FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Achern
Achern
Coat of arms of Achern Location of Achern in Germany
 
Federal state Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region Freiburg
District Ortenaukreis
Population 24,512 (December 31, 2004)
Area 65.24 km²
Population density 376/km²
Elevation 142 m
Coordinates 48°38′ N 8°4′ E
Postal code 77841-77855
Area code 07841
Licence plate code OG
Mayor Reinhart Köstlin
Website achern.de

Achern is a city in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located approximately 18km southwest of Baden-Baden and 19km northeast of Offenburg. Achern is the fourth largest city in the county of Ortenau (Ortenaukreis), after Offenburg, Lahr/Black Forest and Kehl. Image File history File links Wappen_Achern. ... Image File history File links Karte_Achern. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in south-western Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an administrative region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Freiburg is one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the south-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in south-western Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Lahr is a city in southern Germany between Freiburg and Strasbourg in the Rhine river valley, at 48 deg, 21 min N, 7 deg, 52 min E. Lahr is the birthplace of Felix Wankel, inventor of the Wankel rotary combustion engine. ...


As subsequent to the district reform in the 1970s the population passed the 20,000 mark, Achern requested to be awarded the status of Große Kreisstadt. The status was granted by the State government effective January 1, 1974. Achern collaborates with the communities of Lauf, Sasbach, and Sasbachwalden in administrative matters. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


Besides Achern itself, the municipality includes the boroughs of Fautenbach, Gamshurst, Großweier, Mösbach, Oberachern, Önsbach, Sasbachried and Wagshurst.

Contents


Geography

Geographic location

Achern is located in the northern Black Forest near the Hornisgrinde, at the entrance to the Acher Valley and not far from the eastern edge of the Upper Rhine Valley. Coming from the Black Forest, the Acher enters the city from the southeast and passes Oberachern on its way to the center of town with the historic center, the Altstadt, situated on the right bank. The Acher then continues on in northwesterly direction between Fautenbach and Großweier and south of Gamshurst, before leaving the city to head for the Rhine. The river gave the city its name. A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... The Hornisgrinde, 1164 m (3820 ft), is the highest mountain in the Northern Black Forest of Germany. ... The Upper Rhine is the part of the Rhine that flows between Basel and Bingen. ... The Acher is a river in Ortenau County, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and a tributary of the Rhine River. ... At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...


Several artificially created lakes, some of which still produce gravel and sand. The largest lake is called Achernsee, near the Achern Autobahn ramp, in the West of the city.


Neighboring communities

Achern is surrounded by the following communities (starting clockwise from the north): Lichtenau and Ottersweier (both Rastatt County), as well as Sasbach (Ortenau), Lauf (Baden), Sasbachwalden, Kappelrodeck, Renchen, and Rheinau (Baden), all part of Ortenau County. Ottersweier is a community in western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Rastatt is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Sasbach is a community in Ortenau County in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Lauf is a community in Ortenau County in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Sasbachwalden is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... Kappelrodeck is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... Renchen is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... Rheinau (Baden) is a town in southwestern Baden-Württemberg, Germany and is part of Ortenau County. ...


City boroughs

Within the municipal borders of Achern, the city is made up of the city center (Kernstadt), and the boroughs that were redistricted into Achern during the District Reform in the 1970s, namely, Fautenbach, Gamshurst, Großweier, Mösbach, Oberachern, Önsbach, Sasbachried and Wagshurst. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...


Except Oberachern, the boroughs also have community status under state administrative law, which entitles them to a borough council, elected by registered voters in municipal elections. The borough councils are headed up by the Borough President.


In some cases, named neighborhoods or developments are part of the boroughs, though often with few residents and not clearly defined limits. Examples of such neighborhoods are Litzloch, Michelbuch and Ziegelhütte in Gamshurst, Malghurst in Sasbachried, Lindenhof in Fautenbach and Schollenhof in Wagshurst.


History

Achern was first mentioned in 1095 as Acchara and developed later into Oberachern and Niederachern. Eventually, Niederachern was referred to only as Achern. During the High Middle Ages the town became part of the German Reich, courtesy of the Staufenberger und Zähringer families, and was included in the Landsvogtei of Ortenau. In 1334, together with Ortenau Achern became part of Baden, in 1351 it went to Strasbourg, in 1405 to Palatinate, and in 1504 to Fürstenberg. In 1551 the town became part of Further Austria and part of the Reichlandsvogtei Ortenau. In 1495 and then again in 1637 Achern burned to the ground and was uninhabited for several years thereafter. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Events May 29 - Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, meets Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them June 8 - Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... 1504 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fürstenberg is the name of a noble house in Germany, primarily based in southern Baden-Württemberg). ... Events Russia, Reforming Synod of the metropolite Macaire, Orthodoxy: introduction of a calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code ( Stoglav ) Major outbreak of the sweating sickness in England. ... Further Austria (in German: Vorderösterreich or die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in south-western Germany (Swabia), the Alsace, and in Vorarlberg after the focus of the Habsburgs had moved to Austria. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ...


In 1805 Achern again became part of the then Grand Duchy of Baden and was made an district court seat. In 1808 it was awarded City status. In 1924 the district of Achern was dissolved and became part of the district of Bühl which was awarded County status in 1939. 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Several communes have the name Bühl: in Germany Bühl, Rastatt, in the district Rastatt Bühl, Tübingen, in the district Tübingen in Switzerland Bühl bei Aarberg , in the Canton of Bern This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After World War II Bühl County was part of the State of Baden and from 1952 part of the Regierungsbezirk of South Baden. Pursuant to the district reform Bühl County was dissolved, effective January 1, 1973. Its southern part and with it the city of Achern was made part of the newly created Ortenaukreis. Combatants Allies: • Soviet Union, • UK & Commonwealth, • USA, • France/Free France, • China, • Poland, • ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Japan, • Italy, • ...and others Commanders Strength Casualties Full list Full list World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A Regierungsbezirk is an administrative region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...


History of the boroughs

The boroughs all came under the rule of Baden in 1805 largely as part of the district of Achern. Exceptions are Mösbach, which first belonged to the district of Oberkirch and was joined into the Achern district in 1859, and Wagshurst, which first belonged to the district of Appenweier and became part of the Achern district in 1819. When the district of Achern was dissolved in 1924, all of its communities except Wagshurst were joined with the district, and in 1939, County of Bühl. Wagshurst became part of the County of Kehl. 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Appenweier is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kehl is a town in southwestern Germany in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg. ...

  • Fautenbach was first mentioned circa 1100 as 'Vultenbach'. Via the cloister in Hirsau it gained Großweier und Schauenburg.
  • Gamshurst was first mentioned in 902 as "Hurst des Gaman" and was an expansion of Sasbach.
  • Großweier was first mentioned around 1115 as "Crosvvilare". It remained 'Croschweier: well into the 19th Century. Like Gamshurst it was an expansion of Sasbach. Großweier had been given to a family as a fief by the Duke of Baden. That vassal family lived in and took its name from the castle in town. When the last of the vassal family died, Großweier became the property of the Lords of Seldeneck who's kin sold it back to Baden in 1853. The Water Castle was then the seat of the district court until it was was moved to Bühl after the castle's destruction in 1689.
  • Mösbach was first mentioned in 1386 as 'Mestbach'. It belonged to Strasbourg before it became part of Baden.
  • Oberachern was first mentioned in 1347 as Obernacher. Before that date no distinction was made between Oberachern and Niederachern. It belonged to the Staufenberg family as early as 1100 though parts of it belonged to the cloister in Hirsau. Before 1130 Oberachern belonged to the cloister St. Georgen. In the 12th Century a noble and free family who apparently also supplied the judges for Achern, named itself after the city. This family lived in a Water Castle the remains of which were later used in the construction of the Stephanus church tower in Oberachern. While Oberachern was part of the district court Achern und as such shared in Achern's luck, it had always been an independent village until it was annexed in 1971.
  • Önsbach was first mentioned in the 13th Century as "Ongisbach". The cloisters in Honau, Ettenheim and Allerheiligen all owned property in the village. The village was part of the district of Achern.
  • Sasbachried was first mentioned in 1697 as "aus dem Rieth". It grew out of Sasbach and, like Sasbach, it used to belong to Strasbourg. In the 19th Century Sasbachried split from Sasbach and became an independent community.
  • Wagshurst was first mentioned in 1136 as "Wageshurst". It too belonged to Strasbourg and was part of the distirct court of Ulm.

Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ... Hirsau, 1907 Hirsau (formerly Hirsckau) is a village in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, located in the south-west portion of the country. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 902 ... Events Clairvaux Abbey is founded by St. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... -1... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ... Events February 13 - Innocent II is elected pope An antipope schism occurs when Roger II of Sicily supports Anacletus II as pope instead of Innocent II. Innocent flees to France and Anacletus crowns Roger King. ... Sankt Georgen (Black Forest) is a town in Southwestern Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Schwarzwald-Baar County. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Lichtenstein is a municipality in the Tübingen administrative region (Regierungsbezirke) in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ettenheim is a town in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Events Completion of the Saint Denis Basilica in Paris Peter Abelard writes the Historia Calamitatum, detailing his relationship with Heloise People of Novgorod rebel against the hereditary prince Vsevolod and depose him Births Amalric I of Jerusalem William of Newburgh, English historian (died 1198) Deaths November 15 - Margrave Leopold III... Ulm is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg (about 100 km south-east of Stuttgart). ...

Religions

In the beginning Achern was part of the diocese of Strasbourg and as a consequence of its belonging to Further Austria the Reformation couldn't catch hold. Achern and its surrounding area therefore remained almost exclusively catholic throughout the centuries. In 1803 the communities were joined with the diocese of Konstanz before it became part of the newly created archdiocese of Freiburg in 1821 through 1827. The villages then belonged to the district of Ottersweier but in 1929 Achern became its own district with the catholic city church (Stadtkirche) as its seat. Additional catholic communities, whose churches were elevated to parishes early on, exist in almost all boroughs. Only Mösbach didn't become a parish until 1865 and Sasbachried is still serviced by the neighboring parish of Sasbach. All parishes now belong to the Acher-Renchtal district within the archdiocese of Freiburg. Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Konstanz (English typically Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants on the shore of Lake Constance in the south-west corner of Germany, bordering Switzerland. ... 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ottersweier is a community in western Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


At the dawn of the 19th Century protestants started to move into Achern. The first protestant service was held in 1842 in the Illenau hospital. The protestant parish of Achern, founded in 1892, was able to build its church, the Christuskirche, in 1908 and 1909. The protestant parish also serves the boroughs of Oberachern, Fautenbach, Gamshurst, Großweier and Sasbachried as well as the neighboring towns of Sasbach, Obersasbach and Lauf. The boroughs of Önsbach, Mösbach and Wagshurst on the other hand, are part of the parish of Renchen. The protestant parish of Achern first belonged to the district of Rheinbischofsheim, and later on to the districts of Baden-Baden and Rastatt. The parish of Renchen belongs to the district of Kehl within the Protestant diocese of Baden. Finally, the Josua-Christian parish and the christian parish Sasbachried are the two independent churches in Achern. 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Renchen is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ... Rheinau (Baden) is a town in southwestern Baden-Württemberg, Germany and is part of Ortenau County. ...


Also represented in Achern, though in smaller numbers, are muslims, Jehovah's Witnesses, New Apostolic Church, and Seventh Day Adventists. A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The New Apostolic Church (NAC) is an chiliastic church, existing since 1879 in Germany and since 1897 in the Netherlands. ... The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA), colloquially referred to as the Adventists, is an evangelical Protestant Christian denomination that grew out of the prophetic Millerite movement in the United States during the middle part of the 19th century. ...


District reform

The following villages and areas were incorporated into the city of Achern:


January 1, 1971: Oberachern January 1, 1973: Fautenbach, Gamshurst, Großweier, Mösbach, Önsbach, Sasbachried und Wagshurst January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ...


Demographics

Figures reflect the city limits at the time and are estimates or Census data (¹), or official extensions thereof, counting only primary residences.

Year Population
1808 1,300
1825 1,638
1845 2,242
December 1, 1871 2,767
December 1, 1880 ¹ 3,145
December 1, 1900 ¹ 3,396
December 1, 1910 ¹ 3,962
June 16, 1925 ¹ 5,335
June 16, 1933 ¹ 5,338
May 17, 1939 ¹ 5,835
1946 ¹ 4,492
Year Population
September 13, 1950 ¹ 4,932
June 6, 1961 ¹ 6,141
May 27, 1970 ¹ 7,596
December 31, 1975 20,621
December 31, 1980 20,543
May 27, 1987 ¹ 20,524
December 31, 1990 21,382
December 31, 1995 22,658
December 31, 2000 23,911
March 31, 2005 24,521

¹ Census result 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX in Roman) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX in Roman) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Government

City Council

The municipal elections on June 13, 2004 resulted in the following make-up of the City Council:

CDU 8 Seats
Independents 7 Seats
ABL 5 Seats
UGA 4 Seats
SPD 2 Seats

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ...

Mayor

Heading up the village of Achern was the Heimburge (later: Bürgermeister or mayor) and the Bauernzwölfer. Since becoming part of Baden, the Mayor and City Council attend to Achern's local administration. The mayor is elected for a period of 8 years in direct elections. The mayor is also the City Council President. The First Councilman or woman is given the additional role of Deputy Mayor.


Mayors since 1905

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Flag and coat of arms

Achern's coat of arms shows a split shield in the front, on golden background half a black eagle with red tipped wings, and in the back a silver beam on red background. Achern's flag is red-white-red. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


The coat of arms has been in use for a long time. The eagle was the symbol of the district court and appears in the seals of the court as early as 1415. When the district was lost to Austria the white beam was added to the seal. The seal later served as the foundation for the coat of arms which is in use to this day. Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ...


People, culture & architecture

Theater

Achern is home to the Illenau Theater Achern e.V., a private theater company.


Museums

The Sensen- und Heimatmuseum Achern features an original scythe manufacturing facility. Displays also show the history of cutting tools from the Bronze Age through the present. In addition there is an exhibit covering Achern's local history. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


Buildings

The St.-Nikolaus Chapel, also called "Klausenkirchel", is the symbol of the city. It was built around 1300 and features a round corner tower. The main church in the city, it is a catholic church, built in 1824 and designed in the Weinbrenner style. It's predecessor was a Chapel of Mary, that was promoted in 1489 to Kaplanei and then again in 1535 to parish. Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ...


The former Grand Duchy's hospital is also a sight worth seeing. It was built in 1842 and was also the place where the first protestant services were held in the city. A dedicated protestant church was not built until 1909. 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In the boroughs one can find the following churches: Catholic Church of Saint Bernard of Baden in Fautenbach (built in 1955 and 1956), catholic Church of Saint Nicholas in Gamshurst (built in 1927 im neo-baroque style), Catholic Church of Großweier (built from 1901 in neo-gothic style), Catholic Church of Saint Roman in Mösbach (built in 1862, neo-gothic), Catholic Church of Saint Stefan in Oberachern (built 1903 through 1905 in a mix of neo-classical, late gothic and baroque styles), Pilgrims Chapel of Saint St. Antonius in Oberachern (built in 1763 and 1764), Catholic Church of Saint Joseph (built in 1808, but Joseph's Chapel existed as early as 1686), Catholic Church of Saint John the Baptist (built in 1899 in neoroman style, but there is evidence that a chapel exited already shortly after the Thirty Years' War). 1955 (MCMLV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In the arts, Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the artistic style that dominated it. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... See also Gothic art. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In the arts, Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the artistic style that dominated it. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Events The League of Augsburg is founded. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ...


Events

  • The Stadtfest takes place every other year during the second weekend in July
  • The Achern City Soccer Championship is an annual event where the boroughs compete for the title of City Champion.

Economy and infrastructure

As Achern is the center of the otherwise rural region of northern Ortenau County, small merchant enterprises are very important.


Infrastructure

Achern is located off the Autobahn A 5, Exit Achern (between Karlsruhe and Basel), and is easily accessed by car or truck also via federal highway B 3 that runs through the city. Image File history File links Zeichen_330. ... ZACH LIKES MEN. SO DOES JUN. HEY JUN. GO LICK A WEINER ... Bundesautobahn 5 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 5, short form Autobahn 5, abbreviated as BAB 5 or A 5) is a 445 km (277 mi) long Autobahn in Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Karlsruhe Coat of Arms of Karlsruhe Karlsruhe castle at night Karlsruhe (population 282,595 in December 2003) is a city of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... Location within Switzerland Basel (English traditionally: Basle , German: Basel , French: Bâle , Italian: Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ...


Ahern's train station is a stop on the Karlsruhe-Basel route and used as the starting point of the SWEG line to Ottenhöfen. Image File history File links Db-schild. ... Ottenhöfen/Black Forest is a town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany and belongs to Ortenau County. ...


Public transportation within the city and its immediate surroundings (ÖPNV) is offered by several bus lines. Image File history File links Zeichen_224. ...


Media

In Achern, the Badischen Neuesten Nachrichten (BNN), a daily newspaper operating out of Karlsruhe, publishes a local edition by the name of "Acher und Bühler Bote" and the Offenburger Tageblatt publishes its local edition as "Acher-Rench-Zeitung". Map of Germany showing Karlsruhe Coat of Arms of Karlsruhe Karlsruhe castle at night Karlsruhe (population 282,595 in December 2003) is a city of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ...


Public service

Achern is the seat of a district court, the Finance Ministry maintains an office, and residents can find a notary public. In addition, the Ortenau County Hospital is also located in Achern.


Education

Achern has a college-track highschool (Gymnasium Achern), a non-college-track highschool (Robert-Schumann-Realschule, a school for the learning disabled (Achertalschule), three grammar and middle schools with a vocational highschool (Antoniusschule Oberachern, Grund- und Hauptschule mit Werkrealschule Achern, Grund- und Hauptschule Önsbach and Vinzenz-Wachter-Schule), as well as five grammar schools, one each in the boroughs of Gamshurst, Grossweier, Mösbach, Sasbachried and Wagshurst. Gymnasium Achern is a Gymnasium (high school) in Achern, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, founded in 1877. ...


Ortenau County operates two vocational training schools (Gewerbeschule Achern and Kaufmännische und Hauswirtschaftliche Schule), the Maiwaldschule for the language handicapped, and the nursing school that is attached to the County Hospital in Achern.


Furthermore, Achern is home of the Music and Art School Achern-Oberkirch.


Famous people

Sons and daughters of Achern

1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Auschwitz is the name loosely used to identify the largest Nazi extermination camp along with two main German concentration camps and 45-50 sub-camps. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ...

Others

  • Bertolt Brecht (born February 10, 1898 in Augsburg; died August 14, 1956 in Berlin) influential German playright and poet of the 20th Century. As a child, Brecht lived with his grandparents, who resided in Achern.
  • Heinrich Hansjakob, author. Several times, Hansjakob was a patient at the Illenau Hospital because of psychological illnesses.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...

Sister cities

Since 1987 Achern has partnered with the city of Morez in France. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

References

Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent German-language wikipedia article (retrieved January 25, 2006). The German article cited the following sources:

  • Badisches Städtebuch; Band IV 2. Teilband aus "Deutsches Städtebuch. Handbuch städtischer Geschichte - Im Auftrage der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der historischen Kommissionen und mit Unterstützung des Deutschen Städtetages, des Deutschen Städtebundes und des Deutschen Gemeindetages, hrsg. von Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1959
  • Hans-Martin Pillin, Achern. Eine Stadt und ihre Geschichte, Achern 1997.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Black Forest Genealogy (5648 words)
Achern lies at the geographic center of the former Grand Duchy of Baden.
Achern Catholic parish records begin in 1673 (a fire destroyed earlier records in 1673).
The parish of Oberachern is much older than Achern, and served as the Mother Church for the Acher Valley, which includes the city of Achern.
Achern Hôtels - Hôtel Logement à Achern | Baden-W³rttemberg Allemagne (291 words)
Achern Hôtels - Hôtel Logement à Achern
A recreation locality for body and soul in the midst of one of the best vine growing districts of Germany, between the Black Forest and the Alsace, about one mile away from Offenburg center.
With a great range of budget to luxury hotels in Achern, with many reviews and thousands of visitors per day, you can be sure to enjoy your Baden-W³rttemberg visit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m