Apsheron (Abseron Yasaqligi) is a peninsula and a Rayon in eastern Caucasus in the historical region of Arran. Today it is a part of the Azerbaijan Republic. A peninsula is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body that is surrounded by water on three sides. ... The Caucasus is a region in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Aran or Arran, the same as, or overlapping, Caucasian Albania, is the name of a region in Caucasus which since 1918 has become the Republic of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijan SSR. This new name was taken from the name of the Iranian province of Azarbaijan by the Ottoman empire and was... Azerbaijan or Azerbeijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan, Azərbeycan) is a country in the Caucaus region, adjacent to the Caspian Sea. ...
Origin of the name
The name Apsheron is Persian and comes from the Persian word Abshuran (آبشوران) meaning "The place of the Salty Waters". Persian (فارسی), also known as Farsi (local name), Parsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (an Afghan dialect), is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. ...
Its inhabitants are from Iranian stock. The prevalent language in the area used to be an Iranian language called Tati of Caucasus which is a Persid language. But today the Turkic Azeri language is used by a majority in the region. The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. ... A Persid language (one of the Southwestern Iranian languages) very close to Persian, which is spoken by natives of the eastern Caucasus. ... The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. ...
Apsheron is the site of oil production and is considered environmentally the most polluted area of the world.
The Absheronpeninsula and contiguous islands with their ever burning fires on land and on the sea, with a great number of lakes filled with unique fish, plantations of unusual delicious grape and hurricane or stormy winds impressed a primitive man as an ideal place for original cults of fire, water, wind and haoma.
This route was to cross Gobustan, Shaban, Sabail, Baku, Surahana, Mastaga, Mardakan, Shakan, Absheron (village), Turkan to Pirallahi.
Absheron with its eternal fires and numerous lakes played such a great role in the development of Zoroastrianism that the time is now ripe to establish a monument to Zoroaster, especially as some researchers believe that Absheron was the motherland of Zoroaster.
If the shape of Azerbaijan on a map is similar to a bird flying towards the sea then the bird's "beak" would be the Absheronpeninsula with an ancient and ever young city situated on its southwest coast.
Even though administratively Baku is separated from Absheron suburb settlements (in a total number of 32), historically they are indivisibly linked to the capital both in cultural and economical as well as in geographical terms.
The climate of Baku and Absheron is of temperate warm semideserts and steppes with Absheron-specific winds.
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