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Encyclopedia > Abdul Malik I of Samanid

'Abd al-Malik (d. late 961) was amir of the Sāmānids (954961). He was the son of Nuh I. Events Byzantine Empire recaptures Crete from Muslim control Harald I of Norway squashed the rebelling forces of Eric Bloodaxes sons but was killed in the Battle of Fitje. ... The Sāmānid dynasty (819-999) was a Iranian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Events King Malcolm I of Scotland is killed in battle against Highlanders. ... Events Byzantine Empire recaptures Crete from Muslim control Harald I of Norway squashed the rebelling forces of Eric Bloodaxes sons but was killed in the Battle of Fitje. ... Nuh I (d. ...


Nuh's death in 961 had potentially spelled disaster for the Samanid state, since the rebel Abu 'Ali Chaghani was in a good position to make good on his claims to Khurasan; he had the support of both the Buyids and the Caliph. He died before he could press his claims, however, sparing 'Abd al-Malik from having to deal with him. Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... The Buwayhids or Buyyids or Āl-i Buyeh, were a Shiite tribal confederation from Daylam, a region on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ...


Unfortunately the Samanid state became increasingly internally unstable during Abd al-Malik's reign. The governor of Khurasan, Bakr ibn Malik al-Farghani, as murdered by the amir's Turkish guard. He was replaced for some time by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Simjuri, and Abu Ja'far 'Utbi was made vizier. However, the Turkish contingent of the military was rapidly gaining more and more power. The Turkish leader Alp-Tegin managed to gain the governorship of Khurasan for himself, and had Muhammad ibn Abu 'Ali Muhammad Bal'ami, son of Amir Nasr's vizier, promoted to that post. The new vizier, however, fell under the influence of the Turks, further cementing their grip on power within the state. Nasr I (d. ...


'Abd al-Malik was not able to stop the expansion of the Turks' powers, resulting in the Turks being effectively in control by the time he died in 961. Following his death, Alp-Tegin attempted to appoint his son as amir, but another group, led by Fa'iq, managed to put 'Abd al-Malik's brother Mansur I on the throne. Abu Salih Mansur (d. ...


References

  • Richard Nelson Frye (1975). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume Four: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. ISBN 0521200938
Preceded by:
Nuh I
Samanid Ruler
954–961
Followed by:
Mansur I

  Results from FactBites:
 
History of Islam (592 words)
Death of the Sasanid ruler Nuh, accession of Abdul Malik.
Death of the Samanid ruler Abdul Malik, accession of Manauf.
Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Rahman III in Spain; accession of Hakam.
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Death of Abdul Rahman of Spain, and accession of Hisham.
Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.
961: Death of the Samanid ruler Abdul Malik, accession of Manauf.
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