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Encyclopedia > Abashevo culture

Abashevo culture, ca. 17th—16th centuries BC, a later bronze age archaeological culture found in the valleys of the Volga and Kama River north of the Samara bend and into the southern Ural Mountains. It receives its name from a cemetery in Chuvashia. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... In archaeology, culture refers to either of two separate but allied concepts: An archaeological culture is a pattern of similar artefacts and features found within a specific area over a limited period of time. ... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... Кама, Çulman Length 1805 km Elevation of the source  ? m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed  ? km² Origin Udmurtia Mouth Volga River Basin countries Russia Kama (Ка́ма) (Tatar: Çulman) is a river in Russia, left tributary of Volga (and the largest one - in fact it is larger than Volga before... The Samara bend is a large, backwards-C-shaped bend in the middle Volga River at the confluence of the Samara River. ... The Ural Mountains (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры = Ура́л) also known simply as the Urals and as the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, is a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Capital Cheboksary Area - total - % water 81st - 18,300 km² - N/A Population - Total - Density 41st - est. ...


The economy was mixed agriculture. Cattle as well as other domestic animals were kept. Horses were evident and there is evidence for the chariot; the equipment (cheek pieces) is said to compare well to those of (earliest) Mycenae. Chariot was the name of a WW2 naval weapon, the British manned torpedo. ... The Lion Gate at Mycenae The Lion Gate (detail) Mycenae (ancient Greek: , IPA , in modern Greek: Μυκήνες ), is an archaeological site in Greece, located about 90km south-west of Athens, in the north-eastern Peloponnese. ...


It follows the Yamna culture in its inhumation practices in tumuli. Grave offerings are scant, little more than a pot or two. Typical Yamna burial with the skeleton in supine position, with bent knees. ... By other animals Humans are not the only species to bury their dead. ... Alternate meanings of barrow: see Barrow-in-Furness for the town of Barrow in Cumbria, England; also Barrow, Alaska in the U.S.; also River Barrow in Ireland. ...


There is evidence of copper-smelting, and the culture would seem related to copper mining activities in the southern Urals.


Linguistically, it is presumptively Iranian. There were likely contacts with Uralic-speakers, and this is a convenient place for the origin of some loan-words into Uralic. Geographical distribution of Finnic, Ugric, Samoyed and Yukaghir languages The Uralic languages form a language family of about 30 languages spoken by approximately 20 million people. ...


It occupied part of the area of the earlier Fatyanovo-Balanovo culture, the eastern variant of the earlier Corded Ware culture, but whatever relationship there is between the two cultures is uncertain. Approximate extent of the Corded Ware horizon with adjacent 3rd millennium cultures (after EIEC). ...


Sources

James P. Mallory, "Abashevo Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997. JP Mallory is the nom-de-plume of Irish-American archaeologist and Indo-Europeanist Prof. ... The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture or EIEC, edited by James P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, was published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn. ...


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Andronovo culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (753 words)
Adjacent and overlapping cultures (Afanasevo culture, Srubna culture, BMAC) are shown in green.
The Andronovo culture is a cover term for a group of Bronze Age cultures of southern Siberia and Central Asia, ca.
On its western border, it is succeeded by the Srubna culture, which partly derives from the Abashevo culture.
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