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Encyclopedia > Abandoned village
An example of an abandoned village

An abandoned village is a village which has for some reason been deserted. In many countries many thousands of villages were deserted at several periods in history, for a variety of causes. The abandonment of villages is often related to plague, famine, war, climate change and environmental destruction, or deliberate clearances. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... For other uses, see Pandemic (disambiguation). ... <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text hereBold text</nowiki>A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ...

Contents

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, several phases of village abandonment have occurred.


Climate change

In the early centuries of the Middle Ages, the population of Britain increased rapidly. This meant that farmland was in short supply, and so many villages were established upon less fertile lands. However, from around 1200 onwards, the climate became harsher. Villages situated on exposed uplands or upon clay vales where the soil became waterlogged bore the brunt of the changes. Eventually, crop failures forced many such villages to be abandoned. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling occurring after a warmer era known as the Medieval climate optimum. ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ...


Black Death

In 1348, the Black Death arrived, and in the years which followed, between 30-50% of the British population was killed. Many village abandonments have been attributed to the Black Death, although in fact relatively few were directly caused by it. Although many villages lost a large proportion or even all of their population, a lot of these were soon re-settled and re-populated, especially ones which had productive lands. The indirect effects of the Black Death, however, proved fatal to many villages. April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ...


Enclosures

Throughout most of the Middle Ages, labour was plentiful and cheap, but after the Black Death, labour became in short supply. This improved the bargaining position of labourers, who demanded better pay and conditions from landowners. In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is a measure of the work done by human beings and is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ...


In response, many landowners discovered that the rearing of sheep for wool, was far more profitable than rent from tenants. Common land was then enclosed —a flock of sheep only needed a handful of shepherds to look after them, and villagers who were no longer required were evicted from the lands. Species See text. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Commons redirects here. ... For other uses, see Enclosure (disambiguation). ... Shepherd in FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, Romania. ...


The process of enclosures flourished throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, and led to many thousands of villages being deserted. This led to poverty and homelessness amongst rural dwellers, and gave rise to mass revolts in 1536, 1569, and 1607. Most notoriously, the Highland Clearances in northern Scotland led to significant depopulation. This article is about revolution in the sense of a drastic change. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Year 1607 (MDCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Highland Clearances (Scottish Gaelic: Fuadaich nan Gàidheal, the expulsion of the Gael) is a name given to the forced displacement of the population of the Scottish Highlands from their ancient ways of warrior clan subsistence farming, leading to mass emigration. ... This article is about the country. ...


Clearances caused by International Conflicts and Territorial Disputes

Armenia & Azerbaijan

Hundreds of villages in western Azerbaijan went deserted as between 1988 and 1993, 800,000 ethnic Azeris and Kurds fled the Armenian-occupied Nagorno-Karabakh province of Azerbaijan and the surrounding regions. Similarly, nearly 200 villages in Armenia itself once populated by Azeris and Kurds were abandoned by 1991 as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the Azerbaijani ethnic group. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Combatants Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh1 Republic of Armenia 2 CIS mercenaries Republic of Azerbaijan Afghan Mujahideen 3 Chechen Volunteers 4 CIS mercenaries Commanders Samvel Babayan, Hemayag Haroyan, Monte Melkonian, Vazgen Sarkisyan, Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan Ä°sgandar Hamidov, Suret Huseynov, Rahim Gaziev, Shamil Basayev Casualties ~6,000 dead, 20,000 wounded ~17...


Cyprus

Villages have been abandoned as a result of the Cyprus dispute. Some of these are reported to be landmined [1]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Israel, the West Bank, & Gaza Strip

As a consequence of the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-9, about half million Arabs were displaced, leaving an estimated three hundred Arab villages and towns in Israel abandoned. In addition, several Jewish communities in what became the West Bank and Gaza Strip were also abandoned.


In August 2005, Israel evacuated Gush Katif and all other Jewish communities in the Gaza Strip. Some structures in these settlements, including greenhouses and synagogues, were left standing after the withdrawal. Homes alongside a sand dune in Neve Dekalim. ...


Clearances caused by Environmental Conditions

North Africa

Oases and villages in North Africa have been abandoned due to the expansion of the Sahara desert.[citation needed] For the English rock band, see Oasis (band). ...


Other clearances

Many villages were deliberately cleared throughout history. The Harrying of the North caused widespread devastation in the winter of 1069–1070. In the 12th and 13th centuries, many villages were removed to make way for monasteries. Later on, in the 18th century, it became fashionable for land-owning aristocrats to live in large mansions set in large landscaped parklands. Villages which obstructed the view were removed. By the early 19th century, it had become common for replacement villages to be provided, although in many cases, communities were turned out into the road. The Harrying (or Harrowing) of the North was a series of campaigns waged by William the Conqueror, King of England, in the winter of 1069–1070 in order to subjugate the north of his newfound English kingdom (primarily Northumbria and the Midlands) as part of the Norman Conquest of England. ... This article concerns the buildings occupied by monastics. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Aristocrat redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In modern times, a few villages have been abandoned due to reservoirs being built and the location being flooded. These include Mardale Green in the English Lake District and two villages - Ashopton and Derwent - drowned by the Ladybower Reservoir in Derbyshire. In other cases, such as Tide Mills, East Sussex, Imber and Tyneham, the village lands have been converted to military training areas. Villages in Northumberland have been demolished to make way for open cast mines. The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It is one of 19 that supplies New York City with drinking water. ... Mardale is a glacial valley in the Lake District, in northern England. ... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... , Ashopton is a village in Derbyshire, England. ... Northern branch of the Ladybower Reservoir, showing aqueduct. ... Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. ... Plaque of Tide Mills Time-Line The derelict mill race sluice, from the mill pond side The derelict mill race sluice, from the seaward side Tide Mills is a derelict village in East Sussex, England. ... Imber is an abandoned village in Wiltshire, in England. ... Tyneham is a ghost village in south Dorset, England, near Lulworth on the Isle of Purbeck. ... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... The El Chino mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Open-pit mining refers to a method of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. ...


Australia

In Australia, the government requires operators of mining towns to remove all traces of the town when it is abandoned. This has occurred in the case of Goldsworthy and Shay Gap. Some towns have been lost or moved when dams are built. Goldsworthy (20°20′S 119°31′E) was a mining town in Western Australia not far from Port Hedland. ...


Hong Kong

Many villages in remote parts of the New Territories, Hong Kong, usually in valleys or on islands, have been abandoned due to inaccessibility. Residents go to live in urban areas with better job opportunities. Some villages have been moved to new sites to make way for reservoirs or new town development. See also walled villages of Hong Kong and list of villages in Hong Kong. A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... See New Town for places with that name. ... Most of the walled villages in Hong Kong are located in the New Territories. ... The following is a list of villages in Hong Kong. ...


Hungary

Hundreds of villages were abandoned during the Ottoman Empire wars in the Kingdom of Hungary in the 16-17th century. Many of them were never repopulated and generally left few visible traces of them. Real ghost towns are rare in present-day Hungary, except the abandoned villages of Derenk (left in 1943) and Nagygéc (left in 1970). Due to the decrease of rural population beginning in the 1980s dozens of villages are now threatened with abandonment. The first village officially declared as "died out" was Gyűrűfű in the end of the 1970s but later it was repopulated as an eco-village. Sometimes depopulated villages were successfully saved as small rural resorts like Kán, Tornakápolna, Szanticska, Gorica and Révfalu. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Abaújlak-Szanticska is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary. ...


Romania

Many Saxon villages in Transylvania became de-populated or abandoned when their German-speaking inhabitants emigrated to Germany in the 1990s. The Transylvanian Saxons (German: ; Hungarian: ; Romanian: ) are a people of German origin who settled in Transylvania (German: ) from the 12th century onwards. ... This article is about the region in Romania. ...


References

  1. ^ Cyprus, Landmine Monitor Report 1999

See also

Remains of a Norman motte and bailey castle at the lost village of Alstoe, near Oakham, Rutland Deserted medieval village (DMV) sites are former settlements which have been abandoned for one reason or another over the years, usually leaving little but the remains of earthworks or ghostly cropmarks. ... For other uses, see Ghost town (disambiguation). ... Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe during the Middle Ages. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
KOREME BEFORE THE ANFAL CAMPAIGN (2359 words)
By killing or disappearing the village's men and teenage boys, forcibly relocating the surviving women, children and elderly to camps in the south, and razing the village to the foundations, the Anfal campaign sought to end Koreme as a physical and cultural entity, and it did so by the expedient of mass murder and disappearance.
Indeed, several villagers reported that the government prohibited them from using the Mengish clinic, apparently because the village was considered disloyal, and that at least one man died from lack of medical care.
According to surviving villagers, it was largely destroyed in army attacks in 1976-77, and its inhabitants were forcibly relocated to the "collective camp" of Hisawa, near the city of Zakho.
Abandoned village - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (648 words)
An abandoned village is a village which has for some reason been deserted, in many countries many thousands of villages were deserted at several periods in history, for a variety of causes.
The abandonment of villages is often related to plague, famine, war, climate change and environmental destruction or deliberate clearances.
Today, oases and villages in North Africa are being abandoned because of the ever-increasing influence of the Sahara.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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