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Encyclopedia > Abdominal cavity
Abdominal cavity
Front of abdomen, showing surface markings for duodenum, pancreas, and kidneys.
Latin cavitas abdominis
MeSH Abdominal+Cavity
Dorlands/Elsevier c_16/12220388

The abdominal cavity is the cavity of the human body (and other animal bodies) that holds the bulk of the viscera and which is located below (or inferior to) the thoracic cavity, and above the pelvic cavity. Image File history File links Illu_body_cavities. ... Image File history File links Gray1225. ... In anatomy of the digestive system, the duodenum is a hollow jointed tube connecting the stomach to the jejunum. ... For the song by Weird Al Yankovic, see Pancreas (song) The pancreas is an organ in the digestive and endocrine system that serves two major functions: exocrine (producing pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes) and endocrine (producing several important hormones, including insulin). ... Kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... In anatomy, a viscus (plural viscera) is an internal organ of an animal, in particular an internal organ of the thorax or abdomen. ... It has been suggested that Human Anatomical Terms be merged into this article or section. ... The thoracic cavity is the chamber of the human body (and other animal bodies) that is enclosed by the ribcage and the diaphragm. ... The Pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis and which primarily contains reproductive organs. ...


Organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, urinary bladder, small intestine and large intestine. (The kidneys are located not in the abdominal cavity but behind it, in the retroperitoneum.) In anatomy, the stomach (in ancient Greek στόμαχος) is an organ of the gastrointestinal tract involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication. ... The liver is an organ in living beings, including humans. ... Gallbladder is #5 Gall bladder Histology Digestive system diagram showing the bile duct The gallbladder (or cholecyst sometimes gall bladder) is a pear-shaped organ that stores about 50 mL of bile (or gall) until the body needs it for digestion. ... The spleen is a ductless, vertebrate gland that is closely associated with the circulatory system, where it functions in the destruction of old red blood cells in holding a reservoir of blood. ... For the song by Weird Al Yankovic, see Pancreas (song) The pancreas is an organ in the digestive and endocrine system that serves two major functions: exocrine (producing pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes) and endocrine (producing several important hormones, including insulin). ... In the anatomy of mammals, the urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular and distensible or elastic organ that sits on the pelvic floor. ... In biology the small intestine is the part of the gastrointestinal tract (gut) between the stomach and the large intestine. ... The large intestine is the last part of digestive system: the final stage of the alimentary canal in vertebrate animals. ... The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... The retroperitoneum (adj. ...


The abdominal cavity is lined with a protective membrane termed the peritoneum. The viscera are also covered, in the front, with a fatty layer called the omentum (or omental apron). In higher vertebrates, the peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity - it covers most of the intra-abdominal organs. ... In higher vertebrates, the peritoneum is the membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity - it covers most of the intra-abdominal organs. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Abdominal Wall Defect Repair: Encyclopedia of Surgery (1157 words)
Abdominal wall defect repair is a surgery performed to correct one of two birth defects of the abdominal wall: gastroschisis or omphalocele.
And, when the abdominal wall is incompletely formed at birth, the internal organs of the infant can either protrude into the umbilical cord (omphalocele) or to the side of the navel (gastroschisis).
Abdominal wall defects occurs in the United States at a rate of one case per 2,000 births, which means that some 2,360 cases are diagnosed per year.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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