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Encyclopedia > Abbey Road Studios

Abbey Road Studios, established in November of 1931 by EMI in London, England, is an iconic recording studio located at Abbey Road, in St John's Wood in the City of Westminster. Apart from their use as a recording studio, the premises have also been used to remaster many of the classical music recordings made at Kingsway Hall. See list below of artists who have recorded at the studios. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 523 KB) Summary Picture of the Abbey Road studios. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 523 KB) Summary Picture of the Abbey Road studios. ... ==Individual Studio== A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... ==Individual Studio== A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Abbey Road street sign from Westminster, London Abbey Road is a throroughfare located in the borough of Camden and the City Of Westminster in London. ... St Johns Wood is a district of North London, England in the City of Westminster, near Regents Park. ... The City of Westminster is a borough of London, England with city status. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... The Kingsway Hall, Holborn, London, built in 1912, was the home of the West London Mission of the Methodist Church, and became one of the most important recording venues for classical music and film music. ...

Contents

History

Built as a Georgian townhouse in 1831, the premises were acquired by the Gramophone Company in 1931 and converted into studios. Pathe filmed the opening of the studios, when Sir Edward Elgar conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in recording sessions of his music.[1] The neighbouring house is also owned by the studio and used to house musicians. During the mid-1900s the studio was extensively used by leading British conductor Sir Malcolm Sargent, whose house was just around the corner from the studio building.[2] Leinster House, 18th century Dublin townhouse of the Duke of Leinster. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom, was one of the early recording companies. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... Edward Elgar Sir Edward William Elgar, Bt OM GCVO (June 2, 1857 – February 23, 1934) was a British composer, born in the small Worcestershire village of Broadheath to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Ann. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Sir (Harold) Malcolm (Watts) Sargent (April 29, 1895 – October 3, 1967) was a British conductor, organist and composer. ...

Abbey Road Studios
Abbey Road Studios

The Gramophone Company later amalgamated with Columbia Graphophone Company to form EMI, which took over the studios. The studios were then known as EMI Studios until EMI formally changed their name to Abbey Road Studios in 1970. The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Studio Two at Abbey Road became a centre of rock music in 1958 when Cliff Richard and the Drifters (later Cliff Richard and The Shadows) recorded "Move It" there, arguably the first European rock and roll single. Jan. ... Sir Cliff Richard OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb on 14 October 1940) is an English singer, actor and businessman. ... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...


It was the Beatles who broke with tradition, changing recording techniques and forever changing the boundaries of what was considered popular music. Innovating with flanging, backwards recording, automatic double tracking, and controlled feedback, the Beatles utilised Abbey Road studios to full effect. For the music genre, see Pop music. ... Flanging is a time-based audio effect that occurs when two identical signals are mixed together, but with one signal time-delayed by a small and gradually changing amount, usually smaller than 20 ms (milliseconds). ... Automatic double tracking (ADT) was an electronic system designed to augment the sound of voices and instruments during the recording process. ... Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example...

The zebra crossing today
The zebra crossing today

Abbey Road Studios is most closely associated with the Beatles, who recorded almost all of their albums and singles there between 1962 and 1970. The Beatles named their 1969 album, Abbey Road, after the street where the studio is located (the recording studio would only be named Abbey Road after the Beatles record in 1970). The cover photo for that album was taken by Iain Macmillan outside Abbey Road Studios, with the result that the pedestrian zebra crossing outside the studio, where the Fab Four were photographed soon became a place of pilgrimage for Beatles fans from all over the world. (See zebra crossing webcam.) NOTE: The crossing is no longer in the same location as it was in 1969, having been moved further east in the 1970s. Looking across the street in the direction the Beatles crossed it, the crossing was moved from the left side of the light pole on the destination side of the street (the side John Lennon is closest to) to the right side of the pole. It has been a long-standing tradition for visitors to pay homage to the band by writing on the studio fence in front, although it is painted over monthly. A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... // Perhaps the two most famous musical events of 1969 were concerts. ... Back cover The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Iain MacMillan (October 20, 1938-May 8, 2006) was a British Photographer best known for taking the cover of The Beatles Abbey Road, easily one of the most recognizable album covers in music history. ... A zebra crossing in Sydney, Australia A zebra crossing in Marine Parade, Singapore A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world. ... For an alternate meaning, see Fan (implement). ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ...


Pink Floyd recorded most of their late 1960s to mid-1970s albums, returning only in 1988 for mixing and overdubbing subsequent albums. (See List of Pink Floyd albums recorded at Abbey Road Studios.) Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ...

Abbey Road Studio Two
Abbey Road Studio Two

The Shadows named their Live At Abbey Road album after the studio, with the cover spoofing The Beatles' album. Image File history File linksMetadata Abbey_Road_Studio_2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Abbey_Road_Studio_2. ...


Notable producers and sound engineers who have worked at Abbey Road include Sir George Martin, Geoff Emerick, Norman "Hurricane" Smith, Ken Scott, Mike Stone, Alan Parsons, Phil McDonald, John Kurlander, Richard Lush and Ken Townsend, who invented the groundbreaking studio effect known as automatic double tracking (ADT). The chief mastering engineer at Abbey Road was Chris "Vinyl" Blair, who started his career early on as a tape deck operator. He worked his way up the ranks to get to the top. A highlight of Blair's career was receiving an award for Radiohead's Kid A. Blair died on November 7, 2005. In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Audio engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with the production of sound through mechanical means. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... Engineer Geoff Emerick. ... Norman Smith is a musician and record producer. ... Ken Scott (born April 20, 1947 in London) is an influential English record producer and engineer. ... Mike Stone (a. ... Alan Parsons (b. ... Ken Townsend is a renowned sound engineer who played an important role at Abbey Road Studios. ... Automatic double tracking (ADT) was an electronic system designed to augment the sound of voices and instruments during the recording process. ... Sony reel-to-reel tape recorder. ... Radiohead are an English alternative rock band from Oxfordshire. ... This article is about the Radiohead album. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1979, EMI commissioned the British jazz fusion band Morrissey-Mullen to record the label's first non-classical digital recording at Abbey Road Studios. Morrissey Mullen, aka M&M, British jazz-funk/fusion group of the Seventies and Eighties, was formed by Dick Morrissey, ex-IF, (tenor and soprano saxes and flute) and Jim Mullen, ex-Brian Augers Oblivion Express, (guitar), who joined forces in 1976 and played together for some 16 years... In digital recording, the analog signal of a motion-picture/sound is converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes in air pressure (chroma and luminance values in case of video) through time; thus making an abstract template for the original sound or moving image. ...


From July 18 to September 11, 1983 the public had a rare opportunity to see inside the legendary Studio Two where The Beatles made most of their records. While a new mixing console was being installed in the control room, the studio was used to host a video presentation called "The Beatles At Abbey Road". The soundtrack to the video contained a number of recordings that were not made commercially available until the Beatles Anthology project over a decade later.[3] is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Beatles Anthology is the name of a documentary, a series of three albums, and a television miniseries which focus on the history of the popular rock band The Beatles. ...

The graffiti-covered walls outside Abbey Road
The graffiti-covered walls outside Abbey Road

In March/April 2005 Abbey Road Studios held a film festival. It included a tour of Studio One and Studio Two (excluding control rooms). They displayed several films in Studio One associated with the studio and an exhibition in Studio Two consisting of photographs, and a fully autographed sleeve from every original UK Beatles album. Also on display were several microphones, two upright pianos, and a Hammond Organ. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Microphones redirects here. ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... The Hammond organ is an electric organ which was invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company until the 1970s. ...


American rock band the Red Hot Chili Peppers included a photograph of themselves walking across the zebra crossing naked, except for the infamous socks, on the front of The Abbey Road EP, released in 1988. They never actually recorded at the studio.-1... The Abbey Road is an EP by Red Hot Chili Peppers, released in 1988 through EMI America. ...


Artists who have recorded at Abbey Road

The studios have been used by musicians such as The Beatles, Absynthe Minded, Josh Groban, Hilary Hahn, Cliff Richard, Nightwish, Radiohead, Al Stewart, Muse, XTC, The Zombies, Take That, Pink Floyd, Scarlet Party, Green Day, U2, The Used, Oasis, Camel, The Killers, Peter & Gordon, The Shadows, Morrissey - Mullen, Gnarls Barkley, Elliott Smith, Syd Barrett, Plácido Domingo, Mecano, and Panic at the Disco.[4][5] Studio Two has been used by The Hollies, Manfred Mann, The Seekers, Gerry & the Pacemakers, Martin Briley, Mrs Mills, Madness, Lucie Silvas, Kanye West, Eliza Lynn, the Spice Girls, Point of Grace, Darren Burn, Fanzine and others. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Absynthe Minded is a Belgian rock/jazz band. ... Joshua Winslow Groban (born February 27, 1981) is a Grammy-nominated American singer/songwriter known for his mature and lyrical baritone voice. ... Hilary Hahn - credit Kasskara courtesy of Deutsche Grammophon Hilary Hahn (born November 27, 1979 in Lexington, Virginia) is an American Grammy Award–winning violinist. ... Sir Cliff Richard OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb on 14 October 1940) is an English singer, actor and businessman. ... Nightwish is a Finnish metal quintet, formed in 1996 in the town of Kitee, Finland. ... Radiohead are an English alternative rock band from Oxfordshire. ... Al Stewart (born Alastair Ian Stewart on September 5, 1945, Glasgow, Scotland), is a British singer-songwriter and musician. ... For other uses, see Muse (disambiguation). ... XTC are an influential new wave band from Swindon, England. ... The Zombies, formed in 1961 in St Albans, were an English rock band. ... Take That are a British pop boy band formed by Nigel Martin Smith in Manchester in 1990. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Scarlet Party formed in Essex, England in the early 1980s; their sound combined contemporary and Sixties influences, and they were a popular live band until they split up in 1985. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... The Used is a rock band from Orem, Utah. ... Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991. ... Camel is an English progressive rock band formed in 1971. ... For other uses, see Killers. ... Peter & Gordon were a British Invasion-era performing duo, formed by Peter Asher and Gordon Waller, that rocketed to fame in 1964 with A World Without Love. Peter Ashers sister (the actress Jane Asher) was dating Paul McCartney (of The Beatles), and so Peter & Gordon recorded several songs written... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... Morrissey Mullen, aka M&M, British jazz-funk/fusion group of the Seventies and Eighties, was formed by Dick Morrissey, ex-IF, (tenor and soprano saxes and flute) and Jim Mullen, ex-Brian Augers Oblivion Express, (guitar), who joined forces in 1975 and played together for some 16 years... Gnarls Barkley is an American musical collaboration between multi-instrumentalist and producer Danger Mouse (Brian Burton) from New York, and rapper/vocalist Cee-Lo Green (Thomas Callaway), from Atlanta. ... For the self-titled album, see Elliott Smith (album). ... Roger Keith Syd Barrett (6 January 1946 – 7 July 2006) was an English singer, songwriter, guitarist, and artist. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941)[1] better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ... For the toy construction material, see Meccano. ... Panic! At The Disco is an Alternative Rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada. ... ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ... Cock-A-Hoop Manfred Mann was a British R&B and pop band of the 1960s, named after its keyboard player, who later led the successful 1970s follow-on group Manfred Manns Earth Band. ... This article is about the Australian music group. ... Gerry & the Pacemakers were an English rock and roll group during the 1960s, and one of the few groups to initially challenge The Beatles in popularity. ... Martin Briley, a London, England-born singer/songwriter/guitarist/keyboard player, began playing and writing music when he was 10. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Look up madness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lucie Silvas (born September 4, 1977 in Surrey) is a British singer-songwriter. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kÉ‘njÉ›j/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... The Spice Girls are a BRIT Award-winning English pop group formed in 1994. ... Point of Grace (1998) Point of Grace is a group of Christian pop music singers and authors. ...


Location

Abbey Road Studios is a five-to-ten minute walk from the St. John's Wood Underground Station. From Central London, take the Jubilee (Silver) Line toward Stanmore (northwest). The St. John's Wood Station is the first station in Zone 2 of the Underground. When exiting the station, the visitor is facing south at the intersection of A41 (Finchley Rd./Wellington Rd.) and Acacia Road (to the left)/Grove End Road. (to the right). To reach the studio, turn right and walk down Grove End Road, passing Waverley Place and Loudon St. on your right; addresses decrease in number as you walk. As Grove End Road veers sharply to the left, Abbey Road is to the immediate right. The first pedestrian crossing is the "album cover pedestrian crossing." Three Abbey Road is the unaddressed white building across the street. This is a very busy main road, and caution is urged at all times in crossing and photographing the pedestrian crossing.


See also:

Recording and mixing consoles

  • Studio One: 72 Fader Neve 88RS
  • Studio Two: 60 Fader Neve VR Legend
  • Studio Three: 96 Fader Solid State Logic 9000 J
  • Penthouse: 48 Fader Neve DFC Gemini

For the Los Angeles rock band, see Neve (band). ... For the Los Angeles rock band, see Neve (band). ... Solid State Logic, or SSL is a manufacturer of high-end mixing consoles and recording studio hardware headquartered in Begbroke, Oxfordshire, UK. // Founded in 1969[4], SSL has since expanded to its present 15 acre (61,000 m²) science park in Oxfordshire, England[5]. The company invents, designs and manufactures... For the Los Angeles rock band, see Neve (band). ...

Film scores

Abbey Road Studios got its start in the film scoring business in 1980, when Anvil Post Production formed a partnership with the studio, called Anvil-Abbey Road Screen Sound. The partnership started when Anvil was left without a scoring stage when Korda Studios were demolished. It ended in 1984, when EMI merged with THORN Electrical Industries to become Thorn EMI. A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... The year 1980 in film involved some significant events. ... // Events The Walt Disney Company founds Touchstone Pictures to release movies with subject matter deemed inappropriate for the Disney name. ... THORN Electrical Industries Ltd. ... Thorn EMI logo Thorn EMI was a major British company involved in consumer electronics, music, defence and retail. ...


Abbey Road's success in the scoring business continued after the partnership ended. For a list of film scores recorded at the studios please see List of film scores recorded at Abbey Road Studios.


Notes

  1. ^ Sir Edward Elgar, 1931 "Land of hope & glory" THE MASTER OF THE KING'S MUSIC
  2. ^ Discography in Sir Malcolm Sargent: a Tribute
  3. ^ The Beatles Book July & August 1983.
  4. ^ WAGNER Tristan and Isolde Domingo Stemme EMI 558006-2 [MB]: Classical CD Reviews- August 2005 MusicWeb-International
  5. ^ Wagner: Tristan und Isolde / Pappano, Domingo, Stemme, Pape | ArkivMusic

Coordinates: 51°31′54.93″N, 0°10′42.07″W The Beatles Book (also known as Beatles Monthly) was founded in 1963 by publisher Sean O’Mahony. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


References

All You Need Is Ears: The inside personal story of the genius who created The Beatles (ISBN 0-312-11482-6) is the 1980 memoir of Beatles producer George Martin, co-authored by Jeremy Hornsby. ... The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions (ISBN 0-681-03189-1) is a book that was produced by Hamlyn (a division of the Octopus Publishing Groupp) and executively produced by Norman Bates for the EMI records company. ... Mark Lewisohn (born 1958) is one of the worlds foremost experts on The Beatles. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Abbey Road (276 words)
The EMI Studios at 3 Abbey Road in the peaceful and affluent St. John's Wood district were the setting for nearly all of the Beatles' recordings from 1962 to 1970.
The studios were officially renamed "Abbey Road" in the wake of the international fame bestowed on the building by the Beatles and by the 1969 album which paid homage to their recording home.
The large studio is reached by a stairway that leads down from the control booth, or through a door on the ground floor that leads across the hall to Studio One and to the cafeteria.
Abbey Road Studios - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (969 words)
Abbey Road Studios, created in November of 1931 by EMI in London, is best known as the legendary recording studio used by the rock bands The Beatles, Cliff Richard, Pink Floyd and The Shadows.
The studios were then known as EMI studios until they changed their name to Abbey Road Studios formally in the 1970s.
Abbey Road Studios is most closely associated with The Beatles, who recorded almost all of their albums and singles there between 1962 and 1970.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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