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Encyclopedia > Adana
Adana
A view from the northern part of Adana
Adana (Turkey )
Adana
Location of Adana
Coordinates: 37°0′N 35°19.28′E / 37, 35.32133
Country Flag of Turkey Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Adana
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2006 est)
 - Town 1,271,894
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 01xxx
Area code(s) 0322
Licence plate 01
Website: http://www.adana.bel.tr

Adana (Turkish: Adana}) (the ancient Antioch in Cilicia or Antioch on the Sarus)) is the capital of Adana Province in Turkey. According to the 2000 census, with 1,130,710 inhabitants,[1] it is the fifth most populous city of Turkey (after İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir and Bursa). The 2006 estimate of Adana's population is 1,271,894. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x791, 847 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Adana Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (3323 × 1331 pixel, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/png) Карта Турции в нужной проекции для Шаблон:ПозКарта, обрезанная ровно по линиям градусов (25° - 45° в.д., 43° - 35° с.ш.). Map of Turkey, in the equirectangular projection (equidistant cylindrical projection, or plate carrée). ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... Adana Province is a province with a surface area of 14. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... This is a list of cities in Turkey by population (according to the 2000 census). ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... Bursa (formerly known as Brusa, Greek Prusa, Προύσσα) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of Bursa Province. ...


For most Turkish people, the word 'Adana' associates with Kebab, şalgam, cotton, oranges, and very hot weather. For other uses of Turkish, see Turk (disambiguation). ... Left to right: Chenjeh Kabab, Kabab Koobideh, Jujeh Kabab in an Afghan restaurant. ... Turnip juice is a popular beverage of southern Turkey, originating from Adana. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ...


Adana is named among the 25 European Regions of the Future for 2006/2007 by Foreign Direct Investment Magazine. Chosen alongside Kocaeli for Turkey, Adana scored the most points for cost effectiveness against Kocaeli's points for infrastructure development, while Adana and Kocaeli tied on points for the categories of human resources and quality of life.[2] Foreign direct investment (FDI) is defined as a long-term investment by a foreign direct investor in an enterprise resident in an economy other than that in which the foreign direct investor is based. ... Izmit (also known as Ismid and Kocaeli) is a city in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. ...

Contents

Location

The Sabancı Mosque
The Sabancı Mosque

One of the largest and most dynamic cities in Turkey and situated thirty kilometers (nineteen miles) inland, Adana is the gateway to the Cilician plain, now known as the Çukurova plain, the large stretch of flat and fertile land which lies to the south-east of the Taurus Mountains. This is possibly the most productive area in this part of the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1311x1999, 307 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Adana Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1311x1999, 307 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Adana Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ... Cilicia as Roman province, 120 AD In Antiquity, Cilicia (Κιλικία) was a region, and often a political unit, on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ... DirektaÅŸ, Yedi Göller (Seven Lakes), Ala DaÄŸlar. ...


From Adana, crossing the Çukurova going west, the road from Tarsus enters the foothills of the Taurus Mountains. The temperature decreases with every foot of ascent; the road reaches an altitude of nearly 4000 feet. It goes through the famous Cilician or Çukurova Gates, the rocky pass through which armies have coursed since the dawn of history, and continues to the Anatolian plain. The Cilician Gates of wic (Turkish Külek Boazi or Gulek Bogazi) form the main passage through the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey. ...


The north of the city is surrounded by the Seyhan reservoir and HEP, which was completed in 1956. The dam has constructed for hydroelectric power (HEP) and to provide irrigation water to the lower part of Çukurova plain, agricultural cultivating area located in the south part of the city. Two irrigation channels in the city flow to the plain passing through the city center from east to west. Also there is another canal for irrigating the Yüreğir plain to the southeast of the city.


Etymology

Its name is derived from the Hittite URUAdaniya of Kizzuwatna. In the Iliad of Homer, the city is called Adana. In Hellenistic times, it was known as Antiochia in Cilicia (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Κιλικίας) or Antiochia ad Sarum (Greek: Αντιόχεια η προς Σάρον; "Antiocia on the Sarus"). The editors of The Helsinki Atlas tentatively identify Adana as Quwê (as contained in cuneiform tablets), the Neo-Assyrian capital of Quwê province. The name also appears as Coa, and may be the place referred to in the Bible, where King Solomon obtained horses. (I Kings 10:28; II Chron. 1:16).[3] Hittites is the conventional English-language term for an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language and established a kingdom centered in Hattusa (the modern village of Boğazköy in todayss north-central Turkey), through most of the second millennium BC. The Hittite kingdom, which at... Kizzuwatna is the name of an ancient kingdom of the second millennium BC. It was situated in the highlands of Anatolia, Turkey. ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... The term Hellenistic (derived from HéllÄ“n, the Greeks traditional self-described ethnic name) was established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to refer to the spreading of Greek culture over the non-Greek people that were conquered by Alexander the Great. ... Cuneiform redirects here. ... For other uses, see Assyria (disambiguation). ... Quwê – also spelled Que, Kue, Qeve, Coa, Kuê and Keveh – was an Assyrian vassal state or province at various times from the 9th century BC to shortly after the death of Ashurbanipal around 627 BCE in the lowlands of eastern Cilicia, and the name of its capital city, tentatively identified... It has been suggested that Sulayman be merged into this article or section. ...


The name of the city is believed to have come from a legend that Adanus and Sarus, two sons of Uranus, came to a place near the Seyhan River where they built Adana.


Alternatively, it is believed that Adad (Tesup), the name of the Hittite Thunder God that lived in the forest was given to the region. The Hittites ideas, names and writings have been found in the area so this is a strong possibility. The theory goes that since the Thunder God brought so much rain and this rain in turn brought such great abundance in this particular region, this god was loved and respected by its inhabitants and, in his honor, the region was called the 'Uru Adaniyya'; in other words 'The Region of Ada'.


Adana's name has had many different versions over the centuries: Adanos, Ta Adana, Uru Adaniya, Erdene, Edene, Ezene, Batana, Atana, Azana.


History

The history of Adana is intrinsically linked to the history of Tarsus; they seem often to be the same city, moving as the neighbouring Seyhan River changed its position and the name changed over the course of centuries. Adana was of little importance in ancient history while Tarsus was the metropolis of the area. Also, Ayas (today Yumurtalık), and Kozan (formerly Sis) have been population and administrative centers, especially during the time of the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia. 68. ... The Seyhan River (formerly written Seihan, Sihun) is a 515 km-long river in Adana Province, Turkey. ... 68. ... Ayas is a small town in Yumurtalık district, Adana Province, Turkey, located east of the mouth of the Ceyhan River. ... Yumurtalık is a district of Adana Province of Turkey. ... Kozan (37°27′N 35°48′E) is a city in Adana Province, Turkey. ... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ...


The history of Adana goes back 3000 years; finds in the region reveal human occupation of the area during the Paleolithic Age. // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ...


Tepebag Tumulus, where archaeologists found a stone wall and a city center, was built in the Neolithic Age; it is considered to be the oldest city of the Cilicia region. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ...


Then the city was directly and indirectly the subject of many epic poems and legends over the course of many millennia. Adana is mentioned by name in a Sumerian epic, the Epic of Gilgamesh. Sumer (or Å umer in Sumerian: KI-EN-GIR [1]) was the earliest known civilization of the ancient Near East, located in lower Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), from the time of the earliest records in the mid 4th millennium BC until the rise of Babylonia in the late 3rd millennium BC. The... The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Babylonia and is among the earliest known literary works. ...


According to the Hittite inscription of Kava, found in Hattusa (Boğazkale), Kitvanza Kingdom was the first kingdom that ruled Adana, under the protection of the Hittites in 1335 BC. In that time the name of the city was Uru Adaniyya and the inhabitants were called Danuna. Binomial name G.Forst. ... Hattusa (URUḪa-at-tu-Å¡a ; ḪattuÅ¡a) was the capital of the Hittite Empire. ... BoÄŸazkale (formerly known as BoÄŸazköy,Boghazkoy or Hattusas) is a district of Çorum Province, in central Anatolia, Turkey. ... Denyen or Danuna Based on New Kingdom Egyptian text, The Danuna are considered one of the major groups of the Sea Peoples. ...


After the rule of the Hittites, circa 1191-1189 B.C, invasions from the west caused many small kingdoms to take control of the plain, as follows: Kue Assyrians, 9th century BC; Cilician Kingdom, Persians, 6th century BC; Alexander the Great in 333 BC; Seleucids; and the pirates of Cilicia and Roman statesman Pompey the Great. Quwê – also spelled Que, Kue, Qeve, Coa, Kuê and Keveh – was an Assyrian vassal state or province at various times from the 9th century BC to shortly after the death of Ashurbanipal around 627 BCE in the lowlands of eastern Cilicia, and the name of its capital city, tentatively identified... It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Seleucus I Nicator (Nicator, the Victor) (around 358–281 BC) was one of Alexander the Greats generals who, after Alexanders death in 323 BC, founded the Seleucid Empire. ... This article refers to the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For alternate meanings, see Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... For other meanings see Pompey (disambiguation). ...


During the era of Pompey, the city was used as a prison for the pirates of Cilicia. For several centuries thereafter it was a waystation on a Roman military road leading to the East. After the split of the Roman Empire, the area became part of the Byzantine Empire and was probably developed during the time of Julian. With the building of large bridges, roads, government buildings, and irrigation and plantation, Adana and Cilicia became the most developed and important trade centers of the region. Look up way station in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


Middle Ages

In the mid 7th century, the city was captured by the Arab Abbasids. According to an Arab historian of that era, the name of the city was derived from Ezene, the prophet Yazene's grandson. Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  The Abbasid Caliphate Abbasid (Arabic: , ) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ...


The Byzantines recaptured Adana in 964. After the victory of Alp Arslan at the Battle of Manzikert, the Seljuk Turks overran much of the Byzantine Empire. They had reached and captured Adana sometime before 1071 and continued to hold the place until Tancred, a leader of the First Crusade, captured the city in 1097. Byzantine redirects here. ... Muhammed ben Daud (1029 – December 15, 1072), the second sultan of the dynasty of Seljuk Turks, in Persia, and great-grandson of Seljuk, the founder of the dynasty. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire Seljuk Turks Commanders Romanus IV #, Nikephoros Bryennios, Theodore Alyates, Andronikos Doukas Alp Arslan Strength ~ 20,000 [1] (40,000 initial) ~ 20,000 [2] - 70,000[1] Casualties ~ 8,000 [3] Unknown The Battle of Manzikert, or Malazgirt was fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuk Turkic forces... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Combatants Christendom, Catholicism West European Christians, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Seljuks, Arabs and other Muslims The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the dual goals of liberating the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslims and freeing the Eastern Christians from Muslim...


In 1132 it was captured by the forces of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, under its king, Leo I. It was taken by Byzantine forces in 1137, but the Armenians regained it around the year 1170. Adana remained a part of the Kingdom of Cilician Armenia until around 1360 when the city was ceded by Constantine III to the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt in return for obtaining a peace treaty. The Mamluks capture of the city allowed many Turkish families to settle in it. The Ramazanoğlu family, one of the Turkish families brought by the Mamluks, ruled Adana until the Ottomans captured the city. The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ... Leo I of Armenia (died February 14, 1140) was Lord of the Mountains 1129–1140. ... The Anatolian Turkish Beylik of RamazanoÄŸlu with its capital in Adana was one of the frontier principalities established by Oghuz Turkish clans after the decline of Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


Modern Era

From the end of the Renaissance to the modern era (1517–1918), the Ottoman Empire ruled the area. Ottoman redirects here. ...


In the 1830s, in order to secure Egypt's independence for the Ottoman Empire, the army of Muhammad Ali Pasha, the viceroy of Egypt, invaded Syria on two occasions and reached the Adana plain. The subsequent peace treaty secured Egypt's independence but (at the insistence of Great Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia) required the evacuation of all Egyptian forces from Syria and its return to Ottoman sovereignty. In the aftermath, Adana was established as a province in its own right. See Mehemet Ali (Turkey) for the Turkish foreign minister and regent. ...


In 1909 Adana was the location of the Adana massacre.[4] Turkish scholars and some others refer to the event as the Adana rebellion based on a thesis of its underlying causes.[5] The Adana massacre occurred in Adana Province, in the Ottoman Empire, in April 1909. ...


After World War I, the Ottoman government surrendered control of the city to French troops and an Armenian troop equipped by French were sent to occupy the city. During the Turkish War of Independence, Adana was strategically important. Mustafa Kemal came to the city on October 31, 1918 and stayed there for eleven days. As a result, he decided to fight against the Allies and the idea of Kuvayi Milliye was born. Turkish nationalists fought against Allied forces and on October 20, 1921 Treaty of Ankara was signed between France and Turkish Grand National Assembly, based on the terms of the agreement, France signified the end of the Cilicia War, afterwards French invasion troops together with the Armenian volunteers[6] withdrew form city until January 5, 1922. The Armenian Legion was a foreign legion unit within French Army which was founded during World War I. It was one of the Armenian volunteer units beside the Armenian militia fought against the Ottoman Empire. ... Combatants   Turkish Revolutionaries United Kingdom Greece France Italy Armenia Ottoman Empire Georgia Commanders Mustafa Kemal Ä°smet Ä°nönü Kazım Karabekir Ali Fuat Cebesoy Fevzi Çakmak George Milne Henri Gouraud Papoulas Georgios Hatzianestis Drastamat Kanayan Movses Silikyan Süleyman Åžefik Pasha The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: KurtuluÅŸ Savaşı or... “Mustafa Kemal” redirects here. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Turkish revolutionaries (in Turkish Kuvayi Milliye or Kuvai Milliye) were nationalists of Turkish national movement who rebelled against the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire by the allies aftermath of the Armistice of Mudros during World War I. After establishing establishment of the Turkish national movement and the successful independence war... The Treaty of Ankara (or the Franklin-Bouillon Agreement; Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara) was signed on October 20, 1921 in Ankara, Turkey. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Combatants French Turkish Revolutionaries Franco-Turkish war, more often called Cilicia war (French: La guerre en Cilicie, Turkish: Güney Cephesi - the southern front), was a series of military conflicts in the aftermath of the World War I that opposed Turkish National Forces directed by Turkish Grand National Assembly governments...

Further information: Franco-Turkish War

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Chronology

Luwian (sometimes spelled Luwiyan) is an Anatolian language known in three forms: (1) Cuneiform Luwian, (2) Hieroglyphic-Luwian and (3), the somewhat later Lycian. ... Arzawa is a region or kingdom in what was later to be known as Lydia in Western Anatolia. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from KaneÅ¡ who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... For other uses, see Assyria (disambiguation). ... Persia redirects here. ... The term Hellenistic (derived from HéllÄ“n, the Greeks traditional self-described ethnic name) was established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to refer to the spreading of Greek culture over the non-Greek people that were conquered by Alexander the Great. ... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  The Abbasid Caliphate Abbasid (Arabic: , ) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... This article is about dynasty which ruled the political entity known as Great Seljuq Empire. ... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ... A Mamluk cavalryman, drawn in 1810 A mamluk (Arabic: مملوك (singular), مماليك (plural), Turkish: Kölemen, owned; also transliterated mameluk, mameluke, or mamluke) was a slave soldier who was converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid sultans during the Middle Ages. ... Anatolian beyliks (also Turkmen beyliks, Tevâif-i mülûk (in Ottoman Turkish) were small Turkish emirates or muslim principalities (beylik) governed by tribal beys, which were founded in several locations of Anatolia as of the end of the 13th century. ... The Anatolian Turkish Beylik of RamazanoÄŸlu with its capital in Adana was one of the frontier principalities established by Oghuz Turkish clans after the decline of Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...

Adana today

Adana has become an international metropolis, stretching and swallowing its neighbors. Adana is the marketing and distribution center for the Çukurova agricultural region, where cotton, wheat, corn, soy bean, barley, grapes and citrus fruits are produced in great quantities. The main industries of the city are textile manufacturing, leather tanning, and wool processing.


The city of Adana today is administered by two district council authorities: Seyhan and Yüreğir separated by Seyhan river. Seyhan, the more developed west part of the city where Yüreğir is located on the east part of the Seyhan river. NATO's Incirlik Air Base is located in town of İncirlik, 12 km (7 mi) east of Adana. ... YüreÄŸir is a district of Adana Province of Turkey. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... The Incirlik Air Base (Turkish: ), an important air base in NATOs Southern Region, is located in Ä°ncirlik, 12 km east of Adana, Turkeys fifth largest city, and 56 km from the Mediterranean Sea ( ). Its ICAO airport code is LTAG. The airbase has a United States Air Force (USAF... Ä°ncirlik (pronounced Injurlik, literally meaning place of fig orchard) is a town with 15,000 population, in south-eastern Turkeys Adana Province. ...


The houses in Adana have flat tops, and the roofs serve as bedrooms for the inhabitants during the hot summers. Several types of fruit, including the apricot, are native to this area. Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ...


The city is also famous for its cuisine, including; the Adana kebab; şalgam, a salty fermented juice made from turnips; Sirdan a kind of home-made sausage stuffed with rice, and eaten with cummin; Paça, boiled sheep's feet; Bicibici (pronounced as bee-jee-bee-jee) made from diced semolina, rose water and sugar and served with crushed ice, consumed especially in summer time. But especially the Adana kebab, this you have to try. Adana kebab Adana Kebab (Adana Kebap or Adana Kebabı in Turkish) is a long, charcoal grilled, minced meat brochette mounted on a wide skewer. ... Turnip juice is a popular beverage of southern Turkey, originating from Adana. ...


Furthermore, the city has a number of famous desserts, such as Halka Tatli a round shaped dessert and Tas Kadayif a bow shaped dessert.


Shopping in Adana is enhanced the 'American bazaar' a street market selling new and second-hand goods that have seeped out of the Incirlik Air-base.


Sightseeing

Sabancı Mosque in Adana
Sabancı Mosque in Adana
  • Stone Bridge, built in part during the 6th-century reign of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, the oldest extant bridge in the world which is still in use.
  • Yilanlı Kale The ruins of a castle dating from 782.
  • Büyük Saat (The Great Clock), a large clock tower, was built by the local governor of Adana in 1882. Unfortunately, it was damaged during the French occupation but it was rebuilt in 1935, and its image can be found in the city's coat of arms. There are many historical buildings and tombs of local governors next to the Büyük Saat.
  • The old bazaar, Kazancılar Çarşısı (Bazaar of Cauldron-Makers), founded around Büyük Saat, where Çarşı Hamamı (Bath of the Bazaar), a Turkish bath built in 1519 can be found.
  • Bebekli Kilise (Church of Babies) is an old Catholic church located in the city center. There are many historic houses in the street where the church is located.
  • Seyhan Dam
  • Ramazanoğlu Türbesi

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1718x1062, 122 KB) Photo of the big mosque of Adana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1718x1062, 122 KB) Photo of the big mosque of Adana. ... Tasköprü (stonebridge) spans the Seyhan River in Adana Turkey. ... This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine by modern historians. ... This article is about the Roman emperor. ... Events Alcuin becomes teacher to Charlemagne and his court. ...

Mosques

  • Adana Ulu Camii
  • New Mosque
  • Butter mosque
  • Eski Camii
  • Alemdar Mescidi
  • Şeyh Zülfi mescidi

Museums

  • Adana Museum
  • Adana Etnography Museum
  • Adana Archeological Museum
  • Adana Atatürk Museum
  • Misis Mosaic Museum

Mopsuestia (Greek Μόψουέστία, also transliterated as Mopsouhestia or Mompsuestia) or Mopsus or Mamistra is an ancient city of Cilicia Campestris (later Cilicia Secunda) on the Pyramus (also Pyramos, now the Ceyhan Nehri) river located approximately 20 km east of present-day Adana (then called Antiochia in Cilicia) in Adana Province, Turkey. ...

Hammams

  • Irmak Hamamı
  • Mestenzade Hamamı
  • Yeni Hamam

A hammam in Chefchaouen, Morocco The Turkish hammam (also Turkish bath or hamam) is the Middle Eastern variant of a steam bath, which can be categorized as a wet relative of the sauna. ...

Festivals

  • Altın Koza (Golden Cocoon) Film Festival - Provincial Center (14-25 September)

Education

Çukurova University occupies a foremost place among other Turkish universities with its 10 faculties, 3 colleges, 7 vocational colleges, 3 institutes and 26 research and application centers. ...

Transportation

Airport

  • Adana Şakirpaşa Airport

Adana Sakirpasa Airport (IATA: ADA, ICAO: LTAF) Adana Airport was opened to service as a civil-military airport in 1937. ... Atlasjet Boeing 757-200 Atlasjet Airbus A320-232 refilling at Valladolid Airport Atlasjet is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... aircraft with nazar at Sabiha Gokcen International Airport Fly Air (Turkish: ) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Onur Air (Onur Air Taşımacılık AÅž) is an airline based in Ä°stanbul, Turkey. ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Duesseldorf. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Pegasus Airlines (Pegasus Hava Tasimaciligi AS) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... This article is mostly about the Antalya City; for the province, see Antalya Province. ... Theodosiopolis redirects here; it is also a name of the ancient city of Apros, Thrace. ... Ä°zmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the countrys largest port after Ä°stanbul. ... Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond (Greek: ), is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Turkish Airlines (Turkish Türk Hava Yolları) (THY) is the national airline of Turkey based in Istanbul. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... It has been suggested that Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport be merged into this article or section. ... Köln may refer to: Cologne (German: Köln), the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state German Cruiser Köln that served from 1930-1945 mostly for the Kriegsmarine German Frigate Köln (1961-1982), a F120 Köln class frigate of... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (IATA: SAW, ICAO: LTFJ) is one of the airports serving Istanbul, Turkey. ...

Sports and Athletics

There is a race-track and also two well-known football teams:

Adanaspor is the football team of one of the biggest cities(Adana) of Turkey. ... Adana demirspor is the football team in Adana, one of the biggest cities in Turkey. ...

Notable natives

  • Ali Erdemir - scientist in metallurgy
  • Ali Sabancı - businessman, member of the Sabancı family in 3rd generation
  • Arzu Özyiğit - female basketball player
  • Ayşe Arman - Leading journalist
  • Aytaç Arman - actor [1]
  • Bilge Kösebalaban - rock music guitarist and vocalist
  • Cenk Koray - Talkshow Host
  • Demir Demirkan - rock musician and songwriter
  • Demir Karahan - actor [2] [3]
  • Erol Büyükburç - Pop Music Singer - Turkish pop music
  • Eyüp Can - journalist
  • Faruk Logoğlu - former Ambassador
  • Fatih Terim - former football player, ex-manager of Galatasaray and manager of the Turkish national football team
  • Ferdi Tayfur - singer, composer and actor
  • Haluk Levent - rock singer
  • Haroutioun Hovanes Chakmakjian - professor
  • Hasan Şaş - Galatasaray footballer
  • İsmet Atlı - Olympic medalist wrestler
  • Kasım Gülek - Statesman
  • Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ - actor and male supermodel
  • Mehmet Sabancı - businessman, member of the Sabancı family in 3rd generation
  • Murat Kekilli - rock singer
  • Mustafa Cihan - Mount Everest summiter
  • Mustafa İnan - physicist
  • Ozan Çolakoğlu - composer, songwriter, music producer
  • Ömer Sabancı - businessman, member of the Sabancı family in 3rd generation
  • Özdemir Sabancı - businessman, member of the Sabancı family in 2nd generation
  • Özgür Peştimalci - Rock music drummer
  • Serra Sabancı - businesswoman, member of the Sabancı family in 3rd generation
  • Suna Kan - classical music violinist
  • Suphi Baykam - Statesman
  • Şaziye İvegin - female basketball player
  • Şener Şen - actor
  • Tayyibe Gülek - economist and politician
  • Turgut Aykaç - Olympic medalist boxer
  • Yaşar Kemal - writer
  • Yılmaz Güney - actor and film director
  • Yılmaz Köksal - actor

Ali Erdemir Ali Erdemir, born in Kadirli, Adana, Turkey, is a Turkish materials scientist specializing in surface engineering and tribology. ... Ali İhsan Sabancı (1969), a member of the renowned Sabancı family in third generation, is a Turkish businessman. ... Arzu Özyiğit Bildirir (born October 16, 1972 in Tarsus, Turkey) is a Turkish female basketball player. ... Ayşe Arman Ayşe Arman is a Turkish journalist, a contributor as a regular columnist in the newspaper Hürriyet, and who is particularly well-known for her dashing one-to-one interviews. ... Bilge Bilge Kösebalaban (born 8 February 1980 in Adana) is the vocalist and guitar player for Turkish Rock band Direc-t. ... Demir Demirkan Demir Demirkan is a Turkish Rock musician. ... History (Timeline and Samples) Genres: Alternative - Classical - Dance - Folk - Hip hop - Jazz - Military - Ottoman - Opera - Pop - Religious - Rock Music awards Kral - MÜ-YAP - MGD Charts Powerturk 40 - Kral 20 Annual festivals Istanbul International Music Festival - Istanbul International Jazz Festival - Ankara IMF - Izmir European Jazz Festival - Aspendos International Opera and Ballet... Eyüp Can (born 1973 in Adana, Turkey) is a Turkish journalist and currently editor-in-chief of the Turkish newspaper Referans. ... Fatih Terim is one of the most successful football players and managers of Turkey. ... For other uses of Galatasaray, see Galatasaray (disambiguation) Galatasaray Spor Kulübü (in English: Galatasaray Sports Club) or Galatasaray SK is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul which is famous for its football section. ... Ferdi Tayfur (born 1945) is a Turkish arabesque singer, actor and composer. ... Haroutioun Hovanes Chakmakjian (b. ... Hasan Gökhan Şaş (born 1 August 1976 in Karataş, Adana, Turkey) is a Turkish international footballer who is currently a winger with one of Turkeys most famous clubs, Galatasaray. ... İsmet Atlı (1931, Adana), is a former Turkish Olympic medalist sports wrestler in the Light heavyweight class and a trainer. ... Kasım Gülek (1905 - 1996) was a prominent Turkish statesman credited with being instrumental in entrenching democracy in Turkey by taking politics to the masses. ... Mehmet Sabancı (1963 - 2004), a member in third generation of the renowned Sabancı family in Turkey, was a businessman. ... Mustafa Cihan (1971) is a Turkish mountaineer and a summiter of Mount Everest. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Ozan Çolakoğlu (Adana, 1972 - ) is a Turkish composer, songwriter and music producer; famous for his work with pop idol Tarkan and his various film scores. ... Ömer Sabancı (1959), a member of the Turkey’s second wealthiest family in third generation, is a billionaire businessman. ... Özdemir Sabancı, born May 15, 1941 in Adana, Turkey, was a businessman and a member of the Sabancı family in the second generation. ... Özgür Peştimalci (born 9 July 1981 in Adana) is the drummer for Turkish rock band Direc-t. ... Suna Kan Sun Kan, born 1936 in Adana, Turkey is a Turkish violinist of classical music. ... Şaziye İvegin (born February 8, 1982 in Adana, Turkey) is a Turkish female basketball player. ... Şener Şen (b. ... Tayyibe Gülek (1968, Adana) is a Turkish economist and former politician. ... Türgüt Aykaç (born January 1, 1958 in Adana) is a former boxer from Turkey. ... Yaşar Kemal (born Kemal Sadık Gökçeli) is one of the best known writers in Turkey. ... Yılmaz Güney Yılmaz Güney, (April 1, 1937 — September 9, 1984) was a Turkish film director, scenarist, novelist and actor of Kurdish origin. ...

Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew   (Standard) Bəʼer ŠévaÊ» Arabic بِئْرْ اَلْسَبْعْ ( ) Name Meaning Well of the Oath(see also) Government City Also Spelled Beer Sheva (officially) District South Population 185,500 (Metro 531,000) (2005) Jurisdiction 54,000 dunams (54 km²) Mayor Yaacov Turner Beersheba (Hebrew romanization Beer Sheva), the largest city in the... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ...

References

  1. ^ GeoHive - Turkey - Administrative units
  2. ^ European Regions of the Future (English). Foreign Direct Investment Magazine.
  3. ^ Innvista - Horses from Egypt and Kue
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th edition (1911), sv. Adana; for the Adana massacre, sv. Turkey (vol. 27, p. 464c).
  5. ^ Justin McCarthy, The Population of the Ottoman Armenians, page(65-85)
  6. ^ Cilicia in the years 1918-1923
  7. ^ Beerscheba, Israel

Other Sources

Richard J.A. Talbert (born 1947 in England) is a contemporary British ancient historian on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he is William Rand Kenan, Jr. ... The Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World is a large-format atlas of ancient Europe, Asia, and North Africa, edited by Richard Talbert. ... Simo Parpola is professor of Assyriology at the University of Helsinki, Finland. ...

External links

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Adana - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1497 words)
Adana is the marketing and distribution center for an agricultural region in which cotton, wheat, barley, grapes, citrus fruits, olives, and tobacco are produced.
The history of Adana is linked to the history of Tarsus; they seem often to be the same city, moving as the river changed position and the name changed during historic eras.
Adana was of little importance in ancient history; Tarsus, Ayas (today Yumurtalik), and Kozan (formerly Sis) have usually been the major population and administrative centers, especially during the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia.
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Adana (1751 words)
Adana, Turkey (the ancient Antioch in Cilicia or Antioch on the Sarus) is the capital of Adana Province.
The 2006 estimate of Adana's population is 1,271,894.
Adana was of little importance in ancient history; Tarsus, Ayas (today Yumurtalik), and Kozan (formerly Sis) have usually been the major population and administrative centers, especially during the time of the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia.
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