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Encyclopedia > Aargau

Coordinates: 47°25′N 8°10′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Aargau
Coat of arms of the Canton of Aargau
Capital Aarau
Area 1404 km² (Ranked 10th)
Highest point Geissfluegrat 908 m
Population (2005) 573,654 (Ranked 4th)
392 /km²
Joined 1803
Abbreviation AG
Languages German
Executive Regierungsrat (5)
Legislative Grosser Rat (140)
Municipalities 232 municipalities
Districts 11 Bezirke
Website www.AG.ch

Aargau  (German Aargau, French Argovie, Italian Argovia, Romansh Argovia; anglicized Argovia) is one of the more northerly cantons of Switzerland. It comprises the lower course of the river Aare, which is why the canton is called Aargau (meaning Aare district). Image File history File links Argovie-coat_of_arms. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... These are the 231 municipalities of the canton of Aargau, Switzerland (as of April 2004): See also: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Lists of municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of Aargau ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (826x771, 203 KB) Canton of Aargau Map drawn by Tschubby File links The following pages link to this file: Aargau ... The term Aargau can mean: Aargau is a notherly canton in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Aargau. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Río Peralonso - El Zulia (Norte de Santander), Colombia River Gambia flowing through Niokolokoba National Park Nevėžis River in Lithuania A river is a natural waterway usually formed by water derived from either precipitation or glacial meltwater, and flows from higher ground to lower ground. ... For other possible meanings, see AAR, a disambiguation page The Aar (in German Aare) is the greatest river which both rises and ends entirely within Switzerland. ...

Contents

Seewolf from http://de.wikipedia.org is very silly!

Geography

Its total area is 1,404 km², its population is 573,654 (as of 2005). The capital is Aarau. It borders Germany to the north. To the west lie the cantons of Basel-Landschaft, Solothurn and Bern. The canton of Lucerne lies south of the canton of Aargau, Zürich and Zug to the east. Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... Basel-Country (German: Basel-Landschaft; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...   is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Swiss canton of (help· info) is bilingual (German: Kanton Bern; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Zürich (German: Kanton ) has a population of about 1. ...   (-German; French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...


The canton of Aargau is one of the least mountainous Swiss cantons, forming part of a great table-land, to the north of the Alps and the east of the Jura, above which rise low hills. The surface of the country is beautifully diversified, undulating tracts and well-wooded hills[1] alternating with fertile valleys watered mainly by the Aar and its tributaries. The valleys alternate with pleasant hills, most of which are wooded. The west face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... Looking towards Lelex from near to Crêt de la Neige The Jura folds are located north of the main Alpine orogenic front and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression from Alpine folding. ...


It contains the famous hot sulphur springs of Baden and Schinznach, while at Rheinfelden there are very extensive saline springs. Just below Brugg the Reuss and the Limmat join the Aar, while around Brugg are the ruined castle of Habsburg, the old convent of Koenigsfelden (with fine painted medieval glass) and the remains of the Roman settlement of Vindonissa (Windisch). Baden old town Location within Switzerland Baden is a town in the Swiss canton of Aargau, on the left bank of the river Limmat, 25 km N.W. of Zürich. ... Schinznach-Bad is a municipality in the district of Brugg, in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland. ... Rheinfelden is a municipality in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, seat of the district of Rheinfelden. ... There are communes and places that have the name Brugg: In Switzerland Brugg, Switzerland, in the Canton of Aargau in Germany Brugg (Meckenbeuren, a locality of Meckenbeuren in the Bodenseekreis,(district) district, Baden-Württemberg Brugg (Bayern), a locality of Gestratz in the Lindau district, Bavaria This is a disambiguation... The River Reuss is one of the larger rivers in Switzerland. ... The Limmat is a river in Switzerland which rises in the city of Zürich at the north end of Lake Zürich and flows in northwestern direction until it flows after 35 km into the river Aare north of the small town of Brugg and shortly after the mouth... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Windisch is a municipality of the Canton of Aargau, Switzerland. ...


History

Argovia was the border region between Alamannia and Burgundy, and was a disputed territory between these duchies. From the end of the Hohenstaufen dynasty up to 1415, it was ruled by the Habsburgs, and many historical old castles can be found there. Examples include Habsburg, Lenzburg and Wildegg. There are also a number of former monasteries, such as in Wettingen and Muri. All of these were founded by the Habsburg family. They were closed by the government in 1841, which was one of the causes of the civil war called the "Sonderbund War," in 1847 in Switzerland. Aargau is also believed to be the ancestral home of Reformist author George Mangold (1822-1894). Alamannia was the territory inhabited by the Alamanni after their break through the Roman Limes in 213. ... région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1415 the Aargau region was taken from the Habsburgs by the Swiss Confederates. Bern kept the south-west portion (Zofingen, Aarburg, Aarau, Lenzburg, and Brugg). Some districts, named the Freie Ämter or free bailiwicks (Mellingen, Muri, Villmergen, and Bremgarten), with the countship of Baden, were ruled as subject lands by all or certain of the Confederates. Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Zofingen is a city in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, with a population of 10092 ( as of 2003). ... Aarburg is a municipality in Zofingen, Canton of Aargau in Switzerland. ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... This article is a rough translation of an article in German. ... There are communes and places that have the name Brugg: In Switzerland Brugg, Switzerland, in the Canton of Aargau in Germany Brugg (Meckenbeuren, a locality of Meckenbeuren in the Bodenseekreis,(district) district, Baden-Württemberg Brugg (Bayern), a locality of Gestratz in the Lindau district, Bavaria This is a disambiguation...


10 March - 18 April 1798 it was under French occupation, thereafter the Bernese portion became the canton of Aargau of the Helvetic Republic, the remainder forming the Canton of Baden. In 1803, the two halves were united under the name of canton of Aargau,[2] which was then admitted a full member of the reconstituted Confederation. The Fricktal, ceded in 1802 by Austria, via Napoleonic France, to the Helvetic Republic, was shortly a separate Swiss canton under a Statthalter ('Lieutenant'), but on 9 March 1803 became incorporated as part of the canton Aargau. The chief magistracy of Aargau changed its style repeatedly: March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Official seal of the Helvetic Republic (depicting William Tell). ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ... The Fricktal (Frick Valley) is the northwest finger extending from Canton Aargau. ... Statthalter is a German title, meaning steadholder, i. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (69th in leap years). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

  • first two consecutive Regierungsstatthalter :
    • April 1798 - November 1801 Jakob Emmanuel Feer (b. 1754 - d. 1833)
    • 1802 - 1803 Johann Heinrich Rothpletz (b. 1766 - d. 1833)
  • Presidents of the Government Commission
  • annual Amtsbürgermeister 1815-1831
  • annual Landammänner since 1815

In the year 2003 the canton Aargau celebrated its 200th birthday. Statthalter is a German title, meaning steadholder, i. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgomeister, literally translated meaning master of civilians) is the English form, rendering (often the Anglo-saxon equivalent Mayor is substituted) various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate and/or chairman of the executive council of a sub-national level of administration: Municipal... Landammann or Landaman, plural -männer, was the German title, meaning Amtmann of the land, used by the chief magistrate in certain Cantons of Switzerland and at times featured in the Head of states style at the confederal level. ...


For centuries, two villages in the Aargau, Endingen and Lengnau, were the only places in Switzerland where Jews were permitted to live. They were not permitted to own houses or to live under the same roof with Christians. For the slow process of Jewish emancipation in Aargau and Switzerland, see link below.


Economy

The farmland of the canton of Aargau is some of the most fertile in Switzerland. Dairy farming, cereal and fruit farming are among the canton's main economic activities. The canton is also industrially developed, particularly in the fields of electrical engineering, precision instruments, iron, steel and cement. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... In the most general sense of the word, cement is a binder, a substance which sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. ...


Three of Switzerland's five nuclear power plants are in the canton of Aargau (Beznau I + II and Leibstadt). Additionally, the many rivers supply enough water for numerous hydroelectric power plants throughout the canton. The canton of Aargau is often called "the energy canton".


A significant number of people commute into the financial center of the city of Zürich, which is just across the cantonal border. View of the inner city with the four main churches visible, and the Albis in the backdrop Zürich (German: , Zürich German: Züri , French: , in English generally Zurich, Italian: ) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and...


Tourism is significant, particularly for the hot springs at Baden and Schinznach Bad, the ancient castles, the landscape, and the many old museums in the canton[1]. Hillwalking is another tourist attraction, but is only of limited significance. The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ...


Municipalities

See also: municipalities of the canton of Aargau and municipalities of Switzerland

There are a total of 231 municipalities in the canton of Aargau. These are the 231 municipalities of the canton of Aargau, Switzerland (as of April 2004): See also: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Lists of municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of Aargau ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ...


Districts

Districts in Aargau
Districts in Aargau

Aargau is divided into 11 districts: In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Map of districts in Canton Aargau drawn by Tschubby under GFDL Artist: http://de. ... Map of districts in Canton Aargau drawn by Tschubby under GFDL Artist: http://de. ...

The Aarau district in the Swiss Canton Aargau with adminsitrative capital Aarau encompasses the Agglomeration of Aarau south of the Juras. ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... Baden is a district from canton Aargau in the country of Switzerland. ... Baden old town Location within Switzerland Baden is a town in the Swiss canton of Aargau, on the left bank of the river Limmat, 25 km N.W. of Zürich. ... Bremgarten is a Swiss district in the Canton of Aargau, that is essentially the area of the northern Freiamt in the valleys of Reuss and Bünz that are covered. ... Bremgarten is a city in the Canton of Aargau in central Switzerland. ... Brugg is a district in the Canton of Aargau, Switzerland, it is located south of the Aare and the Aargauer Jura covers the district. ... Location within Switzerland Brugg is a city in northern Switzerland in the Canton of Aargau. ... Kulm is an administrative district in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland. ... Unterkulm is a municipality in the district of Kulm, in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland. ... Laufenburg is a district of the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, essentially consisting of the upper Fricktal valley in the Aargau Jura south of the Rhine. ... Laufenburg is a small city in Aargau, Switzerland. ... Lenzburg is a district of the Canton of Aargau in Switzerland. ... This article is a rough translation of an article in German. ... Muri is a district in the Swiss Canton of Aargau with the adminsitrative capital of Muri. ... Muri a town and traditional emirate in the northwestern Taraba State of eastern Nigeria. ... The distict of Rheinfelden lies in the northwest of the canton of Aargau in Switzerland, in the Fricktal region. ... Rheinfelden is a municipality in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, seat of the district of Rheinfelden. ... Zofingen is a district in the Swiss Canton of Aargau. ... Zofingen is a city in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, with a population of 10092 ( as of 2003). ... Zurzach is a district in the Swiss Canton of Aargau with the adminsitrative capital of Zurzach. ... Zurzach is commune in Zurzach in Aargau & in Switzerland Flag of Zurzach Categories: Switzerland geography stubs ...

See also

Aargauer Zeitung is the leading regional newspaper in the Canton of Aargau, Switzerland. ...

References

  1. ^ a b "Aargau." Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 January 2007
  2. ^ Bridgwater, W. & Beatrice Aldrich. (1966) The Columbia-Viking Desk Encyclopedia. Columbia University. p. 11.

The Encyclopædia Britannica is an encyclopedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. ...

Sources and External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Cantons of Switzerland Flag of Switzerland
Aargau | Appenzell Ausserrhoden | Appenzell Innerrhoden | Basel-City | Basel-Country | Berne | Fribourg | Geneva | Glarus | Graubünden | Jura | Lucerne | Neuchâtel | Nidwalden | Obwalden | Schaffhausen | Schwyz | Solothurn | St. Gallen | Thurgau | Ticino | Uri | Valais | Vaud | Zug | Zürich

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aargau - definition of Aargau in Encyclopedia (648 words)
The canton of Lucerne lies south of the canton of Aargau, Zürich and Zug to the east.
In 1415 the Aargau region was taken from the Habsburgs by the Swiss Confederates.
In 1798 the Bernese portion became the canton of Aargau of the Helvetic Republic, the remainder forming the canton of Baden.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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