Government, which advocated Adelaide as a safe place for manufacturing due to its less vulnerable location. 70,000 men and women enlisted and shipbuilding was expanded at the nearby port of Whyalla. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... The primary sector of industry generally involves the changing process of natural resources into primary products. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Sir Thomas Playford KCMG (July 5, 1896 – 16 June 1981) served as Premier of South Australia from November 5, 1938 to March 10, 1965, which at 26 years and 125 days, remains a British Commonwealth record for the longest time someone has served as a democratically elected national or regional... City Plaza, Hummock Hill in the background Location of Whyalla in South Australia (red) Whyalla (33°02′S 137°34′E) is a city and port located on the east coast of the Eyre Peninsula opposite Port Pirie in South Australia. ...


The South Australian Government in this period built on former wartime manufacturing industries. International manufacturers like General Motors Holden and Chrysler (now Mitsubishi) made use of these factories around Adelaide completing its transformation from an agricultural service centre to a twentieth-century city. A pipeline from Mannum brought River Murray water to Adelaide in 1954 and an international airport opened at West Beach in 1955. An assisted migration scheme brought 215,000 immigrants of all nationalities to South Australia between 1947 and 1973[citation needed]. The Dunstan Government in the 1970s saw something of an Adelaide 'cultural revival' - establishing a wide array of social reforms and overseeing the city becoming a centre of the arts. Adelaide hosted the Australian Grand Prix between 1985 and 1996 on a street circuit in the city's east parklands, before losing it to Melbourne.[11] The 1992 State Bank collapse plunged both Adelaide and South Australia into economic recession, and its effects lasted until 2004, when ratings agency Standard & Poor's reinstated South Australia's AAA credit rating.[12] Recent years have seen the Clipsal 500 V8 Supercar race make use of sections of the former Formula One circuit. Holdens rule This article is about the Australian car manufacturer. ... Chrysler Australia is a trading name for DaimlerChrysler Australia/ Pacific Pty Ltd. ... Mitsubishi Motors Australia Ltd. ... Mannum is a historic town on the west bank of the Murray River in South Australia, 84 kilometres (52 mi) east of Adelaide. ... A branch of the Murray in its middle reaches, near Howlong, New South Wales. ... Adelaide International Airport (IATA: ADL, ICAO: YPAD) is the principal airport in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. ... West Beach is a beautiful seaside suburb of Adelaide. ... Donald Allan Dunstan AC QC (21 September 1926 – 6 February 1999) was an Australian politician. ... Promotional poster for the first Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide in 1985. ... The State Bank of South Australia was a bank owned by the Government of South Australia. ... Publications Standard & Poors publishes a weekly (48 times a year) stock market analysis newsletter called The Outlook, which is issued both in print and online to subscribers. ... The Adelaide 500 (also known as the Clipsal 500 for naming sponsor Clipsal Electronics) is an annual racing carnival for Touring Cars held on a street circuit in the east end of Adelaide on a shortened form of the former Australian Grand Prix track. ... V8 Supercars is a touring car racing category. ...


Geography

Adelaide's metropolitan area
Adelaide's metropolitan area

Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. The city stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Adelaide Metropolitan Region has a total land area of 870 km², and is at an average elevation of 50 metres above sea level. Mount Lofty is located east of the Adelaide metropolitan region in the Adelaide Hills at an elevation of 727 metres. It is the tallest point of the city and in the state south of Burra. Gawler is a town in the state of South Australia. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... Mount Lofty Summit Looking towards Mount Lofty Summit, with Mount Lofty Hotel in the foreground and Gulf St. ... Location of Burra in South Australia (red) Burra (33°40′S 138°56′E) is a town in the mid-north of South Australia. ...


Much of Adelaide was bushland before British settlement, with some variation - swamps and marshlands were prevalent around the coast. However, much of the original vegetation has been cleared with what is left to be found in reserves such as the Cleland Conservation Park and Belair National Park. A number of creeks and rivers flow through the Adelaide region. The largest are the Torrens and Onkaparinga catchments. Adelaide relies on its many reservoirs for water supply, with Mount Bold Reservoir and Happy Valley Reservoir together supplying around 50% of Adelaide's requirements. Cleland Conservation Park is a conservation park in the Adelaide Hills, South Australia. ... Belair is a national park in South Australia (Australia), 16 km south of Adelaide. ... Onkaparinga River National Park is in South Australia (Australia), 32 km south of Adelaide also incorporates the Onkaparinga River Recreation Park. ... An aerial view of the Mount Bold Reservoir at full capacity. ...


Urban layout

Main article: Light's Vision
1888 Map of Adelaide, showing the gradual development of its urban layout
1888 Map of Adelaide, showing the gradual development of its urban layout

Adelaide is a planned city, designed by the first surveyor-general of South Australia, Colonel William Light. His plan, now known as Light's Vision, arranged Adelaide in a grid, with five squares in the inner City of Adelaide and a ring of parks known as the Adelaide Parklands surrounding it. Light's design was initially unpopular with the early settlers, as well as South Australia's first Governor, John Hindmarsh. Light persisted with his design against this initial opposition. The benefits of Light's design are numerous; Adelaide has had wide multi-lane roads from its beginning, an easily-navigable grid layout and a beautiful green ring around the city centre. There are two sets of 'ring roads' in Adelaide that have resulted from the original design. The inner ring route borders the parklands and the outer route completely bypasses the inner city through (in clockwise order) Grand Junction Road, Hampstead Road, Ascot Avenue, Portrush Road, Cross Road and South Road.[13] Lights Vision, Montefiore Hill Adelaide, City of Squares Map of Adelaide The first surveyor-general of Adelaide, South Australia, Colonel William Light designed a layout and development programme for the city. ... Image File history File links Karte_Adelaide_MKL1888. ... Image File history File links Karte_Adelaide_MKL1888. ... The term inner-city is often applied to the poorer parts at the centre of a major city. ... Grand Junction Road is the longest east-west thoroughfare in the Adelaide metropolitan area, and is located approximately 9 kilometres north of the Central Business District. ... Portrush Road in Maylands facing south Portrush Road is a major bypass route in Adelaide, the capital of South Australia. ... South Road in Everard Park, facing towards the south South Road is a major Adelaide north-south conduit, connecting the new Southern Expressway with Anzac highway, which then runs into the CBD. The road has begun suffering from extreme traffic congestion in recent years from the growth and development of...


Urban expansion has to some extent outgrown Light's original plan. Numerous satellite cities were built in the latter half of the 20th century, notably Salisbury and Elizabeth on the city's northern fringes, which have now been enveloped by its urban sprawl. New developments in the Adelaide Hills region facilitated the construction of the South Eastern Freeway to cope with growth. Similarly, the booming development in Adelaide's South made the construction of the Southern Expressway a necessity. New roads are not the only transport infrastructure developed to cope with the urban growth, however. The O-Bahn Busway is an example of a unique solution to Tea Tree Gully's transport woes in the 1980s.[14] The development of the nearby suburb of Golden Grove in the late 1980s is possibly an example of well-thought-out urban planning. The newer urban areas as a whole, however, are not as integrated into the urban layout as much as older areas, and therefore place more stress on Adelaide's transportation system – although not on a level comparable with Melbourne or Sydney. Salisbury (pronounced ; located at ) is a suburb in the north of Adelaide, South Australia. ... Elizabeth is a suburb in the northern extent of Adelaide, South Australia. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... South Eastern Freeway is a freeway linking Adelaide to Princes Highway near Swanport, South Australia. ... The City of Onkaparinga is a local government area (LGA) located on the southern fringe of Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Expressway near its start, at Marion. ... A bus on the O-Bahn guide-way. ... Tea Tree Gully is a suburb in the north-east of Adelaide, South Australia. ... Golden Grove (post code: 5125) is an outer north-eastern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia and is within the City of Tea Tree Gully local government area. ...


Climate

Main article: Climate of Adelaide

Adelaide has a Mediterranean climate, meaning that most of the rain falls in the winter months. Of the Australian capital cities, Adelaide is the driest. Rainfall is unreliable, light and infrequent throughout summer. In contrast, the winter has fairly reliable rainfall with June being the wettest month of the year, averaging around 80 mm. Frosts are rare, with the most notable occurrences having occurred in July 1908 and July 1982. There is usually no appreciable snowfall, except at Mount Lofty and some places in the Adelaide Hills.
Adelaide has a Mediterranean climate which generally means mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide. ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ...

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 28.9 29.3 26.2 22.5 19.0 16.1 15.3 16.7 18.9 21.8 24.9 27.0 22.2
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 17.0 17.1 15.1 12.3 10.2 8.1 7.4 8.2 9.7 11.4 13.9 15.5 12.2
Mean total rainfall (mm) 19.2 13.7 26.2 38.7 62.6 83.1 77.8 68.1 63.6 48.5 29.6 26.8 558.1
Mean number of rain days 4.3 3.4 5.7 7.9 12.3 15.4 16.2 16.4 13.2 10.8 8.1 6.7 120.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Governance

The Adelaide metropolitan area is divided between eighteen local government areas, including, at its centre, the City of Adelaide, which administers the CBD, North Adelaide, and the surrounding Adelaide Parklands. It is the oldest municipal authority in Australia and was established in 1840, when Adelaide and Australia's first mayor, James Hurtle Fisher, was elected. From 1919 onwards, the City has had a Lord Mayor, the current being Lord Mayor Michael Harbison. The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Adelaide_parliament_house. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Adelaide_parliament_house. ... guijkguijkgujgf fjbhfdjhdjhdjhjhdjhfdsjjhb ... The Parliament of South Australia consists of the South Australian Legislative Council and the South Australian House of Assembly. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of Local Government Areas of South Australia. ... City of Adelaide may mean: Adelaide, a city in Australia City of Adelaide (1864), a clipper ship This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... North Adelaide is the predominately residential suburb north of the River Torrens but within the Adelaide Parklands. ... The Adelaide Parklands are the parklands that surround the City of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Sir James Hurtle Fisher (1790 – January 28, 1875) was a lawyer and prominent South Australian pioneer. ... This is a list of the Mayors and Lord Mayors of the City of Adelaide Local Government Area, Adelaide, Australia. ... Michael Harbison is the current Lord Mayor of Adelaide, South Australia. ...


Adelaide, as the capital of South Australia, is the seat of the Government of South Australia. As Adelaide is South Australia's capital and most populous city, the State Government co-operates extensively with the City of Adelaide. In 2006, the Ministry for the City of Adelaide was created to facilitate the state government's collaboration with the Adelaide City Council and the Lord Mayor to improve Adelaide's image. The state parliament's Capital City Committee[15] is also involved in the governance of the City of Adelaide, being primarily concerned with the planning of Adelaide's urban development and growth. The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ...


Demography

As of 2006 Census, Adelaide had a metropolitan population of more than 1,105,839, making it Australia's fifth largest city. In the 2002-2003 period the population grew by 0.6%, while the national average was 1.2%. Some 70.3% of the population of South Australia are residents of the Adelaide metropolitan area, making South Australia one of the most centralised states. Major areas of population growth in recent years were in outer suburbs such as Mawson Lakes and Golden Grove. Adelaide's inhabitants occupy 341,227 houses, 54,826 semi-detached, row terrace or town houses and 49,327 flats, units or apartments. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Adelaide Town Halls clock tower is a feature of King William Street The Adelaide Town Hall at night Adelaide Town Hall is a landmark building on King William Street in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Mawson Lakes is a new suburb and residential development approximately 12km north of Adelaide, South Australia. ...


Persons of high-income are concentrated on the coastal suburbs (such as Brighton and Glenelg), eastern suburbs (such as Tusmore, Joslin and College Park) and south-eastern suburbs (such as Burnside and Waterfall Gully). Almost a fifth (17.9%) of the population had university qualifications. The number of Adelaideans with vocational qualifications (such as tradespersons) fell from 62.1% of the labour force in the 1991 census to 52.4% in the 2001 census. Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Brighton is a small coastal hamlet in Adelaide, South Australia, situated between Seacliff and Glenelg and aside the Holdfast Bay. ... Stamford Grand and Glenelg foreshore from jetty. ... The Feathers a pub in Burnside Burnside is a small suburb that is part of the City of Burnside in the eastern suburbs of Adelaide. ... Waterfall Gully (34°57′S 138°40′E) is a small suburb of 2,285 people in the South Australian capital city of Adelaide. ...


Over half of the population identifies as Christian, with the largest denominations being Catholic (22.1%), Anglican (14.0%), Uniting Church (8.4%) and Eastern Orthodox (3.8%). Approximately 24% of the population expressed no religious affiliation, compared with the national average of 18.7%. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... The Roman Catholic Church in Australia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... Arms of the Anglican Church of Australia The Anglican Church of Australia, a member church of the Anglican Communion, was previously officially known as the Church of England in Australia and Tasmania (renamed in 1981). ... Logo of the UCA The Uniting Church in Australia (UCA) was formed on June 22, 1977 when the Methodist Church of Australasia, Presbyterian Church of Australia and Congregational Union of Australia came together under the Basis of Union document. ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ...


Overall, Adelaide is ageing more rapidly than other Australian capital cities. Just over a quarter (26.7%) of Adelaide's population is aged 55 years or older, in comparison to the national average of 24.3%. Adelaide has the lowest number of children (under-15 year olds), which composed 17.8% of the population, compared to the national average of 19.8.


Overseas-born Adelaideans composed 23.7% (262,367) of the total population. The north-western suburbs (such as Woodville and Athol Park) and suburbs close to the CBD have a higher ratio of overseas-born residents. The five largest groups of overseas-born were from England (7.3%), Italy (1.9%), Scotland (1.0%), Vietnam (0.9%), and Greece (0.9%). The most-spoken languages other than English were Italian (3.0%), Greek (2.2%), Vietnamese (1.2%), Mandarin (0.8%), and Cantonese (0.7%).[16] Woodville is a suburb of Adelaide, situated about 8 kilometres northwest of the Central Business District of Adelaide. ... Athol Park is an north-western suburb of Adelaide 10km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Charles Sturt. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Australian English (AuE, AusE, en-AU) is the form of the English language used in Australia. ... This article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. ... This article is on all of the Yue dialects. ...


Economy

Adelaide's economy is primarily based around manufacturing, defence technology and research, commodity export and corresponding service industries. It has large manufacturing, defence and research zones. They contain car manufacturing plants for General Motors Holden, and plants that produce electronic systems that are sold worldwide for applications in medical, communications, defence, automotive, food and wine processing and industrial sectors. The revenue of Adelaide's electronics industry has grown at over 15% per year since 1990. The electronics industry in Adelaide employs over 13,000 people, which is more than the automotive industry. Almost half of all cars produced in Australia are made in Adelaide.[17] The global media conglomerate News Corporation was founded in and until 2004 incorporated in Adelaide and is still considered its 'spiritual' home by Rupert Murdoch. Australia's largest oil company, Santos (South Australia Northern Territory Oil Search), prominent South Australian brewery, Coopers, major national retailer Harris Scarfe and Australia's second largest listed investment company Argo Investments Limited call Adelaide their home. The collapse of the State Bank in 1992 resulted in large levels of state debt (as much as A$4 billion). The collapse had meant that successive governments had enacted lean budgets, cutting spending, which had been a setback to the further development of the city and state. The debt has recently been reduced with the State Government once again receiving a AAA+ Credit Rating.[18] The South Australian economy, very closely tied to Adelaide's, still enjoys a trade surplus and has higher per capita growth than Australia as a whole.[19] Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... In military science, defense (or defence) is the art of preventing an enemy from conquering territory. ... This article is about the concept. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... This article is about the Australian car manufacturer. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an American media conglomerate company and the third worlds largest. ... Keith Rupert Murdoch AC, KCSG (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian born United States citizen who is a global media executive and is the controlling shareholder, chairman and managing director of News Corporation, based in New York. ... Santos Ltd. ... Coopers Brewery is an Australian company, publicly owned but not listed with a stock exchange. ... A Harris Scarfe store in Tasmania Harris Scarfe Department Stores was founded in South Australia in 1850 in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Argo Investments Limited ASX: ARG is an Australian listed investment company (LIC) with its shares traded on the Australian Stock Exchange. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries or regions for the well-being of their inhabitants. ...

Adelaide is home to a large proportion of Australia's defence industries, which contribute over AU$1 billion to South Australia's Gross State Product. 70% of Australian defence companies are located in Adelaide. The principal government military research institution, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, and other defence technology organisations such as Tenix are located in Salisbury near RAAF Base Edinburgh and others such as Saab Systems near Technology Park. The Australian Submarine Corporation, based in the industrial suburb of Osborne was charged with constructing Australia's Collins class submarines [14] and recently won a AU$6 billion contract to construct the Royal Australian Navy's new air-warfare destroyers.[20] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x714, 142 KB)040823-N-3019M-003 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (23 August 2004) – The Australian Collins class submarine, HMAS Rankin (SSK-78), enters Pearl Harbor for a port visit after completing exercises in the Pacific region. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x714, 142 KB)040823-N-3019M-003 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (23 August 2004) – The Australian Collins class submarine, HMAS Rankin (SSK-78), enters Pearl Harbor for a port visit after completing exercises in the Pacific region. ... The Collins class submarines are the newest class of Australian submarines, built in Australia for the Royal Australian Navy. ... HMAS Rankin (SSG 78), is a Collins-class submarine laid down by the Australian Submarine Corporation at Osborne in South Australia on 12 May 1995, launched on 7 November 2001 and commissioned on 29 March 2003. ... The Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) is a branch of the Australian Department of Defence which researches and develops technologies for use in the Australian Defence Industry. ... Tenix Pty Ltd is the parent company of the Tenix Group, Australia’s largest locally-owned defence and technology contractor. ... RAAF Base Edinburgh is a Royal Australian Airforce base in the northern suburbs of Adelaide, South Australia. ... Technology Park is a government-sponsored business park located in the northern suburbs of Adelaide, South Australia. ... The ASC, fomerly Australian Submarine Corporation, is a wholly government-owned Australian naval defence company headquartered at Osborne in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Osborne is a north-western suburb of Adelaide 19km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ...


There are 466,829 employed people in Adelaide, with 62.3% full-time and 35.1% part-time. In recent years there has been a growing trend towards part-time (which includes casual) employment, increasing from only 11.6% of the workplace in 1991, to over a third today. 15% of workers are employed in manufacturing, 5% in construction, 15% in retail trade, 11% in business services, 7% in education and 12% in health and community services. The median weekly individual income for people aged 15 years and over is $447 per week, compared with $466 nationally. The median family income is $1,137 per week, compared with $1,171 nationally.[16] Adelaide's housing and living costs are substantially lower than that of other Australian cities, with housing being notably cheaper. The median Adelaide house price is half that of Sydney and two-thirds that of Melbourne. The 3 month trend unemployment rate to March 2007 was 6.2%.[21] The Northern suburbs' unemployment rate is disproportionately higher than the other regions of Adelaide at 8.3%, while the East and South are lower than the Adelaide average at 4.9% and 5.0% respectively.[22]


Education

Main article: Education in South Australia

School education in Adelaide is provided by a variety of private and (State Government-run) public schools, and is regulated by the State Government. These schools operate under the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE), or with the International Baccalaureate(IB) Diploma Programme. Adelaide has the highest number of IB schools in Australia.[citation needed] For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Art_Gallery_of_South_Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Art_Gallery_of_South_Australia. ... Art Gallery of South Australia The Art Gallery of South Australia (AGSA), located on the cultural boulevard of North Terrace in Adelaide, is the premier arts institution in the Australian state of South Australia. ... SACE logo The South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) is the credential given to students who have completed Year 11 and Year 12 of their secondary schooling, in the state of South Australia, Australia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ...


The higher education system in Adelaide is extensive, with five out of eight centres of TAFE South Australia in the city itself. They specialise in non-university higher education offering a viable alternative. Adelaide is home to campuses of all three of South Australia's universities. The University of Adelaide is a member of the Group of Eight and is the third-oldest university in Australia. It has five campuses in the Adelaide area; one being its primary campus on North Terrace and another being the National Wine Centre. The University of South Australia was formed in 1991 from a merger between the South Australian Institute of Technology and the South Australian Colleges of Advanced Education. Four of its five campuses are located in Adelaide, with two in the city-centre itself. Flinders University, located in Bedford Park, is named after British navigator and explorer Matthew Flinders and was founded in 1966. It is a mid-sized institution with a medical school at the adjacent Flinders Medical Centre. Leading US private university Carnegie Mellon established two Adelaide campuses in 2006 offering both Australian and US degrees. The Heinz School Australia specialises in IT and government management and is based in Victoria Square, while another campus at Light Square specialises in new media and entertainment. These institutions attract students from across Australia and around the world, contributing to Adelaide’s international recognition as a ‘City of Education’. The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... TAFE South Australia (TAFE SA) provides vocational education and training in South Australia. ... The University of Adelaide (colloquially Adelaide University or Adelaide Uni) is a public university located in Adelaide. ... The Group of Eight (Go8) is a lobby group for eight Australian tertiary institutions which are the leading universities in Australia. ... National Wine Centre, in the East Adelaide Parklands Centre interior A sensory experience Taste the exquisite wines of Australia and beyond The National Wine Centre of Australia (commonly the Wine Centre) is situated at the end of North Terrace, Adelaides cultural boulevard, in the East Adelaide Parklands and adjacent... UniSA redirects here. ... Flinders University, or The Flinders University of South Australia, is a public university in Adelaide, founded in 1966. ... Bedford Park (35°01′ S 138°34′ E) is a southern suburb of Adelaide in South Australia. ... Captain Matthew Flinders RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age. ... Flinders Medical Centre, looking towards the main entrance Flinders Medical Centre is a 500 bed public teaching hospital and medical school, co-located with Flinders University and Flinders Private Hospital located at Bedford Park, South Australia. ... Carnegie Mellon University (also known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Heinz School Australia is an international campus of the Heinz School of Public Policy and Management of Carnegie Mellon University located in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Victoria Square from its western edge Victoria Square ( ) is a public square located in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. ... Light Square is one of five squares in the City of Adelaide. ...


The SABRENet optical fibre network interconnects Adelaide's university campuses, technology parks, research precincts, TAFE colleges and some high schools. The South Australian Broadband Research & Education Network (SABRENet) is a fibre-optic broadband network linking the major Research & Education sites in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. ... In Australia, Technical and Further Education or TAFE institutions are those which offer a wide range of post-secondary education and training, generally in vocational fields (such as hospitality, tourism, construction, woodwork, secretarial skills, community work, etc), often at a level of difficulty below that of a corresponding or related...


Culture

While being primarily a British colony, Adelaide attracted immigrants from many non-English speaking countries early on, including German Lutherans escaping religious persecution in Germany. The first German Lutherans arrived in 1838, bringing with them the vine cuttings that they used to found the acclaimed wineries of the Barossa Valley. After the Second World War, Italians, Greeks, Dutch, Poles, and possibly every other European nationality came to make a new start. An influx of Asian immigrants following the Vietnam War added to the mix. These new arrivals have blended to form a rich and diverse cuisine and vibrant restaurant culture. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Adelaide Convention Centre (right), on the banks of the River Torrens. ... The River Torrens is the most significant river of the Adelaide Plains. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Peters_Cathedral. ... Image File history File linksMetadata St_Peters_Cathedral. ... St. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Barossa Shiraz be merged into this article or section. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Adelaide's arts scene flourished in the 1970s under the leadership of premier Don Dunstan, removing some of the more puritanical restrictions on cultural activities then prevalent around Australia. Now the city is home to events such as the Adelaide Festival of Arts, Fringe Festival, Adelaide Film Festival, Adelaide Festival of Ideas, Adelaide Writers' Week, and the Feast Festival amongst others. WOMADelaide, Australia's premier world music event, is now annually held in the scenic surrounds of Botanic Park. This article is about Arts as a group of disciplines. ... North Terrace, Adelaide - Cultural Precinct The Adelaide Festival of Arts is a prestigious arts festival held biannually in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Adelaide Fringe Festival is an arts festival held annually in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. ... The Adelaide Film Festival is a biennial and non-competitive film festival held (on alternating years to the Adelaide Festival of Arts) over two weeks in late February, in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Adelaide Festival of Ideas has been held every two years since 1999. ... Considered one of the worlds pre-eminant literary events, Adelaide Writers Week is traditional part of the Adelaide Festival of Arts fornight where festival attendees meet and discuss literature with Australian and international writers in Meet the Author sessions, readings and lectures. ... Feast Festival is Adelaides annual gay and lesbian cultural festival. ... First held in 1992, WOMADelaide is an annual world music and dance festival held in Botanic Park, Adelaide, South Australia as part of the Womad series of music festivals. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... The Botanic Park, also known as Park 11, is a 34 hectare (84 acre) park in the Northeast Parklands of the South Australian capital of Adelaide. ...


The annual Royal Adelaide Show, first held in 1840, began as a simple event for the state's farmers to show off their produce. Over time, it grew into a more general commercial fair held in early September in the inner suburb of Wayville, with carnival rides, food and entertainment surrounding the more traditional agricultural exhibitions and competitions. Sideshow Alley at the Royal Adelaide Show. ... For other uses, see Fair (disambiguation). ... Wayville is a suburb of Adelaide in the City of Unley. ... 4 second exposure night photography . ...


The music of Adelaide has produced various musicians who have achieved both national and worldwide fame. Notably the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, the Adelaide Youth Orchestra, The Mark of Cain, The Superjesus, Testeagles, The Angels, Cold Chisel, and Eric Bogle. American artist Ben Folds considers Adelaide his second home, epitomised in his song "Adelaide" and resides there with his Adelaide-born wife for a number of months each year. Famous rocker, Jimmy Barnes spent most of his youth in the northern suburbs of Elizabeth. The first Australian Idol winner, Guy Sebastian hails from the Adelaide suburb of Golden Grove. Metalcore band I Killed the Prom Queen also emerged from Adelaide and the popular Australian hip-hop outfit Hilltop Hoods come from the hilltop suburb, Blackwood. Adelaide is a city in South Australia. ... The Adelaide Symphony Orchestra was founded as a 17 player radio ensemble in 1936, in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Adelaide Youth Orchestra is an 80 member symphony orchestra designed to showcase the best young instrumentalists in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Mark of Cain are a hard rock/alternative metal band from Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Superjesus were a rock band from Adelaide, Australia. ... The Testeagles are a three-piece rock band formed in Adelaide, South Australia in 1994. ... The Angels was a hard rock band that formed in Adelaide, Australia in 1970. ... This article is about the Australian pub rock band. ... Eric Bogle (born 23 September 1944) is a Scottish-born Australian singer and songwriter. ... Benjamin Scott Folds (born September 12, 1966, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina[1] is an American singer-songwriter and the former frontman of the musical group Ben Folds Five. ... Australian Idol is a Logie Award-winning Australian singing competition, which began its first season on July 27, 2003. ... Guy Theodore Sebastian (born October 26, 1981) is an Australian singer-songwriter and winner of the first Australian Idol TV talent competition quest in 2003. ... I Killed the Prom Queen was an Hardcore/Metal band from Adelaide, South Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Blackwood () is a south eastern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. ...


Media

Newspapers in Adelaide are dominated by News Corporation publications - Adelaide being the birthplace of News Corporation itself. The only South Australian daily newspaper is The Advertiser, published by News Corporation six days a week, while the Sunday paper is the Sunday Mail. There are eleven suburban community newspapers published weekly, known collectively as the Messenger Newspapers, also published by a subsidiary of News Corporation. A recent addition to the print medium in the city is The Independent Weekly, providing one alternative view. Two national daily newspapers are circulated in the city: The Australian (Monday–Friday) and its weekend publication, The Weekend Australian (Saturday), also published by News Corporation, and The Australian Financial Review published by Fairfax. The Adelaide Review is a free paper published fortnightly, and other independent magazine-style papers are published, but are not as widely available. 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an American media conglomerate company and the third worlds largest. ... The Advertiser is the only local daily newspaper published in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Advertiser is the only local daily newspaper published in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Messenger Newspapers have been reporting local suburban South Australian news since 1951. ... The Independent Weekly is an independent (not owned by News Corp or Fairfax Limited) weekly newspaper published on Sundays in Adelaide. ... The Australian is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... The Australian Financial Review is the leading business newspaper in Australia. ... John Fairfax Holdings Limited (ABN 15 008 663 161) is an Australian Public Company operating in the media industry, working predominantly with newspapers. ...


All of the five Australian national television networks broadcast both analogue PAL and high definition widescreen digital services in Adelaide. They share three transmission towers on the ridge near the summit of Mount Lofty. The two government-funded stations are ABC TV and SBS TV. The Seven Network and Network Ten both own their Adelaide stations (SAS-7 and ADS-10 respectively). Adelaide's NWS-9 is affiliated with the Nine Network and was owned by Southern Cross Broadcasting until the sale to WIN Corporation in May 2007. Adelaide also has a community television station, C31 Adelaide. The Foxtel pay TV service is available as cable television in a few areas, and as satellite television to the entire metropolitan area. It is resold by a number of other brands, mostly telephone companies. Analog television (or analogue television) encodes television and transports the picture and sound information as an analog signal, that is, by varying the amplitude and/or frequencies of the broadcast signal. ... For other uses, see PAL (disambiguation). ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... The Wikipedia main page as viewed with a widescreen monitor. ... Digital television (DTV) refers to the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV. Introduced in the late 1990s, this technology appealed to the television broadcasting business and consumer electronics industries as offering new... The ABC or Australian Broadcasting Corporation is the national, Australia. ... SBS TV, sometimes SBS, is a national public television channel in Australia. ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three major commercial television networks. ... SAS-7 is the Adelaide station of the Seven Network. ... ADS-10 Adelaide is an Australian television station, owned by, and affiliated with the Ten Network. ... NWS-9 is the Nine Network station in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Nine Network, or Channel Nine, is an Australian television network based in Willoughby, a suburb on the North Shore of Sydney. ... Southern Cross Broadcasting is a diversified Australian media company. ... WIN Corporation is an Australian based media corporation, that owns the WIN Television regional television network in Australia. ... The phrase community television has been used somewhat differently around the world. ... C31 Adelaide is a community television station broadcasting in Adelaide, South Australia on the Channel 31 frequency since April, 2004. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... Cable TV redirects here. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ...


There are twenty radio stations that serve the entire metropolitan area as well as four community stations that serve only parts of the metropolitan area. Of the twenty full coverage stations there are six commercial stations, six community stations, six national stations and two narrowcast stations.


Sport

The main sports played professionally in Adelaide are Australian rules football, soccer and cricket. Adelaide is the home of two Australian Football League teams: the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power. A local Australian rules football league, the SANFL, is made up of nine teams from around Adelaide. High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... “Soccer” redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the national league in Australian rules football. ... The Adelaide Football Club, nicknamed the Crows, is an Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League, based in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Port Adelaide Football Club logo Port Adelaide Football Club is an Australian rules football club, nicknamed The Power in the Australian Football League (AFL), and nicknamed The Magpies in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL). ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... The South Australian National Football League (SANFL) is the premier league and governing body for the sport of Australian rules football in the state of South Australia. ...


Adelaide's professional soccer team Adelaide United play in the A-League. Their home ground is Hindmarsh Stadium which has a capacity of 16,500 and is one of the few purpose built soccer stadia in Australia. The club was founded in 2003. “Soccer” redirects here. ... Adelaide United FC are a football (soccer) club from Adelaide, Australia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Hindmarsh Stadium is a football stadium located in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. ...


The Adelaide 36ers and the Adelaide Lightning play in national basketball competitions, with home games at the Distinctive Homes Dome and the Adelaide Thunderbirds play in the trans-Tasman netball competition, with home games at ETSA Park. Most large sporting events take place at either AAMI Stadium (formerly Football Park) or the historic Adelaide Oval, home of the Southern Redbacks Cricket Team. Adelaide hosts an international cricket test every summer, along with a number of One Day International cricket matches. While Memorial Drive Park hosts the Adelaide International, a major men's tennis tournament in the leadup to the Australian Open. The Adelaide 36ers are Adelaides mens professional basketball team, established as the Adelaide City Eagles when they joined the National Basketball League (NBL) in 1982. ... The Adelaide Fellas are an Australian Womens Basketball League (WNBL) team based in Adelaide, Australia. ... The Distinctive Homes Dome in Adelaide. ... The Adelaide Thunderbirds are an Australian netball team, which played in the national Commonwealth Bank Trophy, and from 2008 will play in the trans-tasman ANZ Championship. ... ETSA Park is a sporting venue located in Adelaide, South Australia. ... AAMI Stadium, formerly known as Football Park, is an AFL stadium located in West Lakes, Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Adelaide Oval is a sports stadium in Adelaide, South Australia. ... The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. ... A One-day International (ODI) cricket match is a one-day cricket match played between two international teams each representing a particular country. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Australian Open is held each January at Melbourne Park. ...


Adelaide hosted the Formula 1 Australian Grand Prix from 1985 to 1995[11] on a street circuit in the city's eastern parklands. The Grand Prix became a source of pride and losing the Grand Prix to Melbourne in a surprise announcement left a void that has since been filled with the highly successful Clipsal 500 V8 Supercar race event, held on a modified version of the same street circuit. Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Adelaide GP circuit pole position Senna Chicane viewed from Pit Straight The Adelaide Street Circuit ( ) is a temporary race track in the East Parklands adjacent to the central business district of the city of Adelaide in South Australia. ... The Adelaide 500, commonly known as the Clipsal 500, is an annual racing carnival for Touring Cars held in the east end of Adelaide on a shortened form of the Adelaide Street Circuit, the former Australian Grand Prix track. ... V8 Supercars is a touring car racing category. ...


Adelaide has hosted the annual Tour Down Under bicycle race since 1999, an event which has gradually built an international reputation with each successive year it has been held. It is also host to the popular Bay to Birdwood run, featuring vintage and veteran cars from around the world. The Tour Down Under is a cycling race held in Adelaide, South Australia, and the surrounding area. ...


Infrastructure

Health

Adelaide's first hospital is the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH), founded in 1840, it is one of the major hospitals in Adelaide and is a teaching hospital of the University of Adelaide. It has a capacity of 705 beds. Two other RAH campuses specialising in specific patient services located in the suburbs of Adelaide - the Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre in Northfield, and the Glenside Campus Mental Health Service. The other three largest hospitals in the Adelaide area are The Women's and Children's Hospital (305 beds), which is located on King William Road in North Adelaide; the Queen Elizabeth Hospital (340 beds), located in Woodville and the Flinders Medical Centre (500 beds), which is located in Bedford Park. These hospitals are also associated with medical schools - the Women and Children's and Queen Elizabeth with the University of Adelaide and the Flinders Medical Centre with Flinders University. The Royal Adelaide Hospital is Adelaides largest hospital with over 700 beds. ... A Teaching hospital is a hospital which provides medical training. ... Northfield (34°51′ S 138°37′ E , postcode 5085, altitude 72m) is a suburb of the greater Adelaide, Australia area. ... Glenside is a small suburb located in the City of Burnside in Adelaide around 2 km south-east from the Adelaide city centre. ... The Womens and Childrens Hospital is located on King William Road in Adelaide, Australia. ... Queen Elizabeth Hospital can refer to one of several hospitals named after either Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom or Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother: Australia Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide Barbados Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Bridgetown Canada Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Prince Edward Island Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Toronto Hong Kong, China Queen...


In June 2007 The State Government announced a series of overhauls to the health sector that would see a new hospital constructed to replace the Royal Adelaide Hospital on the old railyards west of the Adelaide Railway Station. The new 800 bed hospital will cost AU$1.7bn, and be controversially renamed the Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Hospital, after the former Governor of South Australia.[23] Adelaide railway station is the central terminus of the Adelaide railway system. ... Marjorie Jackson-Nelson, AC, CVO, MBE (born September 13, 1931) is the Governor of South Australia and a former Australian athlete. ...


In addition to these changes, major upgrades would see the Flinders Medical Centre become the primary centre for health care in the southern suburbs while upgrades for the Lyell McEwin Health Service in Elizabeth would see that become the centre for the north. While the trio of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Modbury Hospital and Noarlunga Hospital would become specialist elective surgery centres. The Repatriation General Hospital would also expand its range of specialty areas beyond veterans' health to incorporate stroke, orthopaedic rehabilitation and aged care.[24] The Lyell McEwin Health Service is public teaching hospital, located in Elizabeth Vale, a northern suburb of Adelaide in South Australia. ...


Transport

Main article: Transport in Adelaide
The Mount Osmond Interchange on the South Eastern Freeway
The Mount Osmond Interchange on the South Eastern Freeway

Being centrally located on the Australian mainland, Adelaide forms a strategic transport hub for east-west and north-south routes. The city itself has a limited public transport system, which is managed by and known as the Adelaide Metro. The Adelaide Metro consists of a contracted bus system including the O-Bahn Busway, metropolitan railways, and the Adelaide-Glenelg Tram, which has also now been extended as a metropolitan tram through the city centre. Road transport in Adelaide has historically been comparatively easier than many of the other Australian cities, with a well-defined city layout and wide multiple-lane roads from the beginning of its development. Historically, Adelaide was known as a "twenty-minute city", with commuters having being able to travel from metropolitan outskirts to the city proper in roughly twenty minutes. However, these roads are now inadequate to cope with Adelaide's growing road traffic.[25] Main South Road at the northern end of the Southern Expressway (looking south), closed to south-bound traffic. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mountosmondinterechange_sefreeway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mountosmondinterechange_sefreeway. ... Mount Osmond (34°57′S 138°39′E) is a small suburb of Adelaide in the City of Burnside located in the foothills of the Adelaide Hills, south east of the city centre. ... South Eastern Freeway is a freeway linking Adelaide to Princes Highway near Swanport, South Australia. ... Mass transit redirects here. ... The Adelaide Metro is the name for the public transport system of Adelaide, South Australia, governed by the Public Transport Division of the South Australian Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. ... A bus on the O-Bahn guide-way. ... The rail network in Adelaide, South Australia, consists of 5 railway lines and 81 railway stations. ... A depiction of one of the H-class Glenelg trams by Simon Lieschke. ...


Adelaide has one freeway, the South Eastern Freeway, connecting the city with the Adelaide Hills and beyond to Murray Bridge and two expressways; the Port River Expressway connecting Port Adelaide and Outer Harbor to interstate routes and the Southern Expressway, an interchangeable one-way road connecting the southern suburbs with the city proper. The Gawler Bypass skirting Gawler is another expressway style, high speed inter-urban corridor. A third expressway, the Northern Expressway (formerly the Sturt Highway extension), a northern suburbs bypass route, connecting the Gawler Bypass to Port Wakefield Road, is due to start construction in 2008. There are also plans for major upgrades to busy sections of South Road, Adelaide, including road widening and underpasses of Anzac Highway, Grange Road, Port Road and the Outer Harbour Railway Line, during the first stage.[26] Murray Bridge is a city in South Australia about 80km southeast of Adelaide. ... The Port River Expressway (M3) in South Australia links Port Adelaide with Salisbury Highway (A13) to Port Wakefield Road (A1) and the Sturt Highway (A20) to Sydney and Melbourne. ... Outer Harbor is an north-western suburb of Adelaide 22km from the CBD, in the state of South Australia, Australia and falls under the City of Port Adelaide Enfield. ... The Expressway near its start, at Marion. ... The Lions Gate Bridge from the south end in Stanley Park, Vancouver. ... Gawler is a town in the state of South Australia. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Sturt Highway, outside of Gawler, South Australia. ... South Road in Everard Park, facing towards the south The Southern Expressways northern end joins Main South Road. ... View of Anzac Highway facing southwest towards the Morphett Road intersection The Anzac Highway is the main arterial road heading southwest from the centre of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia. ...


Adelaide International Airport, located in Adelaide's west, is Australia's newest and most advanced airport terminal and is designed to serve in excess of 6.3 million passengers annually. The new dual international/domestic terminal replaces the old and ageing terminals known locally as the 'tin sheds', and incorporates new state-of-the-art features, such as glass aerobridges and the ability to cater for the new Airbus A380.[27] The airport is designed to handle 27 aircraft simultaneously and is capable of processing 3,000 passengers per hour. Unusually for a major city, it is located only about seven kilometres from the CBD. Parafield Airport is Adelaide's second airport, mostly used for general aviation. It is located eighteen kilometres north of the CBD. Adelaide International Airport (IATA: ADL, ICAO: YPAD) is the principal airport in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... Parafield Airport (IATA: PAL, ICAO: YPPF) is located next to Para Hills West, South Australia, 18 kilometres north of Adelaide. ...


Utilities

Aerial view of Happy Valley Reservoir in early 2007
Aerial view of Happy Valley Reservoir in early 2007

Adelaide's energy requirements are met by a variety of companies who separately provide for the generation, transmission, distribution and retail sales of gas and electricity. Some of the major companies are: TRUenergy, which generates electricity; ElectraNet, which transmits electricity from the generators to the distribution network; ETSA Utilities (formerly a government-owned company which was privatised by the Olsen Government in the 1990s), which distributes electricity from transmission companies to end users; and AGL Energy, which retails gas and electricity.[28] Substantial investment has been made in maintenance and reinforcement of the electricity supply network to provide continued reliability of supply. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... TRUenergy is an energy company headquartered in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... For the Australian artist John Olsen, see John Olsen (artist). ... AGL Energy Limited (ASX: AGK) is an Australian company involved in generating and selling electricity and natural gas. ...


Adelaide derives most of its electricity from a gas-fired plant operated by AGL Energy at Torrens Island, with more coming from power stations at Port Augusta and Pelican Point, and from connections to the national grid. Gas is mainly supplied from the Moomba Gas Processing Plant in the Cooper Basin, and is piped to Adelaide and other areas within the state.[29] A small part of supply also comes from wind turbines at Sellicks Hill, and a trial of more turbines on city buildings is underway.[30] Torrens Island Power Station is located on Torrens Island, near Adelaide, South Australia and is operated by CLP Group. ... Port Augusta (population 15,250) is a town in South Australia. ... Moomba is a Santos owned gas exploration and processs town located in the Cooper/Eromanga Basins, onshore central Australia, approximately 770 kilometres north of Adelaide. ...


Adelaide's water supply is gained from its reservoirs: Mount Bold, Happy Valley, Myponga, Millbrook, Hope Valley, Little Para and South Para Reservoir. Further water demands result in the pumping of water from the River Murray. The provision of water services is by the government-owned SA Water. The Myponga Reservoir is a reservoir in South Australia, located about 60km south of Adelaide near the town of Myponga. ... South Para Reservoir. ... SA Water was established as the Waterworks and Drainage Commission in 1856, and was also known as Engineering and Water Supply Department (E&WS). ...

View of Adelaide's city skyline, with Adelaide Oval in the foreground
View of Adelaide's city skyline, with Adelaide Oval in the foreground
View of Adelaide at night from Mount Lofty
View of Adelaide at night from Mount Lofty
View of Adelaide CBD during the day from the summit.
View of Adelaide CBD during the day from the summit.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Mount Lofty Summit Looking towards Mount Lofty Summit, with Mount Lofty Hotel in the foreground and Gulf St. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 600 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The city of Adelaide in South Australia as seen from the Mount Lofty Summit. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 267 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 600 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The city of Adelaide in South Australia as seen from the Mount Lofty Summit. ...

See also

South Australia Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... People from Adelaide are known as Adelaideans, and many have achieved renown. ... This is a list of the 81 suburban railway stations in Adelaide, Australia. ... This is a list of suburbs in and surrounding the city of Adelaide, South Australia, and postcode sorted by local government area. ... The following is a list of sports clubs in Adelaide, capital of South Australia: Sports clubs Adelaide Crows (Australian Football League) Adelaide Fellas (Womens National Basketball League) Adelaide 36ers (National Basketball League) Adelaide Thunderbirds (National Netball League) Adelaide United FC (A-League football (soccer)) Port Adelaide Football Club (Australian... This is a list of Adelaide parks and gardens. ... South Australia The South Australian wine industry is responsible for more than half the production of all Australian wine. ...

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Geographic distribution of the population", 7 February 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-26. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006). Regional Population Growth (PDF). Retrieved on 2006-05-10.
  3. ^ Adelaide Council Naming Practices, courtesy Catholic University [1]
  4. ^ South Australian Place Names. courtesy Government of South Australia [2]
  5. ^ Johnson and Langmead, The Adelaide city plan : fiction and fact, Wakefield Press, 1986 [3]
  6. ^ Wakefield cites Edward Curr , An Account of the Colony of Van Diemen’s Land, principally designed for the use of emigrants, George Cowie & Co., London, 1824; Henry Widdowson, Present State of Van Diemen’s Land; comprising an account of its agricultural capabilities, with observations on the present state of farming, &c. &c. pursued in that colony: and other important matters connected with Emigration, S. Robinson, W. Joy and J. Cross, London, and J. Birdsall, Northampton, 1829; and James Atkinson, An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales; Including Observations on the Soils and General Appearance of the Country, and some of its most useful natural productions; with an account of the Various Methods of Clearing and Improving Lands, Breeding and Grazing Live Stock, Erecting Buildings, the System of employing Convicts, and the expense of Labour generally; the Mode of Applying for Grants of Land; with Other Information Important to those who are about to emigrate to that Country: The result of several years’ residence iand practical experience in those matters in the Colony., J. Cross, London, 1826
  7. ^ Wakefield, Letter from Sydney, December 1829, pp 99-185, written from Newgate prison. Editor Robert Gouger.
  8. ^ Wakefield wrote about this under a pseudonym, purporting to be an Australian settler. His subterfuge was so successful that he confused later writers including Karl Marx, who wrote 'It is the great merit of E.G. Wakefield to have discovered not anything new about the Colonies, but to have discovered in the Colonies the truth of as to the condition of capitalist production in the mother-country.' Das Kapital, Moscow, 1958, p 766"
  9. ^ Plan of a Company to be Established for the Purpose of Founding a Colony in Southern Australia, Purchasing Land Therein, and Preparing the Land so Purchased for the Reception of Immigrants, 1832; in WAKEFIELD, Edward Gibbon, PRICHARD, M. F., (ed.) The Collected Works of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, Collins, London, 1968, p 290.
  10. ^ Blair, Robert D. (2001). Events in South Australian History 1834-1857 (HTML). Pioneer Association of South Australia. Retrieved on 2006-05-10.
  11. ^ a b Adelaide Street Circuit. Formula 1 Database. Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  12. ^ "All-round country", The Australian, 2004-09-29, pp. p14. 
  13. ^ Adelaide's Inner and Outer Ring Routes, courtesy South Australian Department of Transport [4]
  14. ^ Adelaide's Freeways - A History from MATS to the Port River Expressway. Ozroads.
  15. ^ Capital City Committee [5]
  16. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). Adelaide (Statistical Division). 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  17. ^ South Australia Fact Sheet: Automotive, courtesy Business South Australia [6] (.pdf)
  18. ^ South Australia's Credit Rating the Highest, courtesy Business South Australia [7]
  19. ^ South Australia's Economic Performance Update, courtesy Business South Australia [8] (.pdf)
  20. ^ South Australia: The Defence Industry Choice, courtesy Defence SA [9]
  21. ^ Adelaide, courtesy Labour Market Information Portal [10]
  22. ^ SA Regional Labour Force Data, courtesy Australian Bureau of Statistics Labour Force Survey [11]
  23. ^ Owen, Michael (2007-06-07), "800 beds, helipad and train station: Our 'Marj' hospital", The Advertiser: p5 
  24. ^ 'News: New $1.7 billion hospital spearheads health reform' [12]
  25. ^ Metro Malcontent - The Twenty Minute City No More. Royal Automobile Association, South Australia (2005). (1.18MB PDF)
  26. ^ South Road Upgrade [13]
  27. ^ Innes, Stuart (2005-01-10), "Super airliner cleared to land at our new airport", The Advertiser 
  28. ^ Industry structure. Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. Retrieved on 2006-05-05.
  29. ^ Supply Security. Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. Retrieved on 2006-05-05.
  30. ^ Mini Wind Turbines whirl into city buildings. Premier of South Australia. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.

Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertiser is the only local daily newspaper published in Adelaide, South Australia. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Advertiser is the only local daily newspaper published in Adelaide, South Australia. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Kathryn Gargett; Susan Marsden, Adelaide: A Brief History Adelaide: State History Centre, History Trust of South Australia in association with Adelaide City Council, 1996 ISBN 0-7308-0116-0
  • Derek Whitelock et al, Adelaide: a sense of difference Melbourne: Arcadia, 2000 ISBN 0-87560-657-1

External links

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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

This is a list of cities in Australia arranged by state. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... The history of South Australia details from the first human activity in the region, estimated at about 20 000 years ago to the current events of the 21st century. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The current state flag of South Australia, a state of Australia, was officially adopted in 1904. ... South Australia was the first colony in Australia to build a railway line. ... Grass fire at Willunga. ... The Waterfall Gully waterfall in the Adelaide Foothills The Adelaide Hills are part of the Mount Lofty Ranges, east of the city of Adelaide in the state of South Australia. ... It has been suggested that Barossa Shiraz be merged into this article or section. ... The Clare township The Clare Valley is one of Australias oldest and most famous wine regions, and also one of the most scenic, presenting visitors with a series of small intimate valleys and magnificent views Settlers from England, Ireland and Poland first moved into the region during the 1840... Satellite photo of the Eyre Peninsula bushfires, taken on January 11 2005 Eyre Peninsula is a triangular peninsula in South Australia. ... The Fleurieu Peninsula is a picturesque peninsula located south of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia. ... Flinders Ranges is a national park in South Australia (Australia), 384 km north of Adelaide. ... The Limestone Coast is a recently adopted name for the region in the South East of South Australia. ... The Mid North is a region of South Australia, north of the Adelaide Plains, but not as far north as the Far North, or outback. ... For the roadhouse along the Eyre Highway, see Nullarbor, South Australia NASA - Visible Earth, Nullarbor. ... The Riverland is a tourism and wine region in South Australia. ... The Yorke Peninsula is a peninsula located north-west and west of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia, between Spencer Gulf on the west and Gulf St. ... Port Augusta (32°29′ S 137°46′ E, population 15,250) is a town in South Australia. ... Mount Gambier is the second most populous city in South Australia after Adelaide, the capital of the State. ... The Murray Bridge that crosses the Murray River Driving across the bridge Murray Bridge () is a city in South Australia about 80 kilometres (50 miles) southeast of Adelaide and 1 hour drive north of Meningie. ... Port Lincoln (postcode 5606) is a city in the Australian state of South Australia. ... Port Pirie is a city located 224 kilometres north of Adelaide in South Australia. ... Rosetta Head, colloquially known as The Bluff, is one of the popular tourist attractions in the town. ... City Plaza, Hummock Hill in the background Location of Whyalla in South Australia (red) Whyalla (33°02′S 137°34′E) is a city and port located on the east coast of the Eyre Peninsula opposite Port Pirie in South Australia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
adelaide: adelaide info: adelaide information: adelaide accommodation, adelaide entertainment, adelaide events, ... (1187 words)
Adelaide beaches are almost endless, and range from busy beaches like Glenelg and Henley Beach, to the secluded and out of the way beaches of the south coast.
Adelaide is blessed with two scenic waterfalls that are worth a visit in the winter or early spring, both are about 20 minutes by vehicle east of the CBD.
Adelaide is the Capital of South Australia with a total land area of 984,277 sq.
Adelaide travel guide - Wikitravel (2902 words)
Adelaide is centrally located among the wine regions of McLaren Vale, Barossa Valley and Clare Valley, all of which are within day-trip distance.
Adelaide is within a reasonable driving distance of the capital cities on the east coast.
Adelaide is part of the cross-country train network, and there are regular services from Sydney, Melbourne and Perth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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