? Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... IUPAC nomenclature is a system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. ... PubChem is a database of chemical molecules. ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... General Name, Symbol, Number carbon, C, 6 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 14, 2, p Appearance black (graphite) colorless (diamond) Standard atomic weight 12. ... General Name, Symbol, Number hydrogen, H, 1 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 1, 1, s Appearance colorless Atomic mass 1. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... The molecular mass (abbreviated MM) of a substance, formerly also called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW, is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In pharmacology, bioavailability is used to describe the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. ... Drug metabolism is the metabolism of drugs, their biochemical modification or degradation, usually through specialized enzymatic systems. ... It has been suggested that Effective half-life be merged into this article or section. ... Excretion is the process of eliminating waste products of metabolism and other materials that are of no use. ... The pregnancy category of a pharmaceutical agent is an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to the pharmaceutical, if it is used as directed by the mother during pregnancy. ...
Acetyldihydrocodeine is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. It is not commonly used, but has activity similar to other opiates. Acetyldihydrocodeine can be described as the 6-acetyl derivative of dihydrocodeine and is metabolised in the liver by demethylation and deacetylation to produce dihydromorphine. The regulation of therapeutic goods, that is drugs and therapeutic devices, varies by jurisdiction. ... In pharmacology and toxicology, a route of administration is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison or other substance is brought into contact with the body 1. ... In medicine, the term opiate describes any of the narcotic alkaloids found in opium. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dihydrocodeine, also called DHC and Paracodeine and by the brand names of SS Bron, Drocode, Paracodin, Codidol, Didor Continus, Dicogesic, and DF-118 amongst others, is a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic prescribed for postoperative pain, severe dyspnea, or as an antitussive. ... Dihydromorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid invented in Germany in the first years of the twentieth century. ...
Since acetyldihydrocodeine has higher lipophilicity than codeine and is converted into dihydromorphine rather than morphine, it can be expected to be more potent and longer lasting, and also have higher bioavailability than codeine; however its action is still limited by the rate at which liver enzymes demethylate it into dihydromorphine. Side effects are similar to those of other opiates and include itching, nausea and respiratory depression. Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In pharmacology, bioavailability is used to describe the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. ... An opioid is any agent that binds to opioid receptors found principally in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. ... An itch (Latin: pruritus) is a sensation felt on an area of skin that makes a person or animal want to scratch it. ... For the Beck song, see Nausea (song). ... In medicine, hypoventilation exists when ventilation is inadequate to perform gas exchange. ...
3-methylfentanyl, α-methylfentanyl, Acetorphine, Acetyldihydrocodeine, Acetyldihydrocodeinone, Acetylmorphone, Alfentanil, Allylprodine, Alphaprodine, Anileridine, Bemidone, Benzylmorphine, Betahydroxyfentanyl, Beta-4-morpholinylethylmorphine, Betaprodine, Betmeprodine, Bezitramide, Buprenorphine, Butorphanol, Carfentanil, Clonitazene, Codeine, Codeine-N-Oxide, Codeinone, Cyclazocine, Cyclorphan, Desomorphine, Dextromoramide, Dextropropoxyphene, Dezocine, Diacetyldihydromorphine, Diethylthiambutene, Difenoxin, Dihydrocodeine, Dihydrocodeinone enol acetate, Dihydrohydroxycodeinone, Dihydrodesoxymorphine. Dihydroetorphine, Dihydroheroin, Dihydroisocodeine, Dihydromorphine, Dimethylthiambutene, Diphenoxylate, Dipipanone, Diprenorphine, Dipropanoylmorphine, Ethylketocyclazocine, Ethylmorphine, Etonitazene, Etorphine, Fentanyl, Diamorphine (Heroin), Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Isomethadone, Ketobemidone, Laudanum, Lefetamine, Levallorphan, Levo-alphacetylmethadol, Levomethorphan, Levomethadone, Levorphanol, Levopropoxyphene, Loperamide, Meptazinol, Metazocine, Methadone, Metopon, Monoacetylmorphine, Morphine-N-Oxide, Morphine, Morphinone, Morphine-6-glucuronide, MPPP, Myorphine, Nalbuphine, Nalmefene, Nalorphine, Naloxone, Naltrexone, Nicocodeine, Nicodicodeine, Nicomorphine, Norcodeine, N-allyl-normorphine, Ohmefentanyl, Omnopon, Opium, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Pantopon, Papaveretum, Paregoric, Pentazocine, PEPAP, Pethidine (Meperidine), Phenadoxone, Phenazocine, Phenomorphan, Phenoperidine, Pholcodeine, Piminodine, Piritramide, Prodine, Proheptazine, Propiram, Propoxyphene, Racemethorphan, Racemorphan, Remifentanil, Sufentanil, Tetrapon, Thebacon, Thebaine, Thiofentanil, Tilidine, Tramadol, Trimeperidine An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ... Î±-methylfentanyl is an opioid analgesic that is an analogue of fentanyl. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Acetylmorphone (Dihydromorphinone acetate) is an opiate analogue that is an acetylated derivative of hydromorphone which was developed in the early 1900s as a potential cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Alfentanil (Alfenta) is a parenteral short-acting opioid painkiller, used for anaesthesia in surgery. ... Anileridine (LeritineÂ®) is a synthetic opioid and strong analgesic medication. ... Bezitramide (4-[4-(2-oxo-3-propanoyl-benzoimidazol-1-yl)-1-piperidyl]-2,2-diphenyl-butanenitrile MW: 492. ... Buprenorphine, also colloquially referred to as bupe or subbies, is an opioid drug with partial agonist and antagonist actions. ... Butorphanol (INN) is a morphinan-type synthetic opioid analgesic marketed in the U.S. under the trade name Stadol. ... Carfentanil, also Carfentanyl, is an analogue of the popular opioid Fentanyl, and is currently the most potent opioid known [Actually Ohmefentanil is 13,000X morphine]. It has a quantitative potency approximately 10,000 times that of morphine and 100 times that of fentanyl (activity in humans starting at about 1... Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... Codeinone is a strong Opiod. ... Cyclazocine is a mixed opiate agonist-antagonist. ... Dextromoramide (PalfiumÂ®, PalphiumÂ®, JetriumÂ®, DimorlinÂ®) is the right-handed isomer of the moramide molecule. ... Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category. ... Diacetyldihydromorphine (Paralaudin, Dihydroheroin) is a potent opiate derivative which is rarely used in some countries for the treatment of strong pain such as that caused by terminal cancer, as a more potent form of diamorphine. ... Dihydrocodeine, also called DHC and Paracodeine and by the brand names of SS Bron, Drocode, Paracodin, Codidol, Didor Continus, Dicogesic, and DF-118 amongst others, is a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic prescribed for postoperative pain, severe dyspnea, or as an antitussive. ... The chemical structure of dihydrocodeinone enol acetate Dihydrocodeinone Enol Acetate, or Thebacon, formerly marketed as its hydrochloride salt under the trade name Acedicon, is a semisynthetic opioid once used as an antitussive, primarily in Europe. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Diacetyldihydromorphine (Paralaudin, Dihydroheroin) is a potent opiate derivative developed in Germany in 1929 which is rarely used in some countries for the treatment of strong pain such as that caused by terminal cancer, as a more potent form of diamorphine. ... Dihydromorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid invented in Germany in the first years of the twentieth century. ... On opiod agonist used for the treatment of diarrhea. ... Dipipanone hydrochloride is an opioid painkiller. ... Dipropanoylmorphine is the 3,6-dipropanoyl ester of morphine, CAS number 10589-79-4. ... Ethylmorphine is a drug in the class of both opiates (representing a minor synthetic change from morphine) and opioids (being effective in the CNSs opioid reception system) . Its effects in humans mainly stem from its metabolic conversion to morphine. ... Etonitazene, (2-(p-Ethoxybenzyl)-1-diethylaminoethyl-5-nitrobenzimidazole), is a schedule I opiate. ... Etorphine (ImmobilonÂ® or M99) is a synthetic cousin of morphine and 1000 - 80,000 times more powerful. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Heroin ((INN) Diacetylmorphine , (BAN) diamorphine) is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... It has been suggested that Vicodin be merged into this article or section. ... Hydromorphone is a drug developed in Germany in the 1920s and introduced to the mass market beginning in 1926. ... Ketobemidone structure Ketobemidone is a powerful opioid analgesic. ... For other uses, see Laudanum (disambiguation). ... Lefetamine is a psychoactive drug which has effects similar to both morphine and methylphenidate. ... Levo-alpha-acetyl-methadol (LAAM for short) is a synthetic opioid similar in structure to methadone. ... Levomethorphan is an optical isomer of dextromethorphan. ... Levorphanol is an opioid medication used to treat severe pain. ... The structure of Levopropoxyphene Levopropoxyphene is an antitussive. ... Loperamide, usually as hydrochloride, is a drug effective against diarrhea resulting from gastroenteritis or inflammatory bowel disease. ... Methadone is a synthetic opioid, used medically as an analgesic and in the treatment of narcotic addiction. ... Metopon (5-methylhydromorphone hydrochloride) is an opiate analogue that is a methylated derivative of hydromorphone which was invented in 1948 as an analgesic. ... 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM) is one of 2 active metabolites of heroin (diacetylmorphine), the other being the much less active 3-monoacetylmorphine (3-MAM). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Morphinone is a very strong Opiod. ... Morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) is of more than simply academic interest, since it is the major active metabolite of morphine, and as such is the molecule responsible for much of the pain-relieving effects of morphine (and heroin and codeine). ... MPPP (1-methyl 4-phenyl 4-propionoxypiperidine) is an opioid analgesic drug. ... Nalbuphine (nalbuphine hydrochloride) is a synthetic opioid used commercially as an analgesic under a variety of trade names, including Nubain. ... Nalmefene (Revex) is an opioid receptor antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence, and also has been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such as pathological gambling and addiction to shopping. ... Naloxone is a drug used to counter the effects of opioid overdose, for example heroin and morphine overdose. ... Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence and opioid dependence. ... Nicocodeine (Lyopect) is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Nicodicodeine is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Nicomorphine (Vilan) is the 3,6-dinicotinate ester of morphine. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Depiction of opium smokers in an opium den in the East End of London, 1874. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Oxymorphone (Opana, Numorphan) or 14-Hydroxydihydromorphinone is a powerful semi-synthetic opioid analgesic that is derived from thebaine, and is approximately 6-8 times more potent than morphine. ... Pantopon is a preparation of opiates made up of all of the alkaloids present in opium in their natural proportions as hydrochloride salts . ... Papaveretum (BAN) is a preparation containing a mixture of hydrochloride salts of opium alkaloids. ... Paregoric, or camphorated tincture of opium, is a medication known for its antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic properties. ... Pentazocine is a synthetically-prepared narcotic drug used to treat mild to moderate pain. ... Pethidine (INN) or meperidine (USAN) (also referred to as: isonipecaine; lidol; pethanol; piridosal; AlgilÂ®; AlodanÂ®; CentralginÂ®; DemerolÂ®; DispadolÂ®; DolantinÂ®; DolarganÂ® (in Poland); DolestineÂ®; DolosalÂ®; DolsinÂ®; MefedinaÂ®) is a fast-acting opioid analgesic drug. ... Phenoperidine is an opiod general anesthetic. ... Pholcodeine is an opioid used primarily as an antitussant (to treat cough) with little abuse potential. ... Piritramide (1-(3-cyano-3,3-diphenyl-propyl)-4-(1-piperidyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide, MW: 430. ... Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category that is used to treat severe pain and severe coughs. ... Racemethorphan is a racemic mixture of the stereoisomers of methorphan , namely dextromethorphan , which is the active ingredient in DM cough syrups , and the lesser known levomethorphan which is described as a controlled substance in The Merck Index - likely because it has more potential for abuse than its dextro enantiomer . ... Remifentanil is a potent ultra short-acting synthetic opioid analgesic drug. ... Sufentanil is a drug that belongs to the class of drugs known as the opioid analgesic drugs. ... The chemical structure of dihydrocodeinone enol acetate Dihydrocodeinone Enol Acetate, or Thebacon, formerly marketed as its hydrochloride salt under the trade name Acedicon, is a semisynthetic opioid once used as an antitussive, primarily in Europe. ... A minor constituent of opium, thebaine or paramorphine (C19H21NO3) is chemically similar to both morphine and codeine, but produces stimulatory rather than depressant effects. ... Tramadol (INN) (IPA: ) is an atypical opioid which is a centrally acting analgesic, used for treating moderate to severe pain. ...
Producers of pharmaceutical preparations containing no narcotic drugs other than codeine, ethylmorphine (dionine), dihydrocodeine (paracodine), codeine nicotinic acid ester (nicocodine), acetyldihydrocodeine or ß -4-morphololinylethylmorphine (pholcodine) may, however, supply samples of such preparations direct to doctors, but shall supply the Narcotic Drugs Control Authority with a monthly statement showing the samples supplied to individual doctors."
Application for import authorizations concerning pharmaceutical preparations not containing narcotic drugs other than codeine, ethylmorphine (dionine), dihydrocodeine (paracodine), codeine nicotinic acid ester (nicocodine), acetyldihydrocodeine or ß -4-morpholinylethylmorphine (pholcodine) need be made only on sheets 1 and 2 of form 7."
The export of pharmaceutical preparations not containing more than 100 mg of codeine, ethylmorphine (dionine), dihydrocodeine (paracodine), codeine nicotinic acid ester (nicocodine), acetyldihydrocodeine or ß -4-morpholinylethylmorphine (pholcodine)per dosage unit and not more than 2.5 per cent in undivided preparations and not containing, in addition, any other narcotic drug, is permitted without the above authorization."
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