FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Abel P. Upshur
Portrait of U.S. Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur
Portrait of U.S. Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur

Abel Parker Upshur (June 17, 1790February 28, 1844) was an American lawyer and statesman. Active first in Virginia politics, he served as Secretary of the Navy and then Secretary of State during the Whig administration of President John Tyler. He was among several people killed when a gun exploded during an official function on board the steam warship USS Princeton. Portrait of US Sec of State Abel P. Upshur, public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Portrait of US Sec of State Abel P. Upshur, public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. ... The United States Whig Party was a political party of the United States. ... John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) was the tenth (1841-1845) President of the United States. ... The first Princeton was the first screw steam warship in the United States Navy. ...

Contents


Early life and Virginia political career

He was born in Northampton County, Virginia and attended Yale and Princeton Universities, then he studied law in Virginia and was admitted to the bar in 1810. Northampton County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... Yale redirects here. ... Princeton University is a coeducational private university located on an extensive campus mostly in the Borough of Princeton and partly in the Princeton Township in New Jersey, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq. ...


After a brief time at Baltimore, Maryland, Upshur developed a thriving law practice in Richmond, Virginia and was an active participant in state politics. He was elected to a term in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1812, was Commonwealth Attorney for Richmond, ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Congress, returned to the legislature in 1825, was an influential delegate to the Virginia State Constitutional Convention in 1829 to 1830 and was elected to the Virginia General Court. Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City (by John Quincy Adams on a visit in 1827), Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: The Greatest City in America (formerly The City That Reads; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Government Country... Nickname River City Motto Sic Itur Ad Astra Location Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Government Country State County United States Virginia Independent City Mayor L. Douglas Wilder Geographical characteristics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 62. ... The Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the Virginia General Assembly. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Commonwealths Attorney is the title given to the elected felony prosecutor in Virginia and Kentucky. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Secretary of the Navy

Upshur's political reach became national when John Tyler became President of the United States in 1841 and selected him to become the 13th United States Secretary of the Navy in October of that year. His time with the Navy was marked by a strong emphasis on reform and reorganization and efforts to expand and modernize the service. He served from October 11, 1841 to July 23, 1843, and among his achievements were the replacement of the old Board of Navy Commissioners with the bureau system, regularization of the officer corps, increased Navy appropriations, construction of new sailing and steam warships, and the establishment of the United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographic Office. He published a A Brief Enquiry into the Nature and Character of our Federal Government: Being a Review of Judge Story's Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, (1840). John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) was the tenth (1841-1845) President of the United States. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... take you to calendar). ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... take you to calendar). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Board of Naval Commissioners was created February 7, 1815, as part of an expansion of the U.S. Navy Department, but its authority was generally confined to procuring stores and materials and to constructing, arming, and equipping vessels of war. ... The bureau system of the United States Navy was the Department of the Navys material-support organization from 1842 through 1966. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... Aerial view of USNO. The United States Naval Observatory (USNO) is one of the oldest scientific agencies in the United States. ...


Secretary of State

In July 1843, President Tyler appointed Upshur United States Secretary of State, to succeed Daniel Webster who had resigned. 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. ... Daniel Webster (1782–1852) Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 25, 1852) was a United States Senator and Secretary of State. ...


The USS Princeton explosion

On February 28, 1844, while joining the President and many other dignitaries for a Potomac River cruise on the new steamship USS Princeton, Secretary Upshur and several others were killed when one of the ship's guns exploded. He is buried at the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... The first Princeton was the first screw steam warship in the United States Navy. ... Congressional Cemetery The Congressional Cemetery is a historic cemetery located near the Anacostia River in Washington, DC. It is the final resting place of many members of the United States Congress, most of whom died in Washington while Congress was in session or afterwards when they were too ill to... Flag Seal Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ...


Honors

Two ships have been named in his honor:

These places have been named in his honor: USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer (French: contre-torpilleur, German: Zerstörer, Spanish: destructor, Italian: cacciatorpediniere) is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers... USS (DD-193) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy until traded to Britain at the beginning of World War II. She was named after Secretary of the Navy Abel Parker Upshur. ... The Lend-Lease program was a program of the United States during World War II that allowed the United States to provide the Allied Powers with war material without becoming directly involved in the war. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ...

One of the persons killed along with Upshur was Capt. Thomas W. Gilmer, Navy Secretary. Both Upshur County, Texas and its county seat, Gilmer, Texas, were thus named for two victims of the USS Princeton explosion. Upshur County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Upshur County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Thomas Walker Gilmer (April 6, 1802–February 28, 1844) was an American statesman. ... Upshur County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Gilmer is a city located in Upshur County, Texas. ...


External links

  • Naval Historical Center: Secretary Upshur
  • Historical Congressional Cemetery: "Most Awful and Most Lamentable Catastrophe!"
Preceded by:
George E. Badger
United States Secretary of the Navy
18411843
Succeeded by:
David Henshaw
Preceded by:
Daniel Webster
United States Secretary of State
July 24, 1843February 28, 1844
Succeeded by:
John C. Calhoun
United States Secretaries of State Seal of the United States Department of State
JeffersonRandolphPickeringJ MarshallMadisonSmithMonroeAdams • Clay • Van BurenLivingstonMcLaneForsythWebsterUpshurCalhounBuchananClaytonWebsterEverettMarcyCassBlackSewardWashburneFishEvartsBlaineFrelinghuysenBayardBlaineFosterGreshamOlneyShermanDayHayRootBaconKnoxBryanLansingColbyHughesKellogg • Stimson • HullStettiniusByrnesG MarshallAchesonDullesHerterRuskRogers • Kissinger • VanceMuskieHaigShultzBakerEagleburgerChristopherAlbrightPowellRice

 
 

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