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Encyclopedia > Adamantium (comics)

Adamantium is a fictional chemical substance and metal alloy in the Marvel comics' universe. Adamantium is one of the most durable substances ever to be created by Earth science. The chemical and metallurgical processes needed to create it are incredibly difficult to achieve, exceedingly expensive, and its creation process is known to only a very few organizations, individuals, and governments in the Marvel Universe. Adamantium is, most famously, the metal bonded to Wolverine's entire skeleton. It first appeared in Avengers #66 (July 1969) as part of Ultron's outer shell. FicTioNaL is a Gaming Legend. ... Water and steam are two different forms of the same chemical substance A chemical substance is a material with a definite chemical composition. ... This article is about metallic materials. ... An alloy is a homogeneous hybrid of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal, and where the resulting material has metallic properties. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... For other uses, see Wolverine (disambiguation). ... The Avengers are a fictional superhero team appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... For other uses, see Ultron (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History and properties of adamantium in the Marvel Universe

Adamantium is first created by metallurgist Dr. Myron McClain during the late 1960s in an attempt to recreate the unique Vibranium-steel alloy of Captain America's shield, though adamantium contains no vibranium. While McClain is unable to duplicate the process or discover the unknown element that created the alloy, he does create a material that is very similar on a molecular level and is almost as durable. Adamantium is created by mixing several chemical resins together; the exact recipe is a secret. After the resins are mixed together, the adamantium can be molded into different shapes for approximately eight minutes as long as the mixture is kept at a temperature of 1,500 ยบF. Adamantium's extremely stable molecular structure prevents it from being further molded after this eight-minute time period even if the temperature is high enough to keep it in its liquified form. Georg Agricola, author of De re metallica, an important early book on metal extraction Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their compounds, which are called alloys. ... Vibranium, is a fictional metal that appears in the Marvel Universe. ... Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ... This article describes the typographical or mathematical symbol. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Adamantium is astronomically expensive to create and the process is unreliable, often resulting in an inferior grade since the chemical resins mixed to create adamantium are a carefully guarded secret. As a result, supervillains almost never try to create it but seek instead to harvest it from existing sources and rearrange it on a molecular level: Apocalypse has harvested adamantium from Sabretooth, and Genesis has harvested adamantium from Cyber. Apocalypse (En Sabah Nur) is a fictional comic book supervillain in the Marvel Comics Universe. ... Sabretooth is a Marvel Comics character, an arch-enemy of the X-Men’s Wolverine. ... Genesis (Tyler Dayspring) is a fictional character in the comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... Cyber is a fictional character, a Marvel supervillain and enemy of Wolverine of the X-Men. ...


Types of adamantium

Adamant, or adamantine combined with the neo-latin ending "ium", resembles the form of the name of the chemical elements. Today it can be used to describe any hard substance such as diamond. In it's classical form, adamantium reffers to any unbreakable or impenetrable object. However most commonly, adamantium is an invulnerable fictional element or substance.


True adamantium

True adamantium is created through the mixing of certain chemical resins (defined only as "three closely related iron compounds") whose composition is classified as a highest possible level U.S. government top secret, although it has been said that the U.S. has shared the secret of adamantium's creation process with "certain of its allies". This process is almost prohibitively expensive and True adamantium is very rare as a result. True Adamantium is nearly as strong as Captain America's shield and is, for all practical purposes, indestructible. Adamantium's durability is somewhat dependent on its thickness. For example, a sufficient amount can easily withstand a direct hit from a nuclear weapon.[1]


Secondary adamantium

As true adamantium is extremely difficult and expensive to create or manipulate, some parties found a way to duplicate it on a larger and more cost-effective scale at the expense of quality and durability. For most practical purposes, this Secondary adamantium is indestructible. Conventional weapons, such as ballistic missiles, have no effect on it; it is far stronger than even the most durable of titanium steel compounds. However, extraordinary blunt force, such as a punch from a being with superhuman strength, can warp or break it. Unconventional forms of energy discharges have also been known to warp or damage Secondary adamantium, such as Thor's lightning attacks using Mjolnir. Writers created Secondary adamantium to deal with supposedly indestructible adamantium having been damaged or destroyed in the past; all such instances were retconned as appearances of Secondary adamantium. Thor (often called The Mighty Thor) is a superhero appearing in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For other uses, see Mjolnir (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Adamantium beta

Adamantium beta is a new metal created as a side-effect of the process of bonding True adamantium to Wolverine's bones. His Healing Factor not only allowed him to survive the process, but also induced a molecular change in the metal. Adamantium beta functions identically to True adamantium, but it does not inhibit the biological processes of bone. Adamantium beta was first explained in Wolverine (vol.2) #80 (1994). A healing factor is a term used to describe the ability of some characters in fiction to recover from bodily injuries or disease at a superhuman rate. ... This article is about the skeletal organs. ...

Omega Red's carbonadium coils.

Image File history File links Carcoil. ... Image File history File links Carcoil. ...

Carbonadium

Carbonadium is a resilient, unstable metal that is vastly stronger than steel but more flexible than adamantium. It is stated in X-Men vol.2 #7 that carbonadium is, in fact, both a more malleable and cheaper version of adamantium. Due to its malleability, carbonadium is less durable than true adamantium, but still nearly indestructible. Omega Red (an adversary of The X-Men) has carbonadium coils which allow him to drain life energies. Carbonadium is highly radioactive and a very small amount, if ingested, has proven capable of shutting down Wolverine's healing factor. The only device that can produce Carbonadium, known as the Carbonadium Synthesizer, was thrown into a river in Brussels by Wolverine. Look up malleability in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Omega Red (Arkady Rossovich) is a comic book supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe and a foe of the X-Men. ... The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ... Radioactive decay is the set of various processes by which unstable atomic nuclei (nuclides) emit subatomic particles. ... A healing factor is a term used to describe the ability of some characters in fiction to recover from bodily injuries or disease at a superhuman rate. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ...


Adamantium as key component

Adamantium is used as the key component in several instances in the Marvel Universe, including:

  • Agent Zero's combat knife
  • The outer skin of some of Alkhema's robotic bodies
  • Battlestar's shield
  • Bullseye's spinal column and some strips coating several of his bones.
  • Constrictor's original wrist-mounted, prehensile metal coils
  • Cyber's claws and skin
  • A unique set of Doctor Octopus' arms
  • Hammerhead's skull plate
  • The outer layer of Citizen V's rapier
  • Lady Deathstrike's skeleton and talons
  • One of Mister Fantastic's labs for extremely dangerous experiments
  • Moon Knight's crescent blades
  • A unique suit of armor once used by the villain Stilt-Man
  • The robotic body of TESS-One
  • The outer skin of some of Ultron's robotic bodies
  • Wolverine's skeleton and claws
  • X-23's claws
  • One of several layers of containment at the one-time superhuman incarceration facility known as the Vault
  • An outer coating on the Swordsman's blades.

For the NBA basketball player with the nickname, Agent Zero see, Gilbert Arenas David North (born Christoph Nord) is a mutant comic book character in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... Alkhema is a fictional robot supervillain in the Marvel Universe. ... Battle Star (Lemar Hoskins, formerly the fourth Bucky) is a fictional character, who is a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Bullseye is a fictional supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Constrictor (real name Frank Payne, alias Frank Schlicting) is a fictional character, a supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Cyber is a fictional character, a Marvel supervillain and enemy of Wolverine of the X-Men. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hammerhead is a fictional character, a supervillain in publications from Marvel Comics. ... Citizen V (the V pronounced as Vee, not Five), is the codename of several fictional characters in the Marvel Universe. ... Lady Deathstrike (real name Yuriko Oyama) is a Marvel Comics supervillain, a foe of the X-Men, especially Wolverine. ... Mr. ... Moon Knight (Marc Spector) is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... Stilt-Man, aka Wilbur Day, is a Marvel Comics supervillain, most commonly associated with Daredevil. ... TESS-One (Total Elimination of the Super Soldiers) is a fictional robot who first appeared in Captain America comics. ... For other uses, see Ultron (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wolverine (disambiguation). ... For information on the experimental aircraft, see X-23 PRIME. X-23 (Laura Kinney also known as Laura X) is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Vault is the widely used nickname of a defunct prison facility for super-human criminals (predominantly supervillains) in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Swordsman is the name of several fictional characters in the Marvel Comics universe. ...

Durability of adamantium

While often referred to as indestructible or unbreakable, it is possible for it to be destroyed through very specific circumstances. True adamantium can be destroyed through very precise molecular rearrangement, such as being altered by Thanos while wearing the Infinity Gauntlet[2]. True adamantium's molecular structure can also be altered by Antarctic vibranium, also known as anti-metal, as it has the capability to liquify all known metallic substances, including adamantium. Thanos is a fictional character that appears in the Marvel Universe. ... Thanos wields the Infinity Gauntlet. ... Vibranium, is a fictional metal that appears in the Marvel Universe. ...


There are at least two known examples of true adamantium within the Earth-616 reality sustaining damage without molecular manipulation. The first involves Thor focusing all of his strength into striking a small cylinder of adamantium Mjolnir, which is only slightly dented.[3] The second incident involves a battle between Ultron and the Incredible Hulk. During the fight, the Hulk punches the robot with enough force to slightly dent it.[4] Thor (often called The Mighty Thor) is a superhero appearing in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Thor vol. ... For other uses, see Ultron (disambiguation). ... Incredible Hulk, The Hulk and The Incredible Hulk redirect here. ...


Within the Earth-1610 reality, otherwise known as the Ultimate Marvel Universe,[5] adamantium also exists but there is evidence that brings into question the status of adamantium as "unbreakable" or "indestructible" in comparisson with the Earth-616 version. There is an example of the Ultimate Marvel version of Wolverine being ripped in half by the Ultimate Marvel version of the Hulk.[6] There is also an instance of the Hulk breaking a needle made of adamantium.[7] During the initial appearances of the Ultimate Marvel Universe's version of Sabretooth, it is revealed that he has four retractable adamantium claws implanted within each of his forearms. Through circumstances that have yet to be explained, one of the claws implanted within Sabretooth's left forearm is broken.[8] There is also at least one known incident of adamantium within the Earth-1610 reality being damaged by conventional weaponry. In a memory flashback, the Ultimate Marvel version of Nick Fury recalls an adamantium cage containing Wolverine is shelled and destroyed during Operation: Desert Storm.[9] The Ultimate Marvel version Lady Deathstrike also has an adamantium-laced skeleton, and claimed to be indestructible on one occasion. Nonetheless, when she is grabbed in a stranglehold by Longshot, he manages to snap her neck. These facts have sparked heated debate and controversy among comic book fans and Marvel Comics hasn't provided an explanation for the noticeable difference in the durability of the two versions. The various characters of the Ultimate Marvel Universe, as seen on the cover of Ultimates (v2) #12. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and to make a clear distinction between fact and fiction, this article may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Hulk (comics). ... Sabretooth is a Marvel Comics character, an arch-enemy of the X-Men’s Wolverine. ... General Nicholas Joseph Nick Fury is a fictional military officer, Gulf War veteran and spy, featured in Marvel Comics. ... ... Lady Deathstrike (real name Yuriko Oyama) is a Marvel Comics supervillain, a foe of the X-Men, especially Wolverine. ... Longshot is a fictional character a Marvel Comics superhero best known as a member of the X-Men. ...


Properties of adamantium in the Ultimate Marvel Universe

Little is known about the UMU version of adamantium. Among the most notable information yet to be revealed includes when adamantium is first created, the person or persons responsible for first creating it, and any of the properties and processes used in creating it.


Only one version of adamantium has been seen in the Ultimate Universe thus far. It is currently unknown whether or not any other versions of adamantium exist, as they do in the Earth-616 reality. In the fictional Marvel Universe, Earth-616 or Earth 616 is the name used to identify the primary continuity in which most Marvel Comics titles take place. ...


Adamantium in the UMU is highly durable and is able to effectively protect a person's mind from telepathic probing or attacks, a property that the Earth-616 version lacks completely.


Other Versions

Games

  • In the Warhammer 40,000 game series(non-marvel) the Black Dragons Space Marines Chapter sheathes mutated bone growths in Adamantium to use them as close combat weapons.

Warhammer 40,000 (informally known as Warhammer 40K, WH40K, W40K or just 40K) is a science fantasy game produced by Games Workshop. ... Space marines are fictional soldiers that operate in outer space. ...

Films

  • In X2: X-Men United, liquid adamantium was seen boiling in a tub. William Stryker mentioned that the "tricky thing with adamantium is, you gotta keep it hot," as the writers ignored adamantium's eight-minute limit.
  • In the 1956 Science Fiction film Forbidden Planet, Doctor Morbius mentions "Adamantium Steel", predating any mention of the substance in Marvel Comics.

X2 is a 2003 superhero film based on the fictional characters the X-Men. ... William Stryker is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe, an enemy of the X-Men. ... This article is about the 1956 film. ... Ultimate Avengers (also known as Ultimate Avengers: The Movie) is a direct-to-video animated film based on the Marvel comic book The Ultimates. ... Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Marvel Directory on adamantium
  2. ^ Infinity Gauntlet #3 (Sept. 1991)
  3. ^ Avengers vol.1 #66 (July, 1969)
  4. '^ Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #12 (April, 1985)
  5. ^ Ultimate Universe, Marvel.com, "The Basics: Universe: Earth-1610 (Ultimate Universe)"
  6. ^ Ultimate Wolverine vs. Hulk (Feb, 2006)
  7. ^ Ultimates vol1. #5
  8. ^ Ultimate X-Men #12 (Jan, 2002)
  9. ^ Ultimate X-Men #11 (Dec. 2001)

See also


 
 

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