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Encyclopedia > Accordion
Accordion
Accordion
Classification

Free-reed aerophone Accordion may refer to: Accordion, a musical instrument of the handheld bellows-driven free reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as a squeezebox Accordion (solitaire), a solitaire card game Accordion, a song by Madvillain from their album Madvillainy Accordion cut, a technique in butchery similar to butterflying Accordion (GUI), a... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air passes a reed in a chamber, causing the reed to vibrate. ...

Playing range

Depends on configuration. See common configurations for the Stradella bass range. In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ...

Related instruments
Musicians

Accordionists A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... Bandoneon Cardenal (made by ELA for Hohner) The bandoneón is a free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina. ... See the accordion article for features of the bayan that are common to all accordions. ... Wheatstone English concertina, circa 1920 This article is about the musical instrument. ... A flutina The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the draw of the bellows. ... Garmon The word garmon (Russian: гармонь) literally means accordion, in Russian although it usually usually refers to a specific class of Russian accordions that have two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least two rows of buttons on the... This article is about the musical instrument. ... A reed organ is an organ that generates its sounds using free metal reeds, similar to an accordion. ... The trikitixa or eskusoinu (hand sound) is a two-row Basque diatonic button accordion, with right-hand rows keyed a fifth apart and twelve unisonoric bass buttons. ...

An accordion is a musical instrument of the hand-held bellows-driven free-reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as a squeezebox. A person who plays the accordion is called an accordionist. It is played by compressing or expanding its bellows, while pressing buttons or keys, allowing air to flow across reeds inside the body - strips of material that will repeatedly vibrate to produce sound. A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... A large bellows creates a mushroom cloud at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, California. ... A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air passes a reed in a chamber, causing the reed to vibrate. ... The term Squeezebox is a colloquial expression referring to any musical instrument of the general class of hand-held bellows-driven free reed aerophones. ... A large bellows creates a mushroom cloud at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, California. ... The layout of a typical musical keyboard A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which cause the instrument to produce sounds. ... A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. ...


The accordion is often used in folk music in Europe, North America, Russia, and South America. It is commonly associated with busking. Some rock bands employ the instrument in their unique sound. Additionally, the free bass accordion is sometimes used in both solo and orchestra performances of classical music. Folk song redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Busking is the practice of doing live performances in public places to entertain people, usually to solicit donations and tips. ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ...

Contents

History

The accordion's basic form was invented in Berlin in 1822 by Friedrich Buschmann. The accordion is one of several European inventions of the early 19th century that used free reeds driven by a bellows; notable among them were: This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmann (17 June 1805 –1 October 1864) was a German musical instrument maker, often credited with inventing the harmonica and sometimes the accordion. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

  • The Aeoline, by German Bernhard Eschenbach (and his cousin, Caspar Schlimbach), 1810. It was a piano with an added aeoline register. Similar instruments were the Aeoline Harmonika and Physharmonika. Aeoline and Aura were first without bellows or keyboard.
  • The Hand Physhamonika, by Anton Haeckl, a hand type produced 1818 and patented in 1821.
  • The flutina, by Pichenot Jeune, ca. 1831.
  • The concertina, patented in two forms (perhaps independently): one by Carl Friedrich Uhlig, 1834 and the other by Sir Charles Wheatstone, of which examples were built after 1829, but no patent taken out until 1844.

An instrument called accordion was first patented in 1829 by Cyrill Demian in Vienna. Demian's instrument bore little resemblance to modern instruments; it only had a left hand keyboard, with the right hand simply operating the bellows. One key feature for which Demian sought the patent was the sounding of an entire chord by depressing one key. His instrument also could sound two different chords with the same key: one for each bellows direction (press, draw); this is called a bisonoric action. An aerophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. ... Anton Haeckl was a musical instrument builder in Vienna, who built the first physharmonica in 1818. ... For other uses, see Patent (disambiguation). ... A flutina The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the draw of the bellows. ... Wheatstone English concertina, circa 1920 This article is about the musical instrument. ... Sir Charles Wheatstone (February 6, 1802 - October 19, 1875) was the British inventor of many innovations including the English concertina an early form of microphone the Playfair cipher (named for Lord Playfair, the person who publicized it) and the Wheatstone bridge. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


At that time in Vienna, mouth harmonicas with "Kanzellen" (chambers) had already been available for many years, along with bigger instruments driven by hand bellows. The diatonic key arrangement was also already in use on mouth-blown instruments. Demian's patent thus covered an accompanying instrument: an accordion played with the left hand, opposite to the way that contemporary chromatic hand harmonicas were played, small and light enough to for travelers to take with them and use to accompany singing. The patent also described instruments with both bass and treble sections, although Demian preferred the bass-only instrument owing to its cost and weight advantages. In Music theory, the diatonic major scale (also known as the Guido scale), from the Greek diatonikos or to stretch out, is a fundamental building block of the European-influenced musical tradition. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. ... Treble is a term applied in music to the high or acute part of the musical system, as opposed to the bass, the lower or grave part. ...


The musician Adolph Müller described a great variety of instruments in his 1833 Schule für Accordion. At the time, Vienna and London had a close musical relationship, with musicians often performing in both cities in the same year, so it is possible that Wheatstone was aware of this type of instrument and may have used them to put his key-arrangement ideas into practice. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Jeune's flutina resembles Wheatstone's concertina in internal construction and tone color, but it appears to complement Demian's accordion functionally. The flutina is a one-sided bisonoric melody-only instrument whose keys are operated with the right hand while the bellows is operated with the left. When the two instruments are combined, the result is quite similar to diatonic button accordions still manufactured today. A flutina The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the draw of the bellows. ... Wheatstone English concertina, circa 1920 This article is about the musical instrument. ... In music, timbre is the quality of a musical note which distinguishes different types of musical instrument. ... In Music theory, the diatonic major scale (also known as the Guido scale), from the Greek diatonikos or to stretch out, is a fundamental building block of the European-influenced musical tradition. ...


Further innovations followed and continue to the present. Various keyboard systems have been developed, as well as voicings (the combination of multiple tones at different octaves), with mechanisms to switch between different voices during performance, and different methods of internal construction to improve tone, stability and durability.


Approximately 2.5 million Americans play the accordion.


Musical genres

The accordion as main instrument for Vallenato
The accordion as main instrument for Vallenato

In Colombia, the instrument was first introduced by European immigrants and merchants mainly of German origin through the Antilles Islands in the early 20th century, where local troubadours from the Caribbean Region used it as an instrument to accompany their sung messages. This form of music developed into the musical genre called Vallenato, representative of Colombia. Image File history File links Combovallenato. ... Image File history File links Combovallenato. ... Vallenato, along with cumbia, is the most popular folk music of Colombia. ... The Antilles (the same in French; Antillas in Spanish; Antillen in Dutch) refers to the islands forming the greater part of the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea. ... For the article about the night club in West Hollywood, California, see: Troubadour (nightclub). ... Caribbean Region The Caribbean Region or Caribbean Coast Region, is a regional sub-division of Colombia, composed of eight Departments located inside or around the Caribbean sea area pertaining to the country. ... Vallenato, along with cumbia, is the most popular folk music of Colombia. ...


The accordion is an important instrument in the Dominican Republic because it is an instrument used in merengue, the national dance of this country. The accordion is also used in perico ripiao, a typical merengue. Merengue can mean either: A style of music from Hispainolia based from either Domininican or Haitian origin [1][2]  ; see merengue music See also Méringue, style of music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The instrument was popularized in the United States by Count Guido Deiro who was the first piano accordionist to perform in Vaudeville. Guido Deiro (1886-1950) was a star of the piano-accordion. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ...


Accordion is the main instrument in the musette style of ballroom music in France (a style now largely out of fashion) and in the 1950s chanson singing, which has a revival in the form of neo-realism. Musette can refer to several things: A type of bellows blown bagpipe found in rural France; also called musette de cour). ... Chanson is a French word for song, and in English-language contexts is often applied to any song with French words, particularly a cabaret song. ...


Mexican Norteño music also relies heavily on the accordion. The instrument was introduced into Northern Mexico by German immigrants during the 19th century. Mexican bands like Ramón Ayala y sus Bravos del Norte, Los Tiranos Del Norte, Los Cachorros De Juan Villarreal, Los Huracanes Del Norte, Los Invasores De Nuevo Leon, and Los Cadetes De Linares have made very successful musical careers out of their lively riffs. Chicken scratch (also known as waila music) is a kind of dance music developed by the Tohono O'odham people. The genre is derived from Mexican Norteño and evolved out of acoustic fiddle bands in southern Arizona, in the Sonoran Desert. Norteño (Spanish: northern) has several meanings in English usage: A member of one of several affiliated street gangs of Mexican origin that operate in the United States. ... Ramon Ayala y sus Bravos del Norte Ramón Ayala (born March 10, 1945) is an Mexican accordionist and songwriter. ... Chicken scratch (also known as waila music) is a kind of dance music developed by the Tohono Oodham people. ... The Tohono Oodham are a Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert of the southwest United States and northwest Mexico. ... Map of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. ...


The accordion is an important instrument in Dutch folk music, and often the only melodious instrument when clog dancing. It is also significant in Scandinavian folk music, with notable performers including Finnish accordionist Maria Kalaniemi. Scandinavian-influenced British folk music has, in recent years, also featured accordionists such as Karen Tweed. Maria Kalanemi (born 1964) is a Finnish accordeonist. ... Karen Tweed (born 1963, Willesden) is a piano accordionist from London, England. ...


The accordion is commonly used as part of dance and ceilidh bands in English, Scottish and Irish traditions. Céilí (Irish reformed spelling), or Ceilidh (Scottish and older Gaelic spelling), pronounced Kay-Lee in either case, is the traditional Gaelic social dance in Ireland and Scotland. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ...


Accordion is also a central instrument in Zydeco, Cajun music, and Polka, heard in Europe and the Americas. Early Creole musicians playing an accordion and a washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana (1938). ... Cajun music, an emblematic music of Louisiana, is rooted in the ballads of the French-speaking Acadians of Canada. ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ...

Violinist and bassist Sergey Ryabtsev and accordionist Yuri Lemeshev of gypsy punk band Gogol Bordello.
Violinist and bassist Sergey Ryabtsev and accordionist Yuri Lemeshev of gypsy punk band Gogol Bordello.

The accordion gained notoriety in the 1990s when Jaleel White portrayed accordion-playing nerdy neighbor Steve Urkel on Family Matters[citation needed]. In the English-speaking pop-music world, it is often seen as the epitome of an "uncool" instrument parents force their children to learn in lieu of a different, "cooler" instrument such as the guitar; however, some popular rock music acts including Beirut, Calexico, Counting Crows, Devotchka, Dropkick Murphys, Flogging Molly, Gogol Bordello, Jason Webley, Stolen Babies, The Arcade Fire, The Decemberists, The Tiger Lillies, The World/Inferno Friendship Society, They Might Be Giants and "Weird Al" Yankovic incorporate the accordion in their distinctive sound. Introduction Sergey Ryabtsev is the violinist and backing vocals in Gogol Bordello. ... Yuri Lemeshev is a Russian accordian player, most notable for being in the studio band on Late Night with Conan OBrien. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gogol Bordello is a multi-ethnic Gypsy punk band from the Lower East Side of New York City that formed in 1999 and is known for its theatrical stage shows. ... Jaleel Rufus White (born November 27, 1976) is an American actor. ... Steven Quincy Urkel (born 1976[1]), better known as Steve Urkel (portrayed by Jaleel White) was the breakout character on the 1990s sitcom Family Matters. ... Family Matters is an American sitcom about a middle-class African-American family living in Chicago. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre. ... Beirut is the name of the band of 22-year-old Santa Fe native Zach Condon. ... For the city, see Calexico, California. ... Counting Crows is a rock band originating from Berkeley, California. ... DeVotchKa is a four piece multi-instrumental and vocal ensemble that fuses Romani, Greek, Slavic, Bolero, and Mariachi music with American punk and folk roots. ... DKM redirects here. ... Flogging Molly is a seven-piece Irish American punk band that formed in Los Angeles and is currently signed under SideOneDummy Records. ... Gogol Bordello is a multi-ethnic Gypsy punk band from the Lower East Side of New York City that formed in 1999 and is known for its theatrical stage shows. ... Jason Webley in 2006 at the Oregon Country Fair Jason Webley is a musician who began as a busker, playing accordion in the streets of Seattle, but has since moved in-doors and on stage, playing venues and festivals all across the world. ... Stolen Babies are an American avant-garde metal band with significant influences from dark cabaret, signed to The End Records. ... The Arcade Fire is an indie rock band from Montreal, Quebec, Canada comprising band members Win Butler, Régine Chassagne, Richard Reed Parry, William Butler, Tim Kingsbury, Sarah Neufeld, and Jeremy Gara. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ... Tiger Lillies during a concert The band after a concert The Tiger Lillies are an obscure cult three-piece band, based in London. ... The World/Inferno Friendship Society (commonly referred to as World Inferno) is a Punk Cabaret group from Brooklyn. ... This article is about the musical group. ... This article is about the musician. ...


In northeastern Brazil, the accordion, along with the triangle and the zabumba, is the main instrument used in forró, a traditional style usually played by trios. This genre features accordionists such as Sivuca, Dominguinhos and the "King of Baião", Luiz Gonzaga. An old-fashioned triangle, with wand (beater) Angelika Kauffmann: LAllegra, 1779 The triangle is an idiophone type of musical instrument in the percussion family. ... Statues of Forró musicians Forró is a kind of popular Northeastern Brazilian dance, as well as a type of music which accompanies the dance. ...


It is also widely used by Gypsy and Jewish bands from Eastern Europe. It is central to much of Southeastern/Eastern European and Russian music. Languages Romany, languages of native region Religion Romanipen, combined with assimilations from local religions Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) This article is about the Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ...


In Italy, the accordion plays an important role in folk music, being many times the leading sound of the tarantella. The tarantella (tarentule, tarentella, tarantelle, tarentelle, tarantel) is a traditional dance 6/8 or 4/4 time characterised by the rapid whirling of couples. ...


While the accordion is a versatile instrument and is widely played throughout the world, it is not universally respected, largely because of an incorrect assumption that it is only used for polka music. A representative jibe is one from Gary Larson, author of The Far Side, who drew a cartoon with the punchline "Welcome to heaven, here's your harp. / Welcome to hell, here's your accordion." Gary Larson (b. ... This article is about the comic strip. ...


The accordion (Hangeul: 아코디언) is an integral aspect of "Trot" music (Hangeul: 트로트) from North Korea and South Korea. Trot music was extremely popular in the first half of the twentieth century and it is still enjoyed by many older Koreans to this day. The accordion is often the only the instrument present in a song routine. Trot music and the accordion have gained a very widespread revival in recent years in the wake of the popular singer, Jang Yoon Jeong (Hangeul: 장윤정)and her super-hit song "Oemana!" (Hangeul: 어마나!). [1] Teuroteu (or, somewhat derisively, ppongjjak) is the oldest form of Korean pop music. ... For the page on Miss Korea 1988, see Jang Yoon-jeong (Miss Korea). ...


Manufacturing process

The manufacture of an accordion is not a completely automated process. In a sense, all accordions could be called handmade, since there is always some hand assembly of the small parts required. The general process involves making the individual parts, assembling the subsections, assembling the entire instrument, and final decorating and packaging.[2] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...


However, the best accordions are always hand-made, especially in the aspect of reeds; completely hand-made reeds have a far better tonal quality than even the best automatically-manufactured reeds. Some accordions have been modified by individuals striving to bring a more pure sound out of low-end instruments, such as the ones improved by Yutaka Usui, a Japanese-born craftsman.


Button accordions

Chromatic button system (type C)
Chromatic button system (type C)
Chromatic button system (type B)
Chromatic button system (type B)

On button accordions the melody-side keyboard consists of a series of buttons (rather than piano-style keys.) There exists a wide variation in keyboard systems, tuning, action and construction of these instruments. Image File history File links C-Griff. ... Image File history File links C-Griff. ... Image File history File links B-Griff. ... Image File history File links B-Griff. ... Button Accordion is type of accordion which evolves from the older and more basic melodeon. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The layout of a typical musical keyboard A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which cause the instrument to produce sounds. ... For other uses, see Button (disambiguation). ... Pianoforte redirects here. ...


Diatonic button accordions have a melody-side keyboard that is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). The bass side usually contains the principal chords of the instrument's key and the root notes of those chords. A diatonic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In Music theory, the diatonic major scale (also known as the Guido scale), from the Greek diatonikos or to stretch out, is a fundamental building block of the European-influenced musical tradition. ... In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... For other uses, see key. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency. ... Typical fingering for a second inversion C major chord on a guitar. ...


Almost all diatonic button accordions (e.g.: melodeon) are bisonoric, meaning each button produces two notes: one when the bellows is compressed, another while it is expanded; a few instruments (e.g.: garmon') are unisonoric, with each button producing the same note regardless of bellows direction; still others have a combination of the two types of action: see Hybrids below. The terms melodeon and melodion can refer to any of several related musical instruments of the free reed aerophone family: A type of 19th century reed organ with a foot-operated vacuum bellows, and a piano keyboard. ... A large bellows creates a mushroom cloud at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, California. ... Garmon The word garmon (Russian: гармонь) literally means accordion, in Russian although it usually usually refers to a specific class of Russian accordions that have two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least two rows of buttons on the...


A chromatic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard consists of uniform rows of buttons arranged so that the pitch increases chromatically along diagonals. The bass-side keyboard is usually the Stradella system, one of the various free-bass systems, or a converter system. Included among chromatic button accordions is the Russian bayan. Sometimes an instrument of this class is simply called a chromatic accordion, although other types, including the piano accordion, are fully chromatic as well. There can be 3 to 5 rows of treble buttons. In a 5 row chromatic, two additional rows repeat the first 2 rows to facilitate options in fingering. Chromatic button accordions are preferred by many classical music performers, since the treble keyboard with diagonally arranged buttons allows a greater range, and often far greater speed, than a piano keyboard configuration. There exists an accordion with 6 rows in the treble side. It is commonly played in Serbia and throughout former Yugoslavia. The rows are based on the B system. The natives refer to it as "dugmetara". A chromatic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard consists of rows of buttons arranged so that the pitch increases diagonally along and across the rows. ... The chromatic scale is a scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone or half step apart. ... See the accordion article for features of the bayan that are common to all accordions. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...


The Janko keyboard is used for the treble side of some accordions. The Janko keyboard is a musical keyboard layout for a piano designed by Paul von Janko. ...


Various cultures have made their own versions of the accordion, adapted to suit their own music. Russia alone has several, including the bayan, Garmon, Livenka, and Saratovskaya Garmonika. Garmon The word garmon (Russian: гармонь) literally means accordion, in Russian although it usually usually refers to a specific class of Russian accordions that have two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least two rows of buttons on the... The Saratovskaya Garmonika, named after the Russian city of Saratov, is a colorful variant on the standard one row push-pull diatonic button accordion. ...


Hybrids

Garmon' player
Garmon' player

Various hybrids have been created between instruments of different keyboards and actions. Many remain curiosities, only a few have remained in use. Some notable examples are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (838x1118, 171 KB) Description: Busking Accordionist in Dorsten. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (838x1118, 171 KB) Description: Busking Accordionist in Dorsten. ...

  • The Schrammel accordion, used in Viennese chamber music and Klezmer, which has the treble keyboard of a chromatic button accordion and a bisonoric bass keyboard, similar to an expanded diatonic button accordion.
  • The schwyzerörgeli or Swiss organ, which has a (usually) 3-row diatonic treble and 18 unisonoric bass buttons in a bass/chord arrangement (actually a subset of the Stradella system), that travel parallel to the bellows motion.
  • The trikitixa of the Basque people has a 2-row diatonic, bisonoric treble and a 12-button diatonic unisonoric bass.
  • In Scotland, the favoured diatonic accordion is the instrument known as the British Chromatic Accordion. While the right hand is bisonoric, the left hand follows the Stradella system. The elite form of this instrument is generally considered to be the German manufactured "Shand Morino", produced by Hohner with the input of the late Sir Jimmy Shand.[3]

The Schrammel Accordion (Die Schrammelharmonika) A Schrammel accordion (German: Schrammelharmonika) is an accordion with a melody (right hand) keyboard in the chromatic B-Griff system and a twelve-button diatonic bass keyboard. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... Klezmer (from Yiddish כּלי־זמיר, etymologically from Hebrew kli zemer כלי זמר, musical instrument) is a musical tradition which parallels Hasidic and Ashkenazic Judaism. ... The Schwyzeroergeli is a type of diatonic button accordion used in Swiss folk music. ... The trikitixa or eskusoinu (hand sound) is a two-row Basque diatonic button accordion, with right-hand rows keyed a fifth apart and twelve unisonoric bass buttons. ... Language(s) Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers other native languages Religion(s) Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an ethnic group who inhabit parts of north-central Spain and southwestern France. ... This article is about the country. ... Hohner is a company specialising in the manufacture of musical instruments. ... James Shand (January 28, 1908—December 23, 2000) was a Scottish musician who played traditional Scottish dance music on the accordion. ...

Stradella bass system

The Stradella Bass System uses rows of buttons arranged in a circle of fifths; this places the principal major chords of a key in three adjacent rows. Each row contains, in order: A major third (the "counter-bass" note), the root note, the major chord, the minor chord, the (dominant) seventh chord, and the diminished seventh chord. In music theory, the circle of fifths (or cycle of fifths) is an imaginary geometrical space that depicts relationships among the 12 equal-tempered pitch classes comprising the familiar chromatic scale. ... A major third is the larger of two commonly occuring musical intervals that span three diatonic scale degrees. ... The root (basse fondamentale) of a chord is the note upon which that chord is perceived or labelled as built or centered, the root of a chord in root position or normal form. ... Generally speaking, a major chord is any chord which has a major third above its root, as opposed to a minor chord which has a minor third. ... Generally speaking, a minor chord is any chord which has a minor third above its root, as opposed to a major chord which has a major third. ... A seventh chord is a chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chords root. ... A seventh chord is a chord or triad which has a note the seventh above the tonic in it. ...


All chord buttons sound 3 note chords. Early attempts to create 4 note seventh and diminished chords were hampered by mechanical difficulties. Consequently, modern Stradella systems drop the 5th from these two chords. This has the side benefit of making the preformed chords more versatile. For example, an augmented chord can be created by using the dominant seventh button and adding an augmented 5th from the piano keyboard or from one of the bass or counterbass buttons.


Depending on the price, size or origin of the instrument, some rows may be missing completely or in different positions. In most Russian layouts the diminished seventh chord row is moved by one button, so that the C diminished seventh chord is where the F diminished seventh chord would be in a standard Stradella layout; this is done in order to achieve a better reachability with the forefinger.


Common configurations

Stradella bass layout
Stradella bass layout
Name Columns Rows
12-bass 6 - Root notes: B♭ to A Root note, major
24-bass 8 - Root notes: E♭ to E Root note, major, minor
32-bass 8 - Root notes: E♭ to E Root note, major, minor, 7th
40-bass 8 - Root notes: E♭ to E Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th
48-bass 8 - Root notes: E♭ to E Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th, diminished
12 - Root notes: D♭ to F♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor
60-bass 12 - Root notes: D♭ to F♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th
72-bass 12 - Root notes: D♭ to F♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th, diminished
80-bass 16 - Root notes: C♭ to G♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th
96-bass 16 - Root notes: C♭ to G♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th, diminished
120-bass 20 - Root notes: Low A to A♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th, diminished
140-bass 20 - Root notes: Low A to A♯ Root note, counter-bass note, major, minor, 7th, diminished, augmented (or extra counter-bass note)
160-bass 20 - Root notes: Low A to A♯ Root note, three counter-bass notes, major, minor, 7th, diminished

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 246 pixelsFull resolution (896 × 276 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 246 pixelsFull resolution (896 × 276 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Free bass systems

Free bass systems allow the player to construct their own chords as well as to play bass melodies in several octaves. There are various free bass systems in use; most consist of a rotated version or mirror image of one of the melody layouts used in chromatic button accordions. One notable exception is the Titano line of converter or "quint" bass, which repeats the first two bass rows of the Stradella system one and two octaves higher moving outward from the bellows. In the United States, Julio Giulietti was the chief manufacturer and promoter of the free bass accordion that he called a "bassetti" accordion which was mass produced from the late 1950s onward. Giulietti accordions with free bass capability often had a "transformer" switch to go from standard pre-set chords to individual free bass notes.

Henry Doktorski with the New Philharmonic Orchestra.

Skillful use of the free bass system enabled the performance of classical piano music, rather than music arranged specifically for the accordion's standard Stradella bass system. Beginning in the 1960s, competitive performance on the accordion of classical piano compositions, by the great masters of music, occurred. Although never mainstreamed in the larger musical scene, this convergence with traditional classical music propelled young accordionists to an ultimate involvement with classical music heretofore not experienced[citation needed]. This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ...


Within the United States, several noted instrumentalists demonstrated the unique orchestral capabilities of the free bass accordion while performing at the nation's premier concert venues and encouraged contemporary composers to write for the instrument. Included among the leading orchestral artists was John Serry, Sr. A noted concert accordionist, soloist, composer, and arranger, Serry performed extensively in both symphonic orchestras and jazz ensembles as well as on live radio and television broadcasts. His refined poetic artistry gained respect for the free bass accordion as a serious concert instrument among prominent classical musicians and conductors of the early twentieth century. The requested page title was invalid, empty, an incorrectly linked inter-language or inter-wiki title, or contained illegal characters. ...


Recently Guy Klucevsek has built a reputation on combining folk styles with classical forms and makes extensive use of the free bass. New York's William Schimmel, who composes and performs in many genres, is a leading exponent of the "quint" style free bass system and uses it extensively in tandem with the standard stradella system. Guy Klucevsek (born February 26, 1947) is an American-born accordionist. ... Dr. William Schimmel is one of the principal architects in the resurgence of the accordion, the revival of the Tango in America and the philsophy of Musical Reality (composition with pre-existing music). ...


In Europe, free bass accordion performance has reached a very high level and the instrument is considered worthy of serious study in music conservatories[citation needed]. The most historically influential player has been Mogens Ellegaard (Denmark). Today, some of the most important players are Friedrich Lips (Russia), Matti Rantanen (Finland), Geir Draugsvoll (Norway), Stefan Hussong (Germany), Hugo Noth, Elsbeth Moser (Germany), Teodoro Anzellotti (Germany), Owen Murray (Great Britain), Max Bonnay (France), Frederic Deschamps (France), Mini Dekkers (Holland), Ivan Koval (Czech Republic), Claudio Jacomucci (Italy), Iñaki Alberdi (Spain), and Angel Luis Castaño (Spain).


Many modern and avant-garde composers such as Sofia Gubaidulina, Edison Denisov, Vladislav Solotarev, Luciano Berio, Jean Française, Robert Gerhard, Per Norgard, Arne Nordheim, Jurgen Ganzer, Uros Rojko, Jindrich Feld, Franco Donatoni, Toshio Hosokawa, Mauricio Kagel, and Magnus Lindberg have written for the free bass accordion and the instrument is becoming more frequently integrated into new music chamber and improvisation groups. A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Sofia Gubaidulina in Sortavala 1981 Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina, (Russian София Асгатовна Губайдулина) (born October 24, 1931) is a Russian-Tatar composer of deeply religious music. ... Luciano Berio (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer. ... Mauricio Kagel (born Buenos Aires, December 24, 1931) is an Argentine composer who has lived in Germany for most of his career. ... Magnus Lindberg (born June 27, 1958) is a Finnish composer. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Audio samples

Accordion chords Accordian chords-01. ...

Chords being played on an accordion – 145 KB
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Dansbanan

A track by Detektivbyrån samples the distinct sound of an accordion. – 232 KB
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Related instruments

Squeezeboxes

Bandoneon Cardenal (made by ELA for Hohner) The bandoneón is a free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina. ... The terms melodeon and melodion can refer to any of several related musical instruments of the free reed aerophone family: A type of 19th century reed organ with a foot-operated vacuum bellows, and a piano keyboard. ... A flutina The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the draw of the bellows. ...

Digital accordions

The Roland Virtual Accordion is the worlds first electronic instrument to use Physical Behaviour Modelling (PBM) to simulate a wide range of acoustic instruments, including many musettes, handoneon, concertina, and other ethnic accordions and melodions. ...

Other free-reeds

A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... A Hohner melodica The melodica is a free-reed instrument similar to the accordion and harmonica. ... The Chinese sheng (Chinese: 笙, Pinyin shēng) is a mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical tubes, in the Chinese orchestra. ... Kaen redirects here. ...

Famous accordionists

Although the accordion has historically been disparaged in popular culture (some famous quotes regarding it include: "A gentleman is a man who can play the piano accordion ... and doesn't"; "An instrument in harmony with the sentiments of the assassin" from Ambrose Bierce's Devil's Dictionary), it has consistently been featured in popular music worldwide, and most notably by the following musicians: Image File history File links Merge-arrow. ... Friedrich Lips (Russia) Alexander Sevastian (Canada) Petre Jovanov (Macedonia) Renzo Ruggieri Rob Howard Alexander Shirunov Marco Lo Russo Frank Marocco Kevin Friedrich Frederic Deschamps Gorka Hermosa Iñaki Alberdi Aitor Furundarena Joxan Goikoetxea Phil Cunningham Karen Tweed Iñaki Dieguez Angel Luis Castaño Javier López Jaso Victor Prieto... Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – 1914?) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, today best known for his Devils Dictionary. ... The Devils Dictionary, by Ambrose Bierce, was originally a newspaper serialization that offered an interesting reinterpretation of the English language in which cant and political double-talk were neatly lampooned. ...

Lawrence Welk (March 11, 1903 – May 17, 1992) was a musician, accordionist, bandleader, and television impresario, hosting The Lawrence Welk Show from 1951 to 1982. ... Dick Contino (born January 17, 1930, Fresno, California) is an American singer and accordionist. ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ... Myron Floren Myron Floren (born November 5, 1919 in Roslyn, South Dakota - died 23 July 2005 in Los Angeles County, California) is best known as being the accordionist on The Lawrence Welk Show between 1950 and 1982. ... Frankie Yankovic (July 15, 1915 - October 14, 1998) was a polka musician of Slovenian origin from Cleveland, Ohio. ... This article is about the musician. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Yann Tiersen (born June 23, 1970) is a French Avant-Garde/New Age Musician and composer known for his versatility, minimalist compositions, and virtuosity as a multi-instrumentalist. ... Slavko Avsenik (b. ... Mr Bound 16:49, May 22, 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Julian Edwin Cannonball Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975), originally from Tampa, Florida, was a jazz alto saxophonist of the small combo era of the 1950s and 1960s. ... For the song Weather Report by The American Analog Set, see The Golden Band. ... Josef Erich Zawinul (July 7, 1932 – September 11, 2007) was a jazz keyboardist and composer. ... Väyrynen on the cover of Finnish sports magazine Urheilulehti Mika Väyrynen (born December 28, 1981 in Eskilstuna, Sweden) is a Finnish footballer who currently plays for PSV Eindhoven in the Dutch Eredivisie. ... The requested page title was invalid, empty, an incorrectly linked inter-language or inter-wiki title, or contained illegal characters. ... Alexander Selivanov (born 23 March 1971) is a professional ice hockey right winger who has played in the NHL and also in various Euopean leagues. ... Rade Mijatović (born 30 June 1981 in Sombor, SFR Yougoslavia) is a Montenegrin handball goalkeeper. ... Daniel Handler (born February 28, 1970) is an American writer, screenwriter, and accordionist. ... Lemony Snicket is a pseudonym used by author Daniel Handler in his book series A Series of Unfortunate Events, as well as a character in that series. ... The requested page title was invalid, empty, an incorrectly linked inter-language or inter-wiki title, or contained illegal characters. ... Eddie Vedder (born December 23, 1964) is the lead singer and one of three guitarists for the rock band Pearl Jam. ... This article is about the rock group. ... {{Infobox musical artist |Name = Garth Hudson |Img = |Img_capt = |Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist |Birth_name = Eric Garth Hudson |Alias = |Born = August 2, 1937 Windsor, Ontario |Died = |Origin = |Instrument = Organ, piano, keyboards, accordion, saxophone, synthesizer, Melodica Slide Trumpet, [[ |Genre = Rock and roll, rock, pop, Jazz, R&B, country, folk |Occupation = Solo artist, Session musician |Years_active... For other uses, see Band. ... For other persons named Brian Jones, see Brian Jones (disambiguation). ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Krist Anthony Novoselić II (born May 16, 1965) is an American rock musician best known as the bassist for Nirvana. ... Jason Webley in 2006 at the Oregon Country Fair Jason Webley is a musician who began as a busker, playing accordion in the streets of Seattle, but has since moved in-doors and on stage, playing venues and festivals all across the world. ... Bruce Randall Hornsby (born November 23, 1954 in Williamsburg, Virginia) is an American singer, pianist, accordion player, and songwriter. ... Rob Hyman, singer, musician, composer & producer - member of the band The Hooters Born Robert Hyman in Meriden, Connecticut (The Silver City) on April 24. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Joseph Byrd (almost no one except Columbia Records ever called him Joe) (born December 19, 1937 in Louisville, Kentucky, raised Tucson, Arizona) was the leader of The United States of America, a notable rock band from the 1960s, as well as the psychedelic group Joe Byrd and the Field... A promotional photograph from the late 1990s. ... This article is about the musical group. ... — Dennis DeYoung (born February 18, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American singer, songwriter, keyboard player and producer best known for being a founding member of the rock band Styx, a tenure which lasted from 1962 to 1999. ... Styx is an American rock band that has been popular since the 1970s, with such hits as Come Sail Away, Babe, Lady, Suite Madame Blue, Mr. ... Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953 in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician who led the rock band Oingo Boingo as singer / songwriter from 1976 until its breakup in 1995, and has composed film scores extensively since 1985s Pee-wees Big Adventure. ... For other uses, see Oingo Boingo (disambiguation). ... Neil Cicierega performs live as Lemon Demon with bassist Alora Lanzillotta, guitarist Charles Chooch Sergio, and drummer Professor iPod (on top of the keyboard) Neil Stephen Cicierega (born August 23, 1986), also known under the aliases Trapezoid, Trapezzoid, Deporitaz (an anagram of Trapezoid that can be pronounced any way and... Neil Cicierega (born August 23, 1986), a. ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... Pete Townshend (born Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend on 19 May 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, composer, and writer. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... Franz playing keyboards for The Hold Steady Franz Nicolay is an American multi-instrumentalist and composer currently living in Brooklyn,New York. ... The World/Inferno Friendship Society (commonly referred to as World Inferno) is a Punk Cabaret group from Brooklyn. ... 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John Evan (born March 28, 1948) played keyboards for Jethro Tull from 1970 to 1980. ... For the 18th-century agriculturist after whom the band was named, see Jethro Tull (agriculturist). ... Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter and musician. ... Ryan Jarman (born 20 October 1980 in Wakefield, United Kingdom) is the guitarist with English rock band The Cribs. ... The Cribs are an English 3-piece indie band from Wakefield, West Yorkshire, consisting of twins Gary and Ryan Jarman and their younger brother Ross Jarman. ... Jeremy Barnes is best known as the drummer for Neutral Milk Hotel. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A Hawk and a Hacksaw is a band from Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... múm (pronounced moom; in IPA, /mu:m/) is an experimental Icelandic musical group whose music is characterized by soft vocals, electronic glitch beats and effects, and a variety of traditional instruments. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ... Paul Wix Wickens is a keyboardist and composer from Essex, UK. He has been a keyboard player for Paul McCartneys band since 1989 (he was made the Musical Director for the last two tours), and recently composed the music for the new radio productions of the Hitchhikers Guide... Stuart Pinkie Bates was part of Neil Hannons The Divine Comedy (band). ... The Divine Comedy is a pop band from Northern Ireland fronted by Neil Hannon. ... Roy Bittan (born July 2, 1949 in Rockaway Beach, Queens, New York City) is an American keyboardist, best known as a member of Bruce Springsteens E Street Band, which he joined on August 23, 1974. ... Nils Lofgren is an American rock music singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist. ... Charles Giordano (born c. ... Danny Federici (born January 23, 1950) is an American musician, most known as the longtime organ and keyboard player for Bruce Springsteens E Street Band. ... The E Street Band is a musical group that has periodically toured and recorded with rock musician Bruce Springsteen since 1972. ... Statues of Forró musicians Forró is a kind of popular Northeastern Brazilian dance, as well as a type of music which accompanies the dance. ... Severino (Sivuca) Dias de Oliveira (born 26th March 1930 in Itabaiana, Brazil, dead 14th December 2006 in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil) was a Brazilian jazz musician (accordian), known for his work with Scandinavian jazz musicians in the 1980s. ... Renato Borghetti (Photo: Wilson Dias/ABr, Brasília, 2006) Renato Borghetti (born July 23, 1963) is a Brazilian folk musician and composer of Italian descent. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Early Creole musicians playing an accordion and a washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana (1938). ... Buckwheat playing at the 2006 Festival International de Louisiane. ... Clifton Chenier (June 25, 1925 - December 12, 1987) was the pre-eminent performer of zydeco music, a blend of Cajun and Creole music with R&B, jazz and blues influences. ... Beau Jocque (real name: Andrus Espre) (November 1, 1952 - September 10, 1999) was an American zydeco musican active in the 1990s. ... Kevin Hearn, 2005 Kevin Neil Hearn (b. ... Jason Webley in 2006 at the Oregon Country Fair Jason Webley is a musician who began as a busker, playing accordion in the streets of Seattle, but has since moved in-doors and on stage, playing venues and festivals all across the world. ... Boozoo Chavis (born 23 October 1930 in Lake Charles, LA and died 5 May 2001 in Austin, Texas) was a zydeco musician - a form of Cajun music. ... Yuri Lemeshev is a Russian accordian player, most notable for being in the studio band on Late Night with Conan OBrien. ... Gogol Bordello is a multi-ethnic Gypsy punk band from the Lower East Side of New York City that formed in 1999 and is known for its theatrical stage shows. ... Jenny Conlee is the long time accordionist, pianist, organist, keyboardist, and occasional backup vocalist for the indie pop sextet the Decemberists, roles she has filled on each of the bands releases. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ... Flogging Molly is a seven-piece Irish American punk band that formed in Los Angeles and is currently signed under SideOneDummy Records. ... Folk metal is a diverse collection of music, encompassing a wide variety of different styles and approaches. ... Korpiklaani (Forest Clan in Finnish) is a folk metal band from Finland. ... Ástor Pantaleón Piazzolla (March 11, 1921 – July 4, 1992) was an Argentine tango composer and bandoneón player. ... Bandoneon Cardenal (made by ELA for Hohner) The bandoneón is a free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina. ... Kepa Junkera (born 1965 in Bilbao, Euskadi) is a Basque musician and composer. ... The trikitixa or eskusoinu (hand sound) is a two-row Basque diatonic button accordion, with right-hand rows keyed a fifth apart and twelve unisonoric bass buttons. ... Haydamaky may refer to: Haidamakas, an eighteenth-century Ukrainian rebellion against the Polish nobility Haydamaky (band) Category: ... A Tejano (Spanish for Texan; archaic spelling texano) is a person of Hispanic descent born and living in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Flaco Jimenez is a Tejano musician from San Antonio, New Mexico. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Pogues were a popular Irish folk/punk band of the 1980s. ... Kimmo Pohjonen is famous Finnish accordionist. ... Turisas is a Finnish folk metal band founded in 1997 by Mathias NygÃ¥rd and Jussi Wickström and named after an ancient Finnish god of war. ... Willy DeVille on his 2001 album Horse of a Different Color Willy DeVille, singer and songwriter, was born William Borsay in Stamford, Connecticut on August 25, 1950. ... Matthew Arnold Thiessen (born on August 12, 1980 in St. ... This article is about the Christian rock band. ... Martyn Jacques during a concert Martyn Jacques is a British singer and accordion player. ... Tiger Lillies during a concert The band after a concert The Tiger Lillies are an obscure cult three-piece band, based in London. ... One Ring Zero is a modern music group that melds many genres and sounds to create a unique type of music and is based in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Corn Mo is a the stage name of Jon Cunningham, a Brooklyn-based musician. ... Those Darn Accordions are an American rock accordion band from San Francisco, California. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The Beach Boys is an American rock and roll band. ... Wouldnt It Be Nice is the opening song on the classic 1966 album Pet Sounds and one of the most widely recognized songs by the American pop group The Beach Boys. ... God Only Knows is the eighth track on the Pet Sounds album and one of the most widely recognized songs performed by American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Jaleel Rufus White (born November 27, 1976) is an American actor. ... Steven Quincy Urkel (born 1976[1]), better known as Steve Urkel (portrayed by Jaleel White) was the breakout character on the 1990s sitcom Family Matters. ... Family Matters (TV series) also refers to a popular television series. ... Drew Allison Carey (born May 23, 1958) is an American comedian, actor, and game show host. ... The Drew Carey Show was a long-running American sitcom (set in Cleveland, Ohio) that aired on ABC from 1995 to 2004 and was known for its everyman characters and themes. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun, in English pronounced ) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada located in Saint-Michel, and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ... Corteo Cortéo (pronounced []) is a Cirque du Soleil touring production that premiered in North America in 2005. ... Alegría is a touring Cirque du Soleil show that is described by its creator on their web site as: ...a mood, a state of mind. ... Bloody Jack is a historical novel by L.A. Meyer. ... Louis A. Meyer (born 1942), who writes under the name L.A. Meyer, is an American writer and author of the Bloody Jack novels. ... This article is about the British author. ... Captains Courageous is an 1897 novel, by Rudyard Kipling, that follows the adventures of fifteen year old Harvey Cheyne Jr. ... This article is about the franchise. ... Pirates of the Caribbean (2000 CD) was the soundtrack CD released for the for the 33rd anniversary of the Pirates of the Caribbean ride in Disneyland. ... Pauline Oliveros (born 1932 in Houston, Texas) is an accordionist and composer who currently resides in Kingston, New York. ...

Accordion organizations

  • Accordion Teacher's Guild (ATG)
  • American Accordion Musicological Society
  • American Accordionists' Association (AAA)
  • Closet Accordion Players of America (CAPA)
  • Confédération Internationale des Accordéonistes

References

  1. ^ http://www.trotnews.com/
  2. ^ How Accordions Are Made
  3. ^ p.98, Howard, Rob (2003) An A to Z of the Accordion and related instruments Stockport: Robaccord Publications ISBN 0-9546711-0-4
  4. ^ http://www.offutt.af.mil/Assoc_Units/Band/htmlpages/AOBhistory.html#1951

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
accordions
Wikibooks
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of
Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... The International Music Council (IMC) was created in 1949 as UNESCOs advisory body on matters of music. ... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... The term Squeezebox is a colloquial expression referring to any musical instrument of the general class of hand-held bellows-driven free reed aerophones. ... See the accordion article for features of the bayan that are common to all accordions. ... The Cajun accordion or Acadian accordion, also known as a melodeon, one-row accordion, or diatonic accordion, is a type of squeeze box built and played in south Louisiana primarily for Cajun and Zydeco music. ... A chromatic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard consists of rows of buttons arranged so that the pitch increases diagonally along and across the rows. ... A diatonic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). ... A flutina The flutina is an early precursor to the diatonic button accordion, having one or two rows of treble buttons, which are configured to have the tonic of the scale, on the draw of the bellows. ... Garmon The word garmon (Russian: гармонь) literally means accordion, in Russian although it usually usually refers to a specific class of Russian accordions that have two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least two rows of buttons on the... Piano accordion A piano accordion is a type of accordion having a right-hand keyboard similar to a piano. ... The Saratovskaya Garmonika, named after the Russian city of Saratov, is a colorful variant on the standard one row push-pull diatonic button accordion. ... The Schrammel Accordion (Die Schrammelharmonika) A Schrammel accordion (German: Schrammelharmonika) is an accordion with a melody (right hand) keyboard in the chromatic B-Griff system and a twelve-button diatonic bass keyboard. ... The Schwyzeroergeli is a type of diatonic button accordion used in Swiss folk music. ... The trikitixa or eskusoinu (hand sound) is a two-row Basque diatonic button accordion, with right-hand rows keyed a fifth apart and twelve unisonoric bass buttons. ... Wheatstone English concertina, circa 1920 This article is about the musical instrument. ... Bandoneon Cardenal (made by ELA for Hohner) The bandoneón is a free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina. ... A Chemnitzer concertina is a musical instrument of the hand-held bellows-driven free-reed category, sometimes called squeezeboxes (Ed. ...

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Cotati Accordion Festival - The Accordion Spirit (405 words)
They're gathering at the Cotati Accordion Festival, and what a great time! Yes, the accordion-driven music actually is good.
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If you can't find the accordion your looking for or if you have any questions please call us
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Most accordions are to order please call for delivery times - Delivery times are quoted by the manufacturer and are approximate
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