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Encyclopedia > Abel

In the Book of Genesis, Abel (Hebrew הֶבֶל / הָבֶל, Standard Hebrew Hével / Hável, Tiberian Hebrew Héḇel / Hāḇel; Arabic هابيل Hābīl) was the second son of Adam. He was slain by Cain, his elder brother. This story appears in the Bible, Genesis 4:1-16. The narrative in Genesis states that "the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering, but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect." Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 6 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Bible, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early middle ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... According to the Book of Genesis in the Christian Bible and Judaisms Torah, and to Islams Quran, Adam was the first man created by God. ... In stories common to the Abrahamic religions, Cain or Káyin (קַיִן / קָיִן spear Standard Hebrew Qáyin, Tiberian Hebrew Qáyin / Qāyin; Arabic قايين QāyÄ«n in the Arabic Bible; قابيل QābÄ«l in Islam) is the eldest son of Adam and Eve, and the first man born in creation... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of...

Traditionally he is regarded as the first murder victim


Hebrew roots

The name Abel is sometimes analyzed as "AB", meaning "source" in Hebrew, and "EL" meaning "God". This is based on the English transliteration of the name; the original Hebrew is Hevel (הבל), meaning "breath" or "vapor," and does not contain the words "AB" (אב) or "EL" (אל). The same word is traditionally translated as "vanity" in Ecclesiastes. The word has been taken as a refference to Abel's short lifespan. Ecclesiastes, Kohelet in Hebrew, is a book of the Hebrew Bible. ...

Another possibility is that the name means herdsman (compare the name "Jabal", Arabic ibil "camels"), and a distinction is drawn between the pastoral Abel and the agriculturist Cain. If Cain is the eponym of the Kenites it is quite possible that Abel was originally a South Judaean demigod or hero; on this, see Winckler, Gesch. Israels, ii. p. 189; E. Meyer, Israeliten, p. 395. A sect of Abelitae, who seem to have lived in North Africa, is mentioned by Augustine (De Haeresibus, lxxxvi.). Titians The Pastoral Concert Pastoral refers to the lifestyle of shepherds. ... A farmer in Germany working the land in the traditional way, with horse and plough Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... An eponym is a person, whether real or fictitious, whose name has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... The Kenites were a people whose name has been interpreted as smiths by some and by others related to the word nest. These interpretations are not sure, however. ... Desert hills in southern Judea, looking east from the town of Arad Judea or Judaea (יהודה Praise, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ) is a term used for the mountainous southern part of historic Palestine, an area now divided between Israel and the West Bank, and, in a few geographical definitions of Judea... A demigod, a half-god, is a modern distinction, often misapplied in Greek mythology. ... Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend In mythology and folklore, a hero (male) or heroine (female) is an eminent character who quintessentially embodies key traits valued by its originating culture. ... North Africa is a region generally considered to include: Algeria Egypt Libya Mauritania Morocco Sudan Tunisia Western Sahara The Azores, Canary Islands, and Madeira are sometimes considered to be a part of North Africa. ... St. ...

Abel or lamentation (1 Samuel 6:18), is the name given to the great stone in Joshua's field whereon the ark was "set down." The Revised Version, however, following the Targum and the Septuagint, reads in the Hebrew text ’ebhen (= a stone), and accordingly translates "unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark." This reading is to be preferred. A late 19th-century artists conception of the Ark of the Covenant, employing a Renaissance cassone for the Ark and cherubim as latter-day Christian angels The Ark of the Covenant (ארון הברית in Hebrew: aron habrit) is described in the Hebrew Bible as a sacred container built at the command... The Revised Version (or English Revised Version) of the Bible is a late 19th-century British revision of the King James Version of 1611. ... The Septuagint (LXX) is the name commonly given in the West to the Koine Greek Alexandrine text of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/Old Testament) produced some time between the third to first century BC. The Septuagint Bible includes additional books of the old Jewish canon beyond those contained in the...

The name has been identified with the Assyrian aplu, "son", but this is far from certain. Assyria in earliest historical times referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the city of Ashur. ...

Abel in Christianity

The New Testament says that "by faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain" (Hebrews 11:4), and that Cain slew Abel "because his own works were evil and his brother's righteous" (1 John 3:12). Beliefs Though enormous diversity exists in the beliefs of those who self-identify as Christian, it is possible to venture general statements which describe the beliefs of a large majority . ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... The Epistle to the Hebrews (abbreviated Heb. ... (Redirected from 1 John) The First Epistle of John is a book of the Bible New Testament. ...

There are several references to Abel in the New Testament. Jesus speaks of him as "righteous" (Matthew 23:35). "The blood of sprinkling" is said to speak "better things than that of Abel" (Hebrews 12:24); that is, the blood of Jesus is the reality of which the blood of the offering made by Abel was only the type. The comparison is often seen as that between the sacrifice offered by Christ and that offered by Abel, but some believe it compares the blood of Christ calling for mercy and the blood of the murdered Abel calling for vengeance. It is also said (Hebrews 11:4) that "Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain." This sacrifice was made "by faith;" this faith rested in God, not only as the Creator and the God of providence, but especially in God as the great Redeemer, whose sacrifice was typified by the sacrifices which, no doubt by the divine institution, were offered from the days of Adam downward. On account of that "faith" which looked forward to the great atoning sacrifice, Abel's offering was accepted of God. Cain's offering had no such reference, and therefore was rejected. Abel has been viewed as the first martyr, as the first human to die. Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity and an important prophet in Islam. ... Mercy is a term used to describe the leniency or compassion shown by one person to another, or a request from one person to another to be shown such leniency or compassion. ... Revenge is retaliation against a person or group in response to wrongdoing. ... Providence may mean: Divine Providence Providence College in Rhode Island, USA Providence, television series Providence, a 1977 film Providence, a 1991 film starring Keanu Reeves Providence, 1970s-era Providence may also refer to: Providence, Rhode Island (in Providence County) Providence, Alabama Providence, Kentucky Providence, New York It is also the... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Death is the cessation of physical life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. ...

Abel in Islam

In the view of some liberal movements within Islam, Abel (called Habil in the Qur'an) is the primary Qur'anic proponent of pacifism and non-violence. In the Qur'anic version of the story, Abel refuses to fight back to stop Cain from murdering him. Abel's words imply that by accepting death through pacifism, he is being forgiven of his sins. (See Similarities between the Bible and the Qur'an). Islām is described as a dīn, meaning way of life and/or guidance. ... In modern times there have been a number of liberal movements within Islam (sometimes called in Arabic: الإسلام الإجتهادية or interpretation-based Islam; also الإسلام المتقدمة or progressive Islam — These generally denote religious outlooks which depend mainly on ijtihad or re-interpretations of scriptures. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Pacifism is opposition to war. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Quran (Koran) contains many references to people and events that are mentioned in the Bible; especially the stories of the prophets of Islam, among whom are included Moses, David and Jesus. ...

Abel in Mormonism

The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible teaches that in the time of Abraham there was a widespread belief that "the blood of the righteous Abel was shed for sins" (Genesis 17:7), a belief God disapproved of. Mormonism is a religion, movement, ideology and subculture originating in the early 1800s as a product of the Latter Day Saint movement led principally by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible, also called the Inspired Version of the Bible or the JST, is a version of the Bible dictated by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of...

Abel in popular culture

  • The death of Abel is the subject of a poem by Gessner and a tragedy by Legouvé
  • Abel, most notably seen in the Sandman series, is a fictional character from DC Comics based on the biblical Abel
  • Liam Gallagher wrote the song "Guess God Thinks I'm Abel" for the 2005 Oasis Album, Don't Believe the Truth
  • Abel's Ark - Giant structure in the game Xenosaga. Appears after U-DO is revived.

Gesner or Gessner is the surname of several people, including: Conrad Gesner (1516-1565), Swiss naturalist Johann Matthias Gesner (1691-1761), German classical scholar Abraham Pineo Gesner (1797-1864), Canadian physician and geologist Solomon Gessner, painter This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise... Legouvé may mean: J. B. Legouvé (1729-1783) Gabriel Legouvé (1764-1812), French poet, son of J. B. Ernest Legouvé (1807-1903), French dramatist, son of Gabriel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cain and Abel are a pair of fictional characters who appear in DC Comics. ... Cover of The Sandman #1, by Dave McKean. ... The current DC Comics logo, adopted in May 2005. ... Liam Gallagher William John Paul Gallagher (born September 21, 1972, Longsight, Manchester), better known to the world as Liam Gallagher is the vocalist, and sometime tambourine player, of Britpop band Oasis, known for his erratic behaviour, distinctive singing style and abrasive attitude. ... Oasis are a British rock band, originally formed in Manchester. ... Dont Believe the Truth is the sixth studio album by Oasis (the bands eighth release overall), released on May 30 2005 internationally and a day later in the United States. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Xenosaga Xenosaga (ゼノサーガ Zenosāga) is a series of video games released for the PlayStation 2 platform. ...

See also

Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article:

Abel Nightroad is the main protagonist in the Japanese anime Trinity Blood. File links The following pages link to this file: Abraham Lincoln Aristotle Ayn Rand Adolf Hitler Al Gore A Modest Proposal Articles of Confederation Arthur Schopenhauer Albert Einstein Amhrán na bhFiann Arthur Conan Doyle Ada programming language Antarctic Treaty System Andrew Jackson Andrew Johnson Adam Smith Bill Clinton Bible... Wikisource, The Free Library, is a Wikimedia project to build a free wiki library of primary source texts, along with translations of source-texts into any language and other supporting materials. ... Trinity Blood is a series of Japanese novels written by Yoshida Sunao, which were originally published in The Sneaker; a periodical that features Japanese fiction. ...

External sites

PD: Easton Bible Dictionary 1897

  Results from FactBites:
The Abel Prize (578 words)
The Swedish mathematician Lennart Carleson received the 2006 Abel Prize from Queen Sonja at an award ceremony in the University Aula in Oslo 23 May. The Norwegian Minister of Education and Research Øystein Djupedal also attended the event.
Marcus du Sautoy, Oxford University, presented the 2006 Abel Laureate Lennart Carleson and his contributions to mathematics at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters 23 March in connection with the prize announcement.
If you wish to be present at the Award Ceremony in the University Aula on the 23th of May or participate in the Abel Lectures at the University of Oslo on the 24th of May, please send an e-mail to abelprisen@dnva.no to receive an invitation card.
Niels Henrik Abel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
Abel's first notable work was a proof of the impossibility of solving the quintic equation by radicals (see Abel-Ruffini theorem.) This investigation was first published in 1824 in abstruse and difficult form, and afterwards (1826) more elaborately in the first volume of Crelle's Journal.
In 1826 Abel moved to Paris, and during a ten month stay he met the leading mathematicians of France; but he was poorly appreciated, as his work was scarcely known, and his modesty restrained him from proclaiming his researchings.
Under Abel's guidance, the prevailing obscurities of analysis began to be cleared, new fields were entered upon and the study of functions so advanced as to provide mathematicians with numerous ramifications along which progress could be made.
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