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Encyclopedia > Across The Universe
“Across the Universe”
Song by The Beatles
Album No One's Gonna Change Our World
Released 12 December 1969
Recorded Abbey Road Studios
4 February 1968
Genre Psychedelic folk
Length 3:49
Writer Lennon/McCartney
“Across the Universe”
Song by The Beatles
Album Let It Be
Released 8 May 1970
Recorded 4 February 1968
Genre Psychedelic folk
Length 3:49
Writer Lennon/McCartney
Let It Be track listing
Dig a Pony
(2)
Across the Universe
(3)
I Me Mine
(4)

"Across the Universe" is a song by The Beatles that first appeared on a charity release in December 1969, and later, in modified form, on their final album, Let It Be. The song features John Lennon singing lead, who was also the primary composer (though, as with all Beatles songs written by either composer, the song is credited to Lennon/McCartney). Julie Taymor (born December 15, 1952) is an American director of Broadway theatre and film. ... Across the Universe is a 2007 Academy Award-nominated musical film directed by Julie Taymor and written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais. ... Trip Shakespeare was a Minneapolis-based alternative rock of the late 1980s/early 1990s. ... Across the Universe is an album released by Trip Shakespeare in 1990. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... No Ones Gonna Change Our World was a charity album released in the UK on 12 December 1969 for the benefit of the World Wildlife Fund. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Psychedelic folk or Psych folk is a music genre that originated in the 1960s through the blending of folk music, Indie folk and psychedelic rock or pop. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... Let It Be redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Psychedelic folk or Psych folk is a music genre that originated in the 1960s through the blending of folk music, Indie folk and psychedelic rock or pop. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ... Let It Be redirects here. ... Dig A Pony is a song by The Beatles, originally released on Let It Be, and later rereleased on Let It Be. ... I Me Mine is a Beatles song, written and sung by George Harrison. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Let It Be redirects here. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ...

Contents

Composition

One night in 1967, the phrase "words are flowing out like endless rain into a paper cup" came to Lennon after hearing his then-wife Cynthia, according to Lennon, "going on and on about something". Later, after "she'd gone to sleep—and I kept hearing these words over and over, flowing like an endless stream", Lennon went downstairs and it turned into a sort of cosmic song. He began to write the rest of the lyrics and when he was done, he went to bed and forgot about them.


In the morning, Lennon found the paper on which he had written the lyrics and took them down to his piano, where he began to play chords, and find pitches to match the words. The flavor of the song was heavily influenced by Lennon's and The Beatles' short-lived interest in Transcendental Meditation in late 1967–early 1968, when the song was composed. Based on this he added the mantra Jai guru deva om to the piece, which became the link to the chorus. The Sanskrit phrase is a sentence fragment whose words could have many meanings, but roughly translate to "Victory to God divine","hail to the divine guru", or the phrase commonly invoked by the late Maharishi Mahesh Yogi "All Glory to Guru Deva" then the mystic syllable om, which is theoretically the cosmic sound of the universe and used by monks during meditation. A chord is a geometric figure. ... // Transcendental Meditation, or TM, is the trademarked name of a meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917?-2008). ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (b. ...


The song's lyrical structure is straightforward: three repetitions of a unit consisting of a verse, the line "Jai guru deva om", and the line "Nothing's gonna change my world" repeated four times. The lyrics are highly image-based, with abstract concepts reified with phrases like thoughts "meandering", words "slithering", and undying love "shining". The title phrase "across the universe" appears at intervals to finish lines, although interestingly it never cadences, always appearing as a rising figure, melodically unresolved. Reification (also known as hypostatization or concretism) is a fallacy of ambiguity, when an abstraction (abstract belief or hypothetical construct) is treated as if it represented a concrete, real event or physical entity. ...


One of the lines from the song, "Pools of sorrow, Waves of joy" was used in The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants, by Ann Brashares The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants is a novel written in 2001 by Ann Brashares. ... Ann Brashares Ann Brashares (born 1967[1]) is an American writer of young adult fiction. ...


In his 1970 interview with Rolling Stone, Lennon referred to the song as perhaps the best, most poetic lyric he ever wrote. This article is about the magazine. ...


The recording and version history

In February 1968, The Beatles convened at the EMI Abbey Road studios to record a single for release during their absence on their forthcoming trip to India. Paul McCartney had written "Lady Madonna" and John "Across the Universe". Both tracks were recorded along with Lennon's "Hey Bulldog" and the vocal track for George's "The Inner Light" between the 3rd and 11th of February. Lady Madonna is a song by the The Beatles, written by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon/McCartney). ... Hey Bulldog is a song by The Beatles which first appeared on the Yellow Submarine soundtrack album in 1969. ... The Inner Light is a song written by George Harrison that was first released by The Beatles as a B-side to Lady Madonna. The lyrics are a rendering of Chapter 47 in the Laozis Dao De Jing, the foundational book of Daoism. ...


Whilst the basic track was successfully recorded on the 4 February, Lennon wasn't satisfied with the feel of the track. Several innovations were tried, including blowing through comb onto paper and humming to add texture to the track, and the addition of a pedal guitar and tambora. In the end, according to Lennon, McCartney persuaded John to call in the services of Lizzie Bravo and Gayleen Pease, two of the so-called Apple scruffs (the female fans who collected outside the studio) to add harmony vocals. Lennon later cited this as evidence of McCartney's "[s]ubconscious sabotage" of Lennon's compositions, saying Paul would have used professional session singers if it was McCartney's own work.[citation needed] Hum is a verb which refers to either: A sound with a particular timbre, usually a monotone or with slightly varying tones, often produced by machinery in operation or by insects in flight, or An action whereby a human vocally produces such a sound, but usually with musically varying tonality. ... The Apple scruffs were a loosely-knit group of hardcore Beatles fans who were known for congregating outside the Apple Corps building and at the gates of Abbey Road Studios in London during the waning days of Beatlemania in hopes of seeing or interacting with the band members. ...


The track was mixed to mono and put aside as the group had decided to release "Lady Madonna" and "The Inner Light" as the single. On their return from India the group set about recording the many songs they had written there, and "Across the Universe" remained on the shelf. In the autumn of 1968 The Beatles seriously considered releasing an EP including most of the songs for the Yellow Submarine album including "Across the Universe" and went as far as having the EP mastered. However, the recent trip to India had soured Lennon on transcendental meditation and eastern spiritualism, and the song's mantra-type refrain already seemed outdated. His subsequent White Album contributions were much angrier and had a harder edge, reflective of the growing political and social turmoil of 1968. // Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single but are too short to qualify as albums. ... The White Album redirects here. ...


During the February 1968 recording sessions, Spike Milligan dropped into the studio and on hearing the song suggested the track would be ideal for release on a charity album he was organising for the World Wildlife Fund. At some point in 1968 The Beatles agreed to this proposal, and the track was mixed into stereo for the first time by George Martin. The original mix (mono and stereo) is 3:37. For the 'wildlife' album it was deemed appropriate to add sound effects of birds at the beginning and end of the track. After the effects were added the track was sped up; so that even with 20 seconds of effects the track is only 3:49. The song was first released in this version on the Regal Starline SRS 5013 album No One's Gonna Change Our World, in December 1969. Terence Alan Milligan KBE (16 April 1918–27 February 2002), known as Spike Milligan, was an Irish comedian, writer, musician, poet and playwright. ... Note: After losing a court case in 2002 on the use of the initials WWF, the organization previously known as the World Wrestling Federation has rebranded itself as World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE. WWF - The Conservation Organization was formerly known as World Wildlife Fund and Worldwide Fund for Nature. ... This article is about the spacecraft and the mission. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... No Ones Gonna Change Our World was a charity album released in the UK on 12 December 1969 for the benefit of the World Wildlife Fund. ...


Though never satisfied with the recording, Lennon was still attached to the song, and played it during the Get Back/Let It Be album sessions of January 1969; footage of John playing the song appeared in the Let It Be movie. Bootleg recordings from the sessions include a full group performance of the song, with Lennon/McCartney harmonies on the chorus. To ensure the album tied in with the film it was decided the song must be included on what by January 1970 had become the Let It Be album. Also, Lennon's contributions to the sessions were sparse, and this unreleased piece was seen as a way to fill the gap. Let It Be redirects here. ...


Glyn Johns remixed the February recording giving it an acoustic treatment and restoring the correct speed. However, as neither of the Glyn Johns Get Back albums were officially released, the version most people are familiar with came from Phil Spector. In line with the treatment of several tracks, Spector slowed the track to 3:47, and added full orchestra and chorus backing to the February 1968 master. Glyn Johns (born February 15, 1942 in Epsom, Surrey, England) is a recording engineer and record producer. ... Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26, 1939) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. ...


An unreleased February 1968 alternate take of the song (recorded before the master), sans heavy production, appeared on Anthology 2 in 1996. This is often referred to as the "psychedelic" recording, due to the strong Indian sitar and tanpura sound, and illustrates the band's original uncertainty over the best treatment for the song. The Beatles Anthology 2 is a compilation album released in March 1996 by Apple Records as part of The Beatles Anthology series. ...


The February 1968 master was remixed again for inclusion on Let It Be... Naked in 2003, at the correct speed but stripped of most of the instrumentation. Let It Be… Naked, released on November 18, 2003, is a remastered and remixed version of the original session tapes from the 1970 Let It Be album by the Beatles. ...


Transmission into deep space

On February 5, 2008, at 00:00 UTC, NASA transmitted[1] "Across The Universe" in the direction of the star Polaris, 431 light years from Earth. The transmission was made using a 70m antenna in the DSN's Madrid Deep Space Communication Complex, located outside of Madrid, Spain. It was done with an "X band" transmitter, radiating into the antenna at 18 KW. is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Polaris (disambiguation). ... A light-year or lightyear (symbol: ly) is a unit of measurement of length, specifically the distance light travels in vacuum in one year. ... In biology, antenna (plural: antennae) refers to the sensing organs of several arthropods. ... The Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex is located at 28290 Robledo de Chavela in (Madrid) Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... The X band (3-cm radar spot-band) of the microwave band of the electromagnetic spectrum roughly ranges from 5. ...


This was done to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the song, the 45th anniversary of the Deep Space Network (DSN), and the 50th anniversary of NASA. The date has become known as "Across the Universe Day". The idea was hatched by Beatles historian Martin Lewis, who encouraged all Beatles fans to play the track as it was beamed to the distant star. The event marks the SECOND time a piece of music has intentionally been transmitted into deep space, and was approved by Paul McCartney, Yoko Ono, and Apple.[2] The timing of the song's transmission nearly coincided with the death of the Beatles' transcendental meditation guru, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, on February 5, 2008. The world-first musical interstellar message was 1st Theremin Concert to Aliens, section 2 of the Teen Age Message Deep Space Network (DSN) is an international network of radio antennas that supports interplanetary spacecraft missions, and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the solar system and the universe. ... Martin Lewis. ... Outer space (also called just space), as a name for a region, refers to the relatively empty parts of the Universe, outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer and animal-rights activist. ... Yoko Ono Lennon (小野 洋子 Ono Yōko), born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese-American artist and musician. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... // Transcendental Meditation, or TM, is the trademarked name of a meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917?-2008). ... Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (b. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Complete Recording and Mixing History

  • 4 February 1968: Takes 1-7 Recorded. Overdub onto Take 7. Reduction into Take 8. Overdub onto Take 8. Sound Effects Takes 1-3.
  • 8 February 1968: Overdub onto Take 8. Mono mixing from Take 8.
  • 2 October 1969: Overdubs onto Take 8. Stereo mixing from Take 8. Version released on the album No One's Gonna Change Our World.
  • 5 January 1970: Stereo mixing from Take 8. Version to have been released on the 5 January Get Back album.
  • 23 March 1970: Stereo mixing from Take 8.
  • 1 April 1970: Reduction into Take 9. Overdub onto Take 9.
  • 2 April 1970: Stereo Mixing from take 9. Version released on the Let It Be album.

Cover versions

The song has been covered by many artists, including:

"RocKwiz Duets, Vol. 2". 10cc was a British pop band which achieved its greatest commercial success during the 1970s. ... 6 Cycle Mind (or Six Cycle Mind) is a Filipino band composed of Ney Dimaculangan on lead vocals, Rye Sarmiento on rhythm guitars and backup vocals, Chuck Isidro on lead guitars, Bob Cañamo on bass and Tutti Caringal on drums. ... Alison Sudol (born 1985), known professionally as A Fine Frenzy, is an American alternative singer-songwriter and pianist. ... Áine Minogue is a harpist born in Borrisokane, County Tipperary, Ireland, now living in New England in the U.S.A. She began playing the harp at age twelve. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ariane Mofatt Ariane Moffatt (born 26 April 1979 in Lévis, Quebec) is a Québécois singer-songwriter. ... Ben Allison (b. ... Look up buzz in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chanel Cole. ... l-r: Roger Lavallee, Duncan Arsenault, Ron Mominee photo:Greg Munro Constructing masterful junctions in between pop, shoegazing, Dream pop and the most alternative options of rock & roll, the Curtain Society formed in Southbridge, MA, in 1988. ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Cyndi Lauper (born June 22, 1953) is an American Grammy Award- winning singer, MTV VMA-winning video and Emmy Award-winning film, television and theatre actress. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Young Americans is an album by David Bowie released in 1975. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Element of Crime is a German rock band that plays melancholic-chanson pop- and rockmusic with guitar, base, drums und voice/trumpet. ... Fiona Apple (born September 13, 1977) is a Grammy-winning American singer-songwriter. ... Pleasantville DVD cover Pleasantville is a film first released in Canada on September 17, 1998 starring Tobey Maguire, Reese Witherspoon, William H. Macy, Joan Allen, and Jeff Daniels. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... For the AZ album, see The Format (album). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jim Sturgess (born May 16, 1981) is an English actor most famous for his role as Jude in Across the Universe and as Ben Cambell in the 2008 film 21. ... Across the Universe is a 2007 Academy Award-nominated musical film directed by Julie Taymor and written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais. ... G.I. Joel Joel Sherman (1962-), nicknamed GI Joel, is a top American Scrabble expert who has been chronicled in Stefan Fatsis book Word Freak as well as Eric Chaikins film Word Wars and mentioned in CollinsGems reference book mental_floss presents: INSTANT KNOWLEDGE. He was born in the... Word Wars is a 2004 documentary film directed by Eric Chaikin and Julian Petrillo about competition Scrabble playing. ... Kevin Max (born August 17, 1967) is an Christian singer, songwriter, and poet. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Laibach is a Slovenian experimental music group, strongly associated with industrial, martial and neo-classical. ... Anja Rupel (born March 19, 1966) is a Slovene pop singer, songwriter, radio announcer, and journalist. ... Let It Be is the fifth album by Laibach. ... Lana Lane is a North American rock singer. ... The Hothouse Flowers are an Irish-based rock group who combine traditional Irish music with influences from soul, gospel and rock. ... Eddi Reader is a Scottish singer, known both for her work with Fairground Attraction and for her solo career. ... RocKwiz is an Australian television quiz show series, focused on rock music, and broadcast on the Special Broadcasting Service. ...

Lisa Ono (小野リサ, Ono Risa) is a popular Japanese bossa nova singer. ... Matthew John Corby (b. ... This article is about the band. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... This article is about the Pink Floyd song. ... George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English rock musician; singer, bassist, guitarist, songwriter, and composer. ... Grantchester Meadows is a song from the second half of the experimental Pink Floyd album Ummagumma. ... Robyn Rowan Hitchcock (born March 3, 1953) is a singer-songwriter, psych folk artist, and occasional actor. ... Rufus McGarrigle Wainwright (born July 22, 1973) is a Canadian-American singer-songwriter. ... I Am Sam is a 2001 drama film that tells a story about a mentally handicapped father and his efforts to retain custody of his daughter. ... Poses is Rufus Wainwrights second album, released by DreamWorks in 2002. ... Sean Taro Ono Lennon (aka Sean Ono Lennon, born October 9, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, musician and actor. ... Not to be confused with Mooby. ... Rufus McGarrigle Wainwright (born July 22, 1973) is a Canadian-American singer-songwriter. ... Seigmen was a Norwegian alternative rock band in the 1990s. ... Suede (or The London Suede in the U.S.) were a popular and influential English rock band of the 1990s that helped start the Britpop musical movement of the decade. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Texas are a pop music band from Glasgow, Scotland. ... Inner Smile is a song by Scottish pop group Texas, originally released on their 2000 album The Greatest Hits and co-written by Gregg Alexander. ... Verdena is an Italian hard rock band originating from Albino. ... Billie Joe Armstrong (born February 17, 1972, in Oakland, California) is best known as the lead vocalist, main lyricist, and guitarist for the rock band Green Day. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ... Stephen Victor Tallarico (born March 26, 1948 in Yonkers, New York),[1] better known as Steven Tyler (and often nicknamed The Demon of Screamin) is an American musician and songwriter. ... For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ... For the song by Taylor Swift, see Tim McGraw (song). ... Scott Weiland (born Scott Richard Kline, October 27, 1967, Santa Cruz, California [1]) is an American musician, lyricist, and vocalist. ... Alexis is Alicias #1 fan. ... Alison Krauss (born July 23, 1971)[1] is an American bluegrass-country singer and fiddle player. ... Norah Jones (born Geethali Norah Jones Shankar on March 30, 1979 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American singer-songwriter, musician and occasional actress of half Indian descent. ... Stevie Wonder (born Steveland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Steveland Hardaway Morris)[1] is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer. ... Velvet Revolver (abbreviated to VR) is a Grammy Award-winning hard rock supergroup with three former members of Guns N Roses — Slash, Duff McKagan, and Matt Sorum — plus Scott Weiland, the former-lead singer of Stone Temple Pilots, and Dave Kushner of the 80s punk band Wasted Youth. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... February 2005 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Pope John Paul II is taken to a hospital suffering from a serious case of influenza. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into ITunes. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake,[1] was a great undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) December 26, 2004 with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ...

Further reading

  • Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions. Hamlyn Publishing Group. ISBN 0-600-55784-7. 
  • Lewisohn, Mark (1996). The Complete Beatles Chronicle. Chancellor Press. ISBN 0-7607-0327-2. 
  • Sulpy, Doug; Schweighhardt, Ray (2003). Get Back: The Beatles Let It Be Disaster. Helter Skelter Publishing. ISBN 1-900924-83-8. 
  • John Lennon, Yoko Ono, David Sheff and G. Barry Olson (1981), The Playboy interviews with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: Playboy Press/Putnam. ISBN 0-87223-705-2 - includes unpublished conversations and Lennon's song-by-song analysis of his work.

Mark Lewisohn (born 1958) is one of the worlds foremost experts on The Beatles. ...

See also

CETI (Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence, or METI, Messaging to Extraterrestrial Intelligence) is a branch of SETI research that focuses on composing and deciphering messages that could theoretically be understood by another technological civilization. ... Across the Universe is a 2007 Academy Award-nominated musical film directed by Julie Taymor and written by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais. ...

References

  1. ^ NASA - NASA Beams Beatles' 'Across the Universe' Into Space
  2. ^ "NASA beaming Beatles tune to the stars"
The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer and animal-rights activist. ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... Richard Starkey, MBE (born 7 July 1940), better known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an Academy Award-winning English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer for The Beatles. ... “Peter Best” redirects here. ... Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe (23 June 1940 – 10 April 1962) was a British musician and artist who, until his early death, worked in a style related to Abstract Expressionism. ... Former Liverpool businessman and promoter; original manager of The Beatles, who sent the young band to Hamburg, Germany, where they gained vital show business experience. ... Brian Samuel Epstein (IPA: ) (born in Liverpool, England; 19 September 1934 – 27 August 1967) was the manager of The Beatles. ... Allen Klein (born December 18, 1931) is an American businessman and record label executive. ... Lee Eastman (12 January 1910 - 30 July 1991) was a New York show business attorney, the son of Louis and Della (Freyer) Epstein. ... Neil Aspinall (born in Prestatyn, North Wales, October 13, 1942) was the road manager and personal assistant for the Beatles. ... Peter Brown is an American businessman, born and educated in England. ... Malcolm Mal Evans (27 May 1935 – 5 January 1976) is best known as the road manager, assistant, and a friend of the Beatles. ... Alistair Taylor is the personal assistant of Brian Epstein. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... Engineer Geoff Emerick. ... Ken Scott (born April 20, 1947 in London) is an influential English record producer and engineer. ... Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26, 1939) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. ... Jeff Lynne (born December 30, 1947 in Shard End, Birmingham) is a Grammy Award-winning English rock songwriter, singer, guitarist and record producer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the album. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Hard Days Night by the Beatles (side one) - Parlophone yellow and black label A Hard Days Night is the third album by The Beatles, released in the UK on 10 July 1964 as the soundtrack to their first film of the same name. ... Alternate cover Cover of the original 1964 Australian LP, released during the 1964 Australian tour. ... Help!, is the fifth album by The Beatles, and the soundtrack album from their film of the same name, Help!. Produced by George Martin for EMI Records, the album (in its original British form) contains seven songs that appeared in the movie of the same name, and seven that did... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1965 U.S. LP, with a different colour saturation (see below) Back cover Back cover of the original 1965 UK LP Rubber Soul is the sixth album by The Beatles, first released in December 1965. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... For other uses, see Sgt. ... The White Album redirects here. ... For the 1999 release, see Yellow Submarine Songtrack. ... Back cover The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track. ... Let It Be was an album by The Beatles, released on May 8, 1970. ... Introducing. ... Meet The Beatles! is the second Beatles album released in the United States, despite the first album claim on its cover. ... The Beatles Second Album is the The Beatles second Capitol Records release. ... A Hard Days Night by the Beatles (side one) - Parlophone yellow and black label A Hard Days Night is the third album by The Beatles, released in the UK on 10 July 1964 as the soundtrack to their first film of the same name. ... Something New was The Beatles third Capitol release, but fifth American album following the UA release of A Hard Days Night. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The Early Beatles was The Beatles first 1965 release on Capitol. ... Beatles VI was The Beatles sixth (technically seventh, including The Beatles Story) American release on Capitol Records, but ninth album for that market in less than one and a half years (the first American release was Vee-Jays Introducing. ... Help!, is the fifth album by The Beatles, and the soundtrack album from their film of the same name, Help!. Produced by George Martin for EMI Records, the album (in its original British form) contains seven songs that appeared in the movie of the same name, and seven that did... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1965 U.S. LP, with a different colour saturation (see below) Back cover Back cover of the original 1965 UK LP Rubber Soul is the sixth album by The Beatles, first released in December 1965. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... For other uses, see Sgt. ... “Magical Mystery Tour” redirects here. ... The White Album redirects here. ... For the 1999 release, see Yellow Submarine Songtrack. ... Back cover The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track. ... Let It Be was an album by The Beatles, released on May 8, 1970. ... The Twist and Shout EP by The Beatles was the Beatles earliest EP when it was released in Britain. ... The Beatles Hits EP was released September 6, 1963 it consisted of : Side A: 1) From Me To You 2)Thank You Girl Side B: 1)Please Please Me 2)Love Me Do The EP was only released in Mono and never released in Stereo Its catalogue number is... The Beatles (No. ... All My Loving (EP) was released by The Beatles on February 7, 1964. ... The Long Tall Sally EP by the Beatles was the fifth official EP release by the band, and the first British EP they released that contained previously unreleased songs not found on any album (until 1976s Rock n Roll Music). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Beatles The Beatles Million Sellers EP was released December 6, 1965 it consisted of : Side A: 1) She Loves You 2) I Want To Hold Your Hand Side B: 1) Cant Buy Me Love 2) I Feel Fine The EP was only released in Mono and never released... Yesterday is a pop song originally recorded by The Beatles for their album Help! (1965). ... The Beatles Nowhere Man EP was released July 8, 1966 it consisted of : Side A: 1) Nowhere Man 2) Drive My Car Side B: 1) Michelle 2) You Wont See Me The EP was only released in Mono and never released in Stereo. ... “Magical Mystery Tour” redirects here. ... For the Dire Straits album, see Live at the BBC (Dire Straits album). ... The Beatles Anthology 1 was released in late 1995, and includes rarites and alternatives tracks from their days as the Quarry Men, through the Decca auditions and the album Beatles for Sale. ... The Beatles Anthology 2 is a compilation album released in March 1996 by Apple Records as part of The Beatles Anthology series. ... The Beatles Anthology 3 was released in October 1996, and includes rarities and alternatives tracks from the final two years of their career as a band ranging from the initial sessions for the White Album through to the last sessions for Let It Be and Abbey Road in January 1970. ... Yellow Submarine Songtrack is a 1999 soundtrack album by The Beatles for the film of the same name. ... The negative of the cover Let It Be… Naked is a remastered and remixed version of the original session tapes from the 1970 Let It Be album by The Beatles, first released in November 2003 (see 2003 in music). ... Love is a soundtrack compilation album by The Beatles released in November 2006. ... A Collection of Beatles Oldies is a compilation album featuring a selection of songs by The Beatles recorded between 1963 and 1966. ... “Magical Mystery Tour” redirects here. ... Hey Jude (originally titled The Beatles Again: Hey Jude) was a 1970 compilation of singles and b-sides from various points in The Beatles career, as well as the A Hard Days Night album track I Should Have Known Better. The common thread running through all the albums... 1962–1966 (widely known as The Red Album) is a compilation of The Beatles greatest hits from 1962 to 1966. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Alternate cover Double LP sleeve The Capitol label of the Past Masters, Volume One LP. Note the small Parlophone logo on the left Past Masters, Volume One is a compilation album by the The Beatles released in 1988. ... The Capitol label of the Past Masters, Volume Two LP. Note the small Parlophone logo on the left Past Masters, Volume Two is a compilation album by The Beatles released in 1988. ... For other uses, see 1 (album) (disambiguation). ... A Hard Days Night (1964) is a British comedy film originally released by United Artists, written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. ... Help! is a 1965 film starring the The Beatles and featuring Leo McKern, Eleanor Bron, Victor Spinetti, John Bluthal and Roy Kinnear. ... Magical Mystery Tour, starring The Beatles, is an hour-long television film that initially aired on BBC1 on Boxing Day in 1967. ... For the song, see Yellow Submarine (song). ... For the Taiwanese film whose foreign title translates to the same name, see 無米樂 Let It Be is a 1970 film about the Beatles rehearsing and recording songs for the album Let It Be in January 1969. ... The Compleat Beatles [sic] was a 1982 two-hour documentary, chronicling the career of the Fab Four. Though it has since been supplanted by the more extensive five-hour 1996 Beatles Anthology, The Compleat Beatles was for many years largely regarded as the definitive source of information on the Beatles. ... The Beatles Anthology (DVD) is the DVD version of the original eight episode 1995 TV serial titled The Beatles Anthology (which also came out on VHS) covered in four DVDs, plus an additional 81 minutes Special Features Disc. ... The cover of Kum Back; the first ever Beatles bootleg album to hit the market. ... The Beatles released twelve original albums, twelve EPs (featuring mostly otherwise available material), one double EP, and twenty-two singles (featuring mostly otherwise unavailable material) in eight years (1962-1970) in their native United Kingdom. ... The Beatles takes and early versions of songs that have been released are still collectables. ... Klaus Voormann (born 29 April 1938) is a German artist, musician, and record producer who was associated with the early days of The Beatles in Hamburg and later designed the cover of their album Revolver. ... Harry Edward Nilsson III (June 15, 1941 – January 15, 1994) was an American songwriter, singer, pianist, and guitarist, most popular during the 1960s and 1970s. ... Derek Taylor (1932-1997) is best known as the press agent for the hugely popular rock band, The Beatles. ... Cynthia Lillian Lennon née Powell (born September 10, 1939) in Blackpool, Lancashire, England. ... Yoko Ono Lennon (小野 洋子 Ono Yōko), born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese-American artist and musician. ... Linda Louise Eastman McCartney (September 24, 1941 – April 17, 1998) was an American photographer, musician, and animal rights activist. ... George Harrison and Pattie Boyd in A Hard Days Night Patricia Anne Pattie Boyd (born 17 March 1944) is an English model and photographer who is best known as the wife of first George Harrison and then Eric Clapton. ... Jane Asher (born 5 April 1946) is an English film and television actress and the author of several full-length novels as well as a former girlfriend of Paul McCartney. ... Olivia Harrison (born 1948, California, USA) is the widow of Beatle George Harrison. ... William Everett Preston (September 2, 1946 – June 6, 2006) was an American soul musician from Houston, Texas, raised mostly in Los Angeles, California. ... Tony Sheridan (born Andrew Esmond Sheridan McGinnity on May 21, 1940), is an English rock and roll singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Chas Newby was temporarily the bassist for The Beatles in December of 1960, following the departure of Stuart Sutcliffe. ... Andy White (born 1930 in Scotland) is a drummer, best known for playing drums on some of the recordings of the Beatles first single, Love Me Do. White was a studio drummer in the 1950s and 1960sin London, recording with artists like Billy Fury, Marlene Dietrich, Hermans Hermits and... James George Nicol, known as Jimmie Nicol or Jimmy Nicol, is an English musician born August 3, 1939. ... Astrid Kirchherr (born 20 May 1938) is a German photographer and artist, and is well-known for her association with The Beatles (along with her friends Klaus Voorman and Jürgen Vollmer) and her photographs of The Beatles while they were in Hamburg. ... Yanni (John) Alexis Mardas, better known as Magic Alex (born May 5, 1942, Athens, Greece), a self-styled electronics wizard, was the head of The Beatles Apple Electronics. ... This is a list of the line-ups of The Beatles and the individual members bands. ... Love by Cirque du Soleil at Mirage Las Vegas Love is a 2006 theatrical production by Cirque du Soleil which combines the re-produced and re-imagined music of The Beatles with an interpretive, circus-based artistic and athletic stage performance. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ... The Beatles influence on rock music and popular culture was—and remains—immense. ... Modern Beatle boot replica. ... The Quarry Men (sometimes Quarrymen) were a little-known skiffle group formed around Liverpool, England in March 1957 by John Lennon. ... The Beatles are one of the most popular and influential musical groups in history. ... The Beatles London This article looks at the history behind some of the London landmarks famously associated with the Beatles for example the Abbey Road Studios & crossing etc The famous Abbey Road Zebra crossing Abbey Road Studios The Beatles first came to the Abbey Road studios on June 6th... The Beatles arrival at Americas JFK Airport in 1964 has proved a particularly enduring image of Beatlemania. ... The Fifth Beatle is an informal title that various commentators in the press and entertainment industry have applied to persons who were at one point a member of The Beatles, or who had a strong association with the Fab Four other than John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo... Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax, a magazine reporting on the rumours concerning McCartney. ... The Beatles is an American animated television series featuring the fanciful and musical misadventures of the extraordinarily popular British rock band. ... For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... Northern Songs Ltd. ... The Beatles Anthology is the name of a documentary series, a series of three albums and a book, all of which focus on the history of one of the worlds most popular rock band The Beatles. ... The Rutles are a parody of The Beatles, jointly created by Eric Idle and Neil Innes. ... In 1989, at an auction of Beatles memorabilia, John Lennons jukebox was sold at Christies for £2,500, to John Midwinter. ...

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Across the Universe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (646 words)
Across the Universe is a song by The Beatles that first appeared as a charity single release and later, in modified form, on their 1970 album, Let It Be.
The song features a vocal by John Lennon, who was also the primary composer (though, as with all Beatles songs written by either composer, the song is formally credited to Lennon-McCartney).
Pink Floyd included a notable homage to the song in their acclaimed Echoes: the lyric "Inviting and inciting" is directly lifted from Across The Universe.
Encyclopedia: Across the Universe (2223 words)
It's become fashionable to be surprised that "Across The Universe" was actually captured in essence as early as February 1968, between "Pepper" and the "Mystery Tour", in spite of its much later official release.
Because light in the universe only travels at a fixed speed, we see objects at the edge of the universe when it was very young up to 14 billion years ago.
The precise scale of the universe is complicated by the fact that the universe is expanding.
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