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Encyclopedia > Aalborg
View of Aalborg railroad station from J.F. Kennedy's Square, 2004
View of Aalborg railroad station from J.F. Kennedy's Square, 2004

Aalborg is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. The municipality straddles the Limfjord, the waterway which connects the North Sea and the Kattegat east-to-west, and which separates the main body of the Jutland peninsula from the island of Vendsyssel-Thy north-to-south. Aalborg © 2004 by tsca#sdf. ... Aalborg © 2004 by tsca#sdf. ... Image File history File links Aalborg. ... A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. ... Nordjyllands Amt (English North Jutland County) is a county in northern Denmark, on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland) is a peninsula in northern Europe that forms the mainland part of Denmark and a northern part of Germany, dividing the North Sea from the Baltic Sea. ... a bridge over Limfjord (Aalborg/Nørresundby) The Limfjord is a shallow sound in Denmark that separates the island of Vendsyssel-Thy from the rest of Jutland Peninsula. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Baltic Sea The Kattegat (Danish), or Kattegatt (Swedish), is a bay of the North Sea and a continuation of the Skagerrak, bounded by Denmark and Sweden. ... Flag of Vendsyssel. ...


It is also the name of the municipality's main city and the site of its municipal council, as well as the name of a seaport. Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ...


The municipality and the town have chosen to retain the traditional spelling of the name as Aalborg, although the new spelling Ålborg is used in other contexts, such as Ålborg Bay (Ålborg Bugt), the body of water which lies to the east of the Jutland peninsula.


The municipality, which includes the island of Egholm, covers an area of 560 km², and has a total population of 192,353 (2005). The mayor of the municipality is Henning G. Jensen, a member of the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne) political party. Egholm is a Danish island in the Limfjord close to Aalborg. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... // Government Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with an almost unbroken link of monarchs for more than 1,000 years (except for an interregnum of eight years from 1332 to 1340). ...


Neighboring municipalities are Sejlflod and Hals to the east, Dronninglund and Brønderslev to the north, Aabybro and Nibe to the west, and Støvring and Skørping to the south. The waters splitting the municipality are called Langerak to the east and Gjøl Bredning to the west. The island of Egholm is located in Gjøl Bredning, and is connected by ferry to the city of Aalborg at its southern shore. Sejlflod is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Hals is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Dronninglund is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Brønderslev Brønderslev is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on Vendsyssel, the northernmost part of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... Aabybro is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the island of Vendsyssel-Thy, part of the Jutland peninsula, in northern Denmark. ... Nibe is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... Støvring is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Skørping is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ...


By January 1, 2007 Aalborg municipality will, as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipality Reform" of 2007), be merged with existing Hals, Nibe, and Sejlflod municipalities to form the new Aalborg municipality. This will create a municipality with an area of 1,171 km². The new municipality will belong to the new Region Nordjylland ("North Jutland Region"). January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Denmark is divided into 13 counties (amter), and 271 municipalities (kommuner). ... Hals is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Nibe is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... Sejlflod is a municipality in northern Denmark, in the county of North Jutland on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Region Nordjylland (English: Region North Jutland) is a future administrative region created under the Danish Municipal Reform, which replaces the traditional counties (amter) with five larger regions. ...

Contents


Surroundings

The area is typical for the north of Jutland. To the west the Limfjord broadens into an irregular lake (salt water), with low, marshy shores and many islands. Northwest is Store Vildmose ("Greater Wild bog"), a swamp where a mirage is sometimes seen in summer. Southeast lies the similar Lille Vildmose ("Lesser Wild bog"). Store Vildmose was drained and farmed in the beginning of the 20th century, and Lille Vildmose is now the largest moor in Denmark. Bog detail Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg, northern Germany. ...


The city of Aalborg

The city of Aalborg is the fourth largest city in Denmark— after Copenhagen, Aarhus and Odense. It is the location of Aalborg Air Base, an important base of the Danish air force, and is the seat of a Lutheran bishop. Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital of Denmark, and the name of the municipality (Danish, kommune) in which it resides. ... The City hall of Aarhus. ... Odense Palace Saint Canutes Church - the Cathedral of Odense Odense Theatre Odense Railroad Centre Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... Aalborg Air Base (Danish: Flyvestation Aalborg) is a military base for the Danish Air Force. ... History The Danish armed forces received 38 Supermarine Spitfire H. F. Mk. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ...


Railway connects Aalborg with Hjørring, Frederikshavn, and Skagen to the north, and with Aarhus and the lines from Germany to the south, as well as to Copenhagen in the east over the island of Funen. Hjørring - Springvandspladsen Hjørring is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the island of Vendsyssel-Thy at the top of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... KrudttÃ¥rnet Frederikshavn (originally named Fladstrand) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in North Jutland County on the northeast coast of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. ... The sand-engulfed Buried Church (tilsandede kirke) at Skagen. ... The City hall of Aarhus. ... Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital of Denmark, and the name of the municipality (Danish, kommune) in which it resides. ... Funen (Danish: Fyn) is the second largest island of Denmark, it has a population of 445,000 people. ...


The harbour is good and safe, though fairly difficult to access.


History

Aalborg traces its history back over 1000 years. It was originally settled as a trading post, because of its position on the Limfjord. The sites of what were two settlements and a visible burial ground can be seen on Lindholm Høje, a hill overlooking the city. The size of these settlements emphasise the significance of this place as a crossroads. Lindholm Høje, June 2004, view overlooking Nørresundby and across the Limfjord to Aalborg Lindholm Høje (trans: the rise of Lindholm) is a major Viking burial site and former settlement situated to the north of and overlooking the city of Aalborg. ...


The first mention of Aalborg under its original name Alabu, is found on a coin dated to 1040.


During the Middle Ages, Aalborg prospered and became one of the largest cities in Denmark. This prosperity was further enhanced when in 1516 Aalborg was granted a monopoly in salt herring. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a kind of product or service. ...


Aalborg received town privileges in 1342 and the bishopric dates from 1554. Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ...


During the German invasion of Denmark in 1940, the Aalborg Aerodrome was captured by Nazi paratroopers very early in the action.


Industry

Aalborg is a growing industrial and commercial centre, exporting grain, cement and fish.


It is home to De Danske Spritfabrikker's ("Danish Distillers") aquavit snaps, production facility for the distillation of the Aalborg family of akvavits consisting of 17 different brands. Danish Distillers is Scandinavia's largest producer and supplier of spirits for consumption, and is the world's largest producer and exporter of aquavit, supplying over 140 geographic markets. A bottle and glass of Linie brand akvavit. ... The snaps is a small shot of a strong alcoholic beverage taken during the course of a meal, very much alike the German schnapps. ...


It is also the centre of a growing telecomunications industry originating from the Aalborg University. Aalborg University The Aalborg University (Danish: Aalborg Universitet) is a university in Aalborg, Denmark. ...

Nytorv, next to Limfjord.
Nytorv, next to Limfjord.

Download high resolution version (1461x1023, 296 KB)Aalborg © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... Download high resolution version (1461x1023, 296 KB)Aalborg © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... a bridge over Limfjord (Aalborg/Nørresundby) The Limfjord is a shallow sound in Denmark that separates the island of Vendsyssel-Thy from the rest of Jutland Peninsula. ...

Carnival in Aalborg

The annual carnival takes place the last weekend in May.


During the carnival, Aalborg receives about 100,000 people. Friday “The Battle of Carnival Bands” is an exciting and colourful evening with processions through the city when all the participating groups compete to be the leading carnival group.


The carnival itself is the following Saturday – on this day the city centre is full of life. The streets are filled with gaily dressed people who are in a real spring mood. In Kilde Park concerts are given from various stages all day to midnight. The Carnival ends with a grand firework display on the harbour.


Architecture and tourist attractions

The old castle Aalborghus Castle (Aalborghus Slot) and some picturesque houses of the 17th century remain in the center of the town. The half-timbered (bindingsværk) castle was built in 1550 by King Christian III, and was converted to government administration offices in the 1950s. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. ... Christian III Christian III (August 12, 1503–January 1, 1559), king of Denmark and Norway, was the son of Frederick I of Denmark and his first consort, Anne of Brandenburg. ...


Budolfi Church cathedral dates mostly from the middle of the 18th century, while Vor Frue Kirke (Church of Our Lady) was partially burnt in 1894. The foundations of both churches are from the 14th century or earlier. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


There are also an ancient hospital and a museum of art and antiquities.


On the north side of the Limfjord is Nørresundby, which is connected to Aalborg by a road bridge, an iron railway bridge, as well as a motorway tunnel running under the Limfjord. Nørresundby is the site of the Lindholm Høje settlement and burial ground from the Germanic Iron Age and Viking times. There is also a museum on the site. One of the bridges linking Nørresundby with Aalborg over the Limfjord Nørresundby is a village of Jutland in Denmark, on the island of Vendsyssel-Thy in the north of Aalborg, with which it is linked by railway and a road bridge across the Limfjord, while motorway E45 passes... Vikings were Norse warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, the British Isles, and other parts of Europe from the late 8th century to the 11th century. ...


Aalborgtårnet. A tripod tower erected in 1933. The tower still gives an exquisite view over the fjord and the city from its 105 m rise over the sea level.


Twinning

Aalborg maintains cultural, economic and educational ties with some 25 cities around the globe, among others Edinburgh, Scotland. Thus, Aalborg has the most twin cities in Denmark. Every five years Aalborg gathers youth from the majority of its twin cities for a week of sports games, known as Ungdomslegene (The Youth Games). For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...


Other information

The city has a football team playing in the Danish Superleague, Aalborg Boldspilklub, which is known as AaB. The club won the Superleague in the 1994/95 season and the 1998/99 season. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Aalborg Boldspilklub, known as AaB for short, is a Danish sports club based in Aalborg, Denmarks fourth largest city. ...


The city has the highest number of hairdresser shops, tattoo shops, bars, night clubs, pubs and solariums per inhabitant in Denmark. A hairdresser is someone whose occupation is to cut or style hair. ... A tattoo is a design or marking made by the insertion of a pigment into punctures or cuts in the skin. ...


See also

Aalborg monastery is a monastery in Aalborg, Denmark. ...

External links

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

Wikisource has original 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica text related to:
  • Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata (Municipal Data)
  • Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map
Towns in Denmark Flag of Denmark
25 largest towns and cities in Denmark
Aalborg | Aarhus | Copenhagen | Elsinore | Esbjerg | Fredericia | Hjørring | Herning | Hillerød | Holbæk | Holstebro | Horsens | Hvidovre | Køge | Næstved | Odense | Randers | Kolding | Vejle | Viborg | Roskilde | Silkeborg | Slagelse | Svendborg | Sønderborg

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aalborg - definition of Aalborg in Encyclopedia (487 words)
Aalborg (Danish: Aalborg or Ålborg) is a city and seaport in Denmark.
Aalborg is the fourth largest city in Denmark after Copenhagen, Aarhus and Odense, and is the seat of a Lutheran bishop.
The Aalborg municipality area was estimated in 2003 to have 162,381 inhabitants (2003).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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