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Encyclopedia > Academy of Gundishapur

Coordinates: 32°17′N, 48°31′E The Academy of Gundishapur (in Persian: دانشگاه گنديشاپور, Dânešgâh Gondišâpur) was a renowned academy of learning in the city of Gundeshapur during late antiquity, the intellectual center of the Sassanid empire. It offered training in medicine, philosophy, theology and science. The faculty were versed not only in the Zoroastrian and Persian traditions, but in Greek and Indian learning as well. According to The Cambridge History of Iran, it was the most important medical center of the ancient world (defined as Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Near East) during the 6th and 7th centuries. [1] Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Gundeshapur (in Persian گندیشاپور, Pahlavi Gund-Ä« Shāh PÅ«r, Gondeshapur, Jondishapoor, Jondishapur, and Jondishapour, Gundishapur, Gondêšâpur, Jund-e Shapur, Jundê-Shâpûr, etc. ... Late Antiquity is a rough periodization (c. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ...

Contents

History

The MOST ANCIENT UNIVERSITY IN THE WORLD:


"The Academy of Gundishapur (Jundishahpoor) was founded by Sassanids during the reign of Shapur I (Shahpoor the First) of Iran, ca. 2200 years ago, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sassanid_Empire It is located in the present-day province (Sathrap) of Khuzestan, in the southwest of Iran, not so far from the Karun river. It was built in a city named Gondishapur, one of the most significant Iranian cities of that time. Gundishapur University and Academy were important centers of science, philosophy and medicine in the ancient world." (also see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Gundishapur )


It is believed that Gundishapur was the greatest university and academy the world had yet seen. Even better than Plato's Academy or Aristotle's Lyceum. Most of Greek scholar's studied at Gundishapur. Almost all the sources that Iranian scientists after islam (e.g. Avecinna and Khwarizmi) used were provided by ancient Iranian scientists in Gundishapur university. It was the heart of science and philosophy of its time. There, Zoroastrian philosophy, Greek knowledge, Babylonian astronomy as well as other scientific disciplines were mixed to create a great University. Zoroastrians have always been described by Historians as wise people who love science.


Soon after the founding of the modern school of Jondishapur, Dr. Tal'at Basāri was appointed vice chancellor of the university, the first woman to reach such a post in any university in Iran.

Under the Pahlavi dynasty, the heritage of Gondeshapur was memorialized by the founding of the Jondishapour University and its twin institution Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences, near the city of Ahvaz in 1959. [1] [2] The Pahlavi dynasty (in Persian: دودمان پهلوی) of Iran began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy. ... The city of Ahvaz or Ahwaz[1] (Persian: ahvāz or Arabic: ‎), is the capital of the Iranian province of Khūzestān. ...


The latter-day Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences was founded and named after its Sassanid predecessor, by its founder and first Chancellor, Dr. Mohammad Kar, Father of Cyrus Kar, in Ahvaz in 1959. Cyrus Kar (Persian: , born March 18, 1961 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian-born American film director, part-time professor at the University of Phoenix, and now-vindicated alleged terrorist who was captured by United States forces in Iraq on May 17, 2005. ...


Jondishapur University was renamed to Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz in 1981 in honor of Mostafa Chamran. It has been renamed again as Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences recently, websites: http://ajums.ac.ir/en/default.aspx http://ajums.ac.ir Based on the fact that Jundishapur University was founded by the Iranian King Shapur I more than 2200 years ago, it is the most ancient University in the history of mankind. Soon after the founding of Jondishapur University, Dr. Talat Basāri was appointed vice chancellor of the university, the first woman to reach such a post in any university in Iran. ... Mostafa Chamran Savei (1932 – 21 June 1981) was an Iranian defense minister and member of parliament, as well as commander of paramilitary volunteers in Iran-Iraq war. ... Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), is a medical school in Khuzestan Province of Iran. ...


The first woman ever to be appointed as vice-chancellor in a university in Iran, Dr. Tal'at Basāri, was appointed at this university in the mid 1960s, and starting 1968, plans for the modern campus were designed by famed architect Kamran Diba [3]. Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, by Kamran Diba. ...


Ancient Gondeshapur is also slated for an archaeological investigation. Experts from the Archaeological Research Center of Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago plan to start excavations in early 2006 [4]. Iran Cultural Heritage Organization (سازمان میراث فرهنگی) is an educational and research institution overseeing numerous associated museum complexes throughout Iran. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Vol 4, p396. ISBN 0-521-20093-8
  2. ^ University of Tehran Overview/Historical Events
  3. ^ Hill, Donald. Islamic Science and Engineering. 1993. Edinburgh Univ. Press. ISBN 0-7486-0455-3, p.4
  4. ^ Cambridge University Press, p. 173
  5. ^ Princeton University Press, 2000

Sources

  • The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol 4, ISBN 0-521-20093-8
  • Dols, Michael W. "The origins of the Islamic hospital: myth and reality": 1987, 61: 367-90; review by: 1987, 61: 661-62
  • Elgood, Cyril. A medical history of Persia, Cambridge University Press, 1951.
  • Frye, Richard Nelson. The Golden Age of Persia, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1993.
  • Hau, Friedrun R. "Gondeschapur: eine Medizinschule aus dem 6. Jahrhundert n. Chr.," Gesnerus, XXXVI (1979), 98-115.
  • Piyrnia, Mansoureh. Salar Zanana Iran. 1995. Maryland: Mehran Iran Publishing.
  • Hill, Donald. Islamic Science and Engineering. 1993. Edinburgh Univ. Press. ISBN 0-7486-0455-3

Richard Nelson Frye (c. ...

External links

  • Medicine in ancient Iran
  • Jondishapur according to Ahvaz University
  • Gundishapur according to jazirehdanesh(In Persian)

See also

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Gundishapur"
Soon after the founding of Jondishapur University, Dr. Talat Basāri was appointed vice chancellor of the university, the first woman to reach such a post in any university in Iran. ... University of Tehran College of Humanities Iran has a large network of private, public, and state affiliated universities offering degrees in higher education. ... Nizamiyah Madrasahs (schools) were established by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk, the most famous vizier of the Seljuk Empire, thus the name Nizamiyyah became popularized in Islamic History. ... During the first Christian centuries the school of Nisibis was the spiritiual center of the Assyrian Church of the East. ... This is a list of universities in Iran: See Higher education in Iran, for more information. ... Daralfonoon (Persian دار الفنون), established 1851 was the first modern institution of higher learning in Iran. ... Photo taken from medieval manuscript by Qotbeddin Shirazi. ... Medieval manuscript by Qotbeddin Shirazi. ... This is a list of Iranian Research Centers: Iran Astronomy Sciences Academy (IASA) ,Tehran The Academy of Arts of Iran, Tehran The Academy of Medical Sciences of Iran, Tehran The Academy of Sciences of Iran, Tehran Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran, Karaj Biotechnology Study Center, Tehran Chemistry & Chemical Engineering... Image:Milli Library. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Academy Information (1399 words)
One of the earliest academies established in the east was the 7th century Academy of Gundishapur in Sassanid Persia.
The Church of St. Triton on Kolokynthou Street, Athens, occupies the southern corner of the Academy, confirmed in 1966 by the discovery of a boundary stone dated to 500 BC.
Academies proliferated in the 20th century until even a three-week series of lectures and discussions would be termed an "academy." In addition, the generic term "the academy" is sometimes used to refer to all of academia, which is sometimes considered a global successor to the Academy of Athens.
Academy of Gundishapur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (892 words)
The Academy of Gundishapur (in Persian: دانشگاه گنديشاپور‎) was a renowned center of learning in the city of Gundeshapur during late antiquity, the intellectual center of the Sassanid empire.
The academy survived the change of rulers and persisted for several centuries as a Muslim institute of higher learning.
There the methods of Gundishapur were emulated; indeed, the House of Wisdom was staffed with graduates of the older Academy of Gondeshapur.
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