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Encyclopedia > Adela of Normandy
English Royalty
House of Normandy

William I
Children
   Robert Curthose
   William Rufus
   Adela of Blois
   Henry Beauclerc
William II
Henry I
Children
   Empress Matilda
   William Adelin
   Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester
Stephen
Children
   Eustace IV of Boulogne
   William of Blois
   Marie of Boulogne

Adela of Blois (c. 1062 or 1067 – March 8, 1137?) was by marriage countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux. She was a daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. She was also the mother of both Stephen, King of England and Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester. The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous people of France and the Viking invaders under the leadership of Hrolf Ganger, who adopted the French name Rollo and swore allegiance to the king of France (Charles the Simple). ... Image File history File links This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; c. ... Robert II (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ... William II (called Rufus, perhaps because of his red-faced appearance) (c. ... Henry I of England (c. ... William II (called Rufus, perhaps because of his red-faced appearance) (c. ... Henry I of England (c. ... Empress Matilda (February, 1101 – September 10, 1167) (Saxon form Maud or Maude) – was the daughter and dispossessed heir of King Henry I of England. ... William Adelin (1103 – November 25, 1120) was the only legitimate son of Henry I of England and his wife Maud of Scotland. ... Robert of Gloucester also frequently refers to the historian Robert_of_Gloucester Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (~1090 - October 31, 1147) was an illegitimate son of Henry I of England, and one of the dominant figures of the English Anarchy period. ... Stephen (1096 – October 25, 1154), the last Norman King of England, reigned from 1135 to 1154, when he was succeeded by his cousin Henry II, the first of the Angevin or Plantagenet Kings. ... Eustace IV (c. ... William of Blois (c. ... Marie of Boulogne was the Countess of Boulogne from 1159 to 1170. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... Events Louis VII is crowned King of France. ... Blois is a city in France, the préfecture (capital) city of the Loir-et-Cher département, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours. ... Cathedral of Chartres Cathedral of Chartres, western spires Chartres is a town and commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Eure-et-Loir département. ... Meaux is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; c. ... Matilda of Flanders (c. ... Stephen (1096 – October 25, 1154), the last Norman King of England, reigned from 1135 to 1154, when he was succeeded by his cousin Henry II, the first of the Angevin or Plantagenet Kings. ... Henry of Blois (1111-1171) was bishop of Winchester from 1129 to his death. ... Arms of the Bishop of Winchester The diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. ...


Her birthdate is generally believed to have been between 1060 and 1064; however, there is some evidence she was born after her father's accession to the English throne in 1066. She was the favorite sister of King Henry I of England; they were probably the youngest of the Conqueror's children. She was a high-spirited and educated woman, with a knowledge of Latin. Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Events Sunset Crater Volcano first erupts. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... Henry I of England (c. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


She married Stephen Henry, son and heir to the count of Blois, sometime between 1080 and 1084, probably in 1083. Stephen inherited Blois, Chartres and Meaux in 1089, making him one of the wealthiest men of his day. He was a proud and self-indulgent man, who had no intention of taking the cross until Adela insisted upon it. Stephen reluctantly left to join the First Crusade, along with his brother-in-law Robert Curthose. Stephen II Henry (c. ... The County of Blois was centred on Blois, south of Paris. ... Events William I of England, in a letter, reminds the Bishop of Rome that the King of England owes him no allegiance. ... Events Saint Bruno founds the Carthusian Order of monks Kyanzittha begins his reign in Myanmar. ... Events Sancho I of Aragon conqueres Graus. ... Events Northumbria divided by the Normans into the counties of Northumberland, County Durham, Yorkshire, Westmorland and Lancashire August 11, powerful Britain Coronation of Rama Varma Kulasekhara in Kerala Synod of Melfi under Pope Urban II imposes slavery on the wives of priests Palmyra destroyed by earthquake Byzantine conquest of Crete... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ... Robert II (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ...


Adela and Stephen's children were:

  1. Guillaume (William)(d.1150), Count of Chartres married Agnes of Sulli (d.aft 1104) & had issue.
  2. Theobald II of Champagne
  3. Odo of Blois, died young.
  4. Stephen of Blois
  5. Lucia-Mahaut, married Richard d'Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester. Both drowned in The White Shipon 25 Noveber 1120.
  6. Agnes of Blois, married Hugh III of Le Puiset
  7. Eléonore of Blois (d.1147) married Raoul I of Vermandois (d.1152) & had issue they were divorced in 1142.
  8. Alix of Blois (d.1145) married Renaud (d.1134)III of Joigni & had Issue
  9. Lithuise of Blois (d.1118) married Milo I of Montlhéry(Divorced 1115)
  10. Henry of Blois
  11. Humbert died young.
  12. Philip (d.1100)Bishop of Chalons

Adela was regent for her husband during his extended absence as a leader of the First Crusade (1095-1098), and when he returned in disgrace it was at least in part at her urging that he returned to the east to fulfill his vow of seeing Jerusalem. She was again regent in 1101, continuing after her husband's death on this second crusading expedition in 1102, for their children were still minors. Orderic Vitalis praises her as a "wise and spirited woman" who ably governed her husband's estates in his absences and after his death. Theobald II of Champagne was Count of Champagne from 1125 to 1152. ... Stephen (1096 - October 25, 1154), the last Norman King of England, reigned from 1135 to 1154, when he was succeeded by his cousin (or, as the gossip of the time had it, his natural son) Henry II, the first of the Angevin or Plantagenet Kings. ... Richard dAvranches, 2nd Earl of Chester (1094-1120) was son to Hugh, 1st Earl of Chester and Ermentrude of Clermont. ... The White Ship is a short story written by science fiction and horror writer H.P. Lovecraft. ... Eléonore of Blois or of Champagne (1104-1142), daughter of Stephen II, Count of Blois, and of Adela of Normandy. ... Raoul I of Vermandois was the seneschal of France during the reign of Louis VII, as well as the Kings cousin. ... Milo I the Great (died 1102) was lord of Montlhéry from 1095 until his death. ... Henry of Blois (1111-1171) was bishop of Winchester from 1129 to his death. ... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ... Events The country of Portugal is established for the second time. ... Events First Crusade: end of the siege of Antioch. ... Jerusalem (; Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... The Crusade of 1101 was a minor crusade, actually three separate movements, organized in 1100 and 1101 in the successful aftermath of the First Crusade. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ...


She employed tutors to educate her elder sons, and had her youngest son Henry pledged to the Church at Cluny. Adela quarrelled with her eldest son Guillaume, "deficient in intelligence as well as degenerate", and had his younger brother Theobald replace him as heir. Her son Stephen left Blois in 1111 to join his uncle's court in England. Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ... Events The Synod of Rathbreasail marked the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan one Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II Baldwin VII becomes Count of Flanders Births Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (died 1171) Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir...


Adela retired to Marcigny in 1120, secure in the status of her children. Later that same year, her daughter Lucia-Mahaut was drowned in the wreck of the White Ship alongside her husband. She lived long enough to see her son Stephen seize the English throne, but died soon after. Marcigny is a French village, in Saône-et-Loire, region of Burgundy. ... The White Ship, a 12th century vessel, sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on November 25, 1120. ...


References

  • Kimberly LoPrete, "The Anglo-Norman Card of Adela of Blois", Albion 22 (1990)
  • Kimberly LoPrete, "Adela of Blois and Ivo of Chartres: Piety, Politics, and the Peace in the Diocese of Chartres", Anglo-Norman Studies 19
  • Parsons, John Carmi. Medieval Mothering (New Middle Ages), 1996

  Results from FactBites:
 
NORMANDY - Online Information article about NORMANDY (4464 words)
Normans in the country that Normandy owes its name; from the loth century onwards it formed a duchy, roughly coextensive with the ecclesiastical province of Rouen.
Henry was ambitious of uniting Normandy to England; in 1105, with the aid of Helias, count of Maine, and the son of Geoffrey Martel, count of Anjou, he took and burnt Bayeux, but failed to take Falaise.
In 1329 the duchy of Normandy was revived in favour of John, son of King Philip VI.
Adela of Normandy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
Adela was regent for her husband during his extended absence as a leader of the First Crusade (1095-1098), and when he returned in disgrace it was at least in part at her urging that he returned to the east to fulfill his vow of seeing Jerusalem.
Adela quarrelled with her eldest son Guillaume, "deficient in intelligence as well as degenerate", and had his younger brother Theobald replace him as heir.
Adela retired to Marcigny in 1120, secure in the status of her children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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