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Encyclopedia > Abdas of Susa

Abdas, or Abda, was bishop of Susa in Iran (Socrates also calls him "bishop of Persia" 1). Engaged in a dispute with the local Zoroastrians in AD 420 he burnt down one of their temples. King Yazdegerd ordered the bishop to restore and repair the building at his own expense, upon Abdas' refusal the King ordered the destruction of the churches. These events soured the relationship between the Christian church and the Persian government which had previously been good, and caused a wave of persecution against the Christians in Persia 2. Other than he is supposed to have helped Maruthas in driving out a demon from Yezdegerd's3, nothing else certain is known of him. Tradition adds to this that he was one of the first martyred in the persecution (he was clubbed to death), and for this he is considered a saint by the Catholic church. His feast day is 5 September. This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great at Susa. ... Socrates Scholasticus was a Greek Christian church historian; born at Constantinople c. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Zoroastrianism (Avestan Daênâ Vañuhi the good religion)[1][2] is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... For other uses, see 420 (disambiguation). ... Yazdegerd I (made by God Izdigerdes), King of Persia (399–421), son of Shapur III of Persia (383–388), called the Sinner by the Persians. ... The term Christian Church, or Catholic Church, as it was known by Christians beginning in the second century, expresses the idea that organised Christianity (the Christian religion) is seen as an institution. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ... Maruthas was bishop of Tagrit or Maypherkat in Mesopotamia, friend of St. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ...


  • De Lacy & O'Leary; The Syriac Church and Fathers (2002)
  • Smith, William & Wace, Henry (editors); A dictionary of christian biography, literature, sects and doctrine, "Abda", (1877). (96MB PDF)
  • Theodoret, Ecclesiasistical history, Blomfield Jackson (translator) (1892)

Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ... Very Reverend Henry Wace (December 10, 1836 - January 9, 1924) was the Dean of Canterbury from 1903, edited in and contributed to publications in Christian and Ecclesiastical history. ... Theodoret (393 – c. ...


1 Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical history, vii. 8
2 Theodoret, v. 39
3 Socrates Scholasticus, vii. 8



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