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Encyclopedia > Aachen

Coordinates: 50°46′N, 6°6′E A standard dart board. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Aachen
Coat of arms of Aachen

Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region Cologne
District urban district
Population 259,334 [1] (31 Dec 2005)
Area 160.83 km²
Population density 1,599 /km²
Elevation 125-410 m
Coordinates 50°46′ N 6°6′ E
Postal code 52062-52080
Area code 0241
Licence plate code AC
Mayor Jürgen Linden (SPD)
Website aachen.de

Aachen , Dutch Aken, French Aix-la-Chapelle, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany.[1] Image File history File links Stadtwappen_der_kreisfreien_Stadt_Aachen. ... Image File history File links Karte_Aachen_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Cologne is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (or meter, see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... SPD redirects here. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Image File history File links Aachen. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Ripuarian, Rhinish, or Middle Franconian is a western Germanic dialect group in Rhineland, eastern Belgium and southern Dutch Limburg from northwest of Düsseldorf and Cologne to Aachen in the west, and Siegen in the east. ... A spa town is a town frequented, in times past, for health reasons, to take the waters. The name derives from the Belgian town Spa, and in continental Europe, a spa was known as a ville deau (town of water). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Construction of Aix-la-Chapelle, by Jean Fouquet
Construction of Aix-la-Chapelle, by Jean Fouquet
The Roman Architecture style is still kept in Aachen
The Roman Architecture style is still kept in Aachen

A quarry on the Lousberg which was first used in Neolithic times attests to the long occupation of the site of Aachen. No larger settlements, however, have been found to exist in this remote rural area, distant at least 15 km from the nearest road even in Roman times, up to the early medieval period when the place is mentioned as a king's mansion for the first time, not long before Karl der Große, Charlemagne became ruler of the Franks. Image File history File links Construction_d_Aix-la-Chapelle. ... Image File history File links Construction_d_Aix-la-Chapelle. ... Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels (c. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 214 KB) The Roman Architecture style is still kept in Aachen I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 214 KB) The Roman Architecture style is still kept in Aachen I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Since Roman times, the hot springs at Aachen have been channeled into baths (none of which are still in use).[1] There is no documentary proof that the Romans named the hot sulphur springs of Aachen Aquis-Granum. The name Granus has lately been identified as that of a Celtic deity, but there is no proof of this since a deity of this name is not attested anywhere. In French-speaking areas of the former Empire, the word aquas was turned into aix, hence Aix-la-Chapelle. Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ...


After Roman times, Einhard mentions that in 7656 Pippin the Younger spent both Christmas and Easter at Aquis villa ("Et celebravit natalem Domini in Aquis villa et pascha similiter.") [2], which must have been sufficiently equipped to support the royal household for several months. In the year of his coronation, 768, Charlemagne came to spend Christmas at Aachen for the first time. He liked the place and stayed there in a mansion which he may have extended, although there is no source attesting any wider building activity at Aachen in his time apart from the building of the collegiate church wrongly described as "the palace chapel" (since 1929, cathedral). Charlemagne spent most winters between 800 and his death in 814 in Aachen in order to enjoy the hot springs. Afterwards, the king was buried in the church which he had built; his original tomb has been lost, while his alleged remains are preserved in the shrine where he was reburied after being declared a saint; his saintliness, however, was never very widely acknowledged outside the bishopric of Liège where he may still be venerated "by tradition".[1] Einhard as scribe Einhard (also Eginhard or Einhart) (born about 775 in the valley of the River Main, died March 14, 840, at Seligenstadt, Germany) was a Frankish historian and a dedicated servant of Charlemagne. ... Events Papal privileges are restored in Beneventino and Tuscany and partly in Spoleto. ... Events November 16 - Nicetas appointed Patriarch of Constantinople Births January 1 - Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. ... Pippin the Younger Pippin the Younger or Pepin[1] (714 – September 24, 768), often known under the mistranslation Pippin the Short or the ordinal Pippin III, was the king of the Franks from 751 to 768 and is best known for being the father of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. ... // Death of Pepin the Short (714 - 768), king of the Franks since 751. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... Events December 25, Rome, coronation of Charles the Great (Charlemagne) as emperor by Pope Leo III. Celtic monks begin work on the Book of Kells on the Island of Iona. ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ... The Bishopric of Liège in 1477. ...


In 936, Otto I was crowned king in the collegiate church built by Charlemagne. From then on, most kings of Germany destined to be emperors of the Holy Roman Empire were crowned "King of the Germans" in Aachen over the next 500 years. The last king to be crowned here was Ferdinand I in 1531.[1] Events King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje. ... For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The following list of German monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Ferdinand I Habsburg Ferdinand I (10 March 1503–25 July 1564), Holy Roman Emperor (1556–1564), was born in Madrid, the son of Juana the Mad, Queen of Castile (1479–1555), and Philip I the Handsome, King of Castile (1478–1506), who was heir to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I...


During the Middle Ages, Aachen remained a city of regional importance, depending on its proximity to Flanders to achieve a modest position in the trade in woollen cloths, favoured by imperial privilege. The city remained subject to the Emperor only but was politically far too weak to influence the policies of any of its neighbors. The only dominion it held was that over the neighboring, tiny territory of Burtscheid, ruled by a Benedictine abbess and forced to accept all of its traffic to pass through the "Aachener Reich". Even in the late 18th century, the Abbess of Burtscheid was prevented from building a road linking her territory to the neighbouring estates of the duke of Jülich; the city of Aachen even deployed its handful of soldiers to chase away the road-diggers. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, alpacas, llamas and rabbits may also... In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... St Michaels church Burtscheid (Latin language: Porcetum) is a town in northern Germany, near Aachen. ... Munichs city symbol celebrates its founding by Benedictine monks—the origin of its name A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... An Abbess (Latin abbatissa, fem. ... The Duchy of Jülich was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (part of Limburg). ...


From the early 16th century and the advent of the reformation, Aachen preserved not much more than some extended local importance. In 1656, a great fire devastated Aachen.[2] It still remained a place of historical myth and became newly attractive as a spa by the middle of the 17th century, not so much because of the effects of its hot springs on the health of its visitors but since Aachen was then — and remained well into the 19th century — one of the centres of high-level prostitution in Europe. Traces of this hidden agenda of the city's history can be found in the 18th century guidebooks to Aachen as well as to other spas; the main indication for visiting patients, ironically, was syphilis; only by the end of the 19th century, rheuma had become the most important object of cures at Aachen and Burtscheid. This explains why Aachen was chosen as site of several important congresses and peace treaties: the first congress of Aachen (often referred to as Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in English) in 1668, leading to the First Treaty of Aachen in the same year which ended the War of Devolution. The second congress ended with the second treaty in 1748, finishing the War of the Austrian Succession.[1] The third congress took place in 1818 to decide the fate of occupied Napoleonic France. Whore redirects here. ... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | 1911 Britannica | Stub ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 2 May 1668 ended the War of Devolution between France and Spain. ... The War of Devolution (May 24, 1667 – May 2, 1668) was a war between Louis XIVs France and Habsburg Spain fought in the Spanish Netherlands. ... On the April 24th 1748 a congress assembled at Aix-la-Chapelle for the purpose of bringing to a conclusion the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession. ... The second Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. ... Combatants Prussia Spain France Electorate of Bavaria Kingdom of Naples Austria Great Britain Dutch Republic Electorate of Saxony Sardinia Russian Empire Commanders Frederick II Leopold I Leopold II Maurice de Saxe François-Marie de Broglie Charles VII Ludwig Khevenhüller Charles Alexander George II Charles Emmanuel III Empress Maria... The Congress or Conference of Aix-la-Chapelle, held in the autumn of 1818, was primarily a meeting of the four allied powers Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia to decide the question of the withdrawal of the army of occupation from France and the nature of the modifications to be... Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, became Napoléon I, Emperor of the French)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799...


18th century

By the middle of the 18th century, industrialization had swept away most of the city's mediæval rules of production and commerce, although the entirely corrupt remains of the city's mediæval constitution were kept in place (compare the famous remarks of Georg Forster in his Ansichten vom Niedrrhein) until 1801, when Aachen became the "chef-lieu du département de la Roer" in Napoléon's First French Empire. In 1814, the kingdom of Prussia took over and the city became one of its most socially and politically backward centres until the end of the 19th century.[1] By 1880, the population was 80,000. The railway from Cologne to Belgium passed through Aachen from 1840. The city suffered total overcrowding and deplorable sanitary conditions through to 1875 when the mediæval fortifications were finally abandoned as a limit to building operations and new, less miserable quarters were built towards the eastern part of the city where drainage of waste liquids was easiest. In the 19th century and up to the 1930s, the city was important for the production of railway locomotives and carriages, iron, pins, needles, buttons, tobacco, woollen goods, and silk goods. A prefecture (French: ) in France can refer to : the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a département is located ; the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a région is located ; the jurisdiction of a préfecture... Map of the département de la Roer, circa the early 1800s. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and sattelite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804-1814/1815 Napoleon I Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif History  - French Consulate  - Established 18... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... PIN can mean different things: Personal identification number Postal Index Number Personal Internet Name. ... Needles used for sewing A sewing needle is a long slender object with a pointed tip. ... A small flat button Metal, plastic, and leather shank buttons. ... This article is about the product manufactured from Tobacco plants (Nicotiana spp. ... Silk dresses Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ...


20th century

Before WWII, Anne Frank, with her mother and sister, stayed at Aachen for a short time. Her grandmother, Auguste Holländer, is buried at the Jewish graveyard here.


Aachen was destroyed haphazardly — and in some parts completely — during World War II,[1] mostly by bombing, in the latest phase of non-surrender by American artillery fire and through deliberate destruction wrought by the SS division employed to keep Aachen out of allied hands as long as possible. Damaged buildings include the mediæval churches of St. Foillan, St. Paul and St. Nicholas, as well as the Rathaus (city hall), although the Aachen Cathedral was largely unscathed. The city was liberated, with only 4000 inhabitants who had disobeyed Nazi evacuation orders, on October 21, 1944, the first German city to be free from Nazi rule. Its first Allied-appointed mayor, Franz Oppenhoff, was murdered by a Nazi Werwolf commando. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Saint Foillan (Faelan, Faolan, Foelan, Foalan; Feuillien) is an Irish saint of the seventh century. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... Saint Nicholas, also known as Nikolaus in Germany and Sinterklaas (a contracted form of Sint Nicolaas) in the Netherlands and Flanders, is the common name for the historical Saint Nicholas of Myra, who lived in 4th century Byzantine Anatolia, (now in modern Turkey) and had a reputation for secret gift... Rathaus is the German word that is best translated as town hall. ... Aachen Cathedral The Aachen Cathedral, frequently referred to as the Imperial Cathedral (in German: Kaiserdom) of Aachen, is the oldest cathedral in northern Europe. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Category: ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Werwolf (German for werewolf, the spelling Wehrwolf is incorrect) was a Nazi plan at the end of World War II for a clandestine force which would carry out attacks against the Allies in the Allied-occupied regions of Germany. ...


While the kings' palace does not exist any more, the church built by Charlemagne is still the main attraction of the city [3]. Apart from the remains of its founder, it became the burial place of his successor Otto III. The cathedral of Aachen has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Possible reconstruction of Charlemagnes palace Charlemagnes Palace in Aachen was a collection of residential, political and religious buildings used by Charlemagne as the centre of power of his Carolingian Empire. ... Otto III in a medieval manuscript Otto III (980 – January 23, 1002, Paterno, Italy) was the fourth ruler of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Aachen city hall.
Aachen city hall.
Tree-lined boulevard in Aachen.
Tree-lined boulevard in Aachen.
German–Dutch–Belgian border as seen from the town area.
GermanDutchBelgian border as seen from the town area.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2128, 876 KB) Aachen, Germany, City Hall Nordseite des Rathauses in Aachen, Deutschland Photograph Tobias Helfrich, May 11th, 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1704x2128, 876 KB) Aachen, Germany, City Hall Nordseite des Rathauses in Aachen, Deutschland Photograph Tobias Helfrich, May 11th, 2004. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 363 KB)Photo by Greogry Kats (myself) Some of tree-lined boulevards in the center of Aachen File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 363 KB)Photo by Greogry Kats (myself) Some of tree-lined boulevards in the center of Aachen File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 250 KB) Summary The intersection point of Germany, Belgium and Netherlands - is easily seen from the 9floor buildings on the westernd edge of Aachen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 250 KB) Summary The intersection point of Germany, Belgium and Netherlands - is easily seen from the 9floor buildings on the westernd edge of Aachen. ...

Miscellaneous

Aachen is no longer an industrial center of major importance, although it boasts a large number of spin-offs from the university's IT-technology department and still is a major centre of IT development in Germany. Due to the low level of investment in cross-border railway projects, the city has preserved a slot within the Thalys high-speed train network which uses existing tracks on its last 70 km from Belgium to Cologne. Aachen was the administrative centre for the coal-mining industries in neighboring places to the NE; it never played any role in brown coal mining, however, neither in administrative or industrial terms. Products manufactured in or around Aachen include electronics, chemicals, plastics, textiles, glass, cosmetics, and needles and pins. Its most important source of revenue, the textile industries, have been dead for almost half a century now. Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. ...


Robert Browning's poem "How they brought the good news from Ghent to Aix" refers to Aachen, but not to any historical fact. Image:Nishon- Project Gutenberg eText 13103. ...


The annual CHIO (short for the French Concours Hippique International Officiel) is the biggest equestrian meeting of Germany and among horsemen considered to be as prestigious for equitation as the tournament of Wimbledon for tennis. Aachen was also the host of the 2006 World Equestrian Games. A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest event in the sport of tennis. ... The World Equestrian Games are the world championship for Equestrianism, administrered by the Fédération Equestre Internationale. ...


The local soccer team Alemannia Aachen plays in Germany's first division, since its promotion in 2006. Their stadium is called Tivoli. Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Alemannia Aachen are a German football club from the city of Aachen, who currently play in the second division of the German Bundesliga. ... The Tivoli in Aachen, Germany is the stadium of Aachens best known soccer-team Alemannia Aachen. ...


Since 1950, a committee of Aachen citizens annually awards the Karlspreis (German for Charlemagne Award) to personalities of outstanding service to the unification of Europe. In 2003 the medal was awarded to Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. In 2004, Pope John Paul II's efforts to unite Europe were honored with an Extraordinary Charlemagne Medal, which was awarded for the first time ever. 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Bill Clinton received the Karlspreis in 2000. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Valéry Marie René Giscard dEstaing (born 2 February 1926) is a French center-right politician who was President of the French Republic from 1974 until 1981. ... The Pope (or Pope of Rome) (from Latin: papa, Papa, father; from Greek: papas / = priest originating from πατήρ = father )[1] is the Bishop of Rome and the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church. ... // Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as Pope of the Catholic...


The local speciality of Aachen is an originally stonehard type of sweet bread, baked in large flat loaves, called Aachener Printen. Unlike gingerbread (German:Lebkuchen), which is sweetened with honey, Printen are sweetened with sugar. Today, a soft version is sold under the same name which follows an entirely different recipe. 18th century Printen cast Aachener Printen are a type of Lebkuchen originating from the city of Aachen in Germany. ... Gingerbread A gingerbread house A gingerbread house Gingerbread is a sweet that can take the form of a cake or a cookie in which the predominant flavor is ginger. ... Freshly baked Lebkuchen Lebkuchen are traditional German Christmas cookies similar to gingerbread, which were probably invented by Medieval monks in Franconia, Germany in the 13th century. ...

In 1372, Aachen became the first coin issuing city in the world to regularly place an Anno Domini date on a general circulation coin, a groschen. It is written MCCCLXXII. None with this date are known to be in existence any longer. The earliest date for which an Aachen coin is still extant is dated 1373. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1842x1962, 1070 KB) Aachen Cathedral, view from North Photographer: Martin Möller Date: 2005-07-30 License: CC-BY-SA Camera data Camera: Canon EOS 350D Lens: Canon EF-S 18-55 Focal length: 21 mm Aperture: f/6. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1842x1962, 1070 KB) Aachen Cathedral, view from North Photographer: Martin Möller Date: 2005-07-30 License: CC-BY-SA Camera data Camera: Canon EOS 350D Lens: Canon EF-S 18-55 Focal length: 21 mm Aperture: f/6. ... Aachen Cathedral The Aachen Cathedral, frequently referred to as the Imperial Cathedral (in German: Kaiserdom) of Aachen, is the oldest cathedral in northern Europe. ... In this year, the city of Aachen, Germany begins adding a Roman numeral Anno Domini date to a few of its coins. ... ALSO REFER TO SYDNEY DEATH METAL BAND ANNO DOMINI - REFER TO [www. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The groschen was a coin used in various German speaking states. ... Events Bristol is made an independent county. ...


King Ethelwulf of Wessex, father of Alfred the Great was born in Aachen. Ethelwulfs first tombstone, in the church porch at Steyning - the two incised crosses indicate a royal burial Ethelwulf, Old English: Æþelwulf, (c. ... Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: Ælfrēd) (c. ...


Mies van der Rohe, one of founders of modern architecture and a member of the Bauhaus during its period in Dessau was born in Aachen as well. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 - August 17, 1969) was an architect and designer. ... Le Corbusiers Villa Savoye, a well known example of modern architecture Modern architecture,not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament, that first arose around 1900. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ... Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ...


Aachen has the hottest springs of Central Europe with water temperatures of 74 degrees C. The water contains a considerable percentage of common salt and other sodium salts and sulphur. Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Mounds of salt, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) Salt covering the floor of Bad Water in Death Valley, CA, the lowest point in the US. A salt, in chemistry, is defined as the product formed from the neutralisation reaction of acids and bases. ... For the chemical element see: sulfur. ...


Education

The main building of the Aachen Technical University.
The main building of the Aachen Technical University.
Typical Aachen street with early 20th century Gründerzeit houses.
Typical Aachen street with early 20th century Gründerzeit houses.

RWTH Aachen, Aachen University of Technology, established as Polytechnicum in 1870, is a centre of technological research of worldwide importance, especially for electrical and mechanical engineering, computer sciences and physics. The university clinics attached to the RWTH, the Klinikum Aachen, is the biggest single-building hospital in Europe. Over time, a host of software and computer industries have developed around the university. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 317 KB)The main building of the Aachen Technical University I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 317 KB)The main building of the Aachen Technical University I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 383 KB)Photo by Gregory Kats (myself) Some of the elegant looking and very quiet streets in the city center. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 383 KB)Photo by Gregory Kats (myself) Some of the elegant looking and very quiet streets in the city center. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Gründerzeit (German, literally: the Founding Epoch) denotes the first decades after the foundation in 1871 of the Prussia-led German Empire. ... RWTH Aachen University is a large university located in Aachen (Germany). ... University hospital Aachen University hospital Aachen, front view The Klinikum Aachen, full German name Universitätsklinikum Aachen (University Hospital Aachen), abbreviated UKA, formerly known as Neues Klinikum, is a very large hospital in Aachen (Germany). ...


FH Aachen, Aachen University of Applied Sciences (AcUAS) founded in 1971,The AcUAS does not only offer the classical engineering education in professions like Mechatronics,Construction Engineering, Mechanical Engineering or Electrical Engineering – in an intensive dialogue with commerce, politics and professional practice new and application-oriented programs have been and are continually developed, which exceed today’s requirements by far.


Internationality is also underlined by the range of academic courses on offer: German and international students are educated in more than 20 international or foreign-oriented programs and can acquire German as well as international degrees (Bachelor/Master) or Doppeldiplome (double degrees). The fraction of foreign students meanwhile amounts to more than 21 %.


The German Army's Technical School (Technische Schule des Heeres und Fachschule des Heeres für Technik) is also situated in Aachen. The German Army (German: Heer, [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Reims (English traditionally Rheims) (pronounced in French) is a city of northern France, 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... Halifax is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England, with a population of about 82,000. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain, about 70 kilometers south of Madrid. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Ningbo (Simplified Chinese: 宁波; Traditional Chinese: 寧波; pinyin: Níngbō; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 800,000 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the town in Saxony-Anhalt; for Naumburg in Hesse, see Naumburg, Hesse. ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Arlington County is an urban county of about 200,000 residents in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.[1] Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-28). ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Name in different languages

Aachen is known in different languages by different names (see also Names of European cities in different languages). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Language Name Pronunciation in IPA
German Aachen [ˈaːxən]
Local dialect Oche [ˈoːxə]
Dutch Aken [ˈaːkən]
Serbian Ahen/Ахен [,ahen]
French Aix-la-Chapelle [ɛkslaʃapɛl]
Polish Akwizgran [akvizgɾan]
Russian Аахен/Ахен [aːxen]
Catalan Aquisgrà [əkizˈɣɾa]
Spanish Aquisgrán [akisˈɣɾan]
Portuguese Aquisgrão, Aquisgrana [ˌakwiz'grɐ̃ũ], [ˌakwizˈgrɐ̃ːna]
Italian Aquisgrana [akwizˈgɾaːna]
Latin Aquīsgrānum [ˌakwiːsˈgɾaːnum]
Czech Cáchy [ˈtsaːxi]
Chinese (Simplified) 亚琛 [iɑ tʂʰən] (PY: yà chēn)
Chinese (Traditional, Taiwan form) 亞亨 [iɑ xɤŋ] (PY: yà hēng)
Chinese (Traditional, HK form) 亞琛 [ɑː sɐm] (JP: aa3 sam1)
Thai อาเค่น [ˈtsaːxɪ]
Arabic آخن [ˈʔɑːχɪn]
Bulgarian Ahen/Ахен [,ahen]

See also: Aachen dialect Not to be confused with the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Catalan (Català, Valencià) is a Romance language spoken by as many as approximately 12 million people in portions of Spain, France, Andorra and Italy, although the majority of Catalan speakers are in Spain. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


See also

There were two Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle. ... The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This is a list of mayors (Oberbürgermeister) and city managers (Oberstadtdirektor) of Aachen, Germany. ... The Aachener was a German automobile, built by the Aix-la-Chapelle Steel Works and offered for sale in 1902. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bridgwater, W. & Beatrice Aldrich. (1966) The Columbia-Viking Desk Encyclopedia. Columbia University. p. 11.
  2. ^ "Aachen". (2006). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 9, 2006, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Sources

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Grocers Encyclopedia (New York, 1911) is a book about the growing, preparation, and marketing of foods written by Artemas Ward. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aachen

Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
Urban districts and Districts in the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)

Urban
districts
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

Aachen | Bergisch Gladbach | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Bottrop | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düsseldorf | Essen | Gelsenkirchen | Hagen | Hamm | Herne | Köln (Cologne) | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Oberhausen | Remscheid | Solingen | Wuppertal Categories: Germany geography stubs | Cities in Germany ... Bielefeld is an district-free town in the Regierungsbezirk Detmold in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Duisburg is a German city and port in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... View to the center of Herne Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr, that calls itself City on the River, is a small to medium-sized city in [North Rhine-Westphalia]] in Germany. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wuppertal university Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

Districts

Aachen | Borken | Kleve (Cleves) | Coesfeld | Düren | Ennepe-Ruhr | Euskirchen | Gütersloh | Heinsberg | Herford | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Oberbergischer Kreis | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Kreis Neuss | Rhein-Sieg-Kreis | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Cleves (Kleve in German and these days also usually in English) is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Aachen (1467 words)
In 1793 and 1794, Aachen was occupied by the French, incorporated with the French Republic in 1798 and 1802, and made the capital of the Department of the Roer.
By the terms of the French Concordat of 1801 Aachen was made a bishopric subject to the Archbishop of Mechlin, and composed of 79 first class, and 754 second class, parishes.
Aachen, under Prussian government, returned to prosperity, chiefly through the development of the coal mines in the neighborhood, which facilitated several extensive industries (such as the manufacture of linen, needles, machinery, glass, woolen, and half-woollen stuffs, etc.), but also in consequence of the large number of visitors to its hot springs.
Aachen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1183 words)
Aachen, Dutch Aken, French Aix-la-Chapelle, Spanish Aquisgrán, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany.
During the Middle Ages, Aachen was one of the largest cities of the Empire.
In the Imperial Circle Estates of the Reichsreform (Imperial Reform) concluded at Worms in 1495, Aachen was represented in the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian circle.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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