FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Aconcagua" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Aconcagua
Aconcagua

Aconcagua, January 2005
Elevation 6,962 metres (22,841 ft)
Location Argentina
Range Andes
Prominence 6,962 metres (22,841 ft) Ranked 2nd
Coordinates 32°39′20″S 70°00′57″W / -32.65556, -70.01583
First ascent 1897
Flag of Switzerland Matthias Zurbriggen (first recorded ascent)[1]
Easiest route scramble (North)

Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas. It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the Argentine province of Mendoza. The summit is located about 5 kilometres from San Juan Province and 15 kilometres from the international border with Chile. It lies 112 km (70 mi) west by north of the city of Mendoza. Aconcagua is the highest peak in both the Western and Southern Hemispheres, as well as the highest outside of Asia. It is one of the Seven Summits. Aconcagua can refer to: Aconcagua, mountain in Mendoza, Argentina Aconcagua Provincial Park, provincial park in Mendoza, Argentina Universidad del Aconcagua, university in Mendoza, Argentina Aconcagua (province), former province of Chile (until 1974) San Felipe de Aconcagua Province, Valparaíso, Chile Aconcagua River, Chile Aconcagua (film) (1964) Category: ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 331 KB) Aconcagua, Argentina, January, 2005, by Sergio Schmiegelow File links The following pages link to this file: Aconcagua Gallery of mountains ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of mountains ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Matthias Zurbriggen (1856 in Saas Fee, Switzerland - 1917 in Geneva) was one of the great nineteenth century Alpinists and mountain guides. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Scrambling on Crib Goch, Snowdonia, Wales Scrambling is a method of ascending rocky faces and ridges. ... Extremes on Land See also List of mountains. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... San Juan is a province of Argentina, located in the western part of the country. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... Monument dedicated to the Army of the Andes, on the summit of the Cerro de la Gloria. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The Seven Summits on an Elevation World Map. ...


Aconcagua is bounded by the Valle de las Vacas to the north and east and the Valle de los Horcones Inferior to the West and South. The mountain and its surroundings are part of the Aconcagua Provincial Park. The mountain has a number of glaciers. The most substantial are the north-eastern or Polish Glacier and the eastern or English Glacier. hhhhhhhhghghfjng ... This article is about the geological formation. ... The Polish Glacier (Spanish Glaciar de los Polacos) is one of the glacial fields of mount Aconcagua in the Andes. ...


The mountain was created by the subduction of the Nazca Plate beneath the South American plate during the geologically recent Andean orogeny; however, it is not a volcano.[2] The origin of the name is contested, it is either from the Arauca Aconca-Hue, which refers to the Aconcagua River and means 'comes from the other side' or the Quechua Ackon Cahuak, meaning 'Sentinel of Stone'.  The Nacza plate, shown in light blue The Nazca Plate, named after the Nazca region of southern Peru, is an oceanic tectonic plate in the eastern Pacific Ocean basin off the west coast of South America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... // Orogeny (Greek for mountain generating) is the process of mountain building, and may be studied as a tectonic structural event, as a geographical event and a chronological event, in that orogenic events cause distinctive structural phenomena and related tectonic activity, affect certain regions of rocks and crust and happen within... Mapuche test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Mapuche (Mapudungun; Che, People + Mapu, of the Land) are the Indigenous inhabitants of Central and Southern Chile and Southern Argentina. ... The Aconcagua river rises on the southern slope of the volcano Aconcagua, flows eastward through a broad valley, or bay in the mountains, and enters the Pacific 12 m. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Quechuan languages. ...

Contents

Climbing

In mountaineering terms, Aconcagua is technically an easy mountain if approached from the north, via the normal route. Although the effects of altitude are severe (atmospheric pressure is 40% of sea-level at the summit), the use of supplemental oxygen is not required but helpful. An open crevasse. ...


The second most frequented route is the Polish Glacier Traverse route. This approaches the mountain through the Vacas valley, ascends up to the base of the Polish Glacier, then traverses across to the normal route for the final ascent to the summit.


The routes to the peak from the south and south-west ridges are more demanding and the south face climb is considered very difficult.


Before attempting the mountain climbers need to purchase a permit from the Aconcagua Provincial Park authority in Mendoza. Prices vary depending on the season. Monument dedicated to the Army of the Andes, on the summit of the Cerro de la Gloria. ...


The camp sites on the normal route are listed below. (altitudes are approximate)

Normal route to the summit
Normal route to the summit
  • Puente del Inca, 2,740m (8,990ft): A small village on the main road, with facilities including a lodge.
  • Confluencia, 3,380m (11,090ft): A camp site a few hours into the national park.
  • Plaza de Mulas, 4,370m (14,340ft): Base camp, claimed to be the second largest in the world (after Everest). There are several meal tents, showers and internet access. There is a lodge 500 metres from the main campsite.
  • Plaza Canadá, 5,050 metres (16,570 ft): A large ledge overlooking Plaza de Mulas.
  • Plaza Alaska, 5,200 metres (17,060 ft): Called 'change of slope' in Spanish, a small site as the slope from Plaza de Mulas to Nido de Cóndores lessens. Not commonly used.
  • Nido de Cóndores, 5,400 metres (17,720 ft): A large plateau with beautiful views. There is usually a park ranger camped here.
  • Berlín, 5,900m (19,360ft): The usual high camp. Windy and exposed, and quite filthy. Many climbers avoid it, and stay slightly higher at Piedras Blancas.

It is common to spend at least one night in Confluencia while trekking to base camp in order to acclimatise properly. Summit attempts are usually made from a high camp at either Nido de Cóndores or Berlín. Although Berlín is closer to the summit, many climbers find that they rest better at Nido and are able to make up for the lost time. Some well-acclimatised climbers also pitch their high camp even further up the mountain, at Piedras Blancas (~6,000m) or near Independencia (~6350m). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1543x750, 831 KB) Photograph illustrating the Normal route to the summit of Aconcagua from Nido de Condores. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1543x750, 831 KB) Photograph illustrating the Normal route to the summit of Aconcagua from Nido de Condores. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Everest redirects here. ...


History

The first attempt on Aconcagua by a European was made in 1883 by a party led by the German geologist and explorer Paul Güssfeldt. Bribing porters with the story that there was treasure on the mountain, he approached the mountain via the Rio Volcan, making two attempts on the peak by the north-west ridge and reaching an altitude of 6,500 metres (21,300 ft). The route that he prospected is now the normal route up the mountain. Dr Paul Güssfeldt (14 October 1840 – 18 January 1920) was a German geologist, mountaineer and explorer. ...


The first recorded[1] ascent was in 1897 on a British expedition led by Edward Fitzgerald. The summit was reached by the Swiss guide Matthias Zurbriggen on January 14 and by two other expedition members a few days later. 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Matthias Zurbriggen (1856 in Saas Fee, Switzerland - 1917 in Geneva) was one of the great nineteenth century Alpinists and mountain guides. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Popular culture

Pedro and Aconcagua
Pedro and Aconcagua
  • The mountain has a cameo in a 1943 Disney cartoon called Pedro[1]. The cartoon stars an anthropomorphic small airplane named Pedro who is compelled to make an air mail run over the Andes and has a near-disastrous encounter with Aconcagua. The mountain (also anthropomorphic, and scary-looking), later appeared in an illustration used in a retelling of the story in a Disney anthology book.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ...

See also

Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... Las Heras is a city in the province of Mendoza, Argentina, located in the north of the metropolitan area of the provincial capital (Greater Mendoza). ...

Note

  1. ^ a b The possibility of a previous ascent, even a precolumbian ascent, cannot be discounted, although no definitive evidence of such an ascent exists. Animal remains have been found high on the mountain, and peaks almost as high as Aconcagua, such as Llullaillaco, were ascended for ceremonial purposes in Inca times.
  2. ^ Simkin, T. and Siebert, L. (2002-). What is the world's highest volcano? Smithsonian Institution, Global Volcanism Program. Accessed 28 November 2007.

The term pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the Americas in the era before significant European influence. ... Llullaillaco is a stratovolcano at the border of Argentina (province of Salta) and Chile. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Aerial view
Aerial view
Touristic Location
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aconcagua

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aconcagua - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (415 words)
The Cerro Aconcagua is located in Argentina and is the highest mountain in The Americas and the Southern Hemisphere, as well the highest peak outside of Asia and one of the Seven Summits.
The Aconcagua River rises on the southern slope and flows west, meeting the Pacific Ocean 20km north of Valparaíso, Chile.
In mountaineering terms, Aconcagua is technically an easy mountain if approached from the North, the 'Normal route', on this approach no actual climbing is needed although the effects of altitude are severe (atmospheric pressure is 40% of sea-level at the summit).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m