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Encyclopedia > Abingdon, Virginia
Abingdon, Virginia

Seal
Motto: Honor Pro Antiquis, Fides Pro Futuris
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Coordinates: 36°42′35″N 81°58′32″W / 36.70972, -81.97556
Country United States
State Virginia
County Washington
Founded 1776
Government
 - Mayor Lois Humphreys
Area
 - City  8.3 sq mi (21.6 km²)
 - Land  8.3 sq mi (21.6 km²)
 - Water  0 sq mi (0 km²)
Elevation  2,087 ft (636 m)
Population (2004)
 - City 7,938
 - Density 932.6/sq mi (360.2/km²)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.abingdon.com/

Abingdon is a town in Washington County, Virginia, 189 miles (304 km) southwest of Lynchburg. In 1910, 1,757 people lived here. The population was 7,780 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Washington CountyGR6. The town is included in the Tri-Cities Metro area of Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA.[1] Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Image File history File links VAMap-doton-Abingdon. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... This article contains a trivia section. ... The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census puposes. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Lynchburg is an independent city located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ...

Contents

History

Barter Theatre

The land that the city of Abingdon is situated on was originally surveyed between the years 1748 and 1750 by Dr. Thomas Walker and was part of the Great Road that Colonel William Byrd III ordered cut through the wilderness on to Kingsport, Tennessee.[2] In 1760, famed frontiersman, Daniel Boone, named the area Wolf Hills, after his dogs were attacked by a pack of wolves during a hunting expedition. The original location of the attack is located on 'Courthouse Hill' and is also the location of The Cavehouse Craft Shop. [2] During Lord Dunmore's War, Black's Fort was established in 1774 by Joseph Black to protect local settlers in the region from Indian attacks.[2] Image File history File links Barter_theater. ... Image File history File links Barter_theater. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... William Byrd III, (1752 - 1777) was the son of William Byrd II and the grandson of William Byrd I. He was born on December 15, 1752. ... Kingsport is a city located primarily in Sullivan County, and also partially in Hawkins County, Tennessee, United States. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This 1820 oil painting by Chester Harding is the only portrait of Daniel Boone made from life. ... Dunmores War (or Lord Dunmores War) was the result of several collisions that took place in the spring of 1774, on the Ohio River above the mouth of the Little Kanawha River, between Native American peoples (particularly Shawnee, Miami, and Wyandot) and parties of Anglo_American settlers who were...


In 1776 the community of Black's Fort was made the county seat of the newly formed Washington county. In 1778, Black's Fort was incorporated as the town of Abingdon, said to be named for the ancestral home of Martha Washington. Martha Washington College, a school for women, operated in Abingdon from 1860 to 1932 in a former private residence; since 1935 the building has been occupied by a hotel, the Martha Washington Inn. The Barter Theatre, the state theatre of Virginia, was opened in Abingdon in 1933. Virginia Governors Wyndham Robertson, David Campbell, and John B. Floyd lived here. Abingdon is also the final stop along the Virginia Creeper Trail, which allows pedestrian, cyclist and equestrian traffic. The Washington County Historical Society is located in Abingdon and serves as a regional genealogy center, in addition as a repository for Washington County history. Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Give Me Liberty Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (June 2, 1731 – May 22, 1802) was the wife of George Washington, the first president of the United States, and therefore is seen as the first First Lady of the United States (although that title was not coined until after her death; she... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... The Martha Washington Inn The Martha Washington Inn is a historic hotel located in Abingdon, Virginia. ... Barter Theatre The Barter Theatre, located in Abingdon, Virginia, opened on June 10, 1933. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Wyndham Robertson (January 26, 1803-February 11, 1888), Governor of Virginia, from 1836 to 1837. ... David Campbell (August 2, 1779-March 19, 1859) Governor of Virginia 1837-1840. ... John Buchanan Floyd (June 1, 1807–August 26, 1863), American politician, was born at Blacksburg, Virginia. ... The Virginia Creeper Trail is a 35-mile multi-purpose trail in southwestern Virginia. ...


Geography

Abingdon is located at 36°42′35″N, 81°58′32″W (36.709773, -81.975694)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.6 km² (8.3 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The town is located in the Great Appalachian Valley, between the Middle Fork and the North Fork of the Holston River. The Great Valley, also called the Great Appalachian Valley or Great Valley Region, is one of the major landform features of eastern North America. ... The Holston drainage basin, located within the upper Tennessee drainage basin For other uses of Holston, see Holston (disambiguation). ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 7,780 people, 3,522 households, and 2,092 families residing in the town. The population density was 360.2/km² (932.6/mi²). There were 3,788 housing units at an average density of 175.4/km² (454.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.99% White, 3.41% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 3,522 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.72. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 81.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.6 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $30,976, and the median income for a family was $46,106. Males had a median income of $32,005 versus $22,844 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,486. About 7.3% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Notable residents

The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Notes 1East was Secretary of State for Tennessee from 1862-1865, appointed by Andrew Johnson, the military governor of the state under Union occupation during the American Civil War. ... Martin Beaty (October 8, 1784 - June 17, 1856) was a United States Representative from Kentucky. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Francis Preston Blair (April 12, 1791 – October 18, 1876), American journalist and politician, was born at Abingdon, Virginia. ... Amber Copley, Miss Virginia USA 2006 Amber Brooke Copley (born 1986) is the current Miss Virginia USA 2006. ... The Miss Virginia USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Virginia in the Miss USA pageant. ... James King Gibson (February 18, 1812 – March 30, 1879) was a nineteenth century politician, merchant, sheriff and banker from Virginia. ... John Warfield Johnston (September 9, 1818–February 27, 1889) was an American lawyer and politician from Tazewell, Virginia. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Joseph E. Johnston Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer and one of the most senior generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Granville Henderson Oury (1825-1891) was a frontier judge and politician in territorial New Mexico and Arizona. ... Captain is a rank or title with various meanings. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Judge H. Emory Widener Jr. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Maryland Eastern District of North Carolina Middle District of North Carolina Western District of North Carolina District of South...

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