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Encyclopedia > Adam Johann von Krusenstern
Ivan Kruzenstern
Ivan Kruzenstern

Adam Johann Ritter von (knight of) Krusenstern (born November 19, 1770 in Hagudi, close to Rapla, in the Russian province of Estonia, died August 24, 1846 in Reval, now Tallinn, Estonia) was the Baltic German admiral and explorer in Russian Service who in 1803-1806 led the first Russian circumnavigation of the Earth. In Russia, Krusenstern is known as Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern (Иван Фёдорович Крузенштерн). Image File history File links Kruzenstern. ... Image File history File links Kruzenstern. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Rapla is a town in central Estonia, the capital of Rapla County, the administrative centre of rural municipality of Rapla. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... County Harju County Mayor Jüri Ratas Area 159. ... The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten, sometimes incorrectly Baltendeutsche), were ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea which forms today the countries of Estonia and Latvia. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth, is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ...


Born into a Baltic German family, Krusenstern joined the Russian Imperial Navy after spending time in the service of Great Britain. In 1803-1806, under the patronage of Tsar Alexander I and Baron Nikolai Rezanov, Krusenstern led the first Russian circumnavigation of the world. The purpose of the two-ship expedition was to establish trade with China and Japan, facilitate trade in South America, and examine California for a possible colony. The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten, sometimes incorrectly Baltendeutsche), were ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea which forms today the countries of Estonia and Latvia. ... Russian Navy Jack Russian Navy Ensign The Imperial Russian Navy refers to the Navy of Imperial Russia, before the Soviet Union. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Nikolai Petrovich Rezanov was the head of Russian expedition to Alaska. ... To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth, is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq. ...


The two ships, Nadezhda (Hope) under the command of Krusenstern, and Neva under the command of Captain-Lieutenant Yuri F. Lisianski, set sail from Kronstadt, rounded Cape Horn, and reached the northern Pacific. Both seafarers made maps and detailed recordings of their voyages. Yuri Fyodorovich Lisyansky (also spelled as Urey Lisiansky) (Russian: , August 13, 1773—March 06, 1837) was an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and explorer. ... 1888 map of Kronstadt bay Kronstadt (Russian: Кронштадт; also Kronshtadt, Cronstadt) is a strongly fortified Russian seaport town, located on Kotlin Island, near the head of the Gulf of Finland, at 59°5930 N and 29°4630 E. It lies 20 miles west of Saint Petersburg, of which... Cape Horn from the South. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... The era of European sea explorations began in the late 15th century and lasted for a little more than three full centuries. ... Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. ...


Upon his return, Krusenstern wrote a detailed report, titled Reise um die Welt in den Jahren 1803, 1804, 1805 und 1806 auf Befehl Seiner Kaiserl. Majestät Alexanders des Ersten auf den Schiffen Nadeshda und Newa (Journey around the World in the Years 1803, 1804, 1805, and 1806 at the Command of his Imperial Majesty Alexander I in the Ships Nadezhda and Neva).


The report was published in two volumes in 1811 in Berlin; this was followed two years later by an English translation, published in London. His scientific work, which includes an atlas of the Pacific, was published 1827 in St. Petersburg and won him an honorary membership in the Russian Academy of Sciences. Joyce Rollins is a lesbian. ... This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ...


The Russian training tall ship Kruzenshtern is named after him. Krusenstern crater on the Moon is also named after him. The Kruzenshtern at SAIL Amsterdam 2005 Kruzenshtern at Sail Bremerhaven 2005 The Kruzenshtern (Russian: Крузенштерн) is a Russian four masted barque and tall ship that was built in 1926 in Weserműnde (Bremerhaven, Germany), under the name Padua. ... Krusenstern is a lunar crater that lies amidst the battered terrain in the southern part of the Moons near side. ... Bulk composition of the moons mantle and crust estimated, weight percent Oxygen 42. ...


External links

  • Ilya Vinkovetsky, Circumnavigation, Empire, Modernity, Race: The Impact of Round-the-World Voyages on Russia's Imperial Consciousness, "Meeting of Frontiers" Conference, 2001
  • Barque Kruzenshtern

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Adam Johann von Krusenstern (251 words)
Estonian Baltic German Adam Johann Ritter von Krusenstern became a Russian admiral and explorer.
Under the patronage of czar Alexander I, Krusenstern led the first Russian circumnavigation of the world in 1803-1806, which aimed to establish trade with China and Japan, to facilitate trade in South America, and to examine California for a possible colony.
Two boats, Nadezhda (Hope) under command of Krusenstern, and Neva under command of captain-lieutenant Yuri F. Lisianski set sail from Kronstadt[?], rounded Cape Horn, and reached the northern Pacific.
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