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Encyclopedia > Achintya Bheda Abheda

Achintya-Bheda-Abheda is the philosophy of inconceivable one-ness and difference, in relation to the individual soul (jiva) and God (Krishna) within the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition. Achintya literally means 'inconceivable', bheda translates to 'difference', and abheda translates to 'one-ness'. It was first taught by the movement's theological founder Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and differentiates the Gaudiya tradition from the other Vaishnava Sampradayas. In Hinduism and Jainism, a jiva is the immortal essence of a living being, subject to maya. ... == krishna full name krishnadas and he is a hardware eng working in a mnc company his native is in kerala palghat alathur kunissery. ... Gaudiya Vaishnavism, (Bengal) Vaishnavism, is a sect of Hinduism founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. ... Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Caitanya, IAST ) (Bangla ) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). ... Vaishnavism is one of the principal divisions of Hinduism. ...

Contents

Historal perspective

Historically within Hinduism there are two conflicting philosophies regarding the relationship between the living beings (jiva or atma) and God (Ishvara, Brahman or Bhagavan). Advaita schools assert the monistic view that the individual soul and God are one and the same, whereas Dvaita schools give the dualistic argument that the individual soul and God are eternally seperate. The philosophy of Achintya-bheda-abheda includes elements of both viewpoints. The living soul is intrinsically linked with the Supreme Lord, and yet at the same time is not the same as God - the exact nature of this relationship being inconceivable to the human mind. Hinduism (Sanskrit: , , also known as , ) is a religion that originated on the Indian Subcontinent. ... Atma is a derivation of the sanskrit word atman and means individual soul. ... Ishvara (ईश्वर in devanagari script, pronunciation ī:shvərə), also variously transliterated (romanized) as Īshvara, Īshwara, Īshwar, Īśvara, etc. ... Brahman (Devanagari: ब्रह्म ) in the Vedantic schools of Hindu philosophy, is the signifying name given to the concept of the unchanging, infinite, immanent and transcendent reality of all things in this universe. ... Bhagavan - (also Bhagawan or Bhagwan) is a religio/theological title associated with particular Hindu deities and/or saints, by their devotees. ... Advaita Vedanta is probably the best known of all Vedanta schools of Hinduism, the others being Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita. ... Dvaita, a school of Vedanta (the most widespread Hindu philosophy) founded by Shri Madhvacharya, stresses a strict distinction between God and souls. ...


Philosophy

The theological tenet of achintya-bheda-abheda tattva reconciles the fact that God is simultaneously "one with and different from His creation". In this sense Vaishnava theology is not pantheistic as in no way does it deny the separate existence of God (Vishnu) in His own personal form. However, at the same time, creation (or what is termed in Vaishnava theology as the 'cosmic manifestation') is never separated from God. He always exercises supreme control over his creation. Sometimes directly, but most of the time indirectly through his different potencies or energies (prakrti). Vaishnavism is one of the principal divisions of Hinduism. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari , with honorific Shri Vishnu; , ), (also frequently referred to as Narayana) is the most popularly worshipped form of God in Hinduism [1]. Within the Vaishnava tradition he is viewed as the Ultimate Reality or Supreme God (similarly to Shiva within Shaivism). ... Prakrti or Prakriti (from Sanskrit language) is, according to samkhya philosophy, the basic matter of which the universe consists. ...


"One who knows God knows that the impersonal conception and personal conception are simultaneously present in everything and that there is no contradiction. Therefore Lord Caitanya established His sublime doctrine: acintya bheda-and-abheda-tattva -- simultaneous oneness and difference." (A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)[1] Srila Prabhupada under a painting of Krishna A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896–November 14, 1977) was born Abhay Charan De, in Calcutta, West Bengal. ...


The analogy often used as an explanation in this context in the relationship between the Sun and the Sunshine.[2] For example both the sun and sunshine are part of the same reality, but there is a great difference between having a beam of sunshine in your room, to being in close proximaty to the sun itself. Qualitively both the sun and the sunshine are the same, but in terms of quantity they are very different. This analogy is applied to the living beings and God - the jiva being of a similar quality to the Supreme being, but not sharing the qualities to an infinite extent, as would the Personality of Godhead himself. Thus there is a difference between the souls and the Supreme Lord. The Sun is the star of our solar system. ... Prism splitting light Sunlight in the broad sense is the total spectrum of electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Infinity is a word carrying a number of different meanings in mathematics, philosophy, theology and everyday life. ...


Miscellaneous

The phrase is used as the chorus line in Kula Shaker's 1998 hit song Tattva. "Achintya-bheda-abheda-tattva". Kula Shaker are a British psychedelic rock band who came to prominence during the Britpop era. ... According to the Indian school of Samkhya philosophy, the Tattva are a way of directly experiencing the 5 alchemical elements. ...


See also

Vallabhacharya (1479 - 1531) was the founder of the Vallabha sect in Indian philosophy. ... Vishisthadvaita is a qualified monism in which God alone exists but admits plurality. ... Dvaitadvaita was proposed by Nimbarka, a 13th Century Vaishnava Philosopher who hailed from Andhra Region. ... Hare Krishna Mantra in Devanagari. ... In Hindu theology, Paramatman is Absolute Atman or Supreme Soul. ... Founder of ISKCON: A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), also known as the Hare Krishna was founded in 1966 by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. ...

References

  1. ^ Bhagavad Gita (As-it-Is) 7.8
  2. ^ Bhag-P 4.31.16 "One may be in the sunshine, but he is not on the sun itself. Those who live in this material world are living on the bodily rays of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but they cannot see Him personally in the material condition."

External links

  • Hinduism & Vaishnavism (veda.harekrsna.cz)
  • Caitanya Caritamrita Ml-6.163 (vedabase.net)

 
 

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