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Encyclopedia > Abel Prize

The Abel Prize is awarded annually by the King of Norway to outstanding mathematicians. In 2001 the government of Norway announced that the bicentennial of Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel's birth (the year 2002) would mark the commencement of a new prize for mathematicians, named after Abel. This article is a list of rulers of Norway up until the present, including: The Norwegian kingdom (with the Faroe Islands) The Union with Iceland and Greenland (1262-1814) The Norwegian kingdom (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands 1262-1814) The Union of Sweden and Norway (1319-1343) The... A mathematician is a person whose area of study and research is mathematics. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Niels Henrik Abel (August 5, 1802–April 6, 1829), Norwegian mathematician, was born in Finnøy. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Every year from 2003 onwards The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters will declare the winner of the Abel Prize after selection by a committee of five international mathematicians; the amount of money that comes with the prize is similar to the Nobel Prize, which is awarded in Sweden and Norway. The reason for this prize is that the Nobel Prize excludes mathematics. Norway gave the prize an initial funding of NOK 200,000,000 in 2001. The prize is an attempt at creating publicity for mathematics, making the science more prestigious especially for young people. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... History Main article: History of mathematics In addition to recognizing how to count concrete objects, prehistoric peoples also recognized how to count abstract quantities, like time -- days, seasons, years. ... Krone is the name of the currency used in Norway. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In April 2003, the first candidate to win the prize was announced, and the following June the prize was awarded for the first time. In March 2004, the winners of the second annual prize were announced; this time two mathematicians shared the prize.


Laureates

2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peter David Lax (born 1926) is a highly-respected mathematician working in the areas of pure and applied mathematics. ... The Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences (CIMS) is a division of New York University and serves as a centre for research and advanced training in computer science and mathematics. ... New York University (NYU) is a large research university in New York City. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Michael Francis Atiyah, OM (born 22 April 1929) is a mathematician who was born in London. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Isadore Singer (born 1924) is an Institute Professor in the Department of Mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a research institution and university located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts directly across the Charles River from Bostons Back Bay district. ... In the mathematics of manifolds and differential operators, the Atiyah-Singer index theorem is an important unifying result that connects topology and analysis. ... Topology (Greek topos, place and logos, study) is a branch of mathematics concerned with the study of topological spaces. ... Geometry (from the Greek words Ge = earth and metro = measure) is the branch of mathematics first introduced by Theaetetus dealing with spatial relationships. ... An analysis is a critical evaluation, usually made by breaking a subject (either material or intellectual) down into its constituent parts, then describing the parts and their relationship to the whole. ... Theoretical physics attempts to understand the world by making a model of reality, used for rationalizing, explaining, predicting physical phenomena through a physical theory. There are three types of theories in physics; mainstream theories, proposed theories and fringe theories. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jean-Pierre Serre (born September 15, 1926) is one of the leading mathematicians of the twentieth century, active in algebraic geometry, number theory and topology. ... The Collège de France is a higher education teaching and research establishment located in Paris, France. ... Algebraic geometry is a branch of mathematics which, as the name suggests, combines abstract algebra, especially commutative algebra, with geometry. ... Traditionally, number theory is that branch of pure mathematics concerned with the properties of integers. ...

See also

The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to up to four mathematicians (not over forty years of age) at each International Congress of International Mathematical Union, since 1936 and regularly since 1948 at the initiative of the Canadian mathematican John Charles Fields. ... The Nevanlinna Prize is a prize for major contributions to mathematical aspects of computer science. ... The Schock Prizes were instituted by the will of philosopher and artist Rolf Schock (1933-1986). ... Past winners of the Wolf Prize in Mathematics: 1978 Israel M. Gelfand, Carl L. Siegel 1979 Jean Leray, André Weil 1980 Henri Cartan, Andrei Kolmogorov 1981 Lars Ahlfors, Oscar Zariski 1982 Hassler Whitney, Mark Grigoryevich Krein 1983/4 Shiing S. Chern, Paul Erdös 1984/5 Kunihiko Kodaira, Hans... A list of famous prizes, medals, and awards including cups, trophies, bowls, badges, state decorations etc. ...

External link

  • The Abel Prize official web site (http://www.abelprisen.no/en/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Abel Prize (774 words)
The first was to arrange a broad cultural commemoration, the second to raise a worthy monument in memory of the genius and the third, to establish an international Abel Prize.
The Abel festivities in September 1902 were held with pomp and circumstance, and students, townspeople, scientists, artists, the Storting, the Government and the royal family attended.
Abel's international position and his life and work were also at the heart of the efforts leading up to the bicentenary of Abel's birth.
Niels Henrik Abel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
Abel's first notable work was a proof of the impossibility of solving the quintic equation by radicals (see Abel-Ruffini theorem.) This investigation was first published in 1824 in abstruse and difficult form, and afterwards (1826) more elaborately in the first volume of Crelle's Journal.
In 1826 Abel moved to Paris, and during a ten month stay he met the leading mathematicians of France; but he was poorly appreciated, as his work was scarcely known, and his modesty restrained him from proclaiming his researchings.
In 2002, the Abel Prize was established in his honour.
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