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Encyclopedia > Acadia National Park
Acadia National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location: Maine, USA
Nearest city: Bar Harbor, Maine
Coordinates: 44°21′0″N, 68°13′0″W
Area: 47,390 acres (191.8 km²), 45,822.90 acres (185.4 km²) federal
Established: July 8, 1916
Visitation: 2,207,847 (in 2004)
Governing body: National Park Service

Acadia National Park preserves much of Mount Desert Island, and associated smaller islands, off the Atlantic coast of Maine. The area includes mountains, an ocean shoreline, woodlands, and lakes. In addition to Mount Desert Island, the park comprises much of the Isle au Haut, a small island to the southwest of Mount Desert Island and parts of Baker Island, also nearby. A portion of Schoodic Peninsula on the mainland is also part of the park. In total, Acadia National Park consists of 30,300 acres (123 km²) on Mount Desert Island, 2,728 acres (11 km²) on Isle au Haut and 2,266 acres (9.2 km²) on the Schoodic Peninsula. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto; French is also an administrative language) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Bar Harbor, Maine, it the name of two places in Maine Bar Harbor, census-designated place Bar Harbor a larger town This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Mount Desert Island, in Hancock County, Maine, is one of the larger islands in the United States, being the third largest in the East after Long Island and Marthas Vineyard. ... Atlantic redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto; French is also an administrative language) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Lyskamm in the Pennine Alps (4,527 m) A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ... Isle au Haut is a town located in Knox County, Maine. ... The Schoodic Peninsula is a unit of Acadia National Park. ... This article is about the geomorphological/geopolitical term; MAINLAND is also a cheese brand owned by Fonterra, a New Zealand dairy company. ...

Contents

History

The park was created by President Woodrow Wilson, as Sieur de Monts National Monument on July 8, 1916, administered by the National Park Service. On February 26, 1919, it became a national park, with the name Lafayette National Park in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, an influential French supporter of the American Revolution. The park's name was changed to Acadia National Park on January 19, 1929. The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the National Park Service. ... Marie-Joseph-Paul-Roch-Yves-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (September 6, 1757 – May 20, 1834), was a French aristocrat most famous for his participation in the American Revolutionary War and early French Revolution. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution was a political movement during the last half of the 18th century that ended British control of the...


From 1915 to 1933, the wealthy philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. financed, designed, and directed the construction of an extensive network of carriage trails throughout the park. The network encompassed over 50 miles of gravel carriage trails, 17 granite bridges, and two gate lodges, almost all of which are still maintained and in use today.[1]


On October 17, 1947, 10,000 acres (40 km²) of Acadia National Park burned in a fire that had begun on the mainland in a cranberry bog. The forest fire was one of a series of fires that consumed much of Maine's forest as a result of a dry year. The fire burned for days and was fought by the Coast Guard, Army, Navy, local residents, and National Park Service Employees from around the country. Restoration of the park was supported, substantially, by the Rockefeller family, particularly John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. Regrowth was mostly allowed to occur naturally and the fire has been suggested to have actually enhanced the beauty of the park, adding diversity to tree populations and depth to its scenery. The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... USN redirects here. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The Rockefeller family, founded by John Davison Rockefeller (1839-1937) (Senior) and his brother William Rockefeller (1841-1922), is an American industrial, banking, and philanthropic family of French-German-American origin that made the worlds largest private fortune in the oil business during the late 19th century, primarily through... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The town of Bar Harbor is located on the northeast corner of the island. Southwest Harbor, on the western side of the fjord Somes Sound, is well known for boat-building and fishing, and has the largest year-round population on Mount Desert Island. Northeast Harbor is known for it's beautiful private "cottages" yet retains a small town atmosphere. Cadillac Mountain, named after the same French Explorer who went on to found Detroit, is on the eastern side of the island, and has always been a famous tourist destination because it's pink granite summit is one of the first places in the United States to see the sunrise. Miles of scenic carriage roads were originally built by Rockefeller, Jr., with great sensitivity to the trees and contours of the land. The mountains of Acadia National Park offer hikers and bicycle riders views of the ocean, island lakes, and pine forests. Bar Harbor, Maine, it the name of two places in Maine Bar Harbor, census-designated place Bar Harbor a larger town This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cadillac Mountain is the highest coastal point on the East Coast of the United States, at 1,532 feet. ...


Acadia National Park primarily straddles Mount Desert Island in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Maine, but also encompasses portions of Isle Au Haut and the Schoodic Penninsula.


Wildlife

Acadia National Park, located near Bangor and Bar Harbor, Maine.
Acadia National Park, located near Bangor and Bar Harbor, Maine.

The park is home to some 40 different species of mammalian wildlife. Among those are red and gray squirrels, chipmunks, white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, porcupine, muskrats, foxes, coyote, bobcats, and black bears. Species that used to inhabit the island include the mountain lion (or puma) and the gray wolf. It is thought that these predators have been forced to leave the area due to the dramatic decrease in small prey and proximity to human activity. Many other marine species have been observed in the surrounding area and waters. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x2399, 714 KB) Summary Acadian National Park (Maine) regional-scale map. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1768x2399, 714 KB) Summary Acadian National Park (Maine) regional-scale map. ... This article is about the Maine, USA city of Bangor. ... Bar Harbor, Maine, it the name of two places in Maine Bar Harbor, census-designated place Bar Harbor a larger town This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Species 23 species, see text Chipmunk is the common name for any small squirrel-like rodent species of the genus Tamias in the family Sciuridae. ... Binomial name Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, that has wings and shoots terds out its ass, when it flys. ... Binomial name Alces alces (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map The moose (so named in North America) or elk (in Europe), Alces alces, is the largest member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from the others by the palmate antlers of its males. ... Species C. canadensis C. fiber Beavers are semi-aquatic rodents native to North America and Europe. ... Genera Family Erethizontidae Coendou Sphiggurus Erethizon Echinoprocta Chaetomys Family Hystricidae Atherurus Hystrix Thecurus Trichys This article is about the rodent mammal. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) Muskrat lodge, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe. ... Fox is a general term applied to any one of roughly 27 species of small to medium-sized omnivorous canids in the tribe vulpini with sharp features and a brush-like tail. ... Binomial name Canis latrans Say, 1823 The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog) also prairie wolf [2]) is a member of the Canidae (dog) family and a close relative of the domestic dog. ... Binomial name Lynx rufus Schreber, 1777 The Bobcat (Lynx rufus, or commonly Felis rufus) is a wild cat native to North America. ... Binomial name Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780 Black Bear redirects here. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) The puma (Puma concolor) is a type of large cat found in North, Central and South America. ... Gray Wolves redirects here. ...


Gallery of Acadia National Park Photos

Bass Harbor Head Light, in the park.
Bass Harbor Head Light, in the park.
View from the summit of Cadillac Mountain on Mount Desert Island.
View from the summit of Cadillac Mountain on Mount Desert Island.
Sand Beach
Sand Beach


Download high resolution version (1504x1000, 392 KB)Photo of Bass Harbor Head Light, in Acadia National Park, Maine, USA. Taken by user Lorax and released under the GNU FDL. File links The following pages link to this file: Acadia National Park User:Lorax/photos Categories: GFDL images | NowCommons ... Download high resolution version (1504x1000, 392 KB)Photo of Bass Harbor Head Light, in Acadia National Park, Maine, USA. Taken by user Lorax and released under the GNU FDL. File links The following pages link to this file: Acadia National Park User:Lorax/photos Categories: GFDL images | NowCommons ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 318 KB) [edit] Summary View from the summit of Cadillac Mountain, in Acadia National Park (Mount Desert Island), Maine. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 318 KB) [edit] Summary View from the summit of Cadillac Mountain, in Acadia National Park (Mount Desert Island), Maine. ... Cadillac Mountain is the highest coastal point on the East Coast of the United States, at 1,532 feet. ... Mount Desert Island, in Hancock County, Maine, is one of the larger islands in the United States, being the third largest in the East after Long Island and Marthas Vineyard. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 350 KB) Sand Beach in Acadia National Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 350 KB) Sand Beach in Acadia National Park. ...


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