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Encyclopedia > Abbeville, South Carolina
Abbeville Opera House
Abbeville Opera House

Abbeville is a city in Abbeville County, South Carolina, 86 miles (138 km) west of Columbia. The population was 5,840 at the 2000 census, and center of a total urban cluster population of 6,038. It is the county seat of Abbeville CountyGR6. Image File history File linksMetadata AbbevilleSC_operahouse. ... Image File history File linksMetadata AbbevilleSC_operahouse. ... Abbeville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1760-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Abbeville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...

Contents


Geography

Location of Abbeville, South Carolina

Abbeville is located at 34°10′43″N, 82°22′45″W (34.178572, -82.379200)GR1. Image File history File links SCMap-doton-Abbeville. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.2 km² (5.9 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 5,840 people, 2,396 households, and 1,574 families residing in the city. The population density was 384.1/km² (995.2/mi²). There were 2,654 housing units at an average density of 174.6/km² (452.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.46% White, 48.48% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,396 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97. A marriage is a relationship between or among individuals, usually recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.9 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $25,756, and the median income for a family was $30,040. Males had a median income of $28,339 versus $21,824 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,274. About 16.3% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Abbeville is the center of a small urban cluster with a total population of 6,038 (2000 census).


Abbeville and the American Civil War

The Rock at Secession Hill
Enlarge
The Rock at Secession Hill

Abbeville has the unique distinction of being both the birthplace and the deathbed of the Confederacy. On November 22, 1860, a meeting was held at Abbeville, at a site since dubbed "Secession Hill", to launch South Carolina's secession from the Union; one month later, the state of South Carolina became the first state to secede. Image File history File links MVC-009S.JPG‎ Summary I took this photo at Secession Hill in Abbeville, South Carolina. ... Image File history File links MVC-009S.JPG‎ Summary I took this photo at Secession Hill in Abbeville, South Carolina. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1760-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Union generally means an organization formed to conduct an activity. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1760-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N...


It was also the birthplace of noted states rights advocate John C. Calhoun. John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a prominent United States politician from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. ...


At the end of the Civil War, with the Confederacy in shambles, Confederate President Jefferson Davis fled Richmond, Virginia and headed south, stopping for a night in Abbeville at the home of his friend Armistead Burt. It was on May 2, 1865, in the front parlor of what is now known as the Burt-Stark Mansion that Jefferson Davis officially acknowledged the dissolution of the Confederate government. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808–December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician, most famous for serving as the only President of the Confederate States, leading the Confederate States of America to defeat during the American Civil War, 1861-65. ... Flag Seal Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Location Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Virginia Independent City Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 62. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans...


The Abbeville Horror

Greater Abbeville has recently become an area favored by people who refuse to recognize government authority and actually seek to disrupt the normal operation of the government by filing numerous lawsuits thus tying up court dockets, disobeying lawful claims to land rights-of-way, and threatening government officials or law enforcement agents trying to thwart such behavior.


On December 8, 2003, extremists and so-called "sovereign citizens" Steven, Rita, and Arthur Bixby of 4 Union Church Road, West Abbeville, who stood to lose land due to the state's need to expand its right-of-way along South Carolina Highway 72 (an expansion already provided for by the South Carolina Department of Transportation's 1960 purchase of the land in question), became entangled in a 14-hour standoff with the authorities, after brutally murdering Abbeville Deputy Sheriff Daniel Wilson, who had approached the Bixbys' home to ask them to cease and desist disrupting the highway widening project. Constable Donnie Ouzts, who responded to the scene upon failing to hear anything from Wilson, was shot by Arthur Bixby in the back as he exited his patrol vehicle. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Extremism is the act of taking a belief, political view or ideology to its most literal extreme. ... Right-of-way is a legal term which may have any of several meanings: priority at a crossing, or in traffic. ... A standoff is used in mechanics and electronics to separate two parts from one another. ...


The gun battle that ensued during the standoff between Abbeville police, South Carolina state troopers, and the Bixbys became so violent that the police had to replenish their ammunition supply several times. Barrages of more than 100 shots were common from the police, in order to protect themselves from the Bixbys and their arsenal of weapons, which included the 7mm handgun used to kill Wilson. The Bixby home was completely destroyed by the gunfire from both sides. Media estimates have pegged the total number of rounds fired by both sides at around 3500.


In the evening of December 8, the Bixbys surrendered to Abbeville police (only after tear gas and high-intensity 5X pepper spray were sprayed into the house for about an hour). Arthur and Rita Bixby are currently in jail in Abbeville County. Steven Bixby was moved to the Lexington County jail in April 2006, due to confidentiality breaches regarding expert witnesses. Steven will be the first to be tried; his trial is slated to begin in Abbeville County on October 2, 2006, before a jury chosen from Chesterfield County. All three Bixbys face the death penalty. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A riot control agent is a type of lachrymatory agent (or lacrimatory agent). ... Pepper spray (also known as OC spray (from Oleoresin Capsicum), OC gas, or capsicum spray) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control and personal self-defense, including defense against dogs. ... Abbeville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the State as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offenses. ...


The events of December 8, 2003 in Abbeville are sometimes referred to as the "Abbeville horror" and are often compared, both by the government and extremist citizens, to the tragedies at Waco and Ruby Ridge. This horror is magnified by the fact that Abbeville is a small, close-knit town where violent crime of this nature is essentially unheard of. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Waco may refer to multiple places in the United States of America: Waco, Georgia Waco, Kentucky Waco, Missouri Waco, Nebraska Waco, North Carolina Waco, Texas Waco may also refer to: a dialect of the Wichita language Siege of Waco, a 1993 confrontation between U.S. federal agents and the Branch... Ruby Ridge was the name given by the mainstream media to the home of Randy Weavers family, a nameless hillside between Caribou Ridge and Ruby Creek in the northern Idaho Panhandle, just outside of the small town of Naples. ...


External links

  • [1] GABBIN About Abbeville: The Greater Abbeville Information Network, Abbeville's home page
  • [2] Abbeville Opera House home page
  • [3] "The Abbeville Horror" from the Southern Poverty Law Center. A full account of the history of the Bixby family as well as the massacre of December 8, 2003.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Abbeville, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (906 words)
Abbeville is a city in Abbeville County, South Carolina, 86 miles (138 km) west of Columbia.
Abbeville is the center of a small urban cluster with a total population of 6,038 (2000 census).
The events of December 8, 2003 in Abbeville are sometimes referred to as the "Abbeville horror" and are often compared, both by the government and extremist citizens, to the tragedies at Waco and Ruby Ridge.
The Abbeville County SCGenWeb Project (608 words)
Abbeville County was established in 1785 from the splitup of the five-county area known as Old 96 District.
Abbeville County lies in the rolling foothills of the northwestern sector of the State of South Carolina.
It is bounded on the West by the State of Georgia, on the North by Anderson County, on the East by Laurens and Greenwood Counties, and on the South by McCormick County.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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