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Encyclopedia > Ablution

Ablution may refer to the practice of removing sins, diseases or earthly defilements through the use of ritual washing, or the practice of using ritual washing as one part of a ceremony to remove sin or disease. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Ritual purification is a feature of many religions. ... Sin is a term used mainly in a religious context to describe an act that violates a moral rule, or the state of having committed such a violation. ... The term disease refers to an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs function. ...

Contents

Ablution in the Hebrew Bible

While, according to the Torah, God commands ablution in a number of circumstances, nowhere does it state that ablution itself washes away sin or cures disease. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...

  • When a person was initiated into a higher station: e.g., when Aaron and his sons became priests, they were washed with water prior to their investiture with the priestly robes (Lev. 8:6).
  • Ablution is also mentioned in the Book of Exodus, chapter number 40 and verses number 31 to 32: 31 - And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat. 32 - When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses.
  • Before the priests approached the altar in the Temple, they were required to wash their hands and their feet.
  • Ablution is part of the prescribed procedure for removing ritual impurity. Eleven forms of this process are described in Leviticus 12-15.
  • Ablution is prescribed as one part of certain legal proceedings, symbolizing that a person was not guilty of a crime. For example, the elders of the nearest village where a murder was committed were required, if the murderer were unknown, to wash their hands over the expiatory heifer, saying, while doing so, "Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it" (Deut. 21:1-9).

The Adoration of the Golden Calf by Nicolas Poussin Aaron (אַהֲרֹן, a word meaning bearer of martyrs in Hebrew [perhaps also, or instead, related to the Egyptian Aha Ra, Warrior Lion], Standard Hebrew (w/o vowels) AHRvN, Tiberian Hebrew (), was, according to biblical accounts, one of two brothers who play a... It has been suggested that Aaronites be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the second book in the Torah. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... The Adoration of the Golden Calf by Nicolas Poussin Aaron (אַהֲרֹן, a word meaning bearer of martyrs in Hebrew [perhaps also, or instead, related to the Egyptian Aha Ra, Warrior Lion], Standard Hebrew (w/o vowels) AHRvN, Tiberian Hebrew (), was, according to biblical accounts, one of two brothers who play a... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... A drawing of Ezekiels Visionary Temple from the Book of Ezekiel 40-47 The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew: בית המקדש, transliterated Bet HaMikdash) was located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ... Ritual purification is a feature of many religions. ...

Ablution in Judaism

Orthodox Judaism and, to a lesser extent, Conservative Judaism require ritual washing and ritual immersion in a mikvah under a number of circumstances. It has been suggested that Negelvasser be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Conservative Judaism, (also known as Masorti Judaism in Israel predominantly), is a modern stream of Judaism that arose out of intellectual currents in Germany in the mid-19th century and took institutional form in the United States in the early 1900s. ... It has been suggested that Negelvasser be merged into this article or section. ... Mikvah (or mikveh) (Hebrew: מִקְוָה, Standard Tiberian  ; plural: mikvaot or mikvot) is a specially constructed pool of water used for total immersion in a purification ceremony within Judaism. ...


Ablution in Christianity

The Christian practice of baptism is an instance of ablution. Foot washing is another Christian practice involving washing. However, it signifies humility and service to others. Baptism in early Christian art. ... Feet washing is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. ...


According to the Gospel of Matthew, Pontius Pilate declared himself innocent of the blood of Jesus by washing his hands (Matthew 27:24). This act of Pilate may not, however, have been borrowed from the custom of the Jews. The same practice was common among the Greeks and Romans. The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον) is one of the four Gospel accounts of the New Testament. ... Ecce Homo (Behold the Man!), Antonio Ciseris depiction of Pontius Pilate presenting a scourged Jesus to the people of Jerusalem. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


According to Christian tradition, the Pharisees carried the practice of ablution to great excess (Matthew 23:25). The Gospel of Mark refers to their ceremonial ablutions (Mark 7:1-5): For the Pharisees...wash their hands "oft"; or, more acurately, "with the fist" (R.V., "diligently"); or, as Theophylact of Bulgaria explains it, "up to the elbow," referring to the actual word used in the Greek New Testament, pygmē, which refers to the arm from the elbow to the tips of the fingers.[1] (Compare also Mark 7:4; Leviticus 6:28; Leviticus 11:32-36; Leviticus 15:22). (See Washing.) The word Pharisees comes from the Hebrew פרושים prushim from פרוש parush, meaning a detached one, that is, one who is separated for a life of purity. ... The Gospel of Mark (literally, according to Mark; Greek, Κατά Μαρκον, Kata Markon),(anonymous[1] but ascribed to Mark the Evangelist) is a Gospel of the New Testament. ... Theophylact of Bulgaria (Bulgarian Теофилакт Български) (d. ... Washing is one way of cleaning, namely with water and often some kind of soap or detergent. ...


In the Book of Acts, Paul and other men performed ablution before entering the temple: Then Paul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with them entered into the temple, to signify the accomplishment of the days of purification, until that an offering should be offered for every one of them. (Acts 21:26) The Acts of the Apostles (Greek Praxeis Apostolon) is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament. ... Look up Paul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ...


Eucharistic Ablutions

Western Christian

In Roman Catholic and Anglo-Catholic Mass, the term "ablutions" refers to when the priest rinses his hands in wine and water following the Communion. In some cases it is also referred to as lavabo. ... Unsolved problems in physics: What causes anything to have mass? The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. Mass is the property of a physical object that quantifies the amount of matter and energy it is equivalent to. ... A lavabo is a device used to provide water. ...


Eastern Christian

In the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches, the term "ablution" refers to consuming the remainder of the Gifts (the Body and Blood of Christ) at the end of the Divine Liturgy. Holy Communion is always received in both Species (the Body and the Blood of Christ) not only by the clergy but also by the faithful. This is accomplished by placing the particles of the consecrated Lamb (Host) into the chalice, and distributing Communion to the faithful with a spoon. The portion which remains in the chalice afterwards must be consumed. The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... The Eucharist is either the Christian sacrament of consecrated bread and wine or the ritual surrounding it. ... The Lamb (Greek:άμνος, amnos; Slavonic: Агнецъ, agnets) is the square portion of bread cut from the prosphora in the Liturgy of Preparation at the Divine Liturgy in the Orthodox Church. ... Chalice For other uses, see Chalice A chalice (from Latin calix, cup) is a goblet intended to hold drink. ...


The ablutions will normally be performed by the deacon, but if no deacon is serving the priest will do them. After the Litany of Thanksgiving that follows Communion, the deacon will come into the sanctuary and kneel, placing his forehead on the Holy Table (Altar) and the priest will bless him to consume the Gifts, which is done at the Prothesis (Table of Oblation). First, using the liturgical spoon he will consume all of the Body and Blood of Christ which remain in the chalice. Then he will pour hot water on the diskos (paten), which is then poured into the chalice and consumed (this is to consume any particles that may remain on the diskos). Next the liturgical spear, spoon and chalice will be rinsed first with wine and then with hot water, which are then consumed. All of the sacred vessels are then wiped dry with a towel, wrapped in their cloth coverings and put away. Ektenia (from Greek: ; literally, diligence), often called simply Litany, is a prayerful petition in the Eastern Orthodox liturgy. ... Look up Altar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The triple apse of an Orthodox church. ... The Spoon (Greek: Κοχλιάριον; Slavonic: Lzhítza) is a liturgical implement used during the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches. ... Paten (liturgy) A paten, or diskos, is a small plate, usually made of silver or gold, used to hold Eucharistic hosts. ... The Spear (Greek: λόγχη; Slavonic: Kopyó) or Lance is a liturgical implement used during the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches. ...


Because the ablutions necessarily require consuming the Holy Mysteries (the Body and Blood of Christ), a priest or deacon may only perform them after having fully prepared himself through fasting and the lengthy Preperation for Holy Communion. Fasting is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. ... Eucharistic discipline is the term applied to the regulations and practices associated with an individual preparing for the reception of the Eucharist. ...


When a priest must take Holy Communion to the sick or homebound, if he has not prepared himself to receive the Holy Mysteries, he may ablute the chalice by pouring water into it and asking the one to whom he brought the Sacrament (or a Baptized child who because of their youth is not obliged to prepare for Communion) to consume the ablution.


If the Reserved Mysteries should become moldy, they must still be consumed in the same manner as the ablutions after Liturgy (normally, a fair amount of wine would be poured over them before consuming them, in order to soften and disinfect them). They should not be burned or buried. To prevent this, when the Mysteries are to be reserved for the sick, they should be thoroughly dried before being placed in the Tabernacle. In Christian practice, the Bread and Wine of the Communion constitute the sacrament of the altar. ... The Tabernacle at St. ...


Baptismal Ablutions

In Orthodox Christianity, there is also an ablution performed on the eighth day after Baptism. Immediately after being Baptized, every person, including an infant, is confirmed using the Mystery (Sacrament) of Chrismation. In the early church, the places where the person was anointed with Chrism were carefully bandaged, and were kept covered for eight days. During this period, the newly-illumined (newly-baptized person) would also wear his baptismal robe every day. At the end of the eight days, the priest would remove the bandages and baptismal garment and perform ablutions over him. While the bandaging no longer takes place, the ritual ablutions are still performed. Confirmation can refer to: Confirmation (sacrament) Confirmation (epistemology) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Chrismation is the name given in Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern_rite Catholic churches to the sacrament known as confirmation in the Latin Rite Catholic churches. ... Chrism (Greek word literally meaning an anointing), also called Myrrh (Myron), Holy Oil, or Consecrated Oil, is a consecrated oil used in the Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox churches, in the Assyrian Church of the East, in the Old-Catholic churches, and in Roman Catholic, Anglican and Lutheran churches in...


The newly-illumined (newly-baptized person) is brought back to the church by his Godparents for the ablutions. The priest stands him in the center of the church, in front of the Holy Doors, facing east. He loosens the belt of the baptismal robe and prays for him, that God may preserve the newly-illumined in purity and illumine him by grace. He then dips a sponge in water and sprinkles him in the sign of the cross saying: "Thou art justified. Thou art illumined. Thou art sanctified. Thou art washed: in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen." Then, as he says the next prayer, he washes each of the places where he had been anointed with Chrism. Next he performs the Tonsure, symbolic of the life of self-sacrifice a Christian must lead. A godparent, in Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ... 17th-century iconostasis of Prophet Elias church, Yaroslavl. ... Tonsure is the practice of some Christian churches of cutting the hair from the scalp of clerics as a symbol of their renunciation of worldly fashion and esteem. ...


Washing of Feet

Further information: Foot washing

Many Christian churches practice a ceremony of the Washing of Feet, following the example of Jesus in the Gospel (John 13:1-17). Some interpret this as an ordinance which the church is obliged to keep as a commandment. Others interpret it as an example that all should follow. Most denominations that practice the rite will perform it on Maundy Thursday. Often in these services, the bishop will wash the feet of the clergy, and in monasteries the Abbot will wash the feet of the brethren. Feet washing is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. ... In Christian belief and practice, a sacrament is a rite that mediates divine grace, constituting a sacred mystery. ... The Last Supper - museum copy of Master Pauls sculpture, from the main altar in St. ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ...


St. Benedict of Nursia lays out in his Rule that the feet of visitors to the monastery should be washed, and also that those who are assigned to serve in the kitchen that week should wash the feet of all the brethren. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... St Benedict of Nursia The Rule of St Benedict by Benedict of Nursia (fl. ...


Ablutions for the Dead

When an Orthodox Christian dies, his body is washed and dressed before burial. Although this custom is not considered to impose any sort of ritual purity, it is an important aspect of charitable care for the departed. Ideally, this should not be deferred to an undertaker, but should be performed by family members or friends of the deceased.


When an Orthodox priest or bishop dies, these ablutions and vesting are performed by the clergy, saying the same prayers for each vestment that are said when the departed bishop or priest vested for the Divine Liturgy. After the body of a Bishop is washed and vested, he is seated in a chair and the Dikirion and Trikirion are placed in his hands for the final time. Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religions, especially the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Anglican Churches. ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... Dikirion (in Greek δικήριον) and trikirion (in Greek, τρικήριον ) are liturgical candlesticks, used by a bishop of the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic Churches to bless the congregation. ...


When an Orthodox monk dies, his body is washed and clothed in his monastic habit by brethren of his monastery. Two significant differences are that when his mantle is placed on him, its hem is torn to form bands, with which his body is bound (like Lazarus in the tomb), and his klobuk is placed on his head backwards, so that the monastic veil covers his face (to show that he had already died to the world, even before his physical death). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require restructuring. ... Resurrection of Lazarus by Juan de Flandes, around 1500 For other uses, see Lazarus (disambiguation). ... Eastern Orthodox Monks wearing klobuks. ... is a made up word ...


Ablution in Islam

People washing before prayer at the Badshahi mosque in Lahore, Pakistan.
People washing before prayer at the Badshahi mosque in Lahore, Pakistan.
Main article: Wudu

In Islam, wudu or ablution is observed by Muslims before each prayer (Salat) if one is in a state of impurity. Physical cleanliness before Allah is deemed a necessity, and purification is intended not only for the body, but for the soul as well. Image File history File links Ablution_area_inside_Eastern_wall_of_Badshahi_mosque. ... Image File history File links Ablution_area_inside_Eastern_wall_of_Badshahi_mosque. ... View from Minto Park The Badshahi Masjid (بادشاەى مسجد), or the Emperors Mosque, was built in 1673 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Lahore, Pakistan. ... Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most dense city in Pakistan, also known as the Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ...


Wudu remains valid for up to twenty-four hours (or in case of a journey, three days), but it is nullified if blood or pus is drawn, if one urinates, passes wind or stool, or falls into a deep sleep. If sufficient quantities of clean water are unavailable, one is allowed to use clean sand or earth on the face and hands as a substitute for water in a ritual known as tayammum. This article is about Hygiene in Islam. ...


According to Dr. Zakir Naik, dynamic international orator on Islam and Comparative Religion, The Qur'an says : "That this is indeed a Qur'an most honorable in a book well guarded which none shall touch but those who are clean : A Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds." (Surah Al-Waqi'a, 56:77-80) Zakir Abdul Karim Naik (born October 18, 1965) is an Indian public speaker, debater and writer on the subject of Islam and comparative religion. ...


The "Kitabon Maknoon" mentioned in the verse above does not refer to the Qur'an in the book form, which we have, and the word Mutahhareen does not merely refer to cleanliness of the body.


"Kitabon Maknoon" means a book well guarded or a protected book. This word refers to Lauh-e-Mahfooz in heaven, which is also mentioned in the following verse "Nay this is a Glorious Qur'an (Inscribed) in a Tablet Preserved!" (Surah Al-Buruj, 85:21 & 22)


Mutahhareen does not refer to mere body cleanliness but also refers to those who do not have any uncleanliness or impurity like sin and evil, thus referring to the angels. According to the commentary of Tabari, Mutahhareen means the angels.


According to Ibne Hazam, who has discussed the subject in detail, there are no pre-requisites or conditions for touching the Qur'an. Although all the scholars, of all different schools of thought, agree upon it without any difference of opinion that it is preferable to be in wudhu before touching the Qur'an, however, according to Ibne Hazam there is not a single verse of the Qur'an or the authentic hadith saying that being in wudhu is compulsory.


Ibne Abbas, Sho'bi, Zahhaq, Zaid bin Ali, Muayyid Billaah, Dawood, Ibne Hazam and Hammad bin Sulaiman are of the opinion that Qur'an can be touched without performing wudhu.


Ablution in Hinduism

Ablution is also found in Hinduism. Hindus wash before praying, preferably in running water and washing in certain rivers like Ganga is believed to give spiritual benefits. It is also practiced after the death of someone to maintain purity. It is also considered auspicious to always take a holy bath before any festival. Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... This article is about the river. ...


Ablution in the Bahá'í Faith

In the Bahá'í Faith, ablutions are required to perform the Obligatory Prayer and prior to the daily recitation ninety-five times of the Greatest Name: Seat of the Universal House of Justice, governing body of the Baháís, in Haifa, Israel The Baháí Faith is the religion founded by Baháulláh in 19th century Persia. ... Baháís must, according to Baháulláh, say at least one of three revealed Obligatory Prayers (salaat in Arabic). ... In the scriptures of the Baháí Faith, both the Báb and Baháulláh refer to the Greatest Name of God as being Bahá, an Arabic word which translates as glory, splendour or light. ...

  • Ablutions are specifically associated with certain prayers. They must precede the offering of the three Obligatory Prayers, the daily recitation of 'Alláh-u-Abhá' ninety-five times, and the recital of the verse prescribed as an alternative to obligatory prayer and fasting for women in their courses.
  • The prescribed ablutions consist of washing the hands and the face in preparation for prayer. In the case of the medium Obligatory Prayer, this is accompanied by the recitation of certain verses.
  • That ablutions have a significance beyond washing may be seen from the fact that even should one have bathed oneself immediately before reciting the Obligatory Prayer, it would still be necessary to perform ablutions.
  • When no water is available for ablutions, a prescribed verse is to be repeated five times, and this provision is extended to those for whom the use of water would be physically harmful. (Note 34, Kitáb-i-Aqdas)

The Kitáb-i-Aqdas is the central book of the Baháí Faith, written by Baháulláh, the founder of the religion. ...

Ablution in other religions

  • Shintoism also has a form of ablution, Misogi, which is a kind of dousing in a natural source of flowing water.
  • The sweatlodge of many Native American traditions can be seen as an ablution, often performed in preparation for a variety of other ceremonies.

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Misogi is a Shinto practice involving purification in a waterfall or other natural running water. ... Dousing is the practice of pouring water, generally cold, over oneself. ... The sweat lodge is a ceremonial sauna used by North American First Nations or Native American peoples. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...

Ablution references in literature

In Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, there is a reference to ablution. "Out, out damned spot", cries Lady Macbeth, unable to cleanse her guilt by washing her hands. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Lady Macbeth by George Cattermole, 1850 Lady Macbeth is a character in Shakespeares play Macbeth. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Theophylact of Bulgaria, Blessed, The Explanation of the Holy Gospel According to St. Mark, (Tr. Chrysostomos Press, 1993. ISBN: 0-9635183-3-X), p.58.

  Results from FactBites:
 
ablution - definition of ablution in Encyclopedia (563 words)
Ablution may refer to the practice of removing sins or diseases through the use of ritual washing, or the practice of using ritual washing as one part of a ceremony to remove sin or disease.
Ablution was used as one part of a legal proceeding, symbolizing that a person was not guilty of a crime.
Ablution remains valid for up to twenty-four hours (or in case of a journey, three days) and is nullified if blood, pus or vomit is drawn, if one urinates, passes wind or stool, or falls into deep sleep.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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