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Encyclopedia > Aberfan

Aberfan (X-SAMPA: /abErvan/, approximately abervan) is a small village five miles (8 km) south of Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales. The Extended SAM Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London. ... Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: ) is a town and county borough in Wales, with a population of about 55,000. ... This article is about the country. ...

Contents

Aberfan disaster

On Friday, October 21, 1966, at 09:15, colliery waste tip number 7 (containing unwanted rock from the local mine) slid down Merthyr Mountain. As it collapsed, it destroyed 20 houses and a farm before going on to demolish virtually all of Pantglas Junior School and part of the separate senior school. The pupils had just left the assembly hall, where they had been singing "All Things Bright and Beautiful", when a great noise was heard outside. Had they left for their classrooms a few minutes later, the loss of life would have been significantly reduced, as the classrooms were on the side of the building nearest the landslide. is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Surface coal mining in Wyoming in the United States of America. ... This article is about geological phenomenon. ... Pantglas Junior School was a school for young children, and was in the small Welsh town of Aberfan. ... All Things Bright and Beautiful is the title of a famous Anglican hymn, though it is often sung during the services of other Christian denominations, such as Catholicism. ...

The Aberfan Disaster 21 October 1966
The Aberfan Disaster 21 October 1966

In total, 144 people were killed, 116 of whom were children, most of them between the ages of seven and 10. Five teachers were also killed in the accident. Only a handful of children were rescued from the rubble. Image File history File links Aberfan_Disaster. ... Image File history File links Aberfan_Disaster. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...


Lord Robens of Woldingham, chairman of the National Coal Board (NCB), did not rush to the scene; he instead went to accept an appointment as chancellor of the University of Surrey. Subsequently, he misrepresented the cause of the slide to the community and falsely claimed that nothing could have been done to prevent it. Robens never apologised. The Right Honourable Alfred (Alf) Robens, Baron Robens of Woldingham (18 December 1910 – 27 June 1999) was a British Labour politician and, later, chaired the National Coal Board. ... The National Coal Board (NCB) was the nationalised British coal mining company. ... The University of Surrey is a public university in Guildford, England. ...


At the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Aberfan Disaster, the NCB was found responsible for the disaster, due to "ignorance, ineptitude and a failure of communication". The collapse was found to have been caused by a build-up of water in the pile and, when a small rotational slip occurred, the disturbance caused the saturated, fine material of the tip to liquefy (thixotropy) and flow down the mountain. In 1958, the tip had been sited on a known stream (as shown on earlier Ordnance Survey maps) and had previously suffered several minor slips. Its instability was known, both to colliery management and to tip workers, but very little was done about it. Merthyr Tydfil Borough Council and the National Union of Mineworkers were cleared of any wrongdoing. No NCB employee was fired, demoted or even disciplined. TRINUAL This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Mass wasting, also known as mass movement or slope movement, is the geomorphic process by which soil, regolith, and rock move downslope under the force of gravity. ... Thixotropy is the property of some non-newtonian pseudoplastic fluids to show a time-dependent change in viscosity; the longer the fluid undergoes shear, the lower its viscosity. ... Part of an Ordnance Survey map at 1 inch to the mile scale from 1945 Ordnance Survey (OS) is an executive agency of the United Kingdom government. ... The National Union of Mineworkers is a trade union for coal miners in the United Kingdom. ...


The NCB was ordered to pay compensation to the families at the rate of £500 per child. GBP redirects here. ...


After lengthy appeals, part of the fund was used to make the remainder of the waste tip safe and the Coal Board avoided the costs of doing the whole job from its own resources. The Labour government paid back the £150,000 in 1997, although taking account of inflation this should have been £1.5M.


Merthyr Vale Colliery was closed in 1989. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


In February 2007 the Welsh Assembly announced the donation of £2M to the Aberfan Disaster Memorial Fund, in part as recompense for the money requisitioned by the government in the immediate aftermath of the disaster. The National Assembly for Wales (or NAW) (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was established in 1998, following a 1997 referendum in which a small majority of voters (but not the electorate) voted in favour of the Labour Governments plans for devolution. ...


References

New York Mining Disaster 1941 was the first song to be released by the Bee Gees in the United States, and their first song to hit the charts in The US or UK. At the time, rumors circulated that the Bee Gees were the Beatles recording under a pseudonym (the...

See also

In criminology, corporate crime refers to crimes committed either by a corporation (i. ... A corporate scandal is a scandal involving allegations of unethical behavior by people acting within or on behalf of a corporation. ...

External links

Coordinates: 51°41′N, 3°20′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aberfan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (570 words)
Aberfan (in Welsh, the 'f' is pronounced like the 'v' in English) is a small village 5 miles (8 km) south of Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales.
At the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Aberfan Disaster the NCB was found responsible for the disaster, due to "ignorance, ineptitude and a failure of communication".
The collapse was found to have been caused by a build-up of water in the pile and, when a small rotational slip occurred, the disturbance caused the saturated, fine material of the tip to liquefy (thixotropy) and flow down the mountain.
M/C Journal (2532 words)
Aberfan was the archetypal coal mining town, but what made it distinct was tragedy.
Aberfan was distinct from the other great national tragedies in the manner the public perceived the events unfolding in the village.
To argue that all who have seen photographs or televisual footage of Aberfan ‘share’ an equivalent collective memory to those directly touched by the event, place, family or industry is not only naïve, but initiates a troubling humanism which suggests that we all ‘share’ a common bank of experience.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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