FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act

The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act (Pub.L. 109-248) was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on July 27, 2006. The legislation organizes sex offenders into three tiers, and mandates that Tier 3 offenders update their whereabouts every three months. Failure to register and update information is made a felony under the law. It also creates a national sex offender registry and instructs each state and territory to apply identical criteria for posting offender data on the Internet (i.e., offender's name, address, date of birth, place of employment, photograph, etc.).[1] Adam Walsh (November 14, 1974-July 27, 1981), the son of John Walsh, a partner in a successful hotel management company, was abducted from a Sears department store in Hollywood, Florida on July 27, 1981 at the age of six. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the record label, see Felony Records The term felony is a term used in common law systems for very serious crimes, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... In about the last ten years or so, many jurisdictions, especially in the United States, have passed laws requiring sex offenders, especially child sex offenders, upon conviction or subsequent release from prison, to register with the police where they live. ...

Contents

History

The bill was sponsored by Congressman James Sensenbrenner (R-WI) in the US House of Representatives and moved to final passage over a two-year period. It had been sent to the Senate in 2005 as H.R. 3132 and had 88 co-sponsors, including Mark Foley (R-FL), who had originally introduced the House bill, and co-sponsor Rep. Bud Cramer (D-AL). The Senate bill passed on July 20, 2006 with an amendment and amendment to the title. Senate co-sponsors John Kerry (D-MA) and Johnny Isakson (R-GA) dubbed the bill Masha's Law. This came from a child of that name adopted from Russia by a man who had specifically requested a four- or five-year-old and proceeded to molest her for five years before she was removed from his home.[2] Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Mark Adam Foley (born September 8, 1954) is an American politician who served as a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 until 2006, representing the 16th District of Florida. ... Robert E. Bud Cramer Jr. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... John Hardy Johnny Isakson (born December 28, 1944), American politician, has been a Republican United States Senator from Georgia since 2005. ... For other uses, see Adoption (disambiguation). ...


At the time of passage, at least 100,000 of more than a half million sex offenders in the United States and the District of Columbia were 'missing' and unregistered as required by law. Law enforcement did not know where they were and could not warn communities about them. This situation posed an enormous challenge for law enforcement and caused fear among the people .[citation needed] More federal funding was wanted to assist states in maintaining and improving these programs so a comprehensive system for tracking sex offenders and alerting communities would be developed.[3] ...


The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act was signed on the 25th anniversary of the abduction of Adam Walsh from a shopping mall in Florida. Adam Walsh was found murdered 16 days after his abduction, and the perpetrator of the crime has yet to be found. Adam Walsh's father is John Walsh, host of the television series America's Most Wanted.[3] John Walsh, also founder of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), was joined by other children's advocates to mount an aggressive campaign to get the bill passed into law. As part of the campaign, Walsh was joined by Congressman Sensenbrenner, representatives from the NCMEC, and other victims' advocates and parents. These included Patty Wetterling, children's advocate from Minnesota and mother of missing child Jacob Wetterling, abducted in October 1989; Mark Lunsford, whose daughter Jessica was killed in Florida in 2005; Linda Walker, the mother of North Dakota college student Dru Sjodin who was kidnapped and murdered by a released Minnesota sex offender in November 2003; and Erin Runnion, whose five-year-old daughter Samantha Runnion was raped and killed in California in 2002 by a released sex offender. Adam Walsh (November 14, 1974-July 27, 1981), the son of John Walsh, a partner in a successful hotel management company, was abducted from a Sears department store in Hollywood, Florida on July 27, 1981 at the age of six. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... For other persons named John Walsh, see John Walsh (disambiguation). ... For the professional wrestling tag team, see Americas Most Wanted (professional wrestling). ... The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children was established in 1984 as a private, non-profit organization, but seems more like a department of Justice program, based on the $30-million funding each year. ... Patty Wetterling in 2006 Patty Wetterling (born November 2, 1949) is a U.S. advocate of childrens safety, particularly focused on protecting children from abduction and abuse. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Jacob Wetterling (born February 17, 1978) was abducted at age 11 in St. ...


Some criticized the law for over-breadth, for applying retroactively, and for demonizing people who had been convicted of what are in many cases non-violent offenses. [4]


Legal applications

  • Gives the U.S. Attorney General the authority to apply the law retroactively (cf. ex post facto law).
  • Establishes a national database which will incorporate the use of DNA evidence collection and DNA registry and tracking of convicted sex offenders with Global Positioning System technology.
  • Increases the mandatory minimum incarceration period of 25 years for kidnapping or maiming a child and 30 years for sex with a child younger than 12 or for sexually assaulting a child between 13 and 17 years old.
  • Increases the penalties for sex trafficking of children and child prostitution.[3]
  • Widens federal funding to assist local law enforcement in tracking sexual exploitation of minors on the Internet.
  • Creates a National Child Abuse Registry to protect children from being adopted by convicted child abusers.[5]

The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... An ex post facto law (from the Latin for from something done afterward) or retroactive law, is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences of acts committed or the legal status of facts and relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... GPS redirects here. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The trafficking of human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploitation. ... Prostitution of children refers to the use of children as prostitutes. ... Child abuse is the physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others. ...

Effects

Since its enactment, the Adam Walsh Act (AWA) has come under intense grassroots scrutiny for its far-reaching scope and breadth. Even before any state adopted AWA, several sex offenders were prosecuted under its regulations. This has resulted in one life sentence for failure to register, due to the offender being homeless and not being able to maintain a physical address.[1] A homeless person in Paris. ...


Influence on visa process

A collateral effect of the new legislation was its implications on the United States Permanent Resident Card process. Until January 2007, U.S. nationals living abroad who married a local and intended to obtain green cards for their spouse and any immediate family members were able to initiate and complete the majority of the application process at the local U.S. Embassy/Consulate. However, because of the newly enhanced background check and criminal history data trail requirements, the new law had initially been interpreted by the Bureau of Consular Affairs and USCIS as leaving Consular officers ill-equipped to fully handle the I-130 adjucation process. Thus, as of January 2007 I-130 petitions, supporting documentation, or fee payments could no longer be completed in the country of the foreign national.[6] A United States Green Card. ... The mission of the Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) is to administer laws, formulate regulations and implement policies relating to the broad range of consular services and immigration. ... U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is a part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and performs some of the functions formerly carried out by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, which was part of the Department of Justice. ...


However, the government made a quick about-face two months later. Due to a significant number of complaints from applicants about the resultant processing delays and from immigration officials about the deluge of paperwork that came with the centralization of the process, the visa petitioning process for immediate relatives of US citizens was resumed at U.S. embassies on March 21, 2007.[7] is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...


The Federal Record Keeping and Labeling Requirements Laws have been attached to this bill (Chapter 18 USC 2257). This will require secondary producers to be responsible for the record keeping procedures primary producers gather when they produce pornography.[8] Primary producers are those organisms in an ecosystem that produce biomass from inorganic compounds (autotrophs). ... Porn redirects here. ...


See also

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children was established in 1984 as a private, non-profit organization, but seems more like a department of Justice program, based on the $30-million funding each year. ... The Senate Caucus on Missing, Exploited and Runaway Children (SCMERC) was formed in the United States of America in April, 2003, in order to assist the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC). ... The House Caucus on Missing and Exploited Children (HCMEC) was formed in order to assist the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) and coordinate federal legislation preventing child abduction and exploitation of children, including prosecution for possession of online pornography and solicitation of minors for sexual activity. ... Robert E. Bud Cramer Jr. ... For other persons named John Walsh, see John Walsh (disambiguation). ... Patty Wetterling in 2006 Patty Wetterling (born November 2, 1949) is a U.S. advocate of childrens safety, particularly focused on protecting children from abduction and abuse. ... Mark Adam Foley (born September 8, 1954) is an American politician who served as a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 until 2006, representing the 16th District of Florida. ...

Cited references

  1. ^ President Signs H.R. 4472, the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006. White House (2006). Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  2. ^ Bush Signs Child Predator Law. Associated Press (2006). Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  3. ^ a b c Davidson, Lee (2006). Bush signs, Hatch praises new Child Protection Act. Deseret Morning News. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  4. ^ Andriette (2006). Vicious Sex-Crazed Attack. The Guide. Retrieved on 2007-10-01.
  5. ^ H.R. 4472 — Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (pdf). Legislative Notice. U.S. Senate Republican Policy Committee (2006). Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  6. ^ I-130, Petition for Alien Relative (pdf). Department of Homeland Security U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  7. ^ Consular Offices Abroad Resume Accepting I-130 Immigrant Visa Petitions. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  8. ^ Free Speech Coalition v. Gonzales (2005). Free Speech Coalition. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m