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Encyclopedia > Absolute majority

Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple majority. It means that more than half of all the members of a group, including those absent and those present but not voting, cast votes in favor of a proposition. A supermajority or a qualified majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level or type of support which exceeds a simple majority in order to have effect. ... For the Finno-Ugric people, see Votes. ... A simple majority is the most common requirement in voting for a measure to pass, especially in deliberative bodies and small organizations. ... Voters at the voting booths in the United States in 1945. ...


As an example, let's say that a member of a club of 100 members proposes a new bylaw. According to the club's practice, for the bylaw to pass, it requires an absolute majority. The results of the vote are 40 yes votes and 30 no votes. The rest of the voters either abstained or did not vote. Even though this arrangement is a simple majority, since an absolute majority for the club is 51 members, the proposed bylaw fails. A Bylaw (sometimes also seen as By-Law or ByLaw) is a rule governing the internal management of an organization, such as a business corporation. ... A simple majority is the most common requirement in voting for a measure to pass, especially in deliberative bodies and small organizations. ...


Most voting decisions require a simple majority or even just a plurality. It is sometimes used to pass changes to constitutions or to bylaws to insure that there is affirmative support for a measure in order for passage. A simple majority is the most common requirement in voting for a measure to pass, especially in deliberative bodies and small organizations. ... A plurality (or relative majority) is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a majority. ... A Bylaw (sometimes also seen as By-Law or ByLaw) is a rule governing the internal management of an organization, such as a business corporation. ...


Beginning in 2005, an absolute majority of the electorate in addition to a three-fourths vote of the legislature was necessary to pass amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China on Taiwan as well as to ratify referendum. The requirement of an absolute majority rather than a simple majority effectively gives both major political blocs the effective power to veto a referendum or constitutional amendment. The Constitution of the Republic of China (中華民國憲法) is currently the basic governing document for the areas controlled by the Republic of China, namely all of Taiwan Province, Taipei and Kaohsiung municipalities, and Kinmen county and part of Lienchiang county of Fukien (or Fuchien) Province. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


See also

  • List of democracy and elections-related topics

  Results from FactBites:
 
absolute majority - definition of absolute majority in Encyclopedia (180 words)
Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple majority.
According to the club's practice, for the bylaw to pass, it requires an absolute majority.
Even though this arrangement is a simple majority, since an absolute majority for the club is 51 members, the proposed bylaw fails.
Absolute majority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (300 words)
Absolute majority voting is most often used to pass changes to constitutions or to bylaws in order to ensure that there is affirmative support for a proposal.
From 2005, an absolute majority of the electorate in addition to a three-fourths vote of the legislature is necessary to pass amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China on Taiwan as well as to ratify a referendum.
The requirement of an absolute majority rather than a simple majority effectively gives both major political blocs the power to veto a referendum or constitutional amendment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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