The carbon of the carbonyl has an lone electron available, with which it forms a chemical bond to the remainder of the molecule.
The acetyl radical is a component of many organic compounds, including acetyl-CoA, the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, and the analgesics acetaminophen and acetylsalicylic acid (better known as aspirin).
The introduction of an acetyl group into a molecule is called acetylation.
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