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Encyclopedia > Adachi, Tokyo
Map of Adachi-ku.
Enlarge
Map of Adachi-ku.
The Sumida River makes up the southern border of Adachi-ku (right) and the northern border of Arakawa-ku (left).
The Sumida River makes up the southern border of Adachi-ku (right) and the northern border of Arakawa-ku (left).
The Arakawa River.
The Arakawa River.

Adachi (足立区; -ku) is one of the special wards of Tokyo, Japan. It is located north of the heart of Tokyo. The ward consists of two separate areas: a small strip of land between the Sumida River and Arakawa River and a larger area north of the Arakawa River. The ward is bordered by the cities of Kawaguchi, Hatogaya, Soka and Yashio in Saitama and Katsushika, Sumida, Arakawa and Kita in Tokyo. Image File history File links Adachi-ku. ... Image File history File links Adachi-ku. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sumidagawa_river. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sumidagawa_river. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Arakawa_river. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Arakawa_river. ... The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ... View of Tokyos Shibuya district Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Kokyo Imperial Palace. ... The Sumida River flowing through Adachi, Tokyo The Sumida River (隅田川, Sumida-gawa) is a river which flows through Tokyo, Japan. ... The Arakawa River The Arakawa River (Japanese: 荒川) is one of the principal rivers flowing through Tokyo, the capital city of Japan. ... Kawaguchi (川口市 Kawaguchi-shi) is a city located in Saitama, Japan. ... Hatogaya (Japanese: 鳩ヶ谷市; -shi) is a city located in Saitama, Japan. ... Sōka (草加市 Sōka-shi) is a city located in Saitama, Japan. ... Yashio (八潮市 Yashio-shi) is a city located in Saitama, Japan. ... Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県; Saitama-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Katsushika (葛飾区; ku) is a special ward located in northeast Tokyo, Japan. ... Sumida (Japanese: 墨田区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Arakawa (Japanese: 荒川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Kita (Japanese: 北区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ...


The ward calls itself Adachi City in English.


Adachi has sister-city relationships with Vermont, Victoria, Australia. Within Japan, Adachi has similar ties with the city of Uonuma (formerly the town of Koide) in Niigata Prefecture, Yamanouchi in Nagano Prefecture, and the city of Kanuma in Tochigi Prefecture. Vermont is a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, in the state of Victoria. ... Uonuma (魚沼市, -shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... Koide (小出町; -machi) is a town located in Kitauonuma District, Niigata, Japan. ... Niigata Prefecture (新潟県; Niigata-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Yamanouchi (山ノ内町; -machi) is a town located in Shimotakai District, Nagano, Japan. ... Nagano Prefecture (長野県; Nagano-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Kanuma (鹿沼市; -shi) is a city located in Tochigi, Japan. ... Tochigi Prefecture (栃木県 Tochigi-ken) is a located in the Kanto region on the island of Honshu, Japan. ...


As of November 1, 2005, the ward has an estimated population of 645,873 and a density of 12140 persons per km². The total area is 53.20 km². November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


The Adachi Land Transportation Office is located here, and automobiles registered at this office bear Adachi number plates. In Japan, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the national government issues license plates for motor vehicles through Land Transportation Offices nationwide. ...

Contents


History

Under the Ritsuryo system, the present-day ward was the southern extremity of Adachi District, Musashi Province. In 826, during the Heian period, the Nishiarai Daishi temple was founded. During the Muromachi period and into the Sengoku period, the Chiba clan held control of the region. The Great Senju Bridge was built in 1594. In the Edo Period, parts were under the direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, and parts were under the administration of Kan'ei-ji, a temple in present-day Ueno, Tokyo. Senju was a post station (one of the four Edo post stations) on the Nikko Kaido. In 1932, Adachi became a ward of Tokyo City. The special ward was founded on March 15, 1947. Ritsuryo (律令) is the historical law system based on the philosophies of Confucianism and Chinese Legalism in Japan. ... The article incorporates text from OpenHistory. ... Events The Danish king accepts Christianity. ... The Heian period (Japanese: 平安時代, Heian-jidai) is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. ... [[ == The Muromachi period (Japanese: 室町時代, Muromachi-jidai, also known as the Muromachi era, the Muromachi bakufu, the Ashikaga era, the Ashikaga period, or the Ashikaga bakufu) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. ... The Sengoku period (Japanese: 戦国時代, Sengoku-jidai) or Warring States period, is a period of civil war in the history of Japan that spans from the middle 15th to the early 17th centuries. ... The Chiba (千葉) clan was a branch family descended from Chiba no Suke, son of Taira no Tadatsune. ... The Edo period (Japanese: 江戸時代, Edo-jidai), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1600 to 1867. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... Shinobazu Pond and Bentendo Hall in early spring Tokyo National Museum Pagoda of Kaneiji, now in Ueno Zoo Rodins Gates of Hell in front of the National Museum of Western Art Ueno (上野) is a district in Tokyos Taitō Ward, best known as the home of Ueno Station... 1932 (MCMXXXII) is a leap year starting on Friday. ... Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1988, the body of a high-school girl was discovered encapsulated in concrete in a barrel. The perpetrators were caught and tried, with the leader receiving a sentence of 20 years in prison, and others receiving lesser sentences.


Famous people

Takeshi Kitano at Cannes, 2000 Takeshi Kitano (北野 æ­¦, Kitano Takeshi, b. ... Asano Atsuko (浅野温子; b. ... Yoshiko Tanaka (田中好子 Tanaka Yoshiko; born 8 April 1956 in Tokyo, Japan) is a Japanese actress. ... Mangaka (漫画家) is the Japanese word for a comic artist. ... Sumo (相撲 Sumō, alternatively 大相撲 ÅŒzumō), or Sumo wrestling, is a competition contact sport wherein two wrestlers or rikishi face off in a circular area. ...

Sights

Nishiarai Daishi

Nishiarai Daishi, located in Nishiarai, is a temple of the Buzan branch of Shingon Buddhism. Its formal name is Gochisan Henjoin Sojiji (Sojiji Temple). This is one of the Three Great Temples in the Kanto region along with Kawasaki Daishi and Sano Yakuyoke Daishi, and a great number of people annually visit the temple at the beginning of the New Year. Shingon (真言宗) is a major school of Japanese Buddhism, and the most important school of Vajrayana Buddhism outside of the Himalayan region. ... The term Buddha is a word in ancient Indian languages including Pāli and Sanskrit which means one who has awakened. It is derived from the verbal root budh, meaning to awaken or to be enlightened, and to comprehend. It is written in Devanagari script as Hindi: and pronounced as... Kanto region, Japan The Kanto region (関東地方 Kantō-chihō) is a geographical area of Honshu, the largest island in Japan. ... In ancient times, the Japanese New Year (正月 shōgatsu) followed the same lunisolar calendar as the Chinese/Korean/Vietnamese New Year (at the beginning of spring). ...


Parks

  • Toneri Park

Toneri Park is a metropolitan park located in Toneri.  It is divided into east and west sections by Ogubashi Street.  The west site has sports facilities such as an athletic stadium, tennis courts and baseball grounds.  The east site offers places for appreciation of nature, such as a big pond, water park and bird sanctuary.  A part of the east site is now under construction. The park is far from train stations and other transportation such as buses is necessary to access it.  However, Toneri Park Station on the New Transit System Nippori-Toneri line will open close by, and a rail yard of the line is now being constructed under the ground within the east site.

  • Higashi Ayase Park

Higashi Ayase Park is a metropolitan park that straddles the border between Ayase and Higashi Ayase.  It contains Tokyo Budokan.  Within the park, there is a Japanese garden which has a wide variety of plants.  It also has sports facilities such as baseball and gateball grounds. Stone lantern amid plants. ...

  • Toshi Nogyo Park

Toshi Nogyo Park (Urban Agricultural Park), located in Shikahama, is run by Adachi Ward.  Officially, it is a part of Kohoku Park.  It is located near the meeting of the Shiba and Arakawa Rivers, and its south end faces a green space on the Arakawa river area.  It is one of the agricultural parks all over Japan, which enable the citizen to enjoy natural environment, to learn and understand planting, gardening and agriculture, and to relax.  There are fields, orchards, greenhouses and other facilities that aim to show farming technique having been adopted in the suburbs of Tokyo.  There are also facilities for families such as lawns and play equipment. 


There is a rest house near the entrance on the Arakawa river bank side.  The rest house is at the point where the Arakawa and Shibakawa cycling roads meet, and many of those who like cycling rest there. There is no admission fee.  It is closed early in the morning and late at night, as well as all day on some days such as the year-end and new-year holidays. The park is far from the train station, but there is a bus running from Nishi Arai Station to the park.  The park is about a five-minute walk south of the bus stop Shikahama 5 on Kawaguchi Station line (Shikahama-Ryoke) and Akabane Station line (to Nishi Arai Station by way of Arakawa Bridge).  There is parking for cars and sightseeing buses under the Metropolitan Expressway Kawaguchi line, and Shikahamabashi Exit and Higashi Ryoke Exit are the nearest.  The parking lot is also close to Kan-nana Road.


Halls and cultural facilities

  • Tokyo Budokan

Tokyo Budokan, located within Higashi Ayase Metropolitan Park, is a sports facility run by Tokyo Lifelong Learning and Culture Foundation. The Tokyo Budokan has an avant-garde building designed by a famous architect Kijo Rokkaku. It includes places for martial arts and kyudo, and training rooms. The word budokan means "martial arts hall," and the same word is part of the name of the more-famous Nippon Budokan. The Tokyo Budokan's address is 3-20-1 Ayase, Adachi, Tokyo. Kyudo (弓道) (The Way of the Bow) is the Japanese art of archery. ... The Nippon Budokan Hall (日本武道館;Nippon Budōkan) is an arena in central Tokyo. ...

  • Galaxy+City

Galaxy+City is a generic term for series of cultural facilities in Kurihara. It used be run by Adachi Lifelong Learning Promotion Centre, but the management was taken over by Youth Centre of Adachi Board of Education on 1 April 2005. It contains two main facilities: Nishi Arai Culture Hall (theatre) and Adachi Children’s Science Museum. There are also event halls, cafes and others.

  • Theatre 1010

Theatre 1010 was named as it is because the number 1010 and the name of the theatre’s location (Senju) are homonyms in Japanese.


Adachi Historical Museum

Adachi Park of Living Things (in Motofuchie Park)


Local Food Specialties

Bunka Fry

Bunka fry is a deep-fried dish, which is mainly made of flour and gum syrup.  It is cooked in much the same way as schnitzel.  It is skewered by a chopstick or a stick, and served dripping with sauce.  It tastes like a ham cutlet without ham.  Venders of bunka fry have their secret recipe for the sauce.


It was originally cooked without gum syrup.  Mr. Hasegawa then improved it and sold it at a night-stall.  It started to be sold from around 1955, and became popular among children in downtown Tokyo.  In accordance with the price fluctuation, the price of bunka fry rose from 5 to 10, 15, 30, 50, 100 yen, up to 150 yen.  In the summer festival season at its peak, festivals were held everyday in August all over Tokyo, in which the bunka fry was always sold on the street.  Its birthplace is Adachi ward, and it was sold by vendors in Nishi Arai Daishi until recently.  However, the vendors closed down as the inventor of the bunka fry, Mr. Hasegawa, retired. 


Education

The city's public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Adachi City Board of Education ([1]). The city's public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education (東京都教育委員会 Tōkyō-to Kyōiku Iinkai) manages public high schools in the metropolis of Tokyo, Japan. ...


Transportation

Rail

The primary railway station in the city is Joban Line Kita-Senju Station. Jōban Line. ...

Additional lines are under construction or in the planning stages. Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... Jōban Line. ... Tobu Railway (東武鉄道) is a commuter railway company in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan as well as an intercity and regional operator. ... Tobu Isesaki Line (東武伊勢崎線 Tōbu-isesaki-sen) is a railway line in Japan, extending from from Asakusa Station in Tokyo to Isesaki, Gunma Prefecture. ... The Keisei Electric Railway (京成電鉄 Keisei Dentetsu, Keisei Dentetu) is a major private railway in Chiba and Tokyo, Japan. ... The Keisei Electric Railway (京成電鉄 Keisei Dentetsu, Keisei Dentetu) is a major private railway in Chiba and Tokyo, Japan. ... new Tokyo Metro sign and logo This office tower, above Tokyo Metro Ueno Station, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metro. ... Hibiya Line (Click on image to enlarge. ... Click on map to enlarge The Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (東京地下鉄千代田線) is a metro line in Tokyo, Japan, administered by the Tokyo Metro. ... The Metropolitan Intercity Railway Company (首都圏新都市鉄道, Shuto-ken Shin Toshi Tetsudō) is a third sector railway company. ... Trains of Tsukuba Express (Type TX-2000) The Tsukuba Express (Japanese : つくばエクスプレス) is a railway line of the Metropolitan Intercity Railway Company (首都圏新都市鉄道, Shuto-ken Shin Toshi Tetsudō) that links Akihabara Station in Chiyoda ku, Tokyo, and Tsukuba Station in the city of Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. ...


Highway

Shuto Expressway Shuto Expressway (首都高速道路 Shuto-kōsoku-dōro Metropolitan Expressway) is a network of expressways in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan. ...

  • No.6 Misato Route (Kosuge JCT - Misato JCT)
  • C2 Central Loop (Itabashi JCT - Kasai JCT)
  • S1 Kawaguchi Route (Kohoku JCT - Kawaguchi JCT)

External links

  • Adachi City official site (in English)
  Tokyo Metropolis Symbol of Tokyo Metropolis
Wards
Adachi | Arakawa | Bunkyō | Chiyoda | Chūō | Edogawa | Itabashi | Katsushika | Kita | Kōtō | Meguro | Minato | Nakano | Nerima | Ōta | Setagaya | Shibuya | Shinagawa | Shinjuku (capital) | Suginami | Sumida | Toshima | Taitō
Cities
Akiruno | Akishima | Chōfu | Fuchū | Fussa | Hachiōji | Hamura | Higashikurume | Higashimurayama | Higashiyamato | Hino | Inagi | Kiyose | Kodaira | Koganei | Kokubunji | Komae | Kunitachi | Machida | Mitaka | Musashimurayama | Musashino | Nishi-Tōkyō | Ōme | Tachikawa | Tama
Districts and Subprefectures
Nishitama District | Hachijō Subprefecture | Miyake Subprefecture | Ogasawara Subprefecture | Ōshima Subprefecture
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