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Encyclopedia > Abstract expressionism
Jackson Pollock, No. 5, 1948, abstract expressionism
Jackson Pollock, No. 5, 1948, abstract expressionism

Abstract expressionism was an American post-World War II art movement. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve worldwide influence and also the one that put New York City at the center of the art world, a role formerly filled by Paris. The term "Abstract expressionism" was first applied to American art in 1946 by the art critic Robert Coates, (it had been first used in Germany in 1919 in the magazine Der Sturm, regarding German Expressionism). In the USA, Alfred Barr was the first to use this term in 1929 in relation to works by Wassily Kandinsky.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata No. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... No. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, or, at least, with the heyday of the movement more or less strictly so restricted (usually a few months, years or... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Robert Coates, an art critic for the New Yorker. ... Der Sturm (German: The Storm) was a magazine of expressionism founded in Berlin in 1910 by Herwarth Walden. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alfred H. Barr, Jr. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ...

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An abstract expressionist painting by Jane Frank (1918-1986): "Crags and Crevices", 1961
An abstract expressionist painting by Jane Frank (1918-1986): "Crags and Crevices", 1961

Technically, an important predecessor is surrealism, with its emphasis on spontaneous, automatic or subconscious creation. Jackson Pollock's dripping paint onto a canvas laid on the floor is a technique that has its roots in the work of Max Ernst. Another important early manifestation of what came to be abstract expressionism is the work of American Northwest artist Mark Tobey, especially his "white writing" canvases, which, though generally not large in scale, anticipate the "all over" look of Pollock's drip paintings. Image File history File linksMetadata Jane_Frank_Crags_And_Crevices. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jane_Frank_Crags_And_Crevices. ... The artist Jane Frank (or Jane Schenthal Frank) was born Jane Babette Schenthal on July 25,1918, in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Max Ernst. ... Headline text Automatism is a surrealist technique involving spontaneous writing, drawing, or the like practiced without conscious aesthetic or moral self-censorship. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning in 1948. ... Mark George Tobey (December 11, 1890 – April 24, 1976) was an American Abstract Expressionism Painter, born in Centerville, Wisconsin. ...


The movement gets its name because it is seen as combining the emotional intensity and self-denial of the German Expressionists with the anti-figurative aesthetic of the European abstract schools such as Futurism, the Bauhaus and Synthetic Cubism. Additionally, it has an image of being rebellious, anarchic, highly idiosyncratic and, some feel, rather nihilistic.[2] In practice, the term is applied to any number of artists working (mostly) in New York who had quite different styles, and even applied to work which is not especially abstract nor expressionist. Pollock's energetic "action paintings", with their "busy" feel, are different both technically and aesthetically, to the violent and grotesque Women series of Willem de Kooning (which are figurative paintings) and to the serenely shimmering blocks of color in Mark Rothko's work (which is not what would usually be called expressionist and which Rothko denied was abstract), yet all three are classified as abstract expressionists. The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist house in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic Cubism was a 20th century art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... Pollocks Galaxy, a part of the Joslyn Art Museums permanent collection. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... The Creation of Adam, a figurative work by Michelangelo Figurative art describes artwork - particularly paintings - which are clearly derived from real object sources, and are therefore by definition representational. ... Mark Rothkos painting 1957 # 20 (1957) Mark Rothko born Marcus Rothkowitz (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970) was a Latvian-born American painter and printmaker who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he rejected not only the label but even being an abstract painter. ...


Abstract Expressionism has many stylistic similarities to the Russian artists of the early twentieth century such as Wassily Kandinsky. Although it is true that spontaneity or of the impression of spontaneity characterized many of the abstract expressionists works, most of these paintings involved careful planning, especially since their large size demanded it. An exception might be the drip paintings of Pollock. Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ...


Why this style gained mainstream acceptance in the 1950s is a matter of debate. American social realism had been the mainstream in the 1930s. It had been influenced not only by the Great Depression but also by the Social Realists of Mexico such as David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera. The political climate after World War II did not long tolerate the social protests of these painters. Abstract expressionism arose during World War II and began to be showcased during the early forties at galleries in New York like The Art of This Century Gallery. The McCarthy era after World War II was a time of extreme artistic censorship in the United States. Since the subject matter was often totally abstract it became a safe strategy for artists to pursue this style. Abstract art could be seen as apolitical. Or if the art was political, the message was largely for the insiders.[citation needed] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... David Alfaro Siquerios (December 29, 1896 in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico - January 6, 1974 in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico) was a painter and muralist known for his social realism work. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957; full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a world-famous Mexican painter, born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato, whose large wall works in fresco co-established Mexican Mural... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Peggy Guggenheim opened The Art of This Century Gallery at 30 W. 57th Street in New York City in October-November 1942. ... McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy, was a period of intense anticommunism, also (popularly) known as the (second) Red Scare, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956 (or later), when the government of the United States was actively engaged in suppression of the Communist Party USA, its... For other uses, see Censor. ... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ...


Although the abstract expressionist school spread quickly throughout the United States, the major centers of this style were New York City and California, especially the San Francisco Bay area.


Art critics of the post-World War II era

Franz Kline, Painting Number 2, 1954
Franz Kline, Painting Number 2, 1954

In the 1940s there were not only few galleries (The Art of This Century) but also few critics who were willing to follow the work of the New York Vanguard. There were also a few artists with a literary background, among them Robert Motherwell and Barnett Newman who functioned as critics as well. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (808x611, 58 KB)Franz Kline Painting Number 2 1954 Oil on canvas 68 1/2 x 89 (204. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (808x611, 58 KB)Franz Kline Painting Number 2 1954 Oil on canvas 68 1/2 x 89 (204. ... Franz Klines Painting Number 2, 1954 Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 - May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist group which was centered, geographically, around New York, and temporally, in the 1940s and 1950s; but not limited to that setting. ... Peggy Guggenheim opened The Art of This Century Gallery at 30 W. 57th Street in New York City in October-November 1942. ... Robert Motherwell, 1971 Robert Motherwell (January 24, 1915 – July 16, 1991) was an American abstract expressionist painter and printmaker. ... Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist. ...


As surprising as it may be, while New York and the world were unfamiliar with the New York avant-garde, by the late 1940s most of the artists who have become household names today had their well established patron critics: Clement Greenberg advocated Jackson Pollock and the color field painters like Clyfford Still, Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Adolph Gottlieb and Hans Hofmann. Harold Rosenberg seemed to prefer the action painters like Willem de Kooning and Franz Kline. Thomas B. Hess, the managing editor of Art News, championed Willem de Kooning. A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Clement Greenberg (January 16, 1909 - May 7, 1994) was an influential American art critic closely associated with the abstract art movement in the United States. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Color Field painting is an abstract style that emerged in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism and is largely characterized by abstract canvases painted primarily with large areas of solid color. ... Clyfford Still (November 30, 1904 – June 23, 1980) was an American artist, a painter, and one of the leading figures in Abstract Expressionism. ... Mark Rothkos painting 1957 # 20 (1957) Mark Rothko born Marcus Rothkowitz (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970) was a Latvian-born American painter and printmaker who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he rejected not only the label but even being an abstract painter. ... Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist. ... Adolph Gottlieb (March 14, 1903 - March 4, 1974) was an American abstract expressionist painter. ... Hans Hofmann (1880 - 1966) was an abstract expressionist painter. ... Harold Rosenberg (February 2, 1906, New York City - July 11, 1978, New York City) was an American writer, educator, philosopher and art critic. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... Franz Klines Painting Number 2, 1954 Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 - May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist group which was centered, geographically, around New York, and temporally, in the 1940s and 1950s; but not limited to that setting. ...


The new critics elevated their proteges by casting other artists as "followers"[3] or ignoring those who did not serve their promotional goal.


As an example, in 1958, Mark Tobey "became the first American painter since Whistler (1895) to win top prize at the Biennale of Venice. New York's two leading art magazines were not interested. Arts mentioned the historic event only in a news column and ARTnews (Managing editor: Thomas B. Hess) ignored it completely. The New York Times and Life printed feature articles." Mark Tobey by William C. Seitz, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1962). Mark George Tobey (December 11, 1890 – April 24, 1976) was an American Abstract Expressionism Painter, born in Centerville, Wisconsin. ... ARTnews is an artist magazine, founded in 1902 and claiming a circulation of more than 200,000. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Philippe Halsmans famous portrait of Marilyn Monroe Life generally refers to two American magazines: A humor and general interest magazine published from 1883 to 1936; A publication created by Time founder Henry Luce in 1936, with a strong emphasis on photojournalism. ...


Barnett Newman, a late member of the Uptown Group wrote catalogue forewords and reviews and by the late 1940s became an exhibiting artist at Betty Parsons Gallery. His first solo show was in 1948. Soon after his first exhibition, Barnett Newman remarked in one of the Artists' Session at Studio 35: "We are in the process of making the world, to a certain extent, in our own image."[4] Utilizing his writing skills, Newman fought every step of the way to reinforce his newly established image as an artist and to promote his work. An example is his letter in April 9, 1955, "Letter to Sidney Janis: — it is true that Rothko talks the fighter. He fights, however, to submit to the philistine world. My struggle against bourgeois society has involved the total rejection of it."[5] Peggy Guggenheim opened The Art of This Century Gallery at 30 W. 57th Street in New York City in October-November 1942. ...


Strangely the person thought to have had most to do with the promotion of this style was a New York Trotskyist, Clement Greenberg. As long time art critic for the Partisan Review and The Nation, he became an early and literate proponent of abstract expressionism. Artist Robert Motherwell, well heeled, joined Greenberg in promoting a style that fit the political climate and the intellectual rebelliousness of the era. Clement Greenberg (January 16, 1909 - May 7, 1994) was an influential American art critic closely associated with the abstract art movement in the United States. ... Partisan Review was an American political and literary quarterly published from 1934 to 2003. ... The Nation (ISSN 0027-8378) is a weekly [1] U.S. periodical devoted to politics and culture, self-described as the flagship of the left. [2] Founded on July 6, 1865 as an Abolitionist publication, it is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States. ... Robert Motherwell, 1971 Robert Motherwell (January 24, 1915 – July 16, 1991) was an American abstract expressionist painter and printmaker. ...


Clement Greenberg proclaimed abstract expressionism and Jackson Pollock in particular as the epitome of aesthetic value. It supported Pollock's work on formalistic grounds as simply the best painting of its day and the culmination of an art tradition going back via Cubism and Cézanne to Monet, in which painting became ever 'purer' and more concentrated in what was 'essential' to it, the making of marks on a flat surface.[6] Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist house in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic Cubism was a 20th century art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... Vase of Flowers (1876) Oil on canvas Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French painter who represents the bridge from impressionism to cubism. ... Oscar-Claude Monet (November 14, 1840 - December 5, 1926), French impressionist painter. ...


Jackson Pollock's work has always polarised critics. Harold Rosenberg spoke of the transformation of painting into an existential drama in Pollock's work, in which "what was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event". "The big moment came when it was decided to paint 'just to paint'. The gesture on the canvas was a gesture of liberation from value — political, aesthetic, moral."[7] Harold Rosenberg (February 2, 1906, New York City - July 11, 1978, New York City) was an American writer, educator, philosopher and art critic. ...


One of the most vocal critics of abstract expressionism at the time was New York Times art critic John Canaday. Meyer Shapiro, and Leo Steinberg along with Clement Greenberg and Harold Rosenberg were important art historians of the post-war era who voiced support for abstract expressionism. During the early to mid sixties younger art critics Michael Fried, Rosalind Krauss and Robert Hughes added considerable insights into the critical dialectic that continues to grow around abstract expressionism. The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Meyer Schapiro was a 20th century art historian. ... Leo Steinberg (born 1920) is an American art historian. ... Michael Fried was a soldier in the U.S. Army. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Robert Studley Forrest Hughes AO, (born July 28, 1938), who is usually known as Robert Hughes, is an art critic, writer and television documentary maker. ...


Other people, such as British comedian/satirist Craig Brown, have been astonished that decorative 'wallpaper' could gain such a position in art history alongside Giotto, Titian and Velazquez. Craig Brown (born May 23, 1957) is a British satirist and writer probably best known for his work in Private Eye. ... There are several things that have been named Giotto: Giotto di Bondone an Italian painter. ... Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ...


Abstract expressionism and the Cold War

Since mid 1970s it has been argued by revisionist historians that the style attracted the attention, in the early 1950s, of the CIA, who saw it as a representative of the USA as a haven of free thought and free markets, as well as a challenge to both the socialist realist styles prevalent in communist nations and the dominance of the European art markets. The book by Frances Stonor Saunders [1], The Cultural Cold War—The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters, [2] and other publications such as Who Paid the Piper?: CIA and the Cultural Cold War, detail how the CIA financed and organized the promotion of American abstract expressionists via the Congress for Cultural Freedom from 1950–67. Against this revisionist tradition, an important essay by Michael Kimmelman, chief art critic of The New York Times, called Revisiting the Revisionists: The Modern, Its. Critics and the Cold War, argues that much of this information (as well as the revisionists' interpretation of it) concerning what was happening on the American art scene during the 1940s and 50s is flatly false, or at best (contrary to the revisionists' avowed historiographic principles) decontextualized. Other books on the subject include Art in the Cold War by Christine Lindey, which also describes the art of the Soviet Union at the same time; and Pollock and After edited by Francis Frascina, which reprinted the Kimmelman article. In Parson Weems Fable (1939) Grant Wood takes a sly poke at a traditional hagiographical account of George Washington Historical revisionism has both a legitimate academic use and a pejorative meaning. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Stalin as an Organiser of the October Revolution by Karp Trokhimenko Socialist realism is a teleologically-oriented style of realistic art which has as its purpose the furtherance of the goals of socialism and communism. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... The International Association for Cultural Freedom (previously known as the Congress for Cultural Freedom) was an anti-communist political group best known for being revealed in 1967 as a covert operation of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


Consequences

Canadian artist Jean-Paul Riopelle (1923-2002) helped introduce abstract impressionism to Paris in the 1950s. Michel Tapié's groundbreaking book, Un Art Autre (1952), was also enormously influential in this regard. Tapié was also a curator and exhibition organizer who promoted the works of Pollock and Hans Hoffman in Europe. By the 1960s, the movement's initial impact had been assimilated, yet its methods and proponents remained highly influential in art, affecting profoundly the work of many artists who followed. Abstract Expressionism preceded Tachisme, Color Field painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Fluxus, Pop Art, Minimalism, Postminimalism, Neo-expressionism, and the other movements of the sixties and seventies and it influenced all those later movements that evolved. Movements which were direct responses to, and rebellions against abstract expressionism began with Hard-edge painting (Frank Stella, Robert Indiana and others) and Pop artists, notably Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenberg and Roy Lichtenstein who achieved prominence in the US, accompanied by Richard Hamilton in Britain. Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns in the US formed a bridge between abstract expressionism and Pop art. Minimalism was exemplified by artists such as Donald Judd, Robert Mangold and Carl Andre. La Joute, by Jean-Paul Riopelle Jean-Paul Riopelle (7 October 1923 - 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec. ... Abstract Impressionism is a type of abstract painting (not to be confused with Abstract Expressionism, a similar but different movement) where small brushstrokes build and structure large paintings. ... Michel Tapié (Michel Tapié de Céleyran, 1909-1987) an internationally active French critic, curator, and collector of art, as well as an important artist in his own right, was an early and influential theorist and practitioner of tachisme, which is generally regarded as the European equivalent of abstract expressionism. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Tachisme (alternative spelling: Tachism, derived from the French word tache - stain) was a French style of abstract painting in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Color Field is an art movement characterized by canvases being covered entirely by large fields of solid color. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... Fluxus – a name taken from a Latin word meaning to flow – is an international network of artists, composers and designers noted for blending different artistic media and disciplines in the 1960s. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. ... Postminimalism is a term utilized in various artistic fields for work which is influenced by, or attempts to develop, the aesthetic of minimalism. ... Neo-expressionism was a style of modern painting that emerged in the late 1970s and dominated the art market until the mid-1980s. ... The Hard-edge painting style can be considered a subdivision of Post-Painterly Abstraction, which in turn emerged from Color Field painting. ... Frank Stella La scienza della pigrizia (The Science of Laziness) 1984, oil, enamel and alkyd paint on canvas, etched magnesium, aluminum and fiberglass, National Gallery of Art Washington DC Frank Stella (born May 12, 1936) is an American painter and printmaker. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who became a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... Soft Bathtub (Model)—Ghost Version by Claes Oldenburg 1966, acryllic and pencil on foam-filled canvas with wood, cord, and plaster. ... Roy Fox Lichtenstein (27 October 1923 – 29 September 1997) was a prominent American pop artist, whose work borrowed heavily from popular advertising and comic book styles, which he himself described as being as artificial as possible. // Roy Lichtenstein was born on 27 October 1923 into an upper-middle-class family... Just What Is It that Makes Todays Homes So Different, So Appealing? 1956 Richard Hamilton (born February 24, 1922) is an English painter and collage artist. ... Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. ... Untitled (Core Piece), 1969 Untitled sculpture from 1990 Donald Clarence Judd (June 3, 1928 - February 12, 1994) was a minimalist artist (a term he stridently disavowed) whose work sought autonomy and clarity for the constructed object and the space created by it, ultimately achieving a rigorously democratic presentation without compositional... Robert Mangold book cover; a late Mangold piece serves as its background Robert Mangold born October 12, 1937, in North Tonawanda, New York, is an American minimalist artist, who continues to paint and create today, forty years after his peak of notability in the abstract expressionist movement of the 1960... Carl Andre (born September 16, 1935) American minimalist artist. ...


However, many painters, such as Fuller Potter, Jane Frank (a pupil of Hans Hofmann), and Elaine Hamilton continued to work in the abstract expressionist style for many years, extending and expanding its visual and philosophical implications, as many abstract artists continue to do today. Fuller Potter (born 1910; died 1990) was an American Abstract expressionist artist. ... The artist Jane Frank (or Jane Schenthal Frank) was born Jane Babette Schenthal on July 25,1918, in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Hans Hofmann (1880 - 1966) was an abstract expressionist painter. ... Elaine Hamilton-ONeal, oil on canvas, 48X28. Date unknown (probably early 1950s or late 1940s). ...


Jarryd Rasty's art was very controversial when it first appeared. The first time it was ever presented to the world was in 1975 when abstract art of this nature was unheard of. Rasty's controvertial piece involved a videotape of a dog excreting on a car played on loop on a black and white tv inside a cardboard box. People were not only offended by the thought of this, they were also frustrated and annoyed as they did not understand exactly why he did it. When asked Rasty simply stated "I am better than you" gave them the finger and walked away. To this day he is still confusing people with his antics.


Major paintings and sculpture

List of abstract expressionists

Major artists

  • Significant artists whose mature work defined American Abstract Expressionism:

William Baziotes (1912 – 1963) was an American painter influenced by Surrealism and was a contributor to Abstract Expressionism. ... Norman Bluhm (March 28, 1921-February 3, 1999), was an American painter classified as abstract expressionist. ... James Brooks (October 18, 1906 – March 9, 1992) was an American muralist and abstract painter. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bush, Big A, acrylic on canvas, 1968 Jack Bush (1909-1977) (variant name John Hamilton Bush) was an important Canadian abstract expressionist painter, born in Toronto, Ontario in 1909. ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... John Angus Chamberlain (born April 16, 1927) is an American sculptor. ... Elaine Marie de Kooning (12 March 1918 - 1 February 1989), was an abstract expressionist and semi-realistic painter. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... Richard Clifford Diebenkorn, Jr. ... Donatis, Eclipse Annee 2000, mixed media on canvas, 1992. ... Friedel Dzubas was born in Berlin, Germany on April 20, 1915. ... // 1921 - 1981 Norris Embry was an american artist born on January 14, 1921 in Louisville, Kentucky. ... Labors of Hercules, bronze sculpture by Herbert Ferber, 1948, The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu Homage to Piranesi V, copper sculpture by Herbert Ferber,1965-6, National Gallery of Art (Washington, D. C.) Untitled lithograph by Herbert Ferber, 1959, Smithsonian American Art Museum Herbert Ferber was an American sculptor and painter, who... The artist Jane Frank (or Jane Schenthal Frank) was born Jane Babette Schenthal on July 25,1918, in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Helen Frankenthaler (born December 12, 1928) is an American post-painterly abstraction artist. ... See also: other Sam Francises Samuel Lewis Francis (1923 - November 4, 1994) was an American painter and printmaker. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Vostanik Manoog Adoyan, (better known as Arshile Gorky) (April 15, 1904 – July 21, 1948) was an Armenian painter who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism. ... Adolph Gottlieb (March 14, 1903 - March 4, 1974) was an American abstract expressionist painter. ... Painting, Smoking Eating 1972 Oil on Canvas Philip Guston (July 27, 1913 – June 7, 1980) was a notable painter and printmaker in the New York School, which included many of the Abstract Expressionists, such as Jackson Pollock and Willem De Kooning. ... Elaine Hamilton-ONeal, oil on canvas, 48X28. Date unknown (probably early 1950s or late 1940s). ... David Hare (March 10, 1917 – December 21, 1992) was an American artist, associated with the Surrealist movement. ... Grace Hartigan (1922- ) is an Abstract Expressionist painter. ... Hans Hofmann (1880 - 1966) was an abstract expressionist painter. ... Paul Jenkins (born 1923) is a U.S. abstract expressionist painter. ... Franz Klines Painting Number 2, 1954 Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 - May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist group which was centered, geographically, around New York, and temporally, in the 1940s and 1950s; but not limited to that setting. ... Albert Kotin (1907 - 1980) belonged to the early generation of New York School Abstract Expressionist Artists whose artistic innovation by the 1950s had been recognized across the Atlantic, including Paris. ... Jackson Pollock gets the big stone and Lee Krasner gets the small stone in Green River Cemetery in Springs, New York Lee Krasners painting Cool White (1959) Lee Krasner (October 27, 1908 - June 19, 1984) was an influential abstract expressionist painter in the second half of the 20th Century. ... Ibram Lassaw is an Egyptian-American sculptor, known for nonobjective construction in brazed metals. ... Richard Lippold (1915–?) is an American sculptor, known for his geometric constructions using wire as a medium. ... Seymour Lipton (born 6 November 1903, died 15 December 1986) was an American abstract expressionist sculptor. ... Morris Louis (Morris Louis Bernstein) (1912 - 1962) was one of the talented U.S. abstract expressionist painters to emerge in the fifties. ... Conrad Marca-Relli (1912 – 2000) was an American Abstract Expressionist painter. ... Knox Martin, is an American painter, sculptor and muralist. ... Joan Mitchell (1925-1992) was a ‘Second Generation’ Abstract Expressionist painter. ... Robert Motherwell, 1971 Robert Motherwell (January 24, 1915 – July 16, 1991) was an American abstract expressionist painter and printmaker. ... Louise Berliawsky Nevelson (1900 Kiev - 1988) was a U.S. (Russian-born) sculptor. ... Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist. ... Isamu Noguchi , November 17, 1904 - December 30, 1988) was a prominent Japanese -American artist and landscape architect whose artistic career spanned six decades, from the 1920s onward. ... Kenzo Okada (1902 - 1982) was an American painter of Japanese birth. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Fuller Potter (born 1910; died 1990) was an American Abstract expressionist artist. ... Richard Pousette-Dart (1916 – 1992) was an American Abstract Expressionist painter. ... Adolph Dietmar Friedrich Reinhardt (Ad Reinhardt) (December 24, 1913 – August 30, 1967) was a painter, writer, and pioneer of conceptual and minimal art. ... Milton Resnick (died March 2004) was a major abstract expressionist painter and teacher known for his mystical, abstract and figurative paintings. ... George Rickey (1907–July 17, 2002) was an American kinetic sculptor. ... La Joute, by Jean-Paul Riopelle Jean-Paul Riopelle (7 October 1923 - 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec. ... Ronald, The Hero, oil on canvas, 1957 Ronald, mixed media on paper, 1993 William Ronald, R.C.A. (1926-1998) (variant name William Smith Ronald; born Willam Ronald Smith) was an important Canadian painter, best known as the founder the influential Canadian abstract art group Painters Eleven in 1954. ... Mark Rothkos painting 1957 # 20 (1957) Mark Rothko born Marcus Rothkowitz (September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970) was a Latvian-born American painter and printmaker who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he rejected not only the label but even being an abstract painter. ... // Jon Schueler (born September 12, 1916 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin - died August 5, 1992 in New York) first had the desire to become a writer, and after he acquired his Masters degree at the University of Wisconsin in 1940, he worked for a short time as a journalist. ... The Banquet (1951), installation at Kykuit. ... Theodoros Stamos (1922-1997) was one of the original and youngest Abstract Expressionist artists working in New York City in the 1940s and 50s. ... Clyfford Still (November 30, 1904 – June 23, 1980) was an American artist, a painter, and one of the leading figures in Abstract Expressionism. ... Aurora, by Suvero, at the Hirshhorn Sculpture Garden Mark di Suvero (born as Marco Polo di Suvero) is an American abstract expressionist sculptor born in Shanghai, China in 1933. ... Mark George Tobey (December 11, 1890 – April 24, 1976) was an American Abstract Expressionism Painter, born in Centerville, Wisconsin. ... Jack Tworkov (1900 – 1982) was born in Biala, Poland and immigrated to the United States when he was thirteen. ... Cy Twombly (born April 25, 1928) is an American abstract artist. ... // Esteban Vicente (1903-2001), one of the first generation of the New York Abstract Expressionists, was born in Turegano, Spain on January 20, 1903. ...

Other artists

Karel Appel (born April 25, 1921) is a painter, born in Amsterdam. ... Louise Bourgeois (born December 25, 1911, Paris) is an artist and sculptor, whose work has been strongly influenced by the surrealists, abstract expressionism and minimalism. ... Mary Callery (1903 – 1977) was an American artist known for her Modern and Abstract Expressionist sculpture. ... Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (July 31, 1901 - May 12, 1985) was a French artist. ... Kenneth O. Goehring (January 8, 1919 - June 27, 2007) an Abstract expressionism artist and painter was born in Evansville, WI and lived most of his life in Colorado Springs, CO. He signed his artwork Ken Goehring. ... Hans Hartung (b. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Asger Jorn (March 3, 1914 - May 1, 1973) was born in Vejrum, Jutland, Denmark under the name Oluf Jørgensen. ... Irene Rice Pereira (born 1902, Chelsea, Massachusetts, died 1971, Marbella, Spain) was an American abstract artist, known for her work in the Lyrical Abstraction genre and her use of the principles of the Bauhaus school. ... Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959. ... Pierre Soulages (born December 24, 1919) is a French painter, engraver and sculptor. ... Nicolas de Staël (January 5, 1914, Saint Petersburg - March 16, 1955, Antibes) (French nationality, of Russian origin) was a painter known for his use of a thick impasto and his highly abstract landscape painting. ... Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe (23 June 1940 – 10 April 1962) was a British musician and artist who, until his early death, worked in a style related to Abstract Expressionism. ... Antoni Tàpies (born in Barcelona, December 23, 1923) is a Catalan painter. ... Manoucher Yektai ( Born 1922 ) is Iranian-born, Paris and New York-educated Abstract Expressionist painter . ... Emerson Woelffer (1914 - 2003) was a prominent Abstract expressionism artist and painter born in Chicago, IL Woelffer studied Education at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago between 1935 and 1937. ...

References

  1. ^ Hess, Barbara; "Abstract Expressionism", 2005
  2. ^ Shapiro, David/Cecile (2000): Abstract Expressionism. The politics of apolitical painting. p. 189-190 In: Frascina, Francis (2000): Pollock and After. The critical debate. 2nd ed. London: Routledge
  3. ^ Thomas B. Hess, "Willem de Kooning," George Braziller, Inc. New York, 1959 p.:13
  4. ^ Barnett Newman Selected Writings and Interviews, (ed.) by John P. O'Neill, pgs.: 240-241, University of California Press, 1990
  5. ^ Barnett Newman Selected Writings Interviews, (ed.) by John P. O'Neill, p.: 201, University of California Press, 1990.
  6. ^ Clement Greenberg, "Art and Culture Critical essays," ("The Crisis of the Easel Picture"), Beacon Press, 1961 pp.:154-157
  7. ^ Harold Rosenberg, The Tradition of the New, Chapter 2, "The American Action Painter," pp.:23-39

University of California Press, also known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing. ... University of California Press, also known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing. ...

Books

  • Craven, David, Abstract expressionism as cultural critique: dissent during the McCarthy period (Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.) ISBN 0-521-43415-7
  • Marika Herskovic, American Abstract Expressionism of the 1950s An Illustrated Survey, (New York School Press, 2003.) ISBN 0-9677994-1-4
  • Marika Herskovic, New York School Abstract Expressionists Artists Choice by Artists, (New York School Press, 2000.) ISBN 0-9677994-0-6

Bibliography

  • Saunders, Frances Stonor, The cultural cold war: the CIA and the world of arts and letters (New York: New Press: Distributed by W.W. Norton & Co., 2000) ISBN 1-56584-596-X
  • O'Connor, Francis V. Jackson Pollock [exhibition catalogue] (New York, Museum of Modern Art, [1967]) OCLC 165852
  • The Philosophy and Politics of Abstract Expressionism 1940-1960 Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2000 ISBN 0-521-65154-9
  • Tapié, Michel. Hans Hofmann: peintures 1962 : 23 avril-18 mai 1963. (Paris: Galerie Anderson-Mayer, 1963.) [exhibition catalogue and commentary] OCLC: 62515192
  • Tapié, Michel. Pollock (Paris, P. Facchetti, 1952) OCLC: 30601793
  • Jeffrey Wechsler (2007). Pathways and Parallels: Roads to Abstract Expressionism. New York: Hollis Taggart Galleries. ISBN 0-9759954-9-9. 

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Unsourced Quotes about Abstract Expressionism

  • Abstract Expressionist value expression over perfection, vitality over finish, fluctuation over repose, the unknown over the known, the veiled over the clear, the individual over society and the inner over the outer.
    • William C. Seitz,American artist and art historian

See also

Related styles, trends, schools, or movements

Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... Abstract Imagists is a term derived from a 1961 exhibition in the Guggenheim Museum, New York called American Abstract Expressionists and Imagists - it refers to those who have largely non-gestural impersonal works of Abstract expressionists. ... Pollocks Galaxy, a part of the Joslyn Art Museums permanent collection. ... Color Field is an art movement characterized by canvases being covered entirely by large fields of solid color. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... The New York School (synonymous with abstract expressionist painting) was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s in New York City. ... Post-painterly Abstraction is a term created by art critic, Clement Greenberg in the 1960s to distinguish his idea of pure art from the Abstract Expressionism movement of about the same time. ... Tachisme (alternative spelling: Tachism, derived from the French word tache - stain) was a French style of abstract painting in the 1940s and 1950s. ... // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ...

Other related topics

  • Ismail Gulgee (artist whose work reflects abstract expressionist influence in South Asia during the Cold War, especially 'action painting')
  • Michel Tapié (critic and exhibition organizer important to the dissemination of abstract expressionism in Europe, Japan, and Latin America)
  • Bluebeard (novel) - Bluebeard by Kurt Vonnegut is a fictional autobiography written by fictional Abstract Expressionist Rabo Karebekian.

Ismail Gulgee (born 1926) is an award winning globally famous Pakistani artist. ... Michel Tapié (Michel Tapié de Céleyran, 1909-1987) an internationally active French critic, curator, and collector of art, as well as an important artist in his own right, was an early and influential theorist and practitioner of tachisme, which is generally regarded as the European equivalent of abstract expressionism. ... For the fairy tale character, see Bluebeard. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Abstract expressionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1100 words)
Nevertheless, abstract expressionist paintings share certain characteristics, including the use of large canvases, an emphasis on the canvas's inherent flatness, and an "all-over" approach, in which the whole canvas is treated with equal importance (as opposed to the center being of more interest than the edges, for example).
As the first truly original school of painting in America, abstract expressionism demonstrated the vitality and creativity of the country in the post-war years, as well as its ability (or need) to develop an aesthetic sense that was not constrained by the European standards of beauty.
Abstract Expressionism preceeded Tachisme, Color Field painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Fluxus, Pop Art, Minimalism, Postminimalism, Neo-expressionism, and the other movements of the sixties and seventies and it influenced all those later movements that evolved.
Abstract art - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (644 words)
Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses shapes and colors in a non-representational or subjective way.
However, Abstract art is distinct from pattern-making in design, since it draws on the distinction between decorative art and fine art, in which a painting is an object of thoughtful contemplation in its own right.
Some of the American Abstract expressionists are purely abstract and include: Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline, and Hans Hofmann although they were at times inspired by myth, figuration, architecture, and nature.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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