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Encyclopedia > Abstract art
Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915
Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915

Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way.[1] In the very early 20th century, the term was more often used to describe art, such as Cubist and Futurist art, that depicts real forms in a simplified or rather reduced way—keeping only an allusion of the original natural subject. Such paintings were often claimed to capture something of the depicted objects' immutable intrinsic qualities rather than its external appearance. (See abstraction.) The more precise terms, "non-figurative art," "non-objective art," and "non-representational art" avoid any possible ambiguity. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Black Circle (Malevich, 1915) State Russian Museum, St. ... Black Circle (Malevich, 1915) State Russian Museum, St. ... Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Russian: , Polish: , Ukrainian Казимір Северинович Малевич, German: ), (February 23, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and art theoretician, pioneer of geometric abstract art and one of the most important members of the Russian avant-garde. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... Intrinsic is used to describe a characteristic or property of some thing or action which is specific to that thing or action, and which is wholly independent of any other object, action or consequence. ... Variation in the physical appearance of humans is believed by anthropologists to be an important factor in the development of personality and social relations in particular physical attractiveness. ... abstraction in general. ...

Contents

History

Non-objective art is not an invention of the 20th century — humans have made non-objective art since they first drew pictures in the dirt. In the Islamic religion the depiction of humans is not allowed, and consequently the Islamic culture developed a high standard of decorative arts. Calligraphy is also a form of non-figurative art. Abstract designs have also existed in Western culture in many contexts. However, Abstract art is distinct from pattern-making in design, since it draws on the distinction between decorative art and fine art, in which a painting is an object of thoughtful contemplation in its own right. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The decorative arts are traditionally defined as ornamental and functional works in ceramic, wood, glass, metal, or textile. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ...


Constructivism (1915) and De Stijl (1917) were parallel movements which took abstraction into the three dimensions of sculpture and architecture. The Constructivists believed that the artist's work was a revolutionary activity, to express the aspirations of the people, using machine production, graphic and photographic means of communication. Some of the American Abstract expressionists are purely abstract and include: Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline, and Hans Hofmann although they were at times inspired by myth, figuration, architecture, and nature. Op Art (1962) and Minimalism (1965)[2] were two recent idioms. It is, at present, possible that an artist's work is seen as an individual entity rather than part of a movement. Tatlin Tower. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist. ... Mark Rothkos painting 1957 # 20 (1957) Mark Rothko born Marcus Rothkowitz (September 25, 1903–February 25, 1970) was a Russian-born American painter and printmaker who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he rejected not only the label but even being an abstract painter. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Franz Klines Painting Number 2, 1954 Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 - May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist group which was centered, geographically, around New York, and temporally, in the 1940s and 1950s; but not limited to that setting. ... Hans Hofmann (1880 - 1966) was an abstract expressionist painter. ... Op art is a term used to described certain paintings made primarily in the 1960s which exploit the fallibilty of the eye through the use of optical illusions. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

References

  1. ^ Atkins, Robert, Art Spoke: A Guide to Modern Ideas, Movements, and Buzzwords, 1848-1944, Abbeville Press, New York, 1993
  2. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimalism

See also

Jackson Pollock, No. ... Pollocks Galaxy, a part of the Joslyn Art Museums permanent collection. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Geometric abstract art is a form of abstract art based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in non-illusionistic space and combined into non-objective compositions. ... Hard-edge is a painting style that uses very straight and clean linear patterns and/or lines to create a 3-D effect on a 2-D surface. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... See also Western art, History of painting, History of art, Art history, Painting, Outline of painting history Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North 1665-1667 Édouard Manet, The Balcony 1868 The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition... This article is about the academic discipline of art history. ... // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ...

External links

  • Scientific inquiry in modern art

  Results from FactBites:
 
ArtLex on Abstraction (1594 words)
Abstract artists select and then exaggerate or simplify the forms suggested by the world around them.
With planes and shapes flattened, and color muted, Whistler's portrait demonstrates his devotion to aestheticism and art for art's sake.
Abstract art enables the artist to perceive beyond the tangible, to extract the infinite out of the finite.
Abstract Art (7064 words)
Abstract art is more like poetry, which requires the recipient to look for symbolism, hidden meanings and to see what is not visible.
It would be interesting to run an experiment in which a number of abstract artists wrote down the feelings they were expressing in their canvases, ask some connoisseurs of abstract art to write down their responses, and then to compare the two.
Abstract art is simultaneously a powerful medium of expression for the artist and a singularly poor vehicle of communication with the viewer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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