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Encyclopedia > Academia Sinica

The Academia Sinica (Chinese: 中央研究院; Pinyin: Zhōngyāng Yánjiūyuàn), headquartered in the Nan-kang district (25.0437° N 121.6158° E) of Taipei, is the national academy for Taiwan. As such it is deemed a primary research centre for the nation. It supports research activities in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from mathematical and physical sciences, to life sciences, and to humanities and social sciences. Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Alternative meaning: Nangang District, Harbin Nángǎng (Hanyu Pinyin) (Chinese: 南港, WG: Nan-kang, Tongyong Pinyin: Nangang) is a district of Taipei. ... For other uses, see Taipei (disambiguation). ...

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History and mission

Academia Sinica means "Chinese Academy" in Latin since it was originally founded in mainland China in 1928 by the famous educator Cai Yuanpei when the ROC government ruled the mainland. It shares the same root and the same Latin name with People's Republic of China's current Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing. After the Chinese Civil War, Academia Sinica was re-established in Taipei following relocation of the ROC government from Nanking to Taipei. Unlike the Chinese counterpart, which is exclusively composed of institutes in the natural sciences, Taiwan's Academia Sinica covers three major academic divisions: 1) mathematics and physical sciences; 2) life sciences; and 3) humanities and social sciences. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... ... Cài Yuánpéi (蔡元培, Wade-Giles: Tsai Yüan-pei) (January 11, 1868 - March 5, 1940) was a Chinese educator and the chancellor of the Peking University, and known for his critical evaluation of the Chinese culture that led to the May Fourth Movement. ... The Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese: 中国科学院; pinyin: Zhōngguó KÄ“xuéyuàn), formerly known as Academia Sinica (not to be confused with Taiwans Academia Sinica currently headquartered in Taipei which shares the same root), is the national academy for the natural sciences of the Peoples Republic of... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Combatants Kuomintang of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War (Traditional... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Physical science is the branch of science including chemistry and physics, usually contrasted with the social sciences and sometimes including and sometimes contrasted with natural or biological science. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ...


Academia Sinica now is directly responsible to the President of The Republic of China. Thus Academia Sinica enjoys autonomy in formulating its own research objectives. In addition to academic research on various subjects in the sciences and humanities, Academia Sinica's major tasks also include providing guidelines, channels of coordination, and incentives with a view to raising academic standards in the country.


Research institutions

Currently, the Academia Sinica's research affiliation contains 25 institutes (including preparatory offices) and six research centers.

In each institute and research center, tenure-tracked research fellows (equivalent to the tenure-tracked professors of the university) form research groups and carry out their studies supported by the intramural funds as well as external grants. In addition students from other countries are frequently hosted as summer interns. Tenure commonly refers to academic tenure systems, in which professors (at the university level)—and in some jurisdictions schoolteachers (at primary or secondary school levels)—are granted the right not to be fired without cause after an initial probationary period. ...


Education programs

In general Academia Sinica is a non-teaching institution, but it has very close collaboration with the top research universities in Taiwan, such as National Taiwan University, National Tsing Hua University, and National Yang-Ming University. Many research fellows from Academia Sinica have a second appointment or joint professorship at these universities. In addition, Academia Sinica established a joint Ph.D. program in biological science with Taiwan's National Defense University. Through these mechanisms, the faculty at the Academia Sinica give lecture courses and supervise graduate students. National Taiwan University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuo2-li4 tai2-wan1 ta4-hsüeh2; POJ: Kok-li̍p Tâi-ôan Tāi-ha̍k; abbreviation NTU)[2] is a national university in Taipei City, Taiwan. ... National Tsing Hua University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuo-li Ching-hua Ta-hsuëh; abbreviated as NTHU) is a university in Hsinchu City, Taiwan. ... National Yang Ming University (國立陽明大學) is a public university at Shipai of Beitou District, Taipei. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ...


Since 2004, Academia Sinica set up the Taiwan International Graduate Program (TIGP) open to local and international students for Ph.D. programs. All courses at TIPG are conducted in English. Currently admittance to the programme guarantees a scholarship. TIGP offers Ph.D. programs only in selected disciplines agreed upon by Academia Sinica and its national research universities partners. The program offers Ph.D. degree programs in inter-disciplinary areas in the physical sciences, applied sciences, engineering, biological and agricultural sciences, health and medical sciences, humanities and social sciences. Currently Academia Sinica administers 8 such programs with degrees issued from partner universities.


Convocation

The Convocation of the Academia Sinica consists more than 200 academicians, including 6 Nobel laureates. Academician membership is an honorary lifetime privilege without remuneration. They do not necessarily perform research or reside at the Academia Sinica campus. According to their own expertise, academicians are grouped into three divisions: mathematics and physical sciences, life sciences, and social sciences and humanities. A maximum number of 10 new members is allocated to each of the three divisions during the biennial Convocation. The eligibility of the academicians is not restricted to the residents of Taiwan or ROC citizens, although the academicians all have Chinese heritage. More than half of the academicians are oversea scholars and scientists. The title Academician denotes a Full Member of an art, literary, or scientific academy. ... Nobel Prize medal. ...


At the Convocation, the academicians elect new academicians and honorary academicians, and elect members to the Council of Academia Sinica. The Convocation can also make policies on academic research, although the policy is more advisory than mendotory to the government. The academicians also have responsibilities to carry out research at the government's request, although the government has never requested any task.


Leadership

The president of the Academia Sinica is appointed by the President of ROC from three candidates recommended by the Council Meeting. The president of the Academia must be an academician. After the appointment, the president serves five-year term and can serve up to two consessive terms.


Academia Sinica's current President is Dr. Chi-Huey Wong, a biochemist, who replaced Dr. Yuan Tseh Lee, a physical chemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, as the 9th president on October 19, 2006. Chi-Huey Wong (Chinese: 翁啟惠) is a Taiwan-born biochemist and Ernest W Hahn Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology in The Scripps Research Institute at La Jolla, California. ... Lee Yuan-tseh was a scientist at LBNL when he won his Nobel Prize in 1986. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ...


External links

  • Official site

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