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Encyclopedia > Acton, Massachusetts
Acton, Massachusetts
Acton Town Hall
Official seal of Acton, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°29′06″N 71°26′00″W / 42.485, -71.433333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1639
Incorporated 1735
Government
 - Type Open Town Meeting
 - Town Manager Don P. Johnson
 - Board of
   Selectmen
Peter Berry
Dore Hunter
Paulina Knibbe
Andy Magee
Lauren Rosenzweig
Area
 - Total 20.3 sq mi (52.5 km²)
 - Land 20.0 sq mi (51.7 km²)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km²)
Elevation 260 ft (79 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 20,331
 - Density 1,018.1/sq mi (393.1/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01720, 01718
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-00380
GNIS feature ID 0618213
Website: http://acton-ma.gov/

Acton is a suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States about twenty-one miles west-northwest of Boston along Route 2 west of Concord and about ten miles (18 km) southwest of Lowell. The population was 20,331 at the 2000 census. It is bordered by Westford and Littleton to the north, Concord and Carlisle to the east, Stow and Maynard to the south, and Boxborough to the west. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1249 KB) Summary Picture of Town Hall in Acton Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton... Image File history File links MA_town_acton_seal. ... Image File history File links Acton_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Council-manager government - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts area code serving the communities of Lawrence, Lowell and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Boston redirects here. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1729 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  31. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1715 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  17. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Carlisle is a small town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Stow is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Maynard is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Boxborough is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 4,868 at the 2000 census, although it had risen to 5,377 by June 2005. ...

Contents

Geography

Acton is located at 42°29′N, 71°27′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.3 square miles (52.5 km²), of which 20.0 square miles (51.7 km²) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²), or 1.53 percent, is water. Most of the land may be described as rocky hills. Almost all of Acton is forested, except for where it has been cleared for residential or agricultural use. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


The current geography of Acton was created when the last wave of glaciers retreated approximately ten thousand years ago. Acton has nine drumlins - hills which are composed of glacial till. In addition, Wills Hole and Grassy Pond are kettle ponds which were formed in depressions in the till formed by large blocks of ice. This article is about the geological formation. ... Drumlin in Cato, New York Drowned drumlin in Clew Bay Drumlin at Withrow Moraine and Jameson Lake Drumlin Field National Natural Landmark A drumlin (Irish droimnín, a little hill ridge) is an elongated whale-shaped hill formed by glacial action. ... Kettle lakes in Siberia, adjacent to the Gulf of Ob (image right). ...


Acton has two primary stream systems: the Nashoba Brook system including the incoming streams Butter Brook, Will's Hole Brook and Conant Brook and the Fort Pond Brook system including the incoming streams Guggins Brook, Inch Brook, Grassy Pond Brook, Pratt's Brook and Coles Brook. Both stream systems empty into the Assabet River. Acton borders on Nagog Pond in the north, and there is a small artificial pond at Nara Park in North Acton. The Assabet River near Route 2, Concord, Massachusetts. ...


The five village centers

While Acton Center has been the civic center of the town since the revolution, the four other villages centers earned their nomenclature from the names of their corresponding railroad station. A description of each center is below.

  • Acton Center is the civic center of the town and is the site of the town hall, the main public library, a children's playground, an obelisk monument commemorating Acton deaths in "the Concord Fight" of the Revolutionary War, a Congregational church, a 64 acre arboretum and conservation area, and the former post office. The modern post office and the police station are each located about one-half mile away in opposite directions along Main Street. Otherwise, Acton Center is generally a residential area.
  • West Acton is an important commercial area of town, consisting primarily of numerous commercial developments along the western part of Route 111. It developed in response to the growth of the Fitchburg railroad in the 19th century. West Acton has also served as the shopping area for the nearby town of Boxborough.
  • South Acton is the most industrial area of town. In the eighteenth century this area held many mills and other small industrial developments that used water power generated by Fort Pond Brook, which includes the Faulkner Homestead which is the oldest home still standing in Acton. The Faulkner Homestead was owned by the Faulkner family who owned and runned a mill across the street which is also still standing today and is still utilized in the fashion of selling grain and feed.
  • East Acton was a small commercial area that grew around the East Acton train station in the 19th century. However, with the advent of the automobile and the demise of this branch of the railroad, East Acton became a residential area with a small commercial base that focuses largely on the commuter traffic on Route 2A.
  • North Acton has had major growth in the past 30 years. In the eighteenth century it held a small store, a school and a church/meetinghouse. A post office was located at the intersection of Ledgerock Way and Main Street, near the old train station, and operated into the middle of the 20th century. With the growth of automobile traffic, these ventures folded and North Acton became primarily a farming area that developed into a residential area in the 20th century. With the growth of the Rte 2A/119 corridor, North Acton has developed many commercial complexes and condominium buildings. The North Acton Recreation Area (also called Nara Park) contains a small swimming pond, an open air auditorium, playing fields, and hiking trails.

The current Master Plan for the town encourages development in the village centers in an attempt to prevent further sprawl and preserve open space in the rest of the town. City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ... Combatants Militia of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, (Minutemen) British Army, British Marines, Royal Artillery Commanders John Parker, James Barrett, John Buttrick, William Heath, Joseph Warren Francis Smith, John Pitcairn, Walter Laurie, Hugh, Earl Percy Strength 75 at Lexington Common (Parker). ... This article is about military actions only. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... This article is about a type of botanical garden. ... A conservation area is a tract of land that has been awarded protected status in order to ensure that natural features or biota are safeguarded. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... A typical suburban police station in the United States (this one is in San Bruno, California). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...   Boxborough is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 4,868 at the 2000 census, although it had risen to 5,377 by June 2005. ... Undershot water wheels on the Orontes River in Hama, Syria Saint Anthony Falls Hydropower is the capture of the energy of moving water for some useful purpose. ... Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... Massachusetts Route 2A exists in several sections of Massachusetts, mainly as parts of former Route 2 that have been moved or upgraded. ... Massachusetts Route 119, is a northwest-southeast state highway in Massachusetts. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


Demographics

According to the census² of 2000, there were 20,331 people, 7,495 households, and 5,538 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,018.1 per square mile (393.1/km²). There were 7,680 housing units at an average density of 384.6 per square mile (148.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.45% White, 8.65% Asian, 0.70% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Of the 7,495 households, 43.1 percent had children under the age of eighteen living with them, 65.1 percent were married couples living together, 6.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1 percent were non-families. 21.4 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.19. Matrimony redirects here. ...


The age distribution of the population was 29.5 percent under the age of 18, 4.3 percent from 18 to 24, 31.5 percent from 25 to 44, 26.4 percent from 45 to 64, and 8.4 percent 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age eighteen and over, there were 94.2 males.


For those aged 25 years or older in Acton during the 2000 census, 97.8 percent had a high school degree or higher, 69.3 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 33.9 percent had a graduate degree or higher. Also, 98.0 percent were employed with a mean commute time of 31.0 minutes.


The median income for a household in the town was $91,624, and the median income for a family was $108,189. Males had a median income of $77,371 versus $47,113 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,901. About 1.7 percent of families and 2.9 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4 percent of those under age 18 and 3.3 percent of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Acton's history reflects the history of Massachusetts, New England, and the United States. Acton is a small town West of Boston in an area that has records of human habitation which stretch back 7000 years. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


Acton was first settled by Native Americans who used the Assabet, Sudbury and Concord rivers for transportation and the fields for farming seasonal crops. There is evidence of Native American settlements in Acton which go back 7000 years. When the colonists arrived in this area, the Native American population dropped dramatically due to European diseases for which they had no immunity. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Sudbury River is located in Middlesex County in Massachusetts. ... For the river in Maine, see Concord River (Maine) The Concord River is a tributary of the Merrimack River in eastern Massachusetts in the United States, approximately 15 mi (24 km) long. ... Immunity is a medical term that describes a state of having sufficient biological defenses to avoid infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion. ...


Colonization Era through Revolutionary Era

Isaac Davis Monument
Isaac Davis Monument

Concord was the first colonial town that was settled in this area. Concord residents used the land which is now Acton as grazing fields for their animals. The first colonial residents moved to Acton in 1639. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1560 KB) Summary Isaac Davis Monument in Acton, Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1560 KB) Summary Isaac Davis Monument in Acton, Massachusetts Picture taken by LWV Roadrunner in May 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Grazing To feed on growing herbage, attached algae, or phytoplankton. ...


Acton was established as an independent town on July 3rd, 1735. Acton has held annual town meetings since 1735, the records of which are held at Acton's Memorial Library. [1] A town meeting is a meeting where an entire geographic area is invited to participate in a gathering, often for a political or administrative purpose. ...


Acton residents participated in the growing hostility with Great Britain by sending a list of grievances to King George III on Oct. 3rd, 1774. The anniversary of this day is celebrated in Acton as Crown Resistance Day. [2] George III redirects here. ...


At the beginning of the Revolutionary War, on April 19, 1775, a company of minutemen from Acton responded to the call to arms initiated by Paul Revere (who rode with other riders, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott, with Prescott the only one of the three who was able reach Acton itself) and fought at the North Bridge in Concord as part of the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The Acton minutemen were led by Captain Isaac Davis. When a company was needed to lead the advance on the bridge which was defended by the British regulars, Captain Davis was heard to reply, "I haven't a man who is afraid to go." The Acton men led because, unlike other militias there, they were fully equipped with bayonets. This article is about military actions only. ... Lexington Minuteman representing John Parker Minutemen is a name given to members of the militia of the American Colonies, who would be ready for battle in a minutes notice. ... For the song by the Beastie Boys, see Paul Revere (song). ... For other uses, see William Dawes (disambiguation). ... Dr. Samuel Prescott August 19]] 1751 - c. ... Old North Bridge. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... Isaac Davis (1745 - April 19, 1775) Isaac Davis led the first attack on the British Regular army during the American revolutionary war, and was the first to die in that battle. ... For other uses, see bayonet (disambiguation). ...


The colonists advanced on the bridge; in the exchange of musket fire that followed, Captain Isaac Davis and Private James Hayward were killed and Abner Hosmer, also of Acton, was mortally wounded. Davis was the first officer to die in the American Revolutionary War. In Acton they refer to "the battle of Lexington, fought in Concord, by men of Acton." Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ...


Each year on Patriot's Day (the 3rd Monday in April), the Acton Minutemen [3] lead a march from Acton Center to the Old North Bridge in Concord. This route is known as 'The Isaac Davis Trail' and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Since 1957, Acton's Troop 1 [4] of the Boy Scouts of America have organized an annual march along the Isaac Davis line of march, and since 1976 the "Scouters of the Isaac Davis Trail" have organized the annual Isaac Davis Camporee [5]. Patriots Grave in the Old Burying Ground, Arlington, Massachusetts. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ...


Industrialization and Civil War

During the 19th century, Acton participated in the growing Industrial Revolution. By the mid-1800s, Acton was an industrial center for the production of barrels (cooperage). There were also three gristmills and four sawmills in town.[1] A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... For other uses, see Barrel (disambiguation). ... Gristmill with water wheel, Skyline Drive, VA, 1938 A gristmill is a building where grain is ground into flour. ... For the 1922 film starring Oliver Hardy, see The Sawmill. ...


In 1843, the railroad came to Acton. The Fitchburg Railroad was routed through South and West Acton so that it could serve the mills. South Acton became a busy rail center and was the division point for the Marlborough Branch Railroad which ran through the towns of Maynard, Sudbury and Hudson. With the railroad came increasing development in those areas. In addition to the Fitchburg Railroad, two others crossed the town: the Nashua and Acton, and the Framingham and Lowell. These two railroads shared a double track right-of-way that ran from West Concord (aka Concord Junction) through East Acton and then splitting in North Acton in the vicinity of Route 27 and Ledgerock Way. The Nashua and Acton, which took a circuitous route through Westford and Dunstable to reach Nashua, New Hampshire, was absorbed into the Boston and Maine Railroad system and abandoned in the mid 1920s. The Framingham & Lowell was part of the Northern Old Colony division of the New Haven Railroad. The last trains ran on the line in the early 1990s carrying lumber to North Acton. The Fitchburg Railroad (AAR reporting mark FBRG) was a railroad across northern Massachusetts, USA, leading to and through the Hoosac Tunnel. ...   Maynard is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... For the sound recording technique, see doubletracking. ... West Concord is a census-designated place and part of the town of Concord in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Route 27 is a north-south Massachusetts state route that runs from Kingston to Chelmsford. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1729 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  31. ... Dunstable is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: Gate City Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Hillsborough Incorporated 1746 Government  - Mayor Bernard A. Streeter Area  - City  31. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark: NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use — from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use — as structural material for construction...


In 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was passed. In response, Acton Town Meeting passed a set of resolutions condemning the Act. The governor of Massachusetts, John Albion Andrew, in 1861 urged all towns to prepare their militia units for the threatening war. On April 12th, 1861 the American Civil War began. It has been suggested that Fugitive slave laws be merged into this article or section. ... John Albion Andrew (1818 - 1867) was a U.S. political figure. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

"On April 15, President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers. By 7:30 the next morning, Captain Tuttle with his entire command of 52 men reported to Lowell, fully equipped and ready for duty. Company E of Acton of the 6th Massachusetts Regiment was to be the first company of the first regiment of the Union Army to arrive in Washington in response to the President's call."[2] For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... The 6th Massachusetts Regiment also known as 4th Continental Regiment was raised on April 23, 1775 under Colonel Nixon outside of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ...

In 1874, the population of the town was almost 1700. The town established its first newspaper, The Acton Patriot, and the residents of West Acton formed the first library, The Citizen's Library. In 1890, the Memorial Library was completed and given to the town by William A. Wilde as a memorial to the Acton soldiers who fought in the Civil War.


Twentieth Century

The twentieth century brought great changes to Acton. The population rose dramatically from approximately 2000 residents at the beginning of the century to 20,000 residents at the end. At the beginning of the century, the town consisted of five village centers and basic town services. By the end, the village centers were less noticeable, and the town services were more substantial.


W. R. Grace Superfund Site

In the early 1950s, W. R. Grace and Company established a manufacturing facility in South Acton to produce concrete additives, organic chemicals and other industrial materials. W. R. Grace disposed of industrial waste from this facility in unlined impoundments (lagoons) through 1980.[3] W. R. Grace and Company NYSE: GRA is a conglomerate founded in 1854 by William Russell Grace (1832-1904). ... Lagoon may refer to: A natural lagoon, a body of water separated from the open ocean by barrier islands, sand bars or reefs. ...


In 1978 vinylidene chloride and other industrial contaminants were detected in two of the town wells, Assabet 1 and Assabet 2, which were closed. In 1983 the Acton W. R. Grace site was placed on the list of EPA Superfund sites as a National Priority for cleanup.[4] Disclaimer and references 1,1-Dichloroethene, commonly called 1,1-dichloroethylene or 1,1-DCE, is an organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2. ... Checking the status of a cleanup site Superfund is the common name for the United States environmental law that is officially known as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 9601 to 9675, which was enacted by the United States Congress on December 11...


In August, 2006, W. R. Grace and the EPA reached agreement on a scope-of-work pact that describes the work necessary to clean up the site. EPA redirects here. ...


Economics

At the turn of the twentieth century, the mills built along the Assabet River, Nashoba Brook and other tributaries were in decline. The primary business in town was agriculture. The Assabet River near Route 2, Concord, Massachusetts. ...


The growth of the automobile and the roads to serve it changed Acton considerably. The importance of the railroads decreased as automobiles and truck traffic grew in importance. Route 128 was completed in 1927 and caused an industrial boom. During the latter half of the century, the road network made Acton accessible as a bedroom community which provided workers for other more industrial towns nearby. Acton's farmland turned into housing developments. The first large subdivision was Indian Village in West Acton in 1955. “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ...


Current commercial property in town comprises a lumber mill, an automotive fabric manufacuturer, the Nagog Office park, and retail properties located along routes 2A, 27 and 111. Massachusetts Route 2A exists in several sections of Massachusetts, mainly as parts of former Route 2 that have been moved or upgraded. ... Route 27 is a north-south Massachusetts state route that runs from Kingston to Chelmsford. ... Massachusetts Route 111, is both a north-south and east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ...


Government

Acton uses the Open Town Meeting form of town government. The town charter specifies that the annual town meeting must begin on the first Monday in April. The selectmen may also call a special town meeting at other times of the year to consider other business. Citizens may force a special town meeting by submitting a petition signed by 200 registered voters to the town clerk. Anyone may attend Town Meeting but only registered voters may vote. At annual Town Meeting the selectmen present the town and school budgets. Town Meeting may also consider zoning articles and other articles related to town business. Acton also has a water district, which is run separately from town government, as a public utility. The water district holds a separate open town meeting in March. An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... In the United Kingdom and Canada a Royal Charter is a charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, which creates or gives special status to an incorporated body. ... Selectmen are the elected representatives of a New England town that compose the board of selectmen. ...


Acton's elected officials include the following: the board of selectmen (5 members), the town moderator, the Acton public school committee (6 members), the Acton representatives to the Acton / Boxborough regional school committee (6 members) and the water commissioners (3 members). In addition, the town moderator appoints a finance committee (9 members) which issues an opinion on each of the warrant articles presented to Town Meeting. The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... A town meeting is a meeting where an entire geographic area is invited to participate in a gathering, often for a political or administrative purpose. ...


The town services are primarily funded through the residential property tax.


Civic infrastructure

The civic infrastructure grew to accommodate the increasing population. A Water District was established in 1912 and a town-wide Fire Department was established in 1913. Acton was the first town in the area to have water-bound macadam highways.[5] In 1954, the Town established a Planning Board which developed regulations regarding the development of subdivisions. Macadam is a type of road construction pioneered by John Loudon McAdam in the early 1800s. ...


In 2005 a new Public Safety Building was built that expanded space for the Police Department and provided for a Joint Dispatch area with the Fire Department.


Utilities

Water district

The Acton Water District is a community public water supply that delivers drinking water to the majority (about 90 percent) of the residents of the town of Acton, Massachusetts. All of the water provided from the District comes from eleven wells located within the town of Acton. The District's system consists of 106 miles (171 km) of water main, four storage tanks, and a variety of treatment facilities that assist in the production of finished water. Village pump redirects here, for information on Wikipedia project-related discussions, see Wikipedia:Village pump. ...


Garbage

Acton does not provide curbside trash pickup services. There are many private companies who do contract with individual homeowners or condominium complexes for that service. Acton does have a public transfer station where Acton residents may bring their trash and recycling for 181 dollars per year. It is accessible Tuesday through Saturday.


Sewers

Most homes and businesses in Acton (approximately 80%) use private on-site sewage systems (i.e. septic tanks). Higher density developments such as condominiums and apartment buildings (approximately 10% of the town) use private sewers which go to small-scale private treatment plants. A septic tank, the key component of a septic system, is a small scale sewage treatment system common in areas with no connection to main sewerage pipes provided by private corporations or local governments. ...


In 2001, Acton completed its first public sewer system, which serves approximately 10% of the town, primarily in South Acton. There are current plans to expand the sewer system and this is generating a lot of controversy in town.


The proponents of expanding the sewer treatment cite several advantages.

  • Sewers will provide relief for homeowners whose septic systems cannot meet current Title 5 requirements because of the distance from the ground to the underground water table.
  • Sewers will provide better treatment for sewage than can be provided in septic tanks and thus help protect the town water system which is based on underground aquifers.
  • Sewers will allow businesses to expand in village centers and thus improve the economic situation for the town as well as providing additional local shopping and services.

The opponents of expanding the sewer treatment cite several concerns.

  • Sewers tend to lead to higher density development. If this happens in residential areas, the population could increase which causes pressure on town services and expenses.
  • Sewers concentrate pollutants which are currently distributed across a wider geographic area. While a sewer system treats organic pollutants, it does not remove some non-organic pollutants such as medicines, etc. If the sewage system discharge occurs near the town water supply, the water supply system could be compromised in ways that are not immediately apparent.
  • Sewers concentrate the waste water from a large geographic area. This means that there will be less re-charging of the aquifer in the town as a whole which could impact the town's water supply.

Recreation Areas

Conservation Lands

Acton has a total of over 1,650 acres (7 km²) of town-owned conservation lands.

  • Acton Arboretum: A park in the center of Acton which consists of 53 acres of woods, meadows, swamp, ponds, old apple orchards, a glacial esker, and a bog. The land was purchased by the town in 1976 and was designated an Arboretum in 1986. It now includes a nineteenth century herb garden, a hosta garden, a wildflower garden, a butterfly garden and a rhododendron garden. A fragrance garden is being constructed.
  • Pratt's Brook: A 57 acre property located in Acton.
  • Douglas School: Two basketball courts, a tee-ball field, as well as two playgrounds.
  • Great Hill. A 185-acre (0.7 km²) property located in Acton behind the School Street fire station, which includes barbecue grills, picnic tables, and a jungle gym. In addition there is a skating pond and two sets of playing fields. Parking Access also located across from Mobil Station on Main Street.
  • Grassy Pond and Nagog Hill. Two adjoining conservation areas located in Acton which total 250 acres (1 km²) of land.
  • Wills Hole Conservation Area and Town Forest. A 73 acre property located in Acton of Quarry Road, adjacent to Acton Recreation Area (NARA Park) among the wills hole conservation area there is a very intersecting ecosystem. Which includes a Quaking Bog and abuts a no longer used granite quarry (private property).
  • Nashoba Brook, Spring Hill, Camp Acton. Three adjoining conservation areas in North Acton that total over 400 acres (1.6 km²). Additional adjoining acerage will be added when the Robbins Mill development is completed. The trails in this area are Acton's portion of the Bay Circuit Trail and Greenway which is a planned hiking path that will encircle Boston - starting in Ipswich and ending in Duxbury. The Bruce Freeman Bike Trail will run through the Nashaboa Brook portion. Camp Acton, a former boy scout retreat area, contains seven campsites while in the Nashoba Brook area there is the site of a 19th century pencil factory. Parking access is located off of Spring Hill Road, Wheeler Lane, and Davis Road.
  • Bulette Land/ Town Forest consists of 22 acres of (Town Forest the smaller of two such tracts in Acton And the remainder of the land is made up of marshland and a glacial esker.
  • Heath Hen Meadow consists of 99 acres of land. It is aptly named for the once abundant, partridge-like relative of the prairie chicken that became extinct early in the 20th century.
  • Jenks Land consists of 30 acres of land. It is home to over 170 species of birds that one man had recorded one year.
  • Morrison Farm & Ice House Pond: Located off of Concord Rd, these 70 acres includes a house, a stable and corral, and various open fields and water.

These town conservation areas, and some smaller ones, are described and mapped in a website maintained by the town's volunteer Land Stewardship Committee. [6] A part of the Mason Esker Esker in Sims Corner Eskers and Kames National Natural Landmark, Washington state. ... Species Hosta atropurpurea Hosta capitata Hosta cathayana Hosta clausa Hosta crassifolia Hosta crispula Hosta decorata Hosta fluctuans Hosta fortunei Hosta gracillima Hosta helenioides Hosta hypoleuca Hosta ibukiensis Hosta jonesii Hosta kikutii Hosta lancifolia Hosta longipes Hosta longissima Hosta minor Hosta montana Hosta nakaiana Hosta nigrescens Hosta opipara Hosta plantaginea Hosta... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... North Acton is a London Underground station in Acton, West London. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Boston redirects here. ... Ipswich is a coastal town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... For the place in England see Duxbury Woods Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth County Settled 1624 Incorporated 1637 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  37. ... This article is about the handwriting instrument. ...


Playing Fields & Playgrounds

  • North Acton Recreation Area (NARA): Contains a baseball/softball diamond, a large configurable field suitable for other ball games, a swimming pond, playground and performance stage.
  • Veterans Field: Contains two Baseball diamonds and a playground
  • Jones Field: Contains a single baseball diamond and a playground
  • School Street Fields: Located off school street near Route 2 is a large configurable playing field.
  • Concord Road: Located next to Morrison Farm on Woodlawn Cemetery land.

Education

At the beginning of the century, each village in Acton had its own grade school, but the town struggled with how to provide a high school education for its students. For most of the early twentieth century (until 1925), Acton students were sent to Concord's high school.


In 1953, new schools were constructed to accommodate the growth in the student population. In 1957, Acton and Boxborough created a regional school district for grades 7 - 12. The Merriam School was constructed in 1958. Other schools quickly followed (Douglas (1966), Gates (1968), and Conant (1971)). In 1967 a building was constructed for the Junior High. In 1973 a huge addition was added to this building and it became the high school (the junior high moved to the old high school building).   Boxborough is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 4,868 at the 2000 census, although it had risen to 5,377 by June 2005. ...


Acton Public School District (Grammar)

The Acton Public School District consists of five elementary schools and the Acton Public School Pre-school. Acton has an unusual method of assigning students to elementary schools, called "School Choice". Incoming Kindergarten parents participate in a lottery based selection process where the parents "choice" the school by listing the preferences in ranked order.


This method of school choice has a large impact on the nature of the town. Acton is less oriented around neighborhoods than towns which have neighborhood based schools. Other child-oriented activities such as town sport teams are also not organized around the school system. As a result, students and families are likely to have social connections which are independent of the neighborhood in which they live.


While the curriculum in the district is fairly standardized, each of the elementary schools has a different teaching philosophy. The schools and their philosophy of education are:

  • Conant School. Named for Luther Conant who taught for 17 years in the school district, served on the School Committee and was Town Moderator for 40 years. The school emphasizes the Whole language approach when teaching students to read. The Conant School has an English as a Second Language (ESL) program.
  • Douglas School. Named for Carolyn T. Douglas who was a teacher in the Acton schools from 1940 to 1967. The school emphasizes Phonics as a system for learning to read. The Douglas School has an ESL program (English as a Second Language).
  • Gates School. Named for Paul P. Gates who was the school physician from 1948 to 1968. The school emphasizes Phonics as a system for learning to read.
  • McCarthy-Towne School. Named for Julia McCarthy who taught at the South Acton School from 1906 to 1952 and Marion Towne who was a teacher in the primary and secondary schools in Acton from 1921 to 1959. McCarthy-Towne integrates art instruction into all areas of the curriculum. McCarthy-Towne offers a project-based curriculum and makes extensive use of teacher's aides in the classroom.
  • Merriam School. Named for Florence A. Merriam who taught for 35 years in Acton. Merriam offers a project-based curriculum. At Merriam, teachers teach the same group of students for two years (i.e. a teacher will teach first grade one year, second grade the next and then wrap back to first).

Whole language describes a literacy instructional philosophy which emphasizes that children should focus on meaning and moderates skill instruction. ... ESL redirects here. ... For the study of sounds and speech sounds, see Acoustics and Phonetics. ...

Acton-Boxborough Regional Schools (Junior High & Senior)

The Acton-Boxborough Regional School District consists of the Raymond J. Grey Junior High School and the Acton-Boxborough Regional High School. This district serves students from the towns of Acton and Boxborough. In addition, some students are accepted from neighboring towns as 'choice' students at ABRHS if the school committee decides this is in the best interest of the district. The Raymond J. Grey Junior High School, commonly abbreviated as R.J. Grey Junior High, is a middle school located in Acton, Massachusetts. ... Acton-Boxborough Regional High School serves the Massachusetts towns of Acton and Boxborough, with roughly 450 students per grade level in grades 7 through 12. ...   Boxborough is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 4,868 at the 2000 census, although it had risen to 5,377 by June 2005. ...


Both the Junior High and High School have been renovated in 2002-2005, along with the addition of the Parker Damon Building, which houses both McCarthy-Towne School and Merriam School, to accommodate the influx of new students.


Cultural institutions

Acton Memorial Library
Acton Memorial Library

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 850 KB) Summary Acton Memorial Library Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 850 KB) Summary Acton Memorial Library Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Acton, Massachusetts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital...

Libraries

Acton has two public libraries: the Acton Memorial Library and the West Acton Citizens' Library. Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ...


The Acton Memorial Library was given to the town of Acton by William Allan Wilde as a memorial to its Civil War veterans in 1890. The building was expanded in 1967, and a second major expansion was completed in 1999. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


The Citizens' Library, one of the oldest buildings on Windsor Avenue, was most likely built in the 1840s by Phineas Wetherbee, who by 1856 resided there and lived at that address until his death in 1894.


There are also libraries in each of the elementary schools, the Junior High, and the High School.


The Acton Historical Society owns the Jenks Library which contains historical maps, documents, photographs and drawings.


Museums

  • The Discovery Museums are two separate science museums located on the same site. The Children's Discovery Museum has exhibits suitable for younger children, while the Science Discovery Museum focuses on older children. The location is well guarded by Bessie, the large dinosaur statue and museum mascot, located in the front grounds of the facility.
  • Iron Work Farm: The name of the plantation that drove the settlement of South Acton, Iron Work Farm is a non-profit historical corporation that runs two houses: Jones Tavern and Faulkner House. Each house is open to the public on the last Sunday of the month from May to October. The facilities have also been open on Patriots Day, each April.

Image:Science Museum bernoulli exhibit. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... This article is about military actions only. ...

Theater

Acton has two local theater groups: Theater III and Open Door Theater. Theater III was founded in 1956. It produces several plays and/or musicals a year in the historically interesting old church building on Central Street. Open Door Theater is a community theater group which was founded to provide an inclusive theater experience. Open Door produces one large musical each year which features a large number of actors ranging in age from 9 to adult including people with special needs. For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle &#8212... Community Theatre is a very popular form of theatre in which all or most of the participants are unpaid or amateur in the most literal definition of the word. ...


Media

Acton is served by two local newspapers. The Beacon, serving Acton and Boxborough, is part of the Community Newspaper Company chain which is owned by GateHouse Media. The Acton Weekly began publication in 2002 and serves Acton. GateHouse Media is a U.S. newspaper publisher, headquartered in Fairport, New York and owning daily, weekly and specialty newspapers, most with circulations lower than 20,000, in several U.S. states. ...


The Acton Boxborough Regional High School produces radio station WHAB and produces material for public access cable TV on Channel 8. The studio at WAVM in Maynard, MA in 1994. ...


The Acton senior population has a weekly television show called Elderberries which also runs on the public access cable TV.


Points of interest

  • Jones Tavern.[7] The main part of the tavern, originally home to the Jones family of South Acton, was built in 1732 as a house for Samuel Jones, Jr. By 1750 it had become a tavern and general store. It is speculated to be the first store in Acton and holds the distinction of being the town’s longest established business, merging into James Tuttle’s store in 1845 and operating under various names until 1950.
  • The Faulkner House and Mills.[8] The house was built for Ephraim Jones (1679-1710), founder in 1702 of an early textile business and other mills that formed the nucleus of the present town of Acton. The largest and most central house of this settlement, it served as the local garrison house for protection from Indian raids made along the Massachusetts frontier during Queen Anne's War of 1702-1713. The Faulkner homestead served as a garrison for South Acton Militia during the Revolutionary War.
  • Town Center: The civic center of town is marked by the Acton Monument which is the final resting place of Capt. Isaac Davis, James Hayward and Abner Hosmer. The stone on which Capt Davis mortally fell is situated between the west side of the monument and Rt 27. The Main entrance to the Town Hall, around the rear of the building, contains Isaac Davis's plow which was used by Daniel Chester French for the statue he cast for North Bridge. The Acton Memorial Library also has some historic memorabilia on permanent display.
  • NARA Park. NARA (North Acton Recreation Area) Park opened in 1999. NARA Park includes a pond for swimming, a beach area, playing fields, a concert shell and hiking paths.
  • Bruce Freeman Rail Trail.[10] The Bruce Freeman Trail is a proposed rail trail through the communities of Lowell, Chelmsford, Westford, Carlisle, Acton, Concord, Sudbury, and Framingham in Massachusetts -- following the 25-mile (40 km) route of the old New Haven Railroad Framingham & Lowell line. Phase 1 (7.5 miles in Lowell, Chelmsford, and Westford) has been designed and funded. Construction should begin sometime in 2006. Phase 2 in Westford, Carlisle, Acton, Concord, and Sudbury (13 miles) and Phase 3 in Sudbury and Framingham (4.5 miles) are proposed extensions.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Smiths Gully General Store in Smiths Gully, Australia. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Queen Annes War (1702–1713) was the second in a series of four French and Indian Wars fought between France and Great Britain in North America for control of the continent and was the counterpart of War of the Spanish Succession in Europe. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... The Assabet River near Route 2, Concord, Massachusetts. ... Rail trails are former railway lines that have been converted to paths designed for pedestrian, bicycle, skating, equestrian, and/or light motorized traffic. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Chelmsford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts in the Greater Boston area. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1729 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  31. ... Carlisle is a small town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark: NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ...

Transportation

Acton is five miles (8 km) from I-495 and ten miles (16 km) from I-95/Route 128. Routes 2, 2A, 27, 62, 111, and 119 run through town. The MBTA Commuter Rail Fitchburg Line train stops at the South Acton station. South Acton is a major station on the line at which many trains terminate, and other than stations which connect to the MBTA subway, the only station on the line at which all trains stop. The MBTA Fitchburg Line provides service to Fitchburg, Leominster, Shirley, Ayer, Littleton, Concord, Lincoln, Weston, Waltham, Belmont, Cambridge, and Boston. Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is the designation of an Interstate highway beltway in Massachusetts. ... Interstate 95 is 92 miles in the state of Massachusetts. ... Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 2A exists in several sections of Massachusetts, mainly as parts of former Route 2 that have been moved or upgraded. ... Route 27 is a north-south Massachusetts state route that runs from Kingston to Chelmsford. ... Massachusetts Route 62, is an east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... Route 111 is both a north-south and east-west state highway in Massachusetts, though it is signed exclusively as a north-south route on newer signs. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... The Fitchburg Railroad (AAR reporting mark FBRG) was a railroad across northern Massachusetts, USA, leading to and through the Hoosac Tunnel. ...   Nickname: River City Settled: 1730 â€“ Incorporated: 1764 Zip Code(s): 01420 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1740 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Dean J. Mazzarella  - City Council Dennis A. Rosa John Dombrowski James Lanciani, Jr Virginia Tocci David E. Rowlands (Ward 1) Wayne A. Nickel (Ward 2) Claire M... Settled: 1720 â€“ Incorporated: 1775 Zip Code(s): 01464 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1668 Incorporated 1871 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  9. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1686 Incorporated 1715 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  17. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Total 25. ... Lincoln is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Weston is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States in the Boston metro area. ... One of the early centers of the Industrial Revolution in northern America, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1859 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  4. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... Boston redirects here. ...


In media

  • Acton is the setting of the poem "The Vanishing Red," by New England poet Robert Frost (Mountain Interval, 1920).

Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet. ...

Notable residents

  • Tom Barrasso (NHL Professional Hockey Player) graduated from Acton-Boxboro Regional High School in 1983.
  • Robert Brooke (NHL Professional Hockey Player)
  • James Brown, born in Acton, co-founder of Little, Brown and Company publisher[6]
  • Steve Carell (b. 1963) grew up in South Acton. He is a comedic actor who was a correspondent for "The Daily Show" until 2004. He also stars in the film "40 Year Old Virgin" and the American version of the television comedy, "The Office."
  • Howard Louis Carr, popular talk-radio personality, lived in Acton before he moved to Wellesley.
  • Robert Creeley (b.1926, d.2005) grew up in West Acton. The Acton Memorial Library gives out an annual Robert Creeley Poetry Award to a promising local poet in his honor. The Acton Memorial Library is planning to create a "Robert Creeley room" where visitors will be able to read and listen to his poetry and see photos and other memorabilia.
  • Ted Crowley (NHL Professional Hockey Player) atended Acton-Boxboro Regional High School from 1986 until 1987.
  • Isaac Davis (b.1745, d.1775) Captain of the Acton Minutemen at the Old North Bridge in Concord at the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The first man to die in battle for America.
  • Henry Durant, (1803-1875), born in Acton, Congregational Church clergyman, first president of College of California, two-term mayor of Oakland, California[6]
  • Christian Finnegan, an emerging popular comedian, grew up in the Forest Glen neighborhood of West Acton in the 1980s.
  • Mary Josephine Hannon (October 31, 1865 - August 8, 1964), Maternal grandmother of assasinated president John F. Kennedy
  • Ian Moran (NHL Professional Hockey Player)
  • Jeff Norton (b. 1965) (NHL Professional Hockey Player)
  • John Ruggles Cotting (1783-1867), native of Acton, clergyman, author, and noted geologist[6]
  • Bob Sweeney (NHL Professional Hockey Player)
  • Caroll Spinney, (b.1933) the puppeteer who created the Sesame Street characters Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch, grew up in Acton.
  • Madeline Amy Sweeney, (b.1966, d.2001) was a flight attendant on board American Airlines flight 11 when it was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Ms. Sweeney was the first person to report the hijacking. On Feb 11, 2002, she was commemorated in a series of new annual bravery awards initiated by the Massachusetts government. The annual Madeline Amy Sweeney Award will be awarded every September 11 to at least one Massachusetts resident who displayed extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others.
  • David Wolff, president of the Esperanto League for North America 1996-2002.
  • Lee Marks, also known as Mr. Boston, on VH1's I Love New York grew up in Acton and now lives in Los Angeles, California.

Thomas Patrick Barrasso (born March 31, 1965 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a former National Hockey League goaltender who played 18 seasons for the Buffalo Sabres, Pittsburgh Penguins, Ottawa Senators, Carolina Hurricanes, Toronto Maple Leafs and St. ... Robert Brooke, son of Richard Brooke and Ann Hay Taliaferro, born 1761(?), died 27 February 1800, married in 1786, Mary Ritchie, widow of Thomas Hopper, daughter of Archibald Ritchie of Tappahanock, Virginia, and had issue: 1. ... James Brown (1800 - 1855) was an American publisher and co-founder of Little, Brown and Company. ... Little, Brown and Company is a publishing house established by Charles Coffin Little and his partner, James Brown. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962)[1] is a Golden Globe-winning and Emmy-nominated American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... Howard Louis[1] Howie Carr (born January 17, 1952) is an American broadcaster, award-winning journalist, New York Times best-selling author, and a highly rated talk-radio host in the greater Boston and New England area. ... Portrait taken in 1972 Robert Creeley (May 21, 1926 - March 30, 2005) was an American poet and author of more than sixty books. ... Ted Crowley (born on 3 May 1970 in Concord, Massachusetts, United States) is a former professional ice hockey player. ... Isaac Davis (1745 - April 19, 1775) Isaac Davis led the first attack on the British Regular army during the American revolutionary war, and was the first to die in that battle. ... Henry Durant Henry Durant (Acton, Massachusetts, June 18, 1802 – Oakland, California, January 22, 1875) was the founding president of the University of California. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... see also Holy Orders The following terms have traditional meanings for the Anglican Church, and possibly beyond: A churchman is in principle a member of a church congregation, in practice someone in holy orders. ... The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Chad in Mad Real World. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy a proposed guideline for notability (see Wikipedia:Notability (people)). If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Ian Moran (born August 24, 1972 in Cleveland, Ohio, United States) is a professional ice hockey defenseman who currently plays for the Boston Bruins of the NHL. Moran was drafted 107th overall by the Pittsburgh Penguins in the 1990 NHL Entry Draft. ... Jeffrey Thomas Norton (b. ... Bob Sweeney (b. ... Spinney appears on a 1970s episode of Whats My Line Caroll Spinney, sometimes credited as Carroll Spinney or Ed Spinney (born December 26, 1933 in Waltham, Massachusetts, USA) is a puppeteer most famous for playing Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch on the childrens television show Sesame Street. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... For other uses, see Big Bird (disambiguation). ... An Oscar the Grouch puppet, at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. Oscar the Grouch, reading to Slimey. ... Madeline Amy Sweeney Madeline Amy Sweeney, known as Amy Sweeney, was a flight attendant on board American Airlines flight 11 when it was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... David Wolff was a popular music producer in the 1980s. ... Esperanto-Ligo por Norda Ameriko (ELNA) is the main organization of speakers and supporters of the international language Esperanto in the United States. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently part of the MTV Networks division... Main Articles: I Love New York (Season 1) & I Love New York 2 I Love New York is a partially scripted [1] reality television series, airing on VH1 that stars Tiffany Pollard (better known as New York ) in a quest to find her true love. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...

References

  1. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 33. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  2. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 35. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  3. ^ http://www.actonaces.org/
  4. ^ http://www.actonaces.org/
  5. ^ Acton Historical Society: "A Brief History of Acton", page 42. Beacon Publishing Company, 1974.
  6. ^ a b c (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

Bibliography

  • Acton Historical Society (1974). A Brief History of Acton. Beacon Publishing Company. 
  • Acton Historical Society (1985). Acton: A Second Look. 
  • L. McElroy, P. Shanahan, A. Sheehan, A. Shubert (2001). A Guide to Acton Conservation Lands. Acton Conservation Commission. 
  • League of Women Voters (2000). Acton: Know Your Town. League of Women Voters. 
  • William A. Klauer (2001). Images of America: Acton. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 2-00-109304-7. 
  • (2005) Town of Acton "State of the Town" Meeting. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Acton, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (787 words)
Acton is an unincorporated Census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California near the Antelope Valley.
Acton is roughly 20 miles northeast of the San Fernando Valley, and 47 miles north of downtown Los Angeles.
Acton has a Metrolink commuter rail station, on its border with Palmdale that is themed in an "old western" style and has been seen in various movies and commercials.
Acton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (343 words)
Acton, California is probably named after Acton, Massachusetts by a miner from there.
Acton, Massachusetts is probably named after Acton, Suffolk (both are near towns named Sudbury).
Acton Island, Ontario in the District of Muskoka
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