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Encyclopedia > Acton (MA)

 

Acton, Massachusetts
Acton Town Hall
Official seal of Acton, Massachusetts
Seal
Settled: 1680 – Incorporated: 1735
Zip Code(s): 01720, 01718 – Area Code(s): 351 / 978
Official website: http://acton-ma.gov/
Location
Location of Acton, Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Government
County Middlesex County
Form of Government Open Town Meeting
Town Manager Don Johnson
Board of Selectmen Peter Ashton
Walter Foster
Dore Hunter
Andy Magee
Lauren Rosenzweig
Geography
Area
Total 20.3 mi² / 52.5 km²
Land 20.0 mi² / 51.7 km²
Water 0.3 mi² / 0.8 km²
Coordinates 42°29′06″ N
71°26′00″ W
Elevation 260 ft / 79 m
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Population
Total (2000) 20331
Density 1018.1/mi² / 393.1/km²

Acton is a suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States about twenty-one miles west-northwest of Boston along Massachusetts Route 2 west of Concord. The population was 20,331 at the 2000 census. It is bordered by Westford and Littleton to the north, Concord and Carlisle to the east, Stow and Maynard to the south, and Boxborough to the west. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1249 KB) Summary Picture of Town Hall in Acton Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton... Image File history File links MA_town_acton_seal. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Acton_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... The State House in Boston The state legislature is formally styled the Great and General Court; the highest court is the Supreme Judicial Court. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Council-manager government - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | UTC | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7:30 | +8 | +8:30 | +8...  Areas that observe daylight saving time  Areas that once observed daylight saving time  Areas that have never observed daylight saving time A 2001 public service announcement for the upcoming turning back of the clocks Daylight saving time (DST), also known as summer time or, daylight savings time, is a widely... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... for North America see also: Atlantic Standard Time Zone and Eastern Daylight Time Categories: Time zones ... This article is about the year 2000. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1635 Zip Code(s): 01742 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1729 Zip Code(s): 01886 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Location Location in Massachusetts Government County Middlesex County Form of Government Open town meeting Executive office Town Manager Geography Area Total 31. ...   Settled: 1686 â€“ Incorporated: 1715 Zip Code(s): 01460 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1635 Zip Code(s): 01742 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Carlisle is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Stow is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Maynard is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Boxborough is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,868. ...

Contents

Town Organization

Acton has five village centers:

  • Acton Center is the civic center of the town and is the site of the town hall, the main public library, a children's playground, an obelisk monument commemorating Acton deaths in "the Concord Fight" of the Revolutionary War, a Congregational church, a 64-acre arboretum and conservation area, and the former post office. The modern post office and the police station are each located about one-half mile away in opposite directions down Main Street. Otherwise, Acton Center is generally a residential area.
  • West Acton is the most commercial area of town. It developed in response to the growth of the railroads in the 19th century. West Acton has also served as the shopping area for the nearby town of Boxborough.
  • South Acton is the most industrial area of town. In the eighteenth century this area held many mills and other small industrial developments that used water power generated by Fort Pond Brook.
  • East Acton was a small commercial area that grew around the East Acton Train Station in the 18th century. However, with the advent of the automobile and the demise of this branch of the railroad, East Acton became a residential area with a small commercial base that focusses largely on the commuter traffic on Route 2A.
  • North Acton has always been a relatively undeveloped part of town. In the eighteenth century it held a small store, a school and a church/meetinghouse. With the growth of automobile traffic, these ventures folded and North Acton became primarily a farming area that developed into a residential area in the 20th century. North Acton does contain the North Acton Recreation Area (also called Nara Park) which contains a small pond, an open air auditorium, playing fields, hiking trails, etc.

The current Master Plan for the town encourages development in the village centers in an attempt to prevent further sprawl and preserve open space in the rest of the town. City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library A public library is a library which is accessible by the public and is often operated by civil servants and funded from public sources. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... Combatants Militia of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (Minutemen) British Army Royal Marines Commanders John Parker James Barrett William Heath Francis Smith, John Pitcairn, Walter Laurie, Lord Hugh Percy Strength 75 at Lexington Green (Parker). ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, The Netherlands, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Canadian Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practising congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... A conservation area is a tract of land that has been awarded protected status in order to ensure that natural features or biota are safeguarded. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... A typical suburban police station in the United States (this one is in San Bruno, California). ... Boxborough is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,868. ...


History

Main article: History of Acton, Massachusetts Acton is a small town West of Boston in an area that has records of human habitation which stretch back 7000 years. ...


Acton's history reflects the history of Massachusetts, New England, and the United States.


Acton was first settled by Native Americans who used the Assabet, Sudbury and Concord rivers for transportation and the fields for farming seasonal crops. There is evidence of Native American settlements in Acton which go back 7000 years. When the colonists arrived in this area, the Native American population dropped dramatically due to European diseases for which they had no immunity.


Colonization Era through Revolutionary Era

Concord was the first colonial town that was settled in this area. Concord residents used the land which is now Acton as grazing fields for their animals. The first colonial residents moved to Acton in 1639.


Acton was established as an independent town in 1735. Acton has held Annual Town Meetings since 1735 and the records of those Town Meetings are held at Acton's Memorial Library. [1]


Acton residents participated in the growing hostility with Great Britain by sending a list of grievances to King George III on Oct 3rd, 1774. The anniversary of this day is celebrated in Acton as Crown Resistance Day. [2]

Isaac Davis Monument
Isaac Davis Monument

At the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, on April 19, 1775, a company of minutemen from Acton responded to the call to arms initiated by Paul Revere (who rode with other riders, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott, with Prescott the only one of the three who was able reach Acton itself) and fought at the North Bridge in Concord as part of the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The Acton minutemen were led by Captain Isaac Davis. When a company was needed to lead the advance on the bridge which was defended by the British regulars, Captain Davis was heard to reply, "I haven't a man who is afraid to go." Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1560 KB) Summary Isaac Davis Monument in Acton, Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1560 KB) Summary Isaac Davis Monument in Acton, Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, The Netherlands, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Canadian Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... Lexington Minuteman representing John Parker Minutemen is a name given to members of the militia of the American Colonies, who would be ready for battle in a minutes notice. ... Portrait of Paul Revere by John Singleton Copley, c. ... William Dawes William Dawes, Jr. ... Samuel Prescott (1751 - 1777?) was a U.S. patriot during the American Revolution. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... Isaac Davis (1745 - April 19, 1775) Isaac Davis led the first attack on the British Regular army during the American revolutionary war, and was the first to die in that battle. ...


The colonists advanced on the bridge; in the exchange of musket fire that followed, Captain Isaac Davis and Private James Hayward were killed and Abner Hosmer, also of Acton, was mortally wounded. Thus Isaac Davis was the first officer to die in the American Revolutionary War. In Acton they refer to "the battle of Lexington, fought in Concord, by men of Acton." Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ...


Each year on Patriot's Day (the 3rd Monday in April), the Acton Minuteman [3] lead a march from Acton Center to the Old North Bridge in Concord. This route is known as 'The Isaac Davis Trail' and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Since 1970, The Boy Scouts of America have organized an annual Patriot's Day campout and march on the Isaac Davis Trail. Patriots Grave in the Old Burying Ground, Arlington, Massachusetts. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is an American Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ...


Industrialization and Civil War

During the 19th Century, Acton participated in the growing Industrial Revolution. By the mid-1800s, Acton was an industrial center for the production of barrels (cooperage). There were also three grist mills and four saw mills in town. [1]


In 1843, the railroad came to Acton. The Fitchburg Railroad was routed through South and West Acton so that it could serve the mills. South Acton became a busy rail center and was the division point for the Marlborough Branch Railroad which ran through the towns of Maynard, Sudbury and Hudson. With the railroad came increasing development in those areas. In addition to the Fitchburg Railroad, two other Railroads crossed the town: The Nashua and Acton, and the Framingham and Lowell. These two railroads shared a double track right-of-way than ran from West Concord (aka Concord Junction) through East Acton and then splitting in North Acton in the vicinity of Route 27 and Ledgerock Way. The Nashua and Acton, which took a circuitous route through Westford and Dunstable to reach Nashua, was absorbed into the Boston and Maine Railroad System and abandon in the mid 1920’s. The Framingham & Lowell was part of the Northern Old Colony division of the New Haven Railroad. The last trains ran on the line in the early 1990’s carrying lumber to North Acton.


In 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was passed. In response, Acton Town Meeting passed a set of resolutions condemning the Act. The governor of Massachusetts, John C. Andrew, urged all towns to prepare their militia units for the threatening war. On April 12th, 1861 the American Civil War began. It has been suggested that Fugitive slave laws be merged into this article or section. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert Edward Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

"On April 15, President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers. By 7:30 the next morning, Captain Tuttle with his entire command of 52 men reported to Lowell, fully equipped and ready for duty. Company E of Acton of the 6th Massachusetts Regiment was to be the first company of the first regiment of the Union Army to arrive in Washington in response to the President's call."[2] Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809–April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th (1861–1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. ... The 6th Massachusetts Regiment also known as 4th Continental Regiment was raised on April 23, 1775 under Colonel Nixon outside of Boston, Massachusetts. ...

In 1874, the population of the town was almost 1700. The town established its first newspaper The Acton Patriot and the residents of West Acton formed the first library The Citizen's Library. In 1890, the Memorial Library was completed and given to the town by William A. Wilde as a memorial to the Acton soldiers who fought in the Civil War.


Twentieth Century

The twentieth century brought great changes to Acton. The population rose dramatically from approximately 2000 residents at the beginning of the century to 20,000 residents at the end. At the beginning of the century, the town consisted of five village centers and basic town services. By the end, the village centers were less noticeable and the town services were more substantial.


Economics

The business of the town at the beginning of the century was agriculture.


The growth of the automobile and the roads to serve it changed Acton considerably. The importance of the railroads decreased as automobiles and truck traffic grew in importance. Route 128 was completed in 1927 and caused an industrial boom in the area. Route 128, also known as the Yankee Division Highway (for the U.S. 26th Infantry Division), and originally the Circumferential Highway, is a partial beltway around Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Housing

During the latter half of the century, Acton became a bedroom community which provided workers for other more industrial towns nearby. Acton's farmland turned into housing developments. The first large subdivision was Indian Village in West Acton in 1955.


Civic Infrastructure

The civic infrastructure grew to accommodate the increasing population. The Board of Health was instituted in 1901 and its first task was to administer the smallpox vaccine to the children in the local schools. A Water District was established in 1912 and a town-wide Fire Department was established in 1913. Acton was the first town in the area to have water-bound macadam highways. [3] In 1954, the Town established a Planning Board which developed regulations regarding the development of subdivisions. Macadam is a type of road construction pioneered by John Loudon McAdam in the early 1800s. ...


At the beginning of the century, each village in Acton had its own grade school but the town struggled with how to provide a high school education for its students. For most of the early twentieth century (until 1925), Acton students were sent to Concord's high school.


In 1953, new schools were constructed to accommodate the growth in the student population. In 1957, Acton and Boxborough created a regional school district for grades 7 - 12. The Merriam School was constructed in 1958. Other schools quickly followed (Douglas (1966), Gates (1968), and Conant (1971)). In 1967 a building was constructed for the Junior High. In 1973 a huge addition was added to this building and it became the high school (the junior high moved to the old high school building).


W.R.Grace Superfund Site

In the early 1950s, W. R. Grace and Company established a manufacturing facility in South Acton to produce concrete additives, organic chemicals and other industrial materials. W. R. Grace disposed of industrial waste from this facility in unlined impoundments (lagoons) through 1980. [4] W. R. Grace and Company NYSE: GRA is a conglomerate founded in 1854 by William Russell Grace (1832-1904). ...


In 1978 vinylidene chloride and other industrial contaminants were detected in two of the town wells, Assabet 1 and Assabet 2, which were closed. In 1983 the Acton W.R.Grace site was placed on the list of EPA Superfund Sites as a National Priority for cleanup. [5] Disclaimer and references 1,1-Dichloroethene, commonly called 1,1-dichloroethylene or 1,1-DCE, is an organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2. ... Checking the status of a cleanup site Superfund is the common name for the United States environmental law that is officially known as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 9601 to 9675, which was enacted by the United States Congress on December 11...


In August, 2006, W.R.Grace and the EPA reached agreement on a scope-of-work pact that describes the work necessary to clean up the site. EPA redirects here. ...


Geography

Acton is located at 42°29′N 71°27′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.3 square miles (52.5 km²), of which 20.0 square miles (51.7 km²) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²), or 1.53 percent, is water. Most of the land may be described as rocky hills. Almost all of Acton is forested, except for where it has been cleared for residential or agricultural use. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


The current geography of Acton was created when the last wave of glaciers retreated appoximately ten thousand years ago. Acton has nine drumlins - hills which are composed of glacial till. In addition, Wills Hole and Grassy Pond are kettle ponds which were formed in depressions in the till formed by large blocks of ice. A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... A kettle is a kitchenware piece. ...


Acton has two primary stream systems: the Nashoba Brook system including the incoming streams Butter Brook, Will's Hole Brook and Conant Brook and the Fort Pond Brook system including the incoming streams Guggins Brook, Inch Brook, Grassy Pond Brook, Pratt's Brook and Coles Brook. Both stream systems empty into the Assabet River. Acton borders on Nagog Pond in the North and it contains a small artificial pond at Nara Park.


Demographics

According to the census2 of 2000, there were 20,331 people, 7,495 households, and 5,538 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,018.1 per square mile (393.1/km²). There were 7,680 housing units at an average density of 384.6 per square mile (148.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.45% White, 8.65% Asian, 0.70% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Of the 7,495 households, 43.1 percent had children under the age of eighteen living with them, 65.1 percent were married couples living together, 6.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1 percent were non-families. 21.4 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.19. Matrimony redirects here. ...


The age distribution of the population was 29.5 percent under the age of 18, 4.3 percent from 18 to 24, 31.5 percent from 25 to 44, 26.4 percent from 45 to 64, and 8.4 percent 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age eighteen and over, there were 94.2 males.


For those aged 25 years or older in Acton during the 2000 census, 97.8 percent had a high school degree or higher, 69.3 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 33.9 percent had a graduate degree or higher. Also, 98.0 percent were employed with a mean commute time of 31.0 minutes.


The median income for a household in the town was $91,624, and the median income for a family was $108,189. Males had a median income of $77,371 versus $47,113 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,901. About 1.7 percent of families and 2.9 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4 percent of those under age 18 and 3.3 percent of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Acton uses the Open Town Meeting form of town government. The town charter specifies that the annual town meeting must begin on the first Monday in April. The selectmen may also call a special town meeting at other times of the year to consider other business. Citizens may force a special town meeting by submitting a petition signed by 200 registered voters to the town clerk. Anyone may attend Town Meeting but only registered voters may vote. At annual Town Meeting the selectmen present the town and school budgets. Town Meeting may also consider zoning articles and other articles related to town business. Acton also has a water district, which is run separately from town government, as a public utility. The water district holds a separate open town meeting in March. An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... In the United Kingdom and Canada a Royal Charter is a charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, which creates or gives special status to an incorporated body. ... Selectmen are the elected representatives of a New England town that compose the board of selectmen. ...


Acton's elected officials include the following: the board of selectmen (5 members), the town moderator, the Acton public school committee (6 members), the Acton representatives to the Acton / Boxborough regional school committee (6 members) and the water commissioners (3 members). In addition, the town moderator appoints a finance committee (9 members) which issues an opinion on each of the warrant articles presented to Town Meeting. The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


Economy

Acton is primarily a residential community with a small number of commercial and industrial properties. The town services are primarily funded through the residential property tax.


Education

Acton Public School District

The Acton Public School District consists of five elementary schools and the Acton Public School Pre-school. Acton has an unusual method of assigning students to elementary schools. Each of the elementary schools has a different philosophy of education and the parents of incoming kindergardners choose the school they would like their child to attend.


This method of school choice has a large impact on the nature of the town. Acton is less oriented around neighborhoods than towns which have neighborhood schools. Other child-oriented activies such as town sport teams are also not organized around the school system. As a result, students and families are likely to have social connections which are independent of the neighborhood they live in.


The schools and their philosophy of education are:

  • Conant School. Named for Luther Conant who taught for 17 years in the school district, served on the School Committee and was Town Moderator for 40 years. The school emphasizes the Whole language approach when teaching students to read. The Conant School has an English as a Second Language (ESL) program.
  • Douglas School. Named for Carolyn T. Douglas who was a teacher in the Acton schools from 1940 to 1967. The school emphasizes Phonics as a system for learning to read. The Douglas School has an ESL program (English as a Second Language).
  • Gates School. Named for Paul P. Gates who was the school physician from 1948 to 1968. The school emphasizes Phonics as a system for learning to read.
  • McCarthy-Towne School. Named for Julia McCarthy who taught at the South Acton School from 1906 to 1952 and Marion Towne who was a teacher in the primary and secondary schools in Acton from 1921 to 1959. McCarthy-Towne integrates art instruction into all areas of the curriculum. McCarthy-Towne offers a project-based curriculum and makes extensive use of teacher's aides in the classroom.
  • Merriam School. Named for Florence A. Merriam who taught for 35 years in Acton. Merriam offers a project-based curriculum. At Merriam, teachers teach the same group of students for two years (i.e. a teacher will teach first grade one year, second grade the next and then wrap back to first).

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... English as an additional language is used to refer to the learning of English by speakers of other languages. ... Phonics is the study of the way in which spellings represent the sounds that make up words. ... Phonics is the study of the way in which spellings represent the sounds that make up words. ...

Acton-Boxborough Regional School District

The Acton-Boxborough Regional School District consists of the Raymond J. Grey Junior High School and the Acton-Boxborough Regional High School. This district serves students from the towns of Acton and Boxborough. In addition, some students are accepted from neighboring towns as 'choice' students at ABRHS if the school committee decides this is in the best interest of the district. Raymond J. Grey Junior High School serves the towns of Acton and Boxboro, Massachusetts. ... Acton-Boxborough Regional High School serves the Massachusetts towns of Acton and Boxborough, with roughly 450 students per grade level in grades 9 through 12. ... Boxborough is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,868. ...


Both the Junior High and High School have been renovated in 2002-2005, along with the addition of the Parker Damon Building, which houses both McCarthy-Towne School and Merriam School, to accommodate the influx of new students.


Culture

Libraries

Acton has two public libraries: the Acton Memorial Library and the West Acton Citizens' Library.

Acton Memorial Library
Acton Memorial Library

The Acton Memorial Library was given to the town of Acton by William Allan Wilde as a memorial to its Civil War Veterans in 1890. The building was expanded in 1967 and a second major expansion was completed in 1999. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 850 KB) Summary Acton Memorial Library Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 850 KB) Summary Acton Memorial Library Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital...


The Citizens' Library, one of the oldest buildings on Windsor Avenue, was most likely built in the 1840s by Phineas Wetherbee, who by 1856 resided there and lived at that address until his death in 1894.


There are also libraries in each of the elementary schools, the Junior High, and the High School.


The Acton Historical Society owns the Jenks Library which contains historical maps, documents, photographs and drawings.


Museums

There are two complementary children's science museums in Acton: The Children's Discovery Museum and the Science Discovery Museum. These museums are on the same site. The Children's Discovery Museum has exhibits suitable for younger children, while the Science Discovery Museum focuses on older children.


Theater

Acton has two local theater groups: Theater III and Open Door Theater. Theater III was founded in 1956. It produces several plays and/or musicals a year in the historically interesting old church building on Central Street. Open Door Theater is a community theater group which was founded to provide an inclusive theater experience. Open Door produces one large musical each year which features a large number of actors ranging in age from 9 to adult including people with special needs.


Media

Acton is served by two local newspapers. The Beacon is part of the Community Newspaper Company chain which is owned by GateHouse Media, Inc and it serves Acton and Boxborough. The Acton Weekly began publication in 2002 and serves Acton.


The Acton Boxborough Regional High School produces radio station WHAB and produces material for public access cable TV on Channel 8. The studio at WAVM in Maynard, MA in 1994. ...


The Acton Senior population has a weekly television show called 'Elderberries' which also runs on the public access cable TV.


Sites of Interest

  • Jones Tavern.[4]The main part of the Tavern, originally home to the Jones family of South Acton, was built in 1732 as a house for Samuel Jones, Jr. By 1750 it had become a tavern and general store. It is speculated to be the first store in Acton and holds the distinction of being the town’s longest established business, merging into James Tuttle’s store in 1845 and operating under various names until 1950.
  • The Faulkner House and Mills. [5] The house was built for Ephraim Jones (1679-1710), founder in 1702 of an early textile business and other mills that formed the nucleus of the present town of Acton. The largest and most central house of this settlement, it served as the local garrison house for protection from Indian raids made along the Massachusetts frontier during Queen Anne's War of 1702-1713. The Faulkner homestead served as a garrison for South Acton Militia during the Revolutionary War.
  • NARA Park. NARA (North Acton Recreation Area) Park opened in 1999. NARA Park includes a pond for swimming, a beach area, playing fields, a concert shell and hiking paths.
  • Assabet River Rail Trail.[6]
  • Bruce Freeman Rail Trail.[7] The Bruce Freeman Trail is a proposed rail trail through the communities of Lowell, Chelmsford, Westford, Carlisle, Acton, Concord, Sudbury, and Framingham in Massachusetts -- following the 25-mile route of the old New Haven Railroad Framingham & Lowell line. Phase 1 (7.5 miles in Lowell, Chelmsford, and Westford) has been designed and funded. Construction should begin sometime in 2006. Phase 2 in Westford, Carlisle, Acton, Concord, and Sudbury (13 miles) and Phase 3 in Sudbury and Framingham (4.5 miles) are proposed extensions.

Queen Annes War (1702–1713) was the second in a series of four French and Indian Wars fought between France and Great Britain in North America for control of the continent and was the counterpart of War of the Spanish Succession in Europe. ...

Town Owned Conservation Lands

  • Acton Arboretum. A park in the center of Acton which consists of 53 acres of woods, meadows, swamp, ponds, old apple orchards, a glacial esker, and a bog. The land was purchased by the town in 1976 and was designated an Arboretum in 1986. It now includes a nineteenth century herb garden, a hosta garden, a wildflower garden, a butterfly garden and a rhododendron garden. A fragrance garden is being constructed.
  • Pratt's Brook. A 57 acre property located in South Acton.
  • Great Hill. A 185 acre property located in South Acton.
  • Grassy Pond and Nagog Hill. Two adjoining conservation areas located in North Acton which total 250 acres of land.
  • Wills Hole Conservation Area and Town Forest. A 73 acre property located in North Acton.
  • Nashoba Brook, Spring Hill, Camp Acton. Three adjoining conservation areas in East Acton which total over 400 acres. The trails in this area are Acton's portion of the Bay Circuit Trail and Greenway which is a planned hiking path that will encircle Boston - starting in Ipswich and ending in Duxbury.

These town conservation areas, and some smaller ones, are described and mapped in a website maintained by the town's volunteer Land Stewardship Committee. [8]


Infrastructure

Transportation

Acton is five miles from I-495 and ten miles from I-95/Route 128. State and local routes 2, 2A, 27, 62 and 111 run through town. The MBTA Commuter Rail Fitchburg Line train stops at the South Acton station, and provides service to Fitchburg, Leominster, Shirley, Ayer, Littleton, Concord, Lincoln, Weston, Waltham, Belmont, Cambridge, and Boston. Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is the designation of an Interstate highway beltway in Massachusetts. ... Interstate 95 is 92 miles in the state of Massachusetts. ... Route 128, also known as the Yankee Division Highway (for the U.S. 26th Infantry Division), and originally the Circumferential Highway, is a partial beltway around Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 2A exists in several sections of Massachusetts, mainly as parts of former Route 2 that have been moved or upgraded. ... Route 27 is a north-south Massachusetts state route that runs from Kingston to Chelmsford. ... Massachusetts Route 62, is an east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 111, is both a north-south and east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... MBTA Commuter Rail Lines The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple MBTA double-decker passenger coaches at South Station An MBTA Commuter Rail GP40MC locomotive at Porter Square Littleton/Route 495 station in Littleton The MBTA Commuter Rail is the commuter rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation...   Settled: 1730 â€“ Incorporated: 1764 Zip Code(s): 01420 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: Pioneer Plastics City Settled: 1653 â€“ Incorporated: 1740 Zip Code(s): 01453 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Settled: 1720 â€“ Incorporated: 1775 Zip Code(s): 01464 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Seal of Ayer, MA Ayer is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...   Settled: 1686 â€“ Incorporated: 1715 Zip Code(s): 01460 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1635 Zip Code(s): 01742 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Lincoln is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Weston, MA Weston is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Often called the true birthplace of the industrial revolution, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Settled: 1636 â€“ Incorporated: 1859 Zip Code(s): 02478 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Cambridge City Hall Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02139 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...


Utilities

Water district

The Acton Water District is a community public water supply that delivers drinking water to the majority (about 90 percent) of the residents of the town of Acton, Massachusetts. All of the water provided from the District comes from eleven wells located within the town of Acton. The District's system consists of 106 miles of water main, four storage tanks, and a variety of treatment facilities that assist in the production of finished water.


Garbage

Acton does not provide curbside trash pickup services. There are many private companies who do contract with individual homeowners or condominum complexes for that service. Acton does have a public transfer station where Acton residents may bring their trash and recycling for 181 dollars per year. It is accessible Tuesday through Saturday.


Sewers

Most homes and businesses in Acton (approximately 80%) use private onsite sewage systems (i.e. septic tanks). Higher density developments such as condominiums and apartments buildings (approximately 10% of the town) use private sewers which go to small-scape private treatment plants).


In 2001, Acton completed its first public sewer system which serves approximately 10% of the town primarily in South Acton. There are current plans to expand the sewer system and this is generating a lot of controversy in town.


The propopents of expanding the sewer treatment cite several advantages.

  • Sewers will provide relief for homeowners whose septic systems cannot meet current Title 5 requirements because of the distance from the ground to the underground water table.
  • Sewers will provide better treatment for sewage than can be provided in septic tanks and thus help protect the town water system which is based on underground aquifers.
  • Sewers will allow businesses to expand in village centers and thus improve the economic situation for the town as well as providing additional local shopping and services.

The opponents of expanding the sewer treatment cite several concerns.

  • Sewers tend to lead to higher density development. If this happens in residential areas, the population could increase which causes pressure on town services and expenses.
  • Sewers concentrate pollutants which are currently distributed across a wider geographic area. While a sewer system treats organic pollutants, it does not remove some non-organic pollutants such as medicines, etc. If the sewage system discharge occurs near the town water supply, the water supply system could be compromised in ways that are not immediately apparent.
  • Sewers concentrate the waste water from a large geographic area. This means that there will be less re-charging of the aquifer in the town as a whole which could impact the town's water supply.

In media

  • Acton is the setting of the poem "The Vanishing Red," by New England poet Robert Frost (Mountain Interval, 1920).

Robert Frost (1941) Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet, one of the foremost of the 20th century. ...

Notable residents

  • James Brown, born in Acton, co-founder of Little, Brown and Company publisher [6]
  • Steve Carell, (b. 1963) born in Acton. He is a comedic actor who was a correspondent for "The Daily Show" until 2004. He also stars in the film "40 Year Old Virgin" and the American version of the television comedy, "The Office."
  • John Ruggles Cotting (1783-1867), native of Acton, clergyman, author, and noted geologist [6]
  • Robert Creeley (b.1926, d.2005) grew up in West Acton. The Acton Memorial Library gives out an annual Robert Creeley Poetry Award to a promising local poet in his honor. The Acton Memorial Library is planning to create a "Robert Creeley room" where visitors will be able to read and listen to his poetry and see photos and other memorabilia.
  • Henry Durant, (1803-1875), born in Acton, Congregational Church clergyman, first president of College of California, two-term mayor of Oakland, California[6]
  • Caroll Spinney, (b.1933) the puppetteer who created the Sesame Street characters Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch, grew up in Acton.
  • Madeline Amy Sweeney, (b.1966, d.2001) was a flight attendant on board American Airlines flight 11 when it was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack. Ms. Sweeney was the first person to report the hijacking. On Feb 11, 2002, she was commemorated in a series of new annual bravery awards initiated by the Massachusetts government. The annual Madeline Amy Sweeney Award will be awarded every September 11 to at least one Massachusetts resident who displayed extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others.
  • David Wolff, president of the Esperanto League for North America 1996-2002.

Little, Brown and Company is a publishing house established by Charles Coffin Little and his partner, James Brown. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962, in Acton, Massachusetts) is an American Golden Globe-winning and Emmy-nominated actor and writer, currently starring in the television sitcom The Office. ... Robert Creeley (May 21, 1926 - March 30, 2005) was an American poet, author of more than sixty books, and usually associated with the Black Mountain poets, though his verse aesthetic diverged from that schools. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practising congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... see also Holy Orders The following terms have traditional meanings for the Anglican Church, and possibly beyond: A churchman is in principle a member of a church congregation, in practice someone in holy orders. ... The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California. ... Oakland, founded in 1852, is the eighth-largest city in California and the county seat of Alameda County. ... Spinneys first non-fiction book, The Wisdom of Big Bird. ... Madeline Amy Sweeney Madeline Amy Sweeney, known as Amy Sweeney, was a flight attendant on board American Airlines flight 11 when it was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack. ... David Wolff was a popular music producer in the 1980s. ... Esperanto-Ligo por Norda Ameriko (ELNA) is the main organization of speakers and supporters of the international language Esperanto in the United States. ...

References

  • Acton Historical Society (1974). A Brief History of Acton. Beacon Publishing Company.
  • Acton Historical Society (1985). Acton: A Second Look.
  • L. McElroy, P. Shanahan, A. Sheehan, A. Shubert (2001). A Guide to Acton Conservation Lands. Acton Conservation Commission.
  • League of Women Voters (2000). Acton: Know Your Town. League of Women Voters.
  • William A. Klauer (2001). Images of America: Acton. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 2-00-109304-7.
  • (2005) Town of Acton "State of the Town" Meeting.

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 33. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  2. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 35. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  3. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 42. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  4. ^ http://www.actonaces.org/
  5. ^ http://www.actonaces.org/
  6. ^ a b c (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who.
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The Berkshires | Blackstone Valley | Cape Ann | Cape Cod and the Islands | Greater Boston | Merrimack Valley | MetroWest | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | Quabbin Valley | South Coast | South Shore | Western Massachusetts Image File history File links Flag_of_Massachusetts. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Minor parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal • • A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... State seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Berkshires (pronounced as berk-shurs) are a branch of the Appalachian Mountains, centered in Western Massachusetts (with portions located in the adjacent states of Vermont, New York, and Connecticut), often referred to as the Berkshire Hills. ... The Blackstone Valley or Blackstone River Valley is a region of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. ... Cape Ann, Massachusetts Landsat satellite photo of Cape Ann Cape Ann is a rocky peninsula located in northeastern Massachusetts on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Cape Cod and Cape Cod Bay from space. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Merrimack River, formed by the confluence of the Pemigewasset River (left) and Winnipesaukee River (right) is shown on a map of the northeastern United States The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a 110-mile-long (177-kilometer-long) river in... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... The North Shore is a region north of Boston, consisting chiefly of urban suburban communities of Essex County along Massachusetts Bay. ... The southern portion of the Pioneer Valley looking south down the Connecticut River. ... The Quabbin Valley is a region of Massachusetts. ... The South Coast of Massachusetts is generally considered to be the region of southeastern Massachusetts consisting of southern Bristol and Plymouth counties facing Buzzards Bay and includes the cities of Fall River and New Bedford. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ... Western Massachusetts is a geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ...

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Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Bristol County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Nantucket is an island south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, formed of glacial moraine. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...

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Agawam | Amesbury | Attleboro | Barnstable | Beverly | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chelsea | Chicopee | Easthampton | Everett | Fall River | Fitchburg | Franklin | Gardner | Gloucester | Greenfield | Haverhill | Holyoke | Lawrence | Leominster | Lowell | Lynn | Malden | Marlborough | Medford | Melrose | Methuen | New Bedford | Newburyport | Newton | North Adams | Northampton | Peabody | Pittsfield | Quincy | Revere | Salem | Springfield | Somerville | Southbridge | Taunton | Waltham | Watertown | West Springfield | Westfield | Weymouth | Woburn | Worcester This is a complete list of cities in Massachusetts. ... Agawam is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... For the town in Wiltshire, England, see Amesbury Seal of Amesbury, MA Amesbury is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Settled: 1634 â€“ Incorporated: 1694 Zip Code(s): 02703 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Barnstable is a city located on Cape Cod in Massachusetts; it is the county seat of Barnstable County6. ... Beverly is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Settled: 1700 â€“ Incorporated: 1821 Zip Code(s): 02301 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Cambridge City Hall Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02139 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Chelsea City Hall The City of Chelsea is located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts directly across the Mystic River from the City of Boston. ...   Settled: 1652 â€“ Incorporated: 1848 Zip Code(s): 01013 â€“ Area Code(s): 413 Official website: http://www. ... Easthampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Everett is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Settled: 1656 â€“ Incorporated: 1803 Zip Code(s): 02720-02724 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ...   Settled: 1730 â€“ Incorporated: 1764 Zip Code(s): 01420 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ...   The Town of Franklin is a city[1] in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Settled: 1764 â€“ Incorporated: 1785 Zip Code(s): 01440 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Settled: 1623 â€“ Incorporated: 1642 Zip Code(s): 01930 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Seal of Greenfield, MA The Town of Greenfield, a city to be known as the Town of Greenfield is located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of Haverhill, MA Haverhill is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... See Holyoke, Colorado for the city in Colorado. ... 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Culture | Geography | Government | History | Images | Towns This is the History of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a state in the United States. ... The following is a list of towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Acton, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4227 words)
Acton Center is the civic center of the town and is the site of the town hall, the main public library, a children's playground, an obelisk monument commemorating Acton deaths in "the Concord Fight" of the Revolutionary War, a Congregational church, a 64-acre arboretum and conservation area, and the former post office.
Acton was the first town in the area to have water-bound macadam highways.
The Acton Memorial Library was given to the town of Acton by William Allan Wilde as a memorial to its Civil War Veterans in 1890.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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