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Encyclopedia > Abbey Road (album)
Abbey Road
Abbey Road cover
Studio album by The Beatles
Released 26 September 1969
Recorded 22 February 196920 August 1969 at Abbey Road Studios, Olympic Sound, and Trident Studios
Genre Rock, hard rock, blues-rock
Length 47:23
Label Apple, Parlophone, EMI
Producer George Martin
Professional reviews
The Beatles chronology
Yellow Submarine
(1969)
Abbey Road
(1969)
Let It Be
(1970)
Back cover
The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track.
The back cover of the original 1969 UK LP. Note that Her Majesty is not listed, unlike later reissues and the compact disc version—originally making it a hidden track.

Abbey Road is the eleventh official album recorded by The Beatles. Although its release preceded that of Let It Be, the latter was mostly recorded in January 1969. Work on Abbey Road began in earnest in April of that year, making it the last album started by The Beatles. The album was released on 26 September 1969 in the United Kingdom and 1 October 1969 in the United States. It was produced and orchestrated by George Martin for Apple Records. Geoff Emerick was the engineer and Tony Banks tape operator. It is regarded as one of The Beatles' most tightly constructed albums, somewhat ironically, as the band was barely operating as a functioning unit at the time.[1][2] Image File history File links Beatles_-_Abbey_Road. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Trident Studios is a British recording facility, located at 17 St Annes Court in Londons Soho district. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... Blues Rock or Blues-rock is a fusion genre of music which combines elements of the blues with rock and roll. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For the 1999 release, see Yellow Submarine Songtrack. ... Let It Be redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Her Majesty is the name of a song written by Paul McCartney (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) that appears on The Beatles album Abbey Road. ... CD redirects here. ... In the field of recorded music, a hidden track is a piece of music which has been placed on a Compact Disc, audio cassette, vinyl record or other recorded medium in such a way as to avoid detection by the casual listener. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Let It Be redirects here. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... Engineer Geoff Emerick. ...

Contents

Genesis of the album

After the near-disastrous sessions for the proposed Get Back album (later retitled Let It Be), Paul McCartney suggested to producer George Martin that the group get together and make an album "just like the old days. .. just like we used to"[citation needed], free of the conflict that began with the sessions for The White Album. Martin agreed to this if the band would be "the way they used to be"[citation needed]. In their interviews for the Beatles Anthology series, the surviving band members stated they knew at the time this would very likely be the final Beatles' product, and therefore they agreed to set aside their differences and "go out on a high note." Let It Be redirects here. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an Academy Award-winning English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... The White Album redirects here. ... The Beatles Anthology is the name of a documentary series, a series of three albums and a book, all of which focus on the history of one of the worlds most popular rock band The Beatles. ...


With the Let It Be album partly finished, the sessions for Abbey Road began in April, as the "Ballad of John and Yoko"/"Old Brown Shoe" single was completed. Most of the album was recorded between July 2 and August 1, 1969. After the album was finished and released, the Get Back/Let It Be project was re-examined. More work was done on the album, including the recording of additional music (see Let It Be album). Although people often label Abbey Road as the "last album recorded by the Beatles", this is a misnomer. Songs for Let It Be were added after Abbey Road was released. However, since the bulk of Let It Be was recorded before Abbey Road, it would be wrong to label that album as the Beatles' last, either. Properly, Abbey Road was the last album started by The Beatles before they disbanded. Ballad of John and Yoko is a song released by The Beatles as a single in May 1969. ... Alternate cover UK 7 re-release cover Old Brown Shoe is a song written by George Harrison that was first released by The Beatles as a B-side to The Ballad of John and Yoko. It is also available on the Beatles compilation albums The Beatles 1967-1970, Hey Jude...


The two album sides are quite different in character. Side one is a collection of single tracks, while side two consists of a long suite of compositions, many of them being relatively short and segued together. The main impetus behind the suite approach was to incorporate the various short and incomplete Lennon and McCartney compositions the group had available into an effective part of the album. John Lennon said several times that he favoured the more polished material on side one, while Paul McCartney opined that the medley on side two was the album's best feature.[citation needed]


Success

Abbey Road became one of the most successful Beatles albums ever. In the UK the album debuted straight at #1, knocking-off the top spot the Rolling Stones compilation Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2) which debuted the previous week at #4 and never managed to reach #1, knocked two consecutive weeks by the Beatles. Abbey Road spent its first 11 weeks in the UK charts at #1, and then was knocked-off just for 1 week to #2 actually by the Rolling Stones debuting at the top with Let it Bleed. However, the following week – which was the Christmas week – Abbey Road returned to the top for another 6 weeks, completing 17 weeks at the top. In all it spent 92 weeks inside the UK Top 75, making a big re-entry after over 16 years in October 31, 1987, when it was released for the first time on CD and reached #30. In the UK Abbey Road was the best-selling album of 1969 – amazingly with only two months in the market – even more impressively the fourth best-selling of the entire 1960s, and the eighth best-selling album of 1970. This article is about the rock band. ... Through The Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. ... This article is about the 1969 album by The Rolling Stones. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... // Charles Wuorinen, aged 32, becomes the youngest composer ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music. ...


Reaction in the U.S. was similar. The album debuted at #178, then moved to #4 and in its third week to #1, spending 11 unconsecutive weeks at the top, but not managing to be the best-selling album during the Christmas week, when it was knocked-off the top spot by Led Zeppelin's Led Zeppelin II. Abbey Road spent a total of 129 weeks in the Billboard 200, re-entering the charts at #69 on November 14, 1987 when it was released for the first time on CD. It was the 4th best-selling album of 1970 in the US and is now certified 12xPlatinum by the RIAA. Led Zeppelin II is the second album released by English rock band Led Zeppelin in 1969. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The RIAA Logo. ...


Abbey Road is the second best-selling Beatles album of all time, right behind Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. (Those two are also the best-selling albums released in the 1960s.) It is the 13th best-selling record ever, with an estimated 20 million copies sold, 12 million of them in the U.S. For other uses, see Sgt. ...


Song information

Side one

"Come Together"

Main article: Come Together

"Come Together", the album opener, was contributed by Lennon. The chorus was inspired by a song Lennon originally wrote for Timothy Leary's 1969 campaign for governor of California titled "Let's Get It Together". A rough version of this can be heard in outtakes from Lennon's second bed-in event in Canada. It has been speculated that the verses, described by Lennon as intentionally obscure, refer cryptically to each of the Beatles (i.e. the "He's one holy roller" verse allegedly refers to the spiritually-inclined Harrison). The song was later the subject of a lawsuit brought against Lennon by Morris Levy because the opening line in "Come Together" - "Here come old flat-top ..." was admittedly lifted by Lennon from a line in Chuck Berry's "You Can't Catch Me". "Come Together" was later released as a double A-side single with "Something". George Martin has described "Come Together" as a personal favorite among Beatles tracks (in the liner notes to the Love album). The song begins with a mysterious "shoop" noise which is actually Lennon saying "shoot me." For other uses, see Come Together (disambiguation). ... For the American baseball player, see Tim Leary (baseball player). ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Morris Levy (August 27, 1927 - May 21, 1990) was an American music industry executive, who is best known as the owner of the record label Roulette Records. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... For other uses, see Something (disambiguation). ...


"Something"

Main article: Something

"Something", the second track on the album, later became Harrison's first A-side single. Originally written during the White Album sessions, the first line is based on the James Taylor song "Something in the Way She Moves" (Taylor was signed to Apple at the time). After the lyrics were refined during the "Let It Be" sessions (tapes reveal Lennon giving Harrison some songwriting advice during its composition), "Something" was initially given to Joe Cocker, but was subsequently recorded for Abbey Road. "Something" was Lennon's favourite song on the album, and McCartney considered it the best song Harrison had written. Frank Sinatra once commented that "Something" was his favourite Lennon-McCartney song,[3] the joke being that it was written by Harrison. The song was released on a double-sided single. For other uses, see Something (disambiguation). ... The White Album redirects here. ... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... Joe Cocker OBE (born 20 May 1944) is an English rock/blues singer who came to popularity in the 1960s, and is most known for his gritty voice and his cover versions of popular songs. ... Sinatra redirects here. ...


Harrison was rapidly growing as a songwriter, and with Abbey Road, he gave what are perhaps his most significant contributions to a Beatles album. "Something" became the first Beatles number-one single that was not a Lennon-McCartney composition, while "Here Comes the Sun" has received significant radio airplay despite never having been released as a single. "Something" was sung by McCartney, accompanied for the first part of the song just on ukelele, at Concert for George on the first anniversary of Harrison's passing. DVD Cover For the released album, see Concert for George (album). ...


"Maxwell's Silver Hammer"

"Maxwell's Silver Hammer", McCartney's first song on the album, was first performed by the Beatles during the Let It Be sessions (as can be seen in the Let It Be documentary). Maxwells Silver Hammer is a song by The Beatles, from the Abbey Road album, with Paul McCartney singing lead. ... Let It Be redirects here. ... For the Taiwanese film whose foreign title translates to the same name, see 無米樂 Let It Be is a 1970 film about the Beatles rehearsing and recording songs for the album Let It Be in January 1969. ...


According to Geoff Emerick's book, Here, There and Everywhere, John Lennon despised this song, criticizing it as "more of Paul's granny music," and also refusing to participate in the recording of the song. Engineer Geoff Emerick. ...


"Oh! Darling"

Main article: Oh! Darling

When recording "Oh! Darling", McCartney attempted recording only once a day, so that his voice would be fresh on the recording. Oh! Darling is a song of The Beatles composed by Paul McCartney and appearing on the Abbey Road album in 1969. ...


"Octopus's Garden"

Main article: Octopus's Garden

Starr wrote and sang one song for the album, "Octopus's Garden", his second composition released on a Beatles album. It was inspired by a trip to Sardinia that occurred when Starr left the band for two weeks with his family during the sessions for The White Album. While there, he composed the song, which is arguably his most successful writing effort. While Starr had the lyrics nearly pinned down, the song's melodic structure was partly written in the studio by Harrison (as can be seen in the Let It Be film), although Harrison gave full songwriting credit to Starr. (Harrison and Starr would later collaborate on Starr's solo single "Photograph", and Harrison also probably collaborated with Starr in writing "It Don't Come Easy"). Abbey Road is considered to feature some of Starr's best and most colorful drumming work which is often listed as an influence by many drummers[citation needed]. The album features his only drum solo in The Beatles' catalogue, on "The End." Octopuss Garden is a song written by Ringo Starr with some help from George Harrison, although it is credited solely to Starr. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... The White Album redirects here. ... For the Taiwanese film whose foreign title translates to the same name, see 無米樂 Let It Be is a 1970 film about the Beatles rehearsing and recording songs for the album Let It Be in January 1969. ...


"I Want You (She's So Heavy)"

"I Want You (She's So Heavy)", is a combination of two somewhat different recording attempts. The first attempt occurred almost immediately after the "Get Back/Let It Be" sessions in February 1969 and featuring Billy Preston on keyboards. This was subsequently combined with a second version made during the "Abbey Road" sessions proper, and when edited together ran nearly 8 minutes long, making it The Beatles's second-longest released song ("Revolution 9" being the longest). Perhaps more than any other Beatles song, "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" reveals a pronounced prog rock influence, with its unusual length and structure, repeating guitar riff, and "white noise" effects; the "I Want You" section has a straightforward blues structure. It also features one of the earliest uses of a Moog synthesizer to create the white-noise or "wind" effect heard near the end of the track. During the final edit, as the guitar riff continues on and on, Lennon told engineer Geoff Emerick to "cut it right there" at the 7:44 mark, creating a sudden, jarring silence which concluded side one of "Abbey Road". The final overdub session for "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" would be the last time all four Beatles worked in the studio together. I Want You (Shes So Heavy) is a song by The Beatles, from their album Abbey Road. ... William Everett Preston (September 2, 1946 – June 6, 2006) was an American soul musician from Houston, Texas, raised mostly in Los Angeles, California. ... Music sample Revolution #9 Problems? See media help. ... The progressive rock band Yes performing in 1977. ... Blues music redirects here. ... The term Moog(pronounced // as in moan) synthesizer can refer to any number of analog synthesizers designed by Dr. Robert Moog or manufactured by Moog Music, and is commonly used as a generic term for analog and digital music synthesisers. ...


Side two

"Here Comes the Sun"

Main article: Here Comes the Sun

"Here Comes the Sun" is Harrison's second song on the album and one of his best-known songs, written in Eric Clapton's garden while Harrison was "sagging off" from an Apple board meeting (which he considered tedious). It was influenced by the Cream song "Badge" (which was co-written by Harrison, Eric Clapton, and Ringo Starr). While not released as a single, "Here Comes The Sun" has received consistent radio airplay since its release. Joe Brown would later sing it at "The Concert For George" This article is about the song by The Beatles. ... Cream were a classic 1960s British rock band, which consisted of guitarist Eric Clapton, bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. ... The 1969 song Badge, by Cream, was penned by Eric Clapton and George Harrison during a collaborative effort between Clapton, Harrison and Ringo Starr. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter and composer. ... Richard Starkey Jr, MBE (born 7 July 1940), known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer for The Beatles. ... Joe Brown (born Joseph Roger Brown on 13 May 1941, in Swarby, Lincolnshire) was a popular British entertainer of the 1960s and beyond. ... DVD Cover For the released album, see Concert for George (album). ...


"Because"

"Because" features a Moog synthesizer, played by Harrison. The chords in "Because" were inspired by Ludwig van Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata", which Lennon heard Ono play on the piano, after which, according to Lennon, he played the notes backwards. "Because" features three-part harmonies by Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison, which were then triple-tracked to sound like nine singers. The results of this have been compared in sound to the Beach Boys. As recalled by Geoff Emerick, during the recording of the harmonies, they sat on a bench around the microphone and Starr sat there along with the others, perhaps in an unconscious display of love and brotherhood, despite their increasing differences. Because is a ballad written by John Lennon[1] (credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... “Piano Sonata No. ... The Beach Boys, originally the Beech Boys, a small team of four brothers from the south of Poland, emigrated to America in the early 1950s in search of a fortune to be made in the Arizonian logging industry. When it soon became evident they had been the victims of...


The medley

The climax of the album is the sixteen-minute medley consisting of several short songs, both finished and unfinished, blended into a suite by McCartney and George Martin. Most of these songs were written (and originally recorded in demo form) during sessions for The Beatles (aka The White Album) and the "Get Back"/Let It Be sessions.


"You Never Give Me Your Money" is the first song of the Abbey Road suite. It was written by McCartney and based loosely on The Beatles' financial problems with Apple. It is followed by three Lennon compositions, "Sun King" (which, along with "Because" from earlier on the album, showcases Lennon's, McCartney's, and Harrison's overdubbed harmonies), "Mean Mr. Mustard" (written during The Beatles' trip to India), and "Polythene Pam". These in turn are followed by four McCartney songs, "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" (written after a fan came into McCartney's residence literally through the bathroom window[citation needed]), "Golden Slumbers" (based on lyrics but not the music of Thomas Dekker's 17th-century song of the same name), "Carry That Weight" which features chorus vocals from all four of The Beatles, although Lennon was in hospital at the time of the primary recording because of a car accident with Ono, his son Julian and Ono's daughter Kyoko—he recorded his vocals at a later date), and the climax, "The End". The latter is notable for featuring Starr's only drum solo in The Beatles catalogue. Starr hated solos and had to be persuaded to do it. It was even edited down for several bars from its original recorded version. Three extended guitar solos were performed in turn by Harrison, McCartney, and Lennon, then in tandem for nine measures. Each had a distinctive style which McCartney felt reflected their personalities; McCartney's playing included string bends similar to his lead guitar work on Another Girl from the Help album. Harrison's was melodic yet technically advanced and Lennon's was stinging and had the most distortion. You Never Give Me Your Money is a song by the The Beatles that opens the climactic medley on side two of the album Abbey Road. ... Sun King is a song by The Beatles that appeared on the Abbey Road album. ... Because is a ballad written by John Lennon[1] (credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles. ... Mean Mr. ... Polythene Pam is the name of a song written by John Lennon (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles on their final album, Abbey Road. ... She Came In Through The Bathroom Window is a song written by Paul McCartney (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles on their album Abbey Road. ... Golden Slumbers is a song by The Beatles, part of the climactic medley on their 1969 album Abbey Road. ... Thomas Dekker, (c. ... Carry That Weight is a song by The Beatles. ... John Charles Julian Lennon known universally as Julian Lennon, (born April 8, 1963 in Liverpool, England) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and first son of Beatle John Lennon and the only child of his first wife Cynthia Lennon. ... The End is the penultimate song to appear on the album Abbey Road by The Beatles. ...


An alternate version with Harrison's lead guitar solo played against McCartney's (with Starr's drum solo heard slightly in the background) appears on the Anthology 3 album. The song ends with the memorable final line, "And in the end, the love you take is equal to the love you make". The Beatles Anthology 3 was released in October 1996, and includes rarities and alternatives tracks from the final two years of their career as a band ranging from the initial sessions for the White Album through to the last sessions for Let It Be and Abbey Road in January 1970. ...


"Her Majesty", tacked on the end, was originally part of the side two medley, appearing between "Mean Mr. Mustard" and "Polythene Pam". McCartney disliked the way the medley sounded when it included "Her Majesty", so he had the medley re-edited to remove it. However, second engineer John Kurlander had been instructed never to throw out anything, so after the group left the recording studio that day, he picked it up off the floor, spliced 14 seconds of red leader tape onto the final mix reel, and then spliced in "Her Majesty" immediately after the leader tape. The box of the album's master reel had a notation stating to leave "Her Majesty" off the final product, but the next day when Malcolm Davies at Apple received the tape, he (also trained not to throw anything away) cut a playback lacquer of the whole sequence, including "Her Majesty". The Beatles liked this effect and left it on the album. On the first printing of the LP cover, "Her Majesty" is not listed; however, it is shown on the record label. "Her Majesty" opens with the final, crashing chord of "Mean Mr. Mustard", while the final note of "Her Majesty" remained buried in the mix of "Polythene Pam". This was the result of "Her Majesty" being snipped off the reel during a rough mix of the medley. The cut in the medley was subsequently disguised with further mixing although "Her Majesty" was not touched again and still appears in its rough mix. Her Majesty is the name of a song written by Paul McCartney (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) that appears on The Beatles album Abbey Road. ... An Audio Engineer is a person recording, editing, manipulating, mixing and mastering sound by technical means. ... Polythene Pam is the name of a song written by John Lennon (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles on their final album, Abbey Road. ...


Production notes

Abbey Road was the only Beatles album mainly recorded on an 8-track tape machine, rather than the 4-track machines that were used for prior Beatle albums. This is noticeable in the better sound separation and mixing of the drum kit. EMI's conservative management had not yet approved the use of their then-new 8-track Studer deck, and that accounts for why this was one of the rare Beatles albums to be recorded at three different studios (Trident, Olympic, and Abbey Road). The album was also the first to be recorded and mixed entirely on a solid state sound board, giving the album's sound a noticeably different "feel" from its predecessors; Harrison later remarked that the new sound was too "harsh" for his liking. Also, the Moog synthesizer features on the majority of tracks, not merely as a background effect, but sometimes playing a central role, as in "Because" where it's used for the middle 8. It is also prominent on "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" and "Here Comes the Sun". The instrument was introduced to the band by Harrison after a stay in Los Angeles where he was introduced to the instrument (The first landmark pop song to employ the Moog was "Daily Nightly" by The Monkees). Earlier in 1969, Harrison had released Electronic Sound, which featured dissonant sounds entirely made from a Moog, on Apple's short-lived experimental label Zapple. Studer is a manufacturer of Swiss audio equipment. ... In electronics, solid state circuits are those that do not contain vacuum tubes. ... The term Moog(pronounced // as in moan) synthesizer can refer to any number of analog synthesizers designed by Dr. Robert Moog or manufactured by Moog Music, and is commonly used as a generic term for analog and digital music synthesisers. ... The Daily Nightly is the official blog of NBC Nightly News. ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Electronic Sound is George Harrisons second solo album, and the second and final record released on the Beatles short-lived Zapple Records (an offshoot of Apple Records), before it was folded at the insistence of The Beatles then-manager Allen Klein. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ...


One of the assistant engineers working on the album was a then-unknown apprentice named Alan Parsons. He went on to engineer Pink Floyd's landmark album The Dark Side of the Moon and produce many popular albums himself as the Alan Parsons Project. John Kurlander also assisted on many of the sessions, and went on to become a successful engineer and producer, most noteworthy for his success on the scores for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. Alan Parsons (b. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... This article is about the album by Pink Floyd. ... This article is about the collective named The Alan Parsons Project. ... This article is about the Peter Jackson films. ...


The famous photograph

"At some point, the album was going to be titled Everest, after the brand of cigarettes I used to smoke," recalls Geoff Emerick. The idea included a cover photo in the Himalayas, but by the time the group was to take the photo, they decided to call it Abbey Road and take the photo outside the studio, on 8 August 1969. The cover designer was Apple Records creative Director Kosh. The cover photograph was taken by photographer Iain MacMillan. MacMillan was given only ten minutes around 10 that morning to take the photo. That cover photograph has since become one of the most famous and most imitated album covers in recording history. A second version by Iain MacMillan was used on McCartney's solo album Paul Is Live. The man standing on the pavement in the background is Paul Cole, an American tourist who was unaware that he was being photographed until he saw the album cover months later.[citation needed] For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... This article is about Kosh the art and television director. ... Iain MacMillan (October 20, 1938-May 8, 2006) was a British Photographer best known for taking the cover of The Beatles Abbey Road, easily one of the most recognizable album covers in music history. ... Paul Is Live is a live album by Paul McCartney released in 1993 during his New World Tour in support of Off the Ground. ...


"Paul is dead" clues

The cover also supposedly contains clues adding to the "Paul is dead" phenomenon: Paul is barefoot, with eyes closed, out of step with the others, and holds a cigarette in his right hand, though he is left handed, and the car number plate "LMW 281F" (when read as '28 if') supposedly referred to the fact that McCartney would be 28 years old if he were still alive. (McCartney was actually 27 when the picture was taken). "LMW" is said to stand for "Linda, My Wife," "Linda McCartney, Widow," or "Linda McCartney Weeps". Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax, a magazine reporting on the rumours concerning McCartney. ...


The four Beatles on the album cover, according to the "Paul is Dead" myth, represent the priest (John, dressed in white), the undertaker (Ringo in a black suit), the corpse (Paul, in a suit but barefoot—like a body in a casket), and the gravedigger (George, in jeans and a denim work shirt). This article is about religious workers. ... This article is about the vocation of a mortician and the death metal band; for the World Wrestling Entertainment superstar, see The Undertaker. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... Look up Gravedigger in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


On the back of the LP cover, there is a series of dots before the word "Beatles", which resemble a "3" when connected. This is a hint at the fact that there are only three Beatles left.


The Beetle

The Volkswagen Beetle parked next to the zebra crossing belonged to one of the people living in the apartment across from the recording studio. After the album came out, the number plate was stolen repeatedly from the car. In 1986, the car was sold at an auction for $23,000 and is currently on display at the Volkswagen museum in Wolfsburg, Germany. Originally, the group wanted to move the Beetle, but the owner was away on holiday and they were unable to do so.[citation needed] This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... VW redirects here. ... Categories: Cities in Germany | Towns in Lower Saxony | Company towns | Germany-related stubs ...


Imitations and parodies

The front cover of Abbey Road has become an icon within popular culture and has been imitated and lampooned repeatedly. The zebra crossing at Abbey Road is also a popular tourist destination, with visitors making their own recreation an extremely common sight. A zebra crossing in Sydney, Australia A zebra crossing in Marine Parade, Singapore A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world. ... Abbey Road street sign from Westminster, London Abbey Road is a throroughfare located in the borough of Camden and the City Of Westminster in London. ...


In music

Many record covers have imitated the cover of Abbey Road, many using photographs shot at the same zebra crossing. Some of the best known of these include Red Hot Chili Peppers's The Abbey Road E.P. (in which the band appear nude, apart from tactfully placed socks), Paul McCartney's live album Paul Is Live, Beatles parody The Rutles's Shabby Road, The Shadows's Live At Abbey Road LP and Kanye West's Live Orchestration DVD (recorded at Abbey Road studios). Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... The Abbey Road is an EP by Red Hot Chili Peppers, released in 1988 through EMI America. ... Paul Is Live is a live album by Paul McCartney released in 1993 during his New World Tour in support of Off the Ground. ... The Rutles are a parody of The Beatles, jointly created by Eric Idle and Neil Innes. ... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Late Orchestration is a live album by Kanye West, featuring live performances of songs from two of his studio albums. ...

The Shadows Live At Abbey Road
The Shadows Live At Abbey Road

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In film

In Danny Boyle's Trainspotting the four main characters walk towards a climatic drug deal processing the "wrong" way across the famous crossing. The 1998 Walt Disney movie The Parent Trap featured a brief imitation - including a freeze frame to make it obvious. The very final shot of the Spanish movie El factor Pilgrim (The Pilgrim Factor) by Alberto Rodriguez and Santi Amodeo features the four main characters crossing Abbey Road in procession. I am Sam, which features covers of Beatles songs as its soundtrack, features a scene in which several characters walk across a zebra crossing carrying pink balloons. Danny Boyle (born 20 October 1956) is an English director and film producer, best known for his work on films such as Trainspotting and 28 Days Later. ... Trainspotting refers to: Train spotting, the hobby Trainspotting, the novel by Irvine Welsh Trainspotting, the film based upon the above-mentioned novel. ... For other uses, see Drug (disambiguation). ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... The Parent Trap is the title of a movie by Walt Disney Productions Corporation which was made twice, first in 1961 and a remake made in 1998. ... Freeze Frame is the twelfth album by American rock band J. Geils Band, released in 1981 (see 1981 in music). ... Alberto Rodríguez (born 1 April 1974) is a Mexican football defender. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In television

In the opening titles of the 2006 series of Grumpy Old Men, Rick Wakeman, Tim Rice, Rory McGrath and Arthur Smith are walking across the crossing when they get run over by a speeding chav talking on his mobile while driving. In the television show The Simpsons, Homer's successful barbershop quartet The Be Sharps' second album Bigger Than Jesus included a parody of the cover with the four band members walking on water. (This is also a reference to the John Lennon "Bigger Than Jesus" controversy.) There is an episode of The Powerpuff Girls called Meet the Beat-Alls, where four of the main villains unite as a super group of villains. At one point in the cartoon, they cross a street in Abbey Road cover art fashion. The 2003 Japanese tokusatsu series Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger features the 4 main Abarangers during the first part of the closing credits walking in a slow fashion across a street similar to Abbey Road. The comedy programme Absolutely Fabulous also used the crossing in an episode in series 5. The boyfriend of character Edina 'Eddy' Monsoon is working on a 'lost' Beatles tape in the studio at Abbey Road. Both Edina and Patsy ridicule Japanese tourists for posing on the crossing. Grumpy Old Men is a conversational-style television programme on BBC2 which debuted in 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sir Timothy Miles Bindon Rice (born 10 November 1944) is an English Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Tony Award and Grammy Award winning lyricist, author, radio presenter and television gameshow panelist. ... McGrath presenting More Own Goals & Gaffs DVD. Rory McGrath (born March 27, 1956) is an English comedian. ... Arthur Smith is a name shared by several people: Arthur Smith (American poet) is a prize-winning American poet Arthur Smith is a British comedian Arthur James Marshall Smith is a Canadian poet Arthur Guitar Boogie Smith is an American guitar player and composer Arthur Smith is a member of... Look up chav, charva in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Be Sharps were a fictional barbershop quartet from The Simpsons. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The Powerpuff Girls is an American animated television series about three little girls in kindergarten who have superpowers. ... The episodes DVD cover Meet the Beat-Alls is an episode of the American animated television series The Powerpuff Girls. ... Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon Tokusatsu ) is a Japanese word that literally means special effects. ... Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger , translated as Blastasaur 1 Squadron Abaranger 2) was Toei Company Limiteds twenty-seventh production of the Super Sentai television series. ... Abbey Road can refer to: Abbey Road (street), a street in London, England Abbey Road Studios, a recording studio complex owned by the EMI company Abbey Road (album), by The Beatles, 1969 The Abbey Road E.P., by Red Hot Chili Peppers Abbey Road (unreleased b side) , by Tori Amos... Abbey Road can refer to: Abbey Road (street), a street in London, England Abbey Road Studios, a recording studio complex owned by the EMI company Abbey Road (album), by The Beatles, 1969 The Abbey Road E.P., by Red Hot Chili Peppers Abbey Road (unreleased b side) , by Tori Amos...

A lighting display in Liverpool
A lighting display in Liverpool

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ...

Other

Bob and Tom's second comedy album, Shabbey Road, released Christmas 1987, parodied Abbey Road in both title and hand-drawn cover art—as opposed to photographed. The cover depicted a faithful re-creation of the Abbey Road cover, complete with VW bug parked askew, and traversing the crosswalk are the radio show's titular stars Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold, along with Richard Nixon and an unknown male of short stature at the back of the line (a member of the B&T troupe, named "Hadji"). Griswold wears a white armband lettered "IBB," standing for "I Buried Bob," and Hadji wears one lettered "HSBD," or "Hadji Says Bob's Dead." Bob himself, facing the viewer wide-eyed, wears an L. A. Dodgers baseball cap.) On the label of the record itself, Kevoian and Griswold appear in caricature on Side 1; on Side 2 only Griswold appears, with a mere outline of the Kevoian caricature. This is the second of two B&T compilations to be named after or parody Beatles albums (the other being their first release, The White Album.) Both albums are out-of-print. The Bob & Tom Show is a radioshow established by Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold at radio station WFBQ in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1983. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ...


The promotional photo of the 2004–2006 Reebok home shirt of Liverpool FC (the last home shirt made by the company before the club resumed association with adidas in 2006) deliberate homage to the photo. It featured Steven Gerrard, Sami Hyypiä, Harry Kewell and John Arne Riise. The original version of the advert, first featured on the club's website,[1] featured Michael Owen, but following his transfer to Real Madrid shortly afterwards, he was airbrushed out and replaced with Riise—at the same time, Gerrard's visible shirt number was digitally altered from 17 to the 8 that he had since been allocated. Reebok International Limited is a British producer of athletic footwear, apparel, and accessories and is currently a subsidiary of Adidas AG. The name comes from Afrikaans/Dutch spelling of rhebok, a type of African antelope or gazelle. ... {{Football club infobox | clubname = Liverpool FC | image = fullname = Liverpool FC | nickname = The Reds | founded = 1892 | ground = Anfield | capacity = 45,000 | chairman = D.R.Moores | Chief Executive Officer = R.N.Parry | manager = Rafael Benitez | league = FA Premiership | season = 2005-06 | position = FA premiership, 5th | pattern_la1=|pattern_b1=|pattern_ra1=| leftarm1=FFFFFF|body1=FF0000... This article is about the company. ... Steven George Gerrard MBE (IPA: []) (born 30 May 1980, Whiston, Merseyside) is an English football player. ... Sami Tuomas Hyypiä (born 7 October 1973 in Porvoo) is a Finnish footballer who currently plays for Liverpool F.C. in the English Premiership. ... Harry Kewell (born 22 September 1978 in Smithfield, Sydney), is an Australian football (soccer) player who currently plays for Liverpool F.C. in the English Premier League. ... John Arne Semundseth Riise (born September 24, 1980 in Ã…lesund) is a Norwegian football player who currently plays for Liverpool F.C. Riise is renowned for the shooting power and accuracy of his favoured left foot, as well as his excellent physical conditioning, most notably his outstanding stamina levels. ... For other persons named Michael Owen, see Michael Owen (disambiguation). ... Real Madrid Club de Fútbol is a Spanish sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Madrid. ... Paasche F#1 Single Action External Mix Airbrush An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media including ink and dye, but most often paint by a process of atomization. ...


In the video for "Parklife" by Blur, Phil Daniels suddenly stops the car as the band walk over a zebra crossing in the style of the Beatles. Parklife is a song by Blur. ... Blur are an English rock band formed in Colchester in 1989. ...

The cover of Official Nintendo Magazine

ONM issue 2 cover has three human characters and K.K. Slider walking across a zebra crossing, on a road with trees down the end, in the style of this album's cover. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (500x645, 327 KB) Summary April 2006 issue (2) of Nintendo: The Official Magazine. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (500x645, 327 KB) Summary April 2006 issue (2) of Nintendo: The Official Magazine. ... Official Nintendo Magazine, or ONM is the UKs official Nintendo magazine, and is published by Future Publishing(OCLC 46390444). ... K.K. Slider is a character in the Animal Crossing video games. ...


On the back cover of Molecular Biology of the Cell, third edition, the authors in alphabetical order cross Abbey Road on their way to lunch. Much of this edition was written in a house just around the corner. Molecular Biology of the Cell (MBC) is published monthly online and in print by the American Society for Cell Biology. ...


The cover for Ren & Stimpy's You Eediot! album features Ren, Stimpy, Muddy Mudskipper and Mr. Horse, crossing Abbey Road in similar fashion. Ren and Stimpy are the title characters of two cartoon TV series created by Canadian animator John Kricfalusi. ...


Cover versions

The songs on Abbey Road have been covered many times (see the song articles for more details) and the album itself has been covered in its entirety. // In popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition (performance or recording) of a previously recorded song. ...


One month after Abbey Road's release, George Benson recorded a cover version of the album called The Other Side of Abbey Road. In 1970 Booker T. & the M.G.'s recorded McLemore Avenue (the location of Stax Records) which covered the Abbey Road songs and had a similar cover photo. George Benson (b. ... For other people known as Booker T., see Booker T. Booker T. & the MGs is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Stax Records is an American record label, originally based out of Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Additionally, several artists have covered some or all of the side B medley, including Phil Collins (for the George Martin/Beatles tribute album In My Life), Dream Theater, Transatlantic and 70 Volt Parade. For other uses, see Phil Collins (disambiguation). ... A tribute album is a recorded collection of cover versions of a specific artists songs. ... In My Life is a 1998 album compiled and produced by Sir George Martin. ... Dream Theater is an American progressive metal band comprising James LaBrie, John Petrucci, Jordan Rudess, John Myung, and Mike Portnoy. ... Transatlantic were a progressive rock supergroup formed in 2000 by vocalist/keyboardist Neal Morse of Spocks Beard and drummer Mike Portnoy of Dream Theater. ... The 70 Volt Parade is Trey Anastasios latest band after the breakup of Phish in August of 2004. ...


Accolades

In 1997, Abbey Road was named the 12th greatest album of all time in a 'Music of the Millennium' poll conducted by HMV, Channel 4, The Guardian and Classic FM; it received the same ranking in a 1998 poll of Q magazine readers. In 2000, Q placed it at number 17 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever.[4] In 2001, the TV network VH1 named it the 8th greatest album ever,[5] and, in December 2003, it was named the 14th best album by Rolling Stone.[6] In 2006, the album was chosen by Time Magazine as one of the 100 best albums of all time.[7] In 2006, Abbey Road was rated as Australia's fourth favourite album on My Favourite Album, a television special done by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation aired on December 3, 2006 (it was the highest position for a Beatles Album on that list).[8] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the British television station. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Classic FM is the United Kingdoms first national commercial radio station, broadcasting classical music in a popular and accessible style. ... Q is a music and entertainment magazinepublished monthly in the United Kingdom. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... Promotional Book Cover The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time was the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ... This article is about the magazine. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ...


Track listing

All tracks written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, except where noted. The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ...


Side one

  1. "Come Together" – 4:20
    • Lead vocals: Lennon
  2. "Something" (George Harrison) – 3:03
    • Lead vocals: Harrison
  3. "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" – 3:27
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  4. "Oh! Darling" – 3:26
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  5. "Octopus's Garden" (Ringo Starr) – 2:51
    • Lead vocals: Starr
  6. "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" – 7:47
    • Lead vocals: Lennon

For other uses, see Come Together (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Something (disambiguation). ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... Maxwells Silver Hammer is a song by The Beatles, from the Abbey Road album, with Paul McCartney singing lead. ... Oh! Darling is a song of The Beatles composed by Paul McCartney and appearing on the Abbey Road album in 1969. ... Octopuss Garden is a song written by Ringo Starr with some help from George Harrison, although it is credited solely to Starr. ... Richard Starkey Jr, MBE (born 7 July 1940), known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer for The Beatles. ... I Want You (Shes So Heavy) is a song by The Beatles, from their album Abbey Road. ...

Side two

  1. "Here Comes the Sun" (Harrison) – 3:05
    • Lead vocals: Harrison
  2. "Because" – 2:45
    • Lead vocals: Lennon, McCartney, Harrison
  3. "You Never Give Me Your Money" – 4:02
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  4. "Sun King" – 2:26
    • Lead vocals: Lennon
  5. "Mean Mr. Mustard" – 1:06
    • Lead vocals: Lennon
  6. "Polythene Pam" – 1:12
    • Lead vocals: Lennon
  7. "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" – 1:57
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  8. "Golden Slumbers" – 1:31
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  9. "Carry That Weight" – 1:36
    • Lead vocals: McCartney, Lennon, Harrison, Starr
  10. "The End" – 2:19
    • Lead vocals: McCartney
  11. "Her Majesty" – 0:23
    • Lead vocals: McCartney

"Her Majesty" is regarded as the first ever hidden track.[citation needed] This article is about the song by The Beatles. ... Because is a ballad written by John Lennon[1] (credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles. ... You Never Give Me Your Money is a song by the The Beatles that opens the climactic medley on side two of the album Abbey Road. ... Sun King is a song by The Beatles that appeared on the Abbey Road album. ... Mean Mr. ... Polythene Pam is the name of a song written by John Lennon (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles on their final album, Abbey Road. ... She Came In Through The Bathroom Window is a song written by Paul McCartney (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) and performed by The Beatles on their album Abbey Road. ... Golden Slumbers is a song by The Beatles, part of the climactic medley on their 1969 album Abbey Road. ... Carry That Weight is a song by The Beatles. ... The End is the penultimate song to appear on the album Abbey Road by The Beatles. ... Her Majesty is the name of a song written by Paul McCartney (although credited to Lennon-McCartney) that appears on The Beatles album Abbey Road. ... In the field of recorded music, a hidden track is a piece of music which has been placed on a Compact Disc, audio cassette, vinyl record or other recorded medium in such a way as to avoid detection by the casual listener. ...


One cassette tape version in the US had "Come Together" and "Here Comes the Sun" swapped so that Harrison's composition actually opens the album. All subsequent versions (including the CD) have restored the track listing to its original order.


"You Never Give Me Your Money", "Sun King", "Mean Mr. Mustard", "Polythene Pam", "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window", "Golden Slumbers", "Carry That Weight" and "The End" are sometimes noted as one song (medley) called "The Abbey Road Medley". This has also been loosely referred to as "The Rock Symphony"[citation needed]. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Personnel

  • John Lennon – lead and rhythm guitars, 6 and 12 string acoustic guitars, lead, harmony and background vocals, electric and acoustic pianos, hammond organ, moog synthesizer, white noise generator, handclaps, percussion and sound effects
  • Paul McCartney – lead, rhythm, acoustic and bass guitars, fuzz bass, lead, harmony and background vocals, electric and acoustic pianos, hammond organ, moog synthesizer ribbon strip, handclaps, percussion and sound effects
  • George Harrison – lead, rhythm, acoustic and bass guitars, lead and second Spanish acoustic guitars, lead, harmony and background vocals, hammond organ, harmonium, moog synthetizer, handclaps, percussion and sound effects
  • Ringo Starr – drums, percussion, timpani, anvil, lead and background vocals, handclaps and sound effects
  • George Martin – piano, harmonium and percussion
  • Billy Preston – organ, keyboards

Production

  • "Something" and "Here Comes the Sun" orchestrated and conducted by George Martin (with George Harrison)
  • "Golden Slumbers" and "Carry That Weight" orchestrated and conducted by George Martin (with Paul McCartney)
  • Produced by George Martin (with The Beatles' involvement)
  • Recorded by Geoff Emerick and Phil McDonald
  • Mixed by Geoff Emerick, Phil McDonald, George Martin and The Beatles

Release history

Country Date Label Format Catalog
United Kingdom 26 September 1969 Apple Records LP PCS 7088
United States 1 October 1969 Apple, Capitol Records LP SO 383
Japan May 21, 1983 Toshiba-EMI CD CP35-3016
Worldwide reissue 10 October 1987 Apple, Parlophone, EMI CD CDP 7 46446 2
Japan 11 March 1998 Toshiba-EMI CD TOCP 51122
Japan 21 January 2004 Toshiba-EMI Remastered LP TOJP 60142

is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Apple Records logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple. ... A gramophone record, (also phonograph record - often simply record) is an analog sound recording medium: a flat disc rotating at a constant angular velocity, with inscribed spiral grooves in which a stylus or needle rides. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the... A gramophone record, (also phonograph record - often simply record) is an analog sound recording medium: a flat disc rotating at a constant angular velocity, with inscribed spiral grooves in which a stylus or needle rides. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Toshiba-EMI - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... CD redirects here. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... CD redirects here. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Toshiba-EMI - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... CD redirects here. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Toshiba-EMI - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... A gramophone record, (also phonograph record - often simply record) is an analog sound recording medium: a flat disc rotating at a constant angular velocity, with inscribed spiral grooves in which a stylus or needle rides. ...

See also

Promotional Book Cover The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time was the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Abbey Road > Overview. All Music Guide. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  2. ^ Unterberger, Richie. The Beatles > Biography. All Music Guide. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  3. ^ Sinatra, Elvis and The Beatles. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  4. ^ The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever. Q. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  5. ^ 2001 VH1 Cable Music Channel All Time Album Top 100. VH1. Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
  6. ^ The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
  7. ^ The All-Time 100 Albums. Time. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  8. ^ My Favourite Album. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (2006-12-03). Retrieved on 2006-12-03.

The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Q is a music magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom, with a circulation of 140,282 and a readership of 731,000. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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