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Encyclopedia > Abruzzo
Regione Abruzzo
Map highlighting the location of Abruzzos in Italy
Capital L'Aquila
President Ottaviano Del Turco
(SDI-Union)
Provinces L'Aquila
Chieti
Pescara
Teramo
Comuni 305
Area 10,794 km²
 - Ranked 13th (3.6 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total 1,305,307
 - Ranked 14th (2.2 %)
 - Density 121/km²

Abruzzo is a region in central Italy lying just 70 miles east of Rome and bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. Although geographically a central region, ISTAT (the Italian statistical authority) considers it part of the Mezzogiorno or Southern Italy. Abruzzi may refer to: Abruzzo Abruzzi e Molise Abruzzi Glacier John Abruzzi, a fictional character Category: ... Image File history File links Abruzzo-Bandiera. ... Credit: Ahoerstemeier (outline), Sascha Noyes (other stuff), 2004 Info: Map of the regions of Italy with the individual region highlighted; Created with the GIMP File links The following pages link to this file: Abruzzo Categories: GFDL images ... City centre. ... Ottaviano Del Turco (born November 7, 1944 in Collelongo) was an Italian Member of the European Parliament. ... The Italian Democratic Socialists (Socialisti Democratici Italiani, SDI) is a small social-democratic party of moderate-left policies, heir of the old Italian Socialist Party, born in 1998 by the convergence of the Italian Socialists and the Italian Democratic Socialist Party. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Aquila (It. ... Chieti (It. ... Pescara (It. ... Teramo (It. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... // The Marche (plural, originally le marche de Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of Central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north, Tuscany to the north-west, Umbria to west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... For the football club, see S.S. Lazio Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... ISTAT may refer to: the International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading, an aircraft standards organization. ... The Mezzogiorno is generally viewed as encompassing Basilicata, Campania, Calabria, Apulia, and Sicily, which lie in Italys south, as well as Molise and Abruzzo, which are geographically in central or south-central Italy. ...


Until 1963 it was part of the Abruzzi region with Molise. The term Abruzzi derives from the time when the region was part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the territory was administered as Abruzzo Citeriore (Nearer Abruzzo) and Abruzzo Ulteriore I and II (Farther Abruzzo I and II ), that being nearer and farther from Naples, the capital of the kingdom. Abruzzo Citeriore is present day Chieti province. Abruzzo Ulteriore I comprises the Teramo and Pescara provinces; Abruzzo Ulteriore II now comprises the Province of L'Aquila. Abruzzi e Molise was formerly one of the regions of Italy. ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration...


The regional capital of Abruzzo is the city of L'Aquila. The region is divided into four provinces: L'Aquila (the largest), Teramo, Chieti (the most populous) and Pescara, Abruzzo's main economic centre. The four provinces are further divided into 305 municipalities. City centre. ... Aquila (It. ... Teramo (It. ... Chieti (It. ... Pescara (It. ...

Provinces of Abruzzo
Provinces of Abruzzo


The name Abruzzo appears to derive from the Latin form Aprutium. The name Aprutium, however, was not in use in Roman times when the region was known at various times as Picenum, Sabina et Samnium, Flaminia et Picenum and/or Campania et Samnium. This region was known as Aprutium in the middle ages arising from four possible sources. Many think it is apparently a corruption of Praetutium, or rather of the name of the people Praetutii, applied to their chief city, Interamnaes, now present day Teramo. Another etymology is from the Latin "aper" (boar) so that Aprutium was the "land of boars" or from "abruptum" (rugged, steep). A more recent etymology is from the Latin expression "a Bruttiis" (from the Bruttii) meaning the land that began from the Bruzi people, who moved south to occupy Calabria. (See L'Abruzzo nel Tempo by Walfrido del Villano and Zopito di Tillio.) Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 25 KB) Map of the provinces of the Abruzzo region of Italy. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 25 KB) Map of the provinces of the Abruzzo region of Italy. ...

Contents

Economy and Population

Since the 1950s, devib Abruzzo had steady economic growth. In 1951, Abruzzo ‘s per capita income or GDP was 53% of that of Northern Italy, the nation's richest region. By 1971, Abruzzo was at 65% and, by 1994, per capita income was at 76% of Northern Italy's per capita income, giving Abruzzo the highest per capita GDP of the Mezziogiorno surpassing the growth rate of every other region of Italy. The construction of superhighways from Rome to Teramo (A25) and Rome to Pescara (A24) opened Abruzzo to easy access, state and private investment in the region increased, and Abruzzo attained higher per capita education levels and greater productivity growth than the rest of the Mezziogiourno. As a result, Abruzzo's industrial sector expanded rapidly, especially in mechanical engineering, transportation equipment and telecommunications. [1] As of 2003, Abruzzo's per capita GDP was 19,506 EUR or 84% of the national average of 23,181 EUR and well outpacing that of the South (15,808 EUR).[2]


From the early to mid-20th century Abruzzo's population was in decline. Beginning in the 1970s, this trend began to reverse as Abruzzo's population grew due to a net migration into the region. [3] In 2001, Italy's decennial census showed Abruzzo had 1,262,392 residents, a slight increase over the previous decade. With the exception of L'Aquila, whose population remained essentially unchanged, Abruzzo's other provinces had small increases in population. The provinces of L’Aquila, Teramo and Pescara, each had a 2001 population just under 300,000 while the Province of Chieti had a population just over of 380,000. [4]


Culture

In the past, the region of Abruzzo was well known for the transumanza, the migratory movements of sheep to Puglia and Lazio during the cold winter months. The province of Pescara is home to Italian Serie C1 team Pescara Calcio. The transumanza (sheep migrations) is an ancient Italian custom, today scarcely in existence, in which large flocks of sheep in the mid fall were driven south from the hilly and mountainous regions of the Apennines to winter over in the more southern coastal plains of Puglia and, less commonly, Lazio. ... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... For the football club, see S.S. Lazio Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Serie C is the name of the third and fourth highest football leagues in Italy. ... Pescara Calcio is a football club based in Pescara, Italy. ...


The regional accents of Abruzzo include Teramano, Abruzzese Orientale Adriatico and Abruzzese Occidentale. The first two form part of the Italiano meridionale-interno dialect of southern Italy also known simply as "Neapolitan" due to the region having been part of the Kingdom of Naples and the Two Sicilies, while the Italian of L'Aquila Province is related to the Osco-Umbro dialect of central Italy, including the one of Rome. It should be noted that Abruzzo's Italian dialects are not particularly marked. In fact, Harvard University bases an intensive summer language program in Vasto, a resort town on Abruzzo's southern coast. There is, however, a small Albanian linguistic area at Penne, in the Province of Pescara. Neapolitan (Nnapulitano in Neapolitan and Napoletano in Italian) is a Romance language spoken in the city and region of Naples, Campania (Neapolitan: Napule, Italian: Napoli), and in all or parts of the surrounding regions of Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Lazio, Marche, Molise, and Puglia in southern Italy. ... Capital Naples Government Monarchy King  - 1285-1309 Charles II  - 1815-1816 Ferdinand I History  - Established 1285  - Union with Sicily 1816 The Kingdom of Naples was an informal name of the polity officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily which existed on the mainland of southern Italy after of the secession... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Vasto (Greek: ; Latin: Histonium, Istonium, and Histonios; formerly also, Guastaymonis, Il Vasto, and Il Vasto dAmmone) is a town on the Adriatic coast of the Province of Chieti in southern Abruzzo, Italy. ...


Geography

The region covers 10,794 km² almost two-thirds of which is mountainous. The remainder of the land consists of hills sloping to a narrow plain that runs for most of the 129 kilometre long Adriatic coastline. The Apennine mountain chain runs through the Abruzzo where it reaches its greatest elevations on the Italian pennisula, the highest peaks being Corno Grande (Gran Sasso massif) (2914m) and Monte Amaro (Maiella-group) (2795m). The main rivers are the Aterno-Pescara, the Sangro and the Tronto. Abruzzo has experienced a number of major earthquakes over the centuries. Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... The Apennine Mountains (Greek: Απεννινος; Latin: Appenninus--in both cases used in the singular; Italian: Appennini) is a mountain range stretching 1000 km from the north to the south of Italy along its east coast, traversing the entire peninsula, and forming, as it were, the backbone of the country. ... Gran Sasso (Italian for great stone), a massif located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy, is the highest of the Apennines and the centerpiece of a national park (established 1991). ... Gran Sasso dItalia is a 30 kilometer massif located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy . ... The Aterno is a river in eastern Italy. ... The Sangro is a river in Italy, which flows into the Adriatic Sea. ... The Tronto is a 115 km-long river that arises at Monte della Laghetta and ends in the Adriatic Sea, at Porto dAscoli. ...


Nature

Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo

One third of the region is designated as national or regional park. The following parks lie, wholly or partially, within Abruzzo: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

The protected areas are environmentally important and are home to rare flora and fauna, such as the brown bear, the wolf and the chamois. A view in the National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ...


Tourism

Although rich in natural beauty and history, Abruzzo is only just starting to be discovered by mass tourism. Abruzzo's wealth of castles and medieval towns, especially near the town of L'Aquila has earned it in some quarters the nickname of "Abruzzoshire", by analogy with the "Chiantishire" nickname sometimes used to refer to the Chianti area of Tuscany. City centre. ... Chianti is Italys most famous red wine. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ...


Skiing. Abruzzo has 21 ski areas with 368 km. of runs, all within a few hours of Rome. The most developed resort being Roccaraso, followed by Campo Felice, and Campo Imperatore. Located in the highest region of the Apennines, these ski areas are at heights nearly comparable to many Alpine resorts. Because of their proximity to the Adriatic and winter precipitation patterns, they often have more snow than the Alps. Abruzzo also is popular for cross country skiing, especially on the high plain of Campo Imperatore in the Gran Sasso as well as the Piana Grande in the Majella. The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...

Expert climber scales Monte Aquila
Expert climber scales Monte Aquila
Corno Grande, Italian peninsula’s tallest peak

Mountain Climbing. The Gran Sasso massif sports the Italian peninsula’s highest peak, Corno Grande, and Europe’s southernmost glacier, Il Calderone. The Corno Grande and its neighboring Corno Piccolo provide a range of climbing opportunities from mountain hikes suitable for novices to sheer rock wall ascents suitable only for expert alpinists. Abruzzo’s lesser known peaks, especially the gentler slopes of the Majella, offer climbers the opportunity to hike and climb in solitude. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gran Sasso (Italian for great stone), a massif located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy, is the highest of the Apennines and the centerpiece of a national park (established 1991). ...

Pineto's sandy beach
Pineto's sandy beach

Beach Resorts. Abruzzo’s 129 km. long sandy coastline is home to a many popular beach resorts, among them Vasto on Abruzzo’s southern coast; mid-coast are Silvi Marina, whose sands are considered among the best in Italy, Francavilla al Mare and Pineto, and on Abruzzo’s northern coast are Alba Adriatica and Martinsicuro. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 422 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beach at Pineto by marie2099 (2006), share alike. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 422 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beach at Pineto by marie2099 (2006), share alike. ... Pineto is a town and comune in Teramo province in the Abruzzo region of eastern Italy. ... Vasto (Greek: ; Latin: Histonium, Istonium, and Histonios; formerly also, Guastaymonis, Il Vasto, and Il Vasto dAmmone) is a town on the Adriatic coast of the Province of Chieti in southern Abruzzo, Italy. ... Silvi Marina is a small seaside resort in the province of Teramo, located about 15 km North of Pescara, on the Adriatic Coast, in the Abruzzo region of southern Italy. ... Francevilla al Mare is a comune and town in the Province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region of Italy Abruzzo · Communes of the province of Chieti Categories: | ... Pineto is a town and comune in Teramo province in the Abruzzo region of eastern Italy. ... Alba Adriatica is a town and comune in Teramo province in the Abruzzo region of eastern Italy. ... Martinsicuro is a town and comune in Teramo province in the Abruzzo region of eastern Italy. ...


Cities and towns

L'Aquila is Abruzzo's regional capital as well as the capital of the province of l’Aquila. Abruzzo’s other provincial capitals are Pescara, which is Abruzzo's largest city with a population of 150,000 as of 2000, Teramo (population 52,000) and Chieti (population 56,000). Other large municipalities in Abruzzo include Avezzano (population 40,000), an industrial and high technology center. City centre. ... Pescaras port in the afterglow. ... Teramo (Latin: Interamna Praetutiana or Interamna or more rarely Interamnium or Interamnia) is a city in the central Italian region of Abruzzo, the capital of the province of Teramo. ... Chieti is a city in central Italy, 200 km northeast of Rome. ... Avezzano is a town and comune in the Abruzzo region, Province of LAquila, 70 km east of Rome. ...


Among Abruzzo many historic towns are: Sulmona at the foot of the Maiella massif and known for Italy’s most famous ancient poet , Ovid, Scanno, a lakeside hill town, Atri a picturesque artistic center, and the hillside towns of Penne and Loreto Aprutino. View of the citys center. ... Scanno can be: a word for the equivalent of a typo, resulting from an imperfect scanning; the name of a place in the Italian Abruzzi the name of a literary prize This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Atri Cathedral Atri (Greek: or ; Latin: Adria, Atria, Hadria, or Hatria) is a commune in the Province of Teramo in the Abruzzo region of Italy. ... Penne is a town and comune in the province of Pescara, in the Abruzzo Region of central Italy. ... Loreto Aprutino is a comune and town in the Province of Pescara in the Abruzzo region of Italy. ...


Medieval and Renaissance hill towns.

Castel del Monte, one of Abruzzo's little known hill towns
Castel del Monte, one of Abruzzo's little known hill towns

Abruzzo holds some of Italy's best-preserved medieval and Renaissance hill towns. The abrupt decline of Abruzzo’s agricultural economy in the early to mid-20th century saved some of the region’s most beautiful hill towns from the onslaught of modern development. Many lie entirely within regional and national parks so their preservation is all but guaranteed. Among the most well preserved are Castel del Monte (AQ) and Santo Stefano di Sessanio, which lie in the Gran Sasso National Park on the edge of the high plain of Campo Imperatore and nestled beneath the Apennines’ highest peaks; both hill towns, which were ruled by the Medicis for over a century-and-a-half, have relatively little tourism. Between the two towns sits Rocca di Calascio, the ruin of an ancient fortress popular with film makers. Also within the Gran Sasso National Park is Castelli, an ancient pottery center whose artisans produced ceramics for most of the royal houses of Europe. Although still home to many artisans, Castelli has but a modest tourist trade. Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_0328. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_0328. ... Castel del Monte 5-Jan. ... Castel del Monte is a comune and town in the Province of LAquila in the Abruzzo region of Italy Abruzzo · Communes of the province of LAquila Categories: | ... Santo Stefano di Sessanio is a comune and town in the Province of LAquila in the Abruzzo region of Italy Abruzzo · Communes of the province of LAquila Categories: | ... Campo Imperatore in Italys Gran Sasso mountains is a high basin shaped plateau sculpted by an ancient glacier. ... The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family during the Renaissance, whose wealth and influence initially derived from the textile trade guided by the guild of the Becoming first bankers, and later politicians, clergy and nobles, the Medici attained their greatest prominence during the 15th through 17th centuries... Castelli is a town and comune in Teramo province in the Abruzzo region of eastern Italy. ...


Other medieval hill towns located fully within Abruzzo's park system are Pacentro in the Parco Nazionale della Majella and Pescasseroli in the Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo. Pacentro, which features a 14th century castle with two intact towers, has been little touched by modernization. Pescasseroli, while also well preserved, tends to be frequented by more tourists. Pacentro is a comune of 1279 inhabitants of the province of LAquila in Abruzzo, Italy. ... Pescasseroli is a tiny little town in Southern Abruzzo, a mountainous region in Central Italy. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
In Italy Online - Abruzzo (574 words)
Here you'll find ancient beechwood forests inhabited by wolves and bears, century-old pathways still used by colorfully-attired shepherds and their flocks, ominous castles which now guard nothing but desolate stretches of wilderness where the only sign of life might be a soaring royal eagle or a lone family of mountain goats.
Abruzzo's little-known capital, L'Aquila, is a beautiful city in an even more picturesque mountain setting.
Abruzzo's jewel is the Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, an unparalleled haven for wild animals, trees, flowers and travel-weary tourists.
Abruzzo History II (3522 words)
Abruzzo History II This history of Abruzzo is a translation into English from Italian, author and translator unknown.
The cities of Abruzzo, and L'Aquila in particular, sided with France but were drastically punished by the Spanish monarch who, by splitting up the rural areas around the city and subjecting the latter to harsh repressive measures in 1529, ordained a decline which was then impossible to stop.
The Abruzzo peoples worshipped him in a way that was almost reminiscent of that of the ancient shepherd warriors or metal-prospectors from the Orient, whose impact with the native neolithic populations provoked a sort of cultural revolution.
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