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Encyclopedia > Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth


Aberystwyth promenade and sea-front Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 634 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Population 11,607 (2001) [1]
OS grid reference SN585815
Principal area Ceredigion
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Constituent country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ABERYSTWYTH
Postcode district SY23
Dialling code 01970
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament Ceredigion
European Parliament Wales
List of places: UKWalesCeredigion

Coordinates: 52°25′N 4°04′W / 52.42, -4.07 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... For other uses please see Ceredigion (disambiguation) Ceredigion is a county and principal area in mid Wales. ... The Preserved counties of Wales are the current areas used in Wales for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy. ... Dyfed was one of the ancient kingdoms (or principalities) of Wales prior to the Norman Conquest. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... This article is about the country. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The SY postcode area, also known as the Shrewsbury postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Aberystwyth, Bishops Castle, Borth, Bow Street, Bucknell, Caersws, Church Stretton, Craven Arms, Ellesmere, Llanbrynmair, Llandinam, Llanfechain, Llanfyllin, Llanidloes, Llanon, Llanrhystud, Llansantffraid, Llanymynech, Ludlow, Lydbury North, Machynlleth, Malpas, Meifod, Montgomery, Newtown, Oswestry... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Dyfed-Powys Police (Welsh: Heddlu Dyfed Powys) is the Home Office police force responsible for policing Ceredigion, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire (which make up Dyfed), and Powys in Wales. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Mid and West Wales Fire and Rescue Service (Welsh Gwasanaeth Tân ac Achub Canolbarth a Gorllewin Cymru) is the fire and rescue service covering the Welsh principal areas of Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Neath Port Talbot, Pembrokeshire, Powys and Swansea. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Welsh Ambulance Service (also called the Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust or Ymddiriedolaeth GIG Gwasanaethau Ambiwlans Cymru) was established on April 1, 1998 and has 2,500 staff providing ambulance and related services to the 2. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Ceredigion is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Wales is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in Wales Lists of places within principal areas List of places in Anglesey List of places in Blaenau Gwent List of places in Bridgend List of places in Caerphilly List of places in Cardiff List of places in Carmarthenshire List... This is a list of towns and villages in the principal area of Ceredigion, Wales. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Aberystwyth (IPA: [abɛrˈəstwɪθ], South Welsh: [abɛrˈəstɔʏθ]) (in English: Mouth of the Ystwyth) is a historic market town, administrative centre and holiday resort within Ceredigion, Wales. It is often called just "Aber". Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Da River Ystwyth (Afon Ystwyth in Welsh) iz a river ov mid west Wales. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... For other uses please see Ceredigion (disambiguation) Ceredigion is a county and principal area in mid Wales. ... This article is about the country. ...


In modern times Aberystwyth has become a major Welsh educational centre. The indigenous population is around 12,000, but for nine months of the year the resident students associated with the University of Wales, Aberystwyth take this total to over 21,000 people. The World's first department in international politics was established here in 1919 and it is also the home of the only AMBA-accredited MBA programme in Wales. This article is about the country. ... Affiliations University of Wales AMBA ACU Universities UK HiPACT Website http://www. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... AMBA, the Association of MBAs, is a UK based organization that accredits Doctor of Business Administration, MBA and MSc in management programs of international business schools. ... Master of Business Administration (MBA) is a tertiary degree in business management. ...

Contents

Geography

The town is situated near the confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and Rheidol, about midway down the length of Cardigan Bay. Although the name may seem to suggest otherwise, only the River Rheidol actually passes through the town - the River Ystwyth only just skirts the town, following the reconstruction of the harbour. Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... Da River Ystwyth (Afon Ystwyth in Welsh) iz a river ov mid west Wales. ... The River Rheidol is a river of mid Wales. ... The term Cardigan Bay, when used by itself, can refer to: A horse called Cardigan Bay A bay in Wales called Cardigan Bay A bay in Prince Edward Island called Cardigan Bay This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...


Aberystwyth has a pier and a fine seafront which stretches from Constitution Hill at the north end of the Promenade to the mouth of the harbour at the south, taking in two separate beach stretches divided by the castle. For the type of foundation, see Deep foundation. ... Constitution Hill is a road in the City of Westminster, London England. ...


Aberystwyth is an extremely isolated town, considering the population density of the United Kingdom. The nearest substantial settlements are located at least 1 hour 45 minutes drive away: Swansea, to the south, is 70 miles away; Shrewsbury, in Shropshire, England, to the east, is 75 miles away; and Wrexham, to the north-east, is approximately 80 miles away. The capital, Cardiff, is over 100 miles away. For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... , Shrewsbury (pronounced either or [1]) is the county town of Shropshire, West Midlands, England. ... Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... , Wrexham (Welsh: Wrecsam) is a large (former industrial) town, conurbation and principal area of Wales lying in north-eastern part of the country. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ...


Brief information

Aberystwyth within Dyfed

Aberystwyth is a major tourist centre and a cultural link between the north and south of Wales. Constitution Hill is scaled by the Aberystwyth Electric Cliff Railway giving access to fine views and other attractions at the top, while much of the finest scenery in Mid Wales lies within easy reach of the town. This includes the wilderness of the Cambrian Mountains, whose valleys contain forests and meadows which have changed little in centuries. A convenient way of reaching the interior is by the preserved narrow gauge Vale of Rheidol Railway. Image File history File links preserved county of Wales File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This article is about the country. ... Opened in 1896 Aberystwyth Cliff Railway climbs 430ft in 778ft - a gradient steeper than 1:2 (50%). External Link Brief description Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Ceredigion ... Mid Wales is the name given to the area of Wales between North Wales and South Wales. ... The Cambrian Mountains are a mountain range in Mid Wales, reaching from the Brecon Beacons in South Wales to Snowdonia in North Wales. ... Train taking on water, Vale of Rheidol Railway The Vale of Rheidol Railway is a narrow-gauge (1 foot 11¾ inches) heritage railway that runs for 11¾ miles between Aberystwyth and Devils Bridge (Pont yr Fynach (Welsh) - Bridge over the Mynach) - in Wales, UK. It was the last steam line...


Although the town is relatively modern, it contains a number of historic buildings, including the remains of the castle and the old buildings of the University College of Wales nearby. The Old College was originally intended to be a hotel, but due to a lack of funds the shell of the building was sold to the university. The new university campus overlooks Aberystwyth from Penglais Hill to the east of the town centre. The terminus for the standard gauge railway is also very impressive being built in 1924 in typical style of the period. Vale of Rheidol Railways Aberystwyth station is accommodated within the former Carmarthen bay. ...


The architecture is a mix of Gothic, Classical Revival and Victorian, and the town is sometimes referred to as "the Oxbridge of Wales".


The town is generally regarded as the capital of mid Wales, and several institutions have regional or national offices there. Perhaps the most important of the public bodies located in Aberystwyth is the National Library of Wales. The library also incorporates the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales, one of six British regional film archives. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, which maintains and curates the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW), provides the public with information about the built heritage of Wales. Aberystwyth is also the home to the national offices of UCAC and Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, and the site of the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research. The Welsh Books Council is also situated in Aberystwyth. The front of the building The National Library of Wales (Welsh: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru) is the national legal deposit library of Wales, located in Aberystwyth. ... The National Library of Wales (Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru in Welsh) is a legal deposit library in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (Comisiwn Brenhinol Henebion Cymru in Welsh) based in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (Comisiwn Brenhinol Henebion Cymru in Welsh) based in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... National Union of Teachers of Wales (Undeb Cenedlaethol Athrawon Cymru) was formed in Wales from a split from the NUT in the late 40s over the issue of the Welsh language in teaching. ... Tafod y Ddraig (the Dragons Tongue), the society logo Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (the Welsh Language Society, often abbreviated to Cymdeithas or Cymdeithas yr Iaith) is a pressure group in Wales campaigning for the future of the Welsh language. ... The Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research (IGER) is one of eight research institutes funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. ...


History

Mesolithic

There is evidence that during the Mesolithic Age the area of Tan-y-Bwlch at the foot of Pen Dinas was used as a flint knapping floor for hunters making weapons from flint that was deposited as the ice retreated.


Celtic

The remains of a celtic fortress on Pen Dinas, a hill in Penparcau overlooking Aberystwyth, indicates that the site was inhabited before 700 BC. On a hill south of the present town, across the River Ystwyth, are the remains of a medieval ringfort believed to be the castle from which Princess Nest was abducted. This rare survival is now on private land and can only be accessed by arrangement. Pen Dinas is a hill in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... // Penparcau is a small Welsh coastal village about 1 mile (0. ... Ringforts are fortified settlements that are generally agreed to be from the Early Medieval Period in Ireland. ...


Middle Ages

However, the recorded history of Aberystwyth may be said to date from the building of a fortress on the present Castle Hill, in 1109. Edward I rebuilt Strongbow's Castle in 1277, after its destruction by the Welsh. Between the years 1404 and 1408 Aberystwyth Castle was in the hands of Owain Glyndŵr, but finally surrendered to Prince Harry (the future King Henry V of England). Shortly after this the town was incorporated under the title of Ville de Lampadarn (the ancient name of the place being Llanbadarn Gaerog, or the fortified Llanbadarn, to distinguish it from Llanbadarn Fawr, the village one mile inland). It is thus styled in a charter granted by Henry VIII, but by Elizabeth I's time the town was invariably termed Aberystwyth in all documents. In 1647 the Parliamentarian troops razed the castle, so that its remains are now inconsiderable, though portions of three towers still exist. Excavations in the 1970s within the castle, in what is believed to be a stables area, revealed a complete male skeleton, deliberately buried. Rarely surviving in Wales' acidic soil, this skeleton was probably preserved by the addition of lime from the collapsed building. Affectionately known as "Charlie", he probably dates from the Civil War period, probably dying during the Parliamentarian siege and is now housed in the Ceredigion Museum in the town. Events Battle of Naklo Battle of Hundsfeld Fulk of Jerusalem becomes count of Anjou Alfonso I of Aragon marries Urraca of Castile Crusaders capture Tripoli Anselm of Laon becomes chancellor of Laon Births July 25 - Afonso, first king of Portugal Deaths Alfonso VI of Castile Anselm of Canterbury, philosopher and... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who tried to do the same to Scotland. ... Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Lord of Leicester, Justicar of Ireland (1130 – 20 April 1176), known as Strongbow, was a Cambro-Norman lord notable for his leading role in the Norman invasion of Ireland. ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... This article is about the year. ... Aberystwyth Castle is a castle in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... Seal of Owain Glyndŵr The Banner of the Arms of Owain Glyndŵr showing his parentage Owain Glyndŵr [], sometimes anglicised as Owen Glendower (1359–c. ... Henry V of England (16 September 1387 – 31 August 1422) was one of the great warrior kings of the Middle Ages. ... Llanbadarn Fawr is a village on the outskirts of Aberystwyth situated next to Penparcau, Ceredigion in Wales. ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... This article is about Elizabeth I of England. ... Aberystwyth Castle is a castle in Aberystwyth, Wales. ... 1647 (MDCXLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Victorian era

The Cambrian Railway line from Machynlleth reached Aberystwyth in the 1860s closely followed by rail links to Carmarthen which resulted in the construction of the town's impressive station. The railway's arrival gave rise to something of a Victorian tourist boom and the town was once even billed as the "Biarritz of Wales" [2]. During this time a number of hotels and fine town houses were built including the Queens Hotel. One of the largest of these hotels 'The Castle Hotel' was never completed as a hotel but following bankruptcy was sold cheaply to the 'Welsh National University Committee', a group of people dedicated to the creation of a Welsh University. The University College of Wales (later to become the University of Wales, Aberystwyth) was founded in 1872 in this building. The Cambrian Railways (Cambrian) owned a total of 230 miles of track, over a large area of mid-Wales. ... // The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin (origin disputed)) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ... Vale of Rheidol Railways Aberystwyth station is accommodated within the former Carmarthen bay. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Affiliations University of Wales AMBA ACU Universities UK HiPACT Website http://www. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Aberystwyth was a contributory parliamentary borough until the Third Reform Act, which caused its representation to be merged into that of the county in 1885. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Representation of the People Act 1884 In the United Kingdom, The Representation of the People Act of 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Modern History

The Vale of Rheidol Railway narrow gauge line from Devil's Bridge was constructed between 1901 and 1902, intended to ship mineral traffic, primarily lead, from Devil's Bridge down to Aberystwyth for trans-shipment. By the time it was finished the lead mines were in a deep downturn and it therefore came to rely largely on the tourist industry. The railway opened for passengers in December 1902. It is still open for the summer season today. Train taking on water, Vale of Rheidol Railway The Vale of Rheidol Railway is a narrow-gauge (1 foot 11¾ inches) heritage railway that runs for 11¾ miles between Aberystwyth and Devils Bridge (Pont yr Fynach (Welsh) - Bridge over the Mynach) - in Wales, UK. It was the last steam line... The three bridges, looking downstream Devils Bridge station. ...


On the night of Friday 14 January 1938 a storm with estimated wind speeds of up to 90 mph struck the town. Most of the promenade was destroyed, along with 200 feet of the pier. Most properties on the seafront were damaged, most severely on Victoria Terrace. is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg held their historic first protest on Trefechan Bridge in Aberystwyth, back in 1963, and here also the first ever independent Welsh Evangelical Church was established (see Evangelical Movement of Wales). Tafod y Ddraig (the Dragons Tongue), the society logo Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (the Welsh Language Society, often abbreviated to Cymdeithas or Cymdeithas yr Iaith) is a pressure group in Wales campaigning for the future of the Welsh language. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... Image:Emw confrence. ...


Merched y Wawr have their national headquarters in Aberystwyth. Merched Y Wawr is a national charity for Welsh-speaking women in Wales. ...


Aberystwyth hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1865, 1916, 1952 and 1992. The Eisteddfod (literally sitting) is a Welsh festival of literature, music, and song. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


On March 1st, 2005, Aberystwyth was granted Fairtrade Town status. Fairtrade Town is a status awarded by the Fairtrade Foundation in the United Kingdom and Channel Islands, describing an area which is committed to the promotion of Fairtrade-labelled goods. ...


Tourist facilities and attractions

View of Aberystwyth and Cardigan Bay from the National Library of Wales

The town boasts: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 579 pixelsFull resolution (850 × 615 pixel, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photographed by myself on 23 May 2007. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 579 pixelsFull resolution (850 × 615 pixel, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photographed by myself on 23 May 2007. ... The front of the building The National Library of Wales (Welsh: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru) is the national legal deposit library of Wales, located in Aberystwyth. ...

  • A funicular railway and a camera obscura on Constitution Hill (known as Consti to locals)
  • Castle ruins (see history section)
  • A steam railway (The aforementioned narrow gauge Vale of Rheidol Railway)
  • Aberystwyth Arts Centre, which houses theatres, a cinema, exhibition galleries, practice rooms and studios, shops, cafes and bars
  • A local museum
  • The Parc Penglais nature reserve
  • A leisure centre, swimming pool and various other sports fields and facilities
  • A marina
  • A golf course
  • A cinema

Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks A funicular, also called funicular railway or inclined railway, inclined plane, or in England a cliff railway, consists of a system of transportation in which cables attach to a tram-like vehicle on rails to move it up and down a... The camera obscura (Lat. ... Train taking on water, Vale of Rheidol Railway The Vale of Rheidol Railway is a narrow-gauge (1 foot 11¾ inches) heritage railway that runs for 11¾ miles between Aberystwyth and Devils Bridge (Pont yr Fynach (Welsh) - Bridge over the Mynach) - in Wales, UK. It was the last steam line... Aberystwyth Arts Centre is an arts centre in Aberystwyth, Wales. ...

Transport

Rail

Aberystwyth is served by Aberystwyth station, situated in the town centre. The station is the terminus of a service provided by Arriva Trains Wales, on a roughly two-hourly basis, over the scenic Cambrian Line to Shrewsbury and Birmingham via Machynlleth and Mid Wales. Connecting services from Machynlleth also provide a link to Gwynedd's west coast. Vale of Rheidol Railways Aberystwyth station is accommodated within the former Carmarthen bay. ... Arriva Trains Wales (Welsh: ) is a train operating company that operates urban and inter urban passenger services in Wales and the Welsh Marches. ... The Cambrian Line is a railway from Shrewsbury (in Shropshire, England) to Welshpool, Aberystwyth and Pwllheli. ... , Shrewsbury (pronounced either or [1]) is the county town of Shropshire, West Midlands, England. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Machynlleth is a market town in the traditional county of Montgomeryshire (Sir Drefaldwyn), north Powys in Wales. ... Gwynedd is an administrative county in Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd. ...


Aberystwyth station is also the terminus of the Vale of Rheidol Railway, a steam operated narrow gauge heritage railway. This provides a convenient and scenic transport link during the summer months to Devil's Bridge, a tourist attraction about 12 miles east of the town. Train taking on water, Vale of Rheidol Railway The Vale of Rheidol Railway is a narrow-gauge (1 foot 11¾ inches) heritage railway that runs for 11¾ miles between Aberystwyth and Devils Bridge (Pont yr Fynach (Welsh) - Bridge over the Mynach) - in Wales, UK. It was the last steam line... One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... The three bridges, looking downstream Devils Bridge station. ...


Road

Two of Wales's important trunk roads, the A487 and A44 meet in the town, with much traffic between north and south-west Wales passing through. The A487 is a major road in Wales, running up the west coast. ... The A44 is a major road in the United Kingdom. ...


Aberystwyth is also a hub for Wales's TrawsCambria bus network, with regular direct services to Bangor, Cardigan, Carmarthen and Cardiff. A daily National Express coach to London and Birmingham also exists. TrawsCambria is a brand name applied to a network of long- and middle-distance express bus routes in Wales which are sponsored by the Welsh Assembly Government. ... Bangor, in north Wales, is one of the smallest cities in the United Kingdom. ... Cardigan (Welsh: Aberteifi) is the traditional county town of Cardiganshire (Ceredigion) in west Wales. ... Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin (origin disputed)) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ...


Music

Within Wales, Aberystwyth is known for its music scene which has produced successful bands and artists such as.

Aberystwyth is also the tune name of several minor-sounding Christian songs The Crocketts were a rock group originating at Aberystwyth University in 1995/6. ... The Hot Puppies are a Welsh band from Aberystwyth, now based in Cardiff. ... Murry the Hump were a Welsh indie rock and urban folk band. ... Domesticated honeybees are kept in beehives. ... Rose Simpson was a member of the Incredible String Band, in which she played bass guitar, violin and percussion as well as singing. ... Bold text The Incredible String Band (or ISB) is a Scottish acoustic band which, (in the words of one of their early songs [1] ) way back in the 1960s built a popular following within British counter culture, and the members of the group are considered psych folk musical pioneers. ...

  • “Were the Boys From Aberystwyth” is one of the two unofficial anthems of the town, “I’m an Aberboy and I’m Ok!” being a close second.

In fiction

Aberystwyth (albeit an alternative universe version) is the setting for the cult Louie Knight series by Malcolm Pryce which transfers Chandleresque "noir" stories and dialogue to this small seaside town. This alternative reality features many landmarks of Aberystwyth such as the university and the National Library of Wales, but the social situation is radically altered to more closely resemble the pulp/noir stereotypical "Dirty Town" that the narrative plays off. Most of the humour in the books is derived from the almost seamless juxtaposition of the real Aberystwyth and the fictional, noir Aberystwyth. Various aspects of Welsh culture are reflections of what you might expect to see in reality, but with a pulp twist - for example, prostitutes wear Welsh stovepipe hats. The cover of Aberystwyth Mon Amour showing Louie and Bianca. ... Malcolm Pryce (born 1960, in Shrewsbury, England) is an English author of noir detective novels, in the style of Raymond Chandler except that the stories are incongruously transferred from the mean streets of Los Angeles to the rainswept streets of an alternate universe version of the Welsh seaside resort and... For other persons named Raymond Chandler, see Raymond Chandler (disambiguation). ... Affiliations University of Wales AMBA ACU Universities UK HiPACT Website http://www. ... The front of the building The National Library of Wales (Welsh: Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru) is the national legal deposit library of Wales, located in Aberystwyth. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the setting for Classic Battletech, a star system in the Timbuktu Theatre of Alarion Province of the Lyran Commonwealth / Lyran Alliance is named Aberystwyth. BattleTech is a wargaming and science fiction franchise, launched by FASA Corporation and currently owned by WizKids. ...


The local writer Niall Griffiths has set many of his novels here and reflects local slang, settings and even individuals. Grits and Sheepshagger are set wholly in Aberystwyth and it also features prominently in his other novels such as Kelly and Victor and Stump. He portrays a more gritty side of Aberystwyth. Niall Griffiths (born 1966, in Liverpool) is an author, who has published five books to date. ...


Nancy Bond's A String in the Harp is set in the small coastal town of Borth, near Aberystwyth. The main characters' father is on sabbatical from Amherst University and working at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Nancy Bond (1945 - ) is an American author of Childrens literature. ... The University of Massachusetts Amherst (otherwise known as UMass Amherst or UMass) is a research and land-grant university in Amherst, USA. The University of Massachusetts Amherst offers over 90 undergraduate and 65 graduate areas of study. ...


Twinned towns

Aberystwyth is twinned with: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Kronberg im Taunus is a town in the Hochtaunuskreis district, Hesse, Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Saint-Brieuc is a commune of northwestern France. ...

Quote’s with references to Aberystywth

  • In the book 'The meaning of life' by Douglas Adams & John Lloyd , Aberystwyth is defined as: “A nostalgic yearning which is in itself more pleasant than the thing being yearned for.”
  • Lord Tennyson “This place, the Cambrian Brighton, pleases me not...”
  • Wynford Vaughan-Thomas “The perfect town for the unambitious man”
  • Malcome Pryce in Aberystwyth Mon Amour “Aberystwyth was a great place for a connoisseur of irony”

See also

Clarach Bay is a small bay forming part of Cardigan Bay on the coast of Wales. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Aber and Inver are common elements in place-names of Celtic origin. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aberystwyth
Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Aberystwyth
  • BBC Guide to Aberystwyth
  • Ceredigion Museum
  • Aberystwyth Arts Centre
  • Vas's Aberystwyth Guide
  • About Aberystwyth
  • Aberystwyth Online

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Aberystwyth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (969 words)
Aberystwyth was a contributory parliamentary borough until the Third Reform Act, which caused its representation to be merged into that of the county in 1885.
Aberystwyth is a major tourist centre and a cultural link between the north and south of Wales.
However the recorded history of Aberystwyth may be said to date from the building of a fortress on the present Castle Hill, in 1109.
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