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Encyclopedia > Abyss

An abyss (Greek: a-, privative, bussos, bottom) is a bottomless depth; hence any deep place. Historically the word applied to Tartarus. The word today more often refers to a pit; to the deep ocean; or like Tartarus, to hell. The privative a (or a privativum) is the prefix a- expressing negation (e. ... In Greek mythology, Tartarus, or Tartaros, is both a deity and a place in the underworld — even lower than Hades. ... Medieval illustration of Hell in the Hortus deliciarum manuscript of Herrad of Landsberg (about 1180) Hell is, according to many religious beliefs, a place or a state of painful suffering. ...

From the late popular abyssimus (superlative of Low Latin abyssus) through the French abisme (i.e. abime) is derived the poetic form "abysm," pronounced as late as 1616 to rhyme with "time." Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books...

  • In oceanography, the adjective abyssal is used to refer to the deepest extent of the sea: hence "abyssal zone", "abyssal plain", "abyssal flora and fauna", and "abyssal sediment". The form abysmal is not widely used in this context.
  • In heraldry, the abyss is the middle of an escutcheon.
  • In the Greek version of the Old Testament the word represents both the original chaos (Genesis i.2) and the Hebrew tehom ("a surging water-deep"), which is used also in apocalyptic and kabbalistic literature and in the New Testament for hell; the place of punishment; in the Revised (not the Authorized) version of the Bible "abyss" is generally used for this idea. Primarily in the Septuagint cosmography the word is applied both to the waters under the earth which originally covered it, and from which the springs and rivers are supplied and to the waters of the firmament which were regarded as closely connected with those below.
  • Derivatively, from the general idea of depth, it acquired the meaning of the place of the dead, though apparently never quite the same as Sheol. In the book of Revelation it is the prison of evil spirits whence they may occasionally be let loose, and where Satan is doomed to spend 1000 years.
  • Beneath the altar in the temple of Jerusalem there was believed to be a passage which led down to the abyss of the world, where the foundation-stone of the earth was laid. In rabbinical cosmography the abyss is a region of Gehenna situated below the ocean bed and divided into three or seven parts imposed one above the other. In the Kabbalah the abyss as the opening into the lower world is the abode of evil spirits, and corresponds to the opening of the abyss to the world above. In general the abyss is regarded vaguely as a place of indefinite extent, the abode of mystery and sorrow.
  • The Abyss is a great underground chasm, sealed by God and guarded by angels to prevent the spirits imprisoned within from escaping. It is said to be botomless and located under the Euphrates River. God entrapped the spirits of the powerful Watchers (angels who fell to earth), Nephilim, and their followers, to remove them from the earth's surface, so they would not plague and rule over mankind. The Abyss is said to contain the spirits of the uncircumsised, warriors, pagans, followers of false gods, and those that choose to follow their base animal nature rather than their higher human nature. It is believed by some that on Judgement Day, God will judge all the spirits of the Earth, Abyss, and Hell.
  • Relatedly, in the Kabbalistic magickal system of Aleister Crowley, the Abyss is the 11th (hidden) sephira, Da'ath, which separates the lower sephiroth from the supernals. It represents the fall of man (as in Genesis) from a unified consciousness into a duality between ego and divine nature. The Abyss is inhabited by the demon, Choronzon. "Crossing the Abyss" is regarded as a perilous operation, and the most important work of the magician's career. Success confers graduation into the degree, Magister Templi, or "Master of the Temple."

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The abyssal zone contains the very deep benthic communities near the bottom of oceans. ... Abyssal plains are flat or very gently sloping areas of the ocean basin floor where rocks gradually sink into the ground because they have no supporting heat energy below them; the worlds flattest and smoothest regions are caused by this effect. ... Heraldry is the science and art of describing coats-of-arms, also referred to as armorial bearings or simply as arms. Its origins lie in the need to distinguish participants in battles or jousts and to describe the various devices they carried or painted on their shields. ... In heraldry, the shield is the principal portion of a heraldic achievement or coat of arms. ... Abyss is a video game character and the final boss of Marvel vs. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1972, in his study at Merton Street (from by H. Carpenter) John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (January 3, 1892 – September 2, 1973) is best known as the author of The Hobbit and its sequel The Lord of the Rings. ... The Timeless Halls are the Home of Eru within J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth. ... Eru (the One), also called Ilúvatar (the Father of All), is the name in the legendarium of J.R.R. Tolkien for the supreme God, the creator of the angels (Ainur) and the universe (Eä). ... Judaism uses the term Tanakh instead of Old Testament, because it does not recognize the New Testament as being part of the Biblical canon The Old Testament or the Hebrew Scriptures (also called the Hebrew Bible) constitutes the first major part of the Bible according to Christianity. ... Chaos derives from the Greek Χαος and typically refers to unpredictability. ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... Medieval illustration of Hell in the Hortus deliciarum manuscript of Herrad of Landsberg (about 1180) Hell is, according to many religious beliefs, a place or a state of painful suffering. ... The King James Version (KJV) is an English translation of the Holy Bible, commissioned for the benefit of the Church of England at the behest of King James I of England. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... The Septuagint (LXX) is the name commonly given in the West to the Koine Greek Alexandrine text of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/Old Testament) produced some time between the third to first century BC. The Septuagint Bible includes additional books of the old Jewish canon beyond those contained in the... Cosmography is the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy) A representation of the earth or the heavens. ... Sheol (שאול) is the Hebrew language word denoting the abode of the dead; the underworld, grave or pit. In the Hebrew Bible it is portrayed as a comfortless place beneath the earth, beyond gates, where both the bad and the good, slave and king, pious and wicked must go after death... Visions John the Evangelist, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ... Gustave Dores depiction of Satan from John Miltons Paradise Lost Satan (שָׂטָן Standard Hebrew Satan, Greek and Latin Sátanas, Tiberian Hebrew Śāṭān; Aramaic שִׂטְנָא Åšaá¹­anâ: both words mean Adversary; accuser) is an angel, demon, or minor god in many religions. ... Note: Tanach quotes are from the Judaica press Tanach. ... Kabbalah (Hebrew קַבָּלָה reception, Standard Hebrew Qabbala, Tiberian Hebrew Qabbālāh; also written variously as Cabala, Cabalah, Cabbala, Cabbalah, Kabala, Kabalah, Kabbala, Qabala, Qabalah, Kaballah) is an interpretation (exegesis, hermeneutic) key, soul of the Torah (Hebrew Bible), or the religious mystical system of Judaism claiming an... Length 2,800 km Elevation of the source 4,500 m Average discharge 818 m³/s Area watershed 765,831 km² Origin  Eastern Turkey Mouth  Shatt al Arab Basin countries Turkey Syria Iraq Boat on the Shatt-al-Arab The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name for the river, which is... In the Hebrew Bible and several non-canonical Jewish and early Christian writings, nephilim (in Hebrew הנּפלים means the fallen [ones]) are a people created by the cross-breeding of the sons of God (beney haelohim, בני האלהים) and the daughters of men. (See Genesis 6:1. ... Aleister Crowley Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley (12 October 1875 - 1 December 1947) was an occultist, mystic, sexual revolutionary, and drug user (especially heroin). ... Sephira was a Spanish goddess of intelligence and creativity. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of... Choronzon is a demonic entity, described by Edward Kelley as that mighty devil. It is associated with the tenth Aethyr in the system of Enochian Magick devised by John Dee, and is the Dweller in the Abyss in the magickal system(s) developed by Aleister Crowley. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Abyss (comics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (732 words)
Abyss is one of scores of mutants who lost their powers after the events of the House of M.
A variant of Abyss appeared in the alternate timeline of the Age of Apocalypse, in which he was one of Apocalypse's Horsemen, a nihilist with a warped sense of humor.
Abyss became attached to the religious institutions of Apocalypse's regime: The Madri and the Broterhood of Chaos.
Abyss - LoveToKnow 1911 (413 words)
In heraldry, the abyss is the middle of an escutcheon.
In the Kabbalah the abyss as the opening into the lower world is the abode of evil spirits, and corresponds to the opening of the abyss to the world above.
In general the abyss is regarded vaguely as a place of indefinite extent, the abode of mystery and sorrow.
  More results at FactBites »



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