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Encyclopedia > ATI Video Card Suffixes
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ATI video cards can have one of multiple suffixes attached to their name indicating relative level of performance. Below is the listing of them, in order from least powerful (at the top) to the most powerful. (at the bottom) Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ...

Not all suffixes will be found on a particular line of cards. It is also important to note that this list does not apply to nVidia cards, only to ATi cards. NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) is the worlds largest GPU company and a worldwide leader in GPU technologies for video cards, graphics cards, workstations, desktop computers, handhelds and more. ...



  • HM (HyperMemory)
  • SE (Special Edition)
  • LE (Limited Edition)
  • GT (Gran Turismo)
  • RX
  • (Plain, no suffix)
  • GTO
  • Pro
  • XL
  • XT (eXTreme)
  • XT PE (eXTreme Platinum Edition)
  • XTX

Descriptions/Common Features

Each suffix tends to indicate a general trend of features and limitations that are common when applied to different lines of card and different graphics cores. These are related to the number of processing units (pipelines) available, the bit width of the video RAM interface, and the clock speed of the graphics core and video RAM.

  • Processing Units: This is the number of processing units, otherwise known as "graphics pipelines;" different suffixes among the same line may use the same graphics core, but less-expensive/less-powerful suffixes may have a number of the pipelines disabled, effectively unusable by the card. These "pipelines" each traditionally includes a single render output unit, and one or more each of texture mapping units and pixel shader units. However, for Radeon X1k cards, it should be noted that the "pipeline" doesn't actually exist, so this will refer to all of the units grouped together, counted by the number of render output units.
  • Memory Interface: This is the form of interface the graphics core has with its video RAM. As a number, it refers to how much data, in bits, can be read from or written to the memory every clock cycle the memory goes through. Radeon X1k cards also have an internal "ringbus," which is twice as wide as its actual external interface; in this case, the actual interface width is used, not the width of the ringbus.
  • Clock Speeds: This is the clock speed that the graphics core and video RAM run at; they do not need to be the same. The faster the clock speed, the more the graphics core and/or video RAM can accomplish in a second. All modern video cards use DDR SDRAM, which, for all performance issues, is twice as fast as its actual clock speed indicates. All clock speeds mentioned here for DDR RAM are their effective "DDR speeds," and their actual clock speeds are half that.

In 3D computer graphics, the terms graphics pipeline or rendering pipeline most commonly refer to the current state of the art method of rasterization-based rendering as supported by commodity graphics hardware. ... The Render Output Unit, often abbreviated as ROP, and sometimes called (perhaps more properly) Raster Operations Pipeline, is one of the final steps in the rendering process of modern 3D accelerator boards. ... Texture mapping units are also known as graphical pipelines is a small stage in a video card that preforms a small task quickly. ... A Shader in the field of computer graphics is a set of software instructions, which is used by the graphic resources primarily to perform rendering effects. ... VRAM an acronym for Video RAM. Generally a term used in computers to describe RAM dedicated to the purpose of displaying bitmap graphics in raster graphics hardware. ... DDR SDRAM or double-data-rate synchronous dynamic random access memory is a type of memory integrated circuit used in computers. ...

HM (HyperMemory)

The distinguishing feature of 'HyperMemory' cards is their use of ATi's HyperMemory technology. Otherwise, they are very similar to other budget-level suffixes such as 'SE' or 'LE.' HyperMemory is ATI Technologies method of using a PCs main system RAM as part of or all of the video cards framebuffer memory on their line of Radeon video cards and motherboard chipsets. ...

  • Processing Units: All HyperMemory cards currently in production use lower-end graphics cores, and have all of the processing units enabled. In any card series with a 'HyperMemory' card, there is also an 'SE' or 'LE' card, that is effectively identical in terms of the graphics core.
  • Memory Interface: As a general rule, cards using HyperMemory technology rely heavily on main system RAM, and as such, have only a small interface for the card's own video RAM; it is either 64-bit or 32-bit, often less than even a similar 'SE' or 'LE' card.
  • Clock Speeds: HyperMemory cards are usually set with a core clock speed similar to what is seen with cards using the same core and bearing the 'LE' or 'SE' suffix, lying at the low-end of the spectrum. Memory clock speeds may be even lower; they are always the slowest speeds for that particular line, but may share speeds with 'LE' or 'SE' cards.

SE (Special Edition)

'SE' defines the bottom of the 'budget/value' segment for Radeon cards; it shares this segment with 'HyperMemory' cards, though 'SE' cards, unless marked as such, do not use HyperMemory technology.

  • Processing Units: 'SE' cards may even use pricier, high-end graphics cores, but will always be the weakest card in the line to use that core, only the 'HyperMemory' and 'LE' cards share this level. If this suffix is used in a higher-end line where the core has more than 4 pipelines, half of them will be disabled.
  • Memory Interface: Depending on the model, an 'SE' card may have either a 64-bit, 128-bit, or in some cases, a 256-bit interface. Often, it will have half the potential interface width that the graphics core used is capable of.
  • Clock Speeds: The clock speeds of both the core and the video RAM of an 'SE' card are among the lowest of the series; the core clock speed will tie with that of an 'LE' or 'HyperMemory' card, and the video RAM speed will tie with an 'LE' card, but may be higher than a 'HyperMemory' card.

LE (Limited Edition)

'LE' cards, like 'SE' cards, are designed around the lowest specifications in use for any particular graphics core. A video card line may come with an 'LE' card in the lineup, or an 'SE' card in the lineup, but never both; because of this, they can both be considered effectively the same.

GT (Gran Turismo)

'GT' cards are among the less powerful and expensive suffixes, though they are only applied to graphics cores designed for the enthusiast/performance segment, resulting in a card made for the mainstream segment.

  • Processing Units: 'GT' cards use enthusiast/performance-level graphics cores, but a portion of them are disabled; the Radeon X800GT has only 8 of the potential 16 pipelines available, while the Radeon X1900GT has 12 of the potential 16 processing units available.
  • Memory Interface: 'GT' cards are all based on graphics cores using a 256-bit memory interface.
  • Clock Speeds: For 'GT' cards, the memory speed is usually rather high, nearly to the same level as is found with the much-more-powerful 'XT' cards. However, the core speed is generally considerably lower, more on a par with those seen for most mainstream-level suffixes.


'RX' is identical to 'GT'; a company might produce a card and give it the 'RX' suffix, or the 'GT' suffix, and never sell cards using both labels; because of this, they can both be considered effectively the same.

(no suffix)

Contrary as to what it may imply, the lack of a suffix, for most modern video cards, does NOT indicate that it is the "default" model. Rather, it simply lies roughly in the middle in terms of performance and price.

  • Processing Units: Depending upon the graphics core used, a card without a suffix may have a varying number of pipelines available. In some high-end lines, such as the Radeon 9800 and earlier, the Radeon X1900, as well as mainstream-market lines, such as the Radeon X1300 or X700, the card may have all the processing units available in the graphics core. In some other lines, though, such as the Radeon X800, the card has a reduced number of pipelines available; in the case of the X800, only 12 of the 16 total pipelines in the graphics core are available for use.
  • Memory Interface: The memory interface of a Radeon card without a suffix depends on the graphics core used. It may be 64-bit, 128-bit, or 256-bit. It will always be the largest interface that the graphics core used will support.
  • Clock Speeds: The clock speeds of a non-suffix card depend on the series; in older series, such as the Radeon 7200 and Radeon 8500, it was the highest card available. Since the introduction of the 'pro' suffix, the lack of a suffix usually indicates both a lower clock speed for both the graphics core and video RAM than found in cards bearing the 'pro' suffix.


Somewhat similar to the 'GT' suffix, 'GTO' cards feature an enthusiast/performance-level graphics core, with reduced specifications to result in a less-expensive/less-powerful card.

  • Processing Units: 'GTO' cards have ¾ the pipelines of the graphics core usable; the others are disabled. In the 'GTO' models that currently exist, there are 12 available pipelines, with 4 more disabled.
  • Memory Interface: All current 'GTO' cards are based off an enthusiast/performance graphics core, and use the full 256-bit interface.
  • Clock Speeds: The clock speeds for both the graphics core and the video RAM in these cards is fairly high; it's the same as would be found in cards using the 'XL' suffix.


When originally used with cards such as the Radeon 9000pro and 9700pro, 'Pro' indicated the most powerful end of Radeon cards. However, since the 2004 introduction of the Radeon 9600XT and 9800XT, this has shifted over to be a less-powerful, less-expensive enthusiast/performance suffix.

  • Processing Units: In less powerful cards using this suffix, all of the pipelines in the graphics core are available. In graphics cores that can have up to 16 pipelines, the 'pro' card has only 12 available; the other 4 are disabled. In the Radeon x1650 series, there are 4 pipelines for the X1650pro, compared to 8 for the X1650XT.
  • Memory Interface: Depending on the graphics core used, 'pro' cards have a 128-bit or a 256-bit interface; it is whatever is the maximum size the core has.
  • Clock Speeds: Both the core and memory clock speeds of a 'pro'-suffix card are considerably higher than most other cards. However, over the past few years, it has been overshadowed by the XT suffix, and those derived from it.


'XL' indicates an enthusiast/performance card, but one that is two or more steps from the top end of the segment.

  • Processing Units: 'XL' is the lowest suffix that always has all of the potential pipelines in a graphics core available for use. The Radeon 9800XL has 8 pipelines, and the X800XL and X1800XL have 16 pipelines each.
  • Memory Interface: 'XL' cards all use a graphics core with a full 256-bit memory interface.
  • Clock Speeds: With respect to everything but clock speed, 'XL' cards are very similar to their 'XT' counterparts. However, they are clocked much lower. Both the X800XL and X1800XL have a memory clock of 1000MHz. Their respective core clock speeds are 400MHz and 500MHz; over 100MHz slower than the top speed found in their respective lines.

XT (eXTreme)

The 'XT' suffix denotes the most powerful league of Radeon video cards; the only higher suffixes, 'XT PE' and 'XTX', are both derivatives of this suffix.

  • Processing Units: Cards with this suffix will have a large number of processing units available, all that the graphics core has. The number varies depending upon the core; cards such as the Radeon 9550XT and X1300XT have the fewest of any 'XT' card at 4 pipelines, cards such as the Radeon 9800XT and X700XT have 8 pipelines, and cards such as the Radeon X800XT and X1800XT have the most, at 16 pipelines.
  • Memory Interface: 'XT' cards have the largest memory interface available for that line; this is a 128-bit interface for cards targeted toward the mainstream market, such as the Radeon X1300XT or X1650XT, or a 256-bit interface for cards using enthusiast/performance-segment graphics cores, such as for the Radeon 9800XT or X1800XT.
  • Clock Speeds: Both the memory and core clock speeds of an 'XT' card are set very high. In series numbers that have them, the 'XT PE' and 'XTX' suffixes do have both speeds set higher, but only by a small margin.

XT PE (eXTreme Platinum Edition)

The 'XT PE' suffix is only found in cards using ATi's most expensive, and powerful, graphics cores. It was replaced by the newer 'XTX' suffix in newer cards.

  • Processing Units: Cards with this suffix will have a large number of processing units available, all that the graphics core has. To date, this amounts to a total of 16 "pipelines."
  • Memory Interface: To date, all cards with the this suffix have a 256-bit memory interface.
  • Clock Speeds: For any card that carries the 'XT PE' suffix, the clock speed of the graphics core is set to a very high level; this has ranged from 520MHz for the Radeon X800XT PE, to 700MHz for the Radeon X1800XT PE. For the memory, it is among the fastest speeds available upon the time of the card's release.


The 'XTX' suffix is only found in cards using ATi's most expensive, and powerful, graphics cores. It replaces the older 'XT PE' suffix.

  • Processing Units: Cards with this suffix will have a large number of processing units available, all that the graphics core has. To date, this amounts to a total of 16 "pipelines."
  • Memory Interface: To date, all cards with the this suffix have a 256-bit memory interface.
  • Clock Speeds: For both cards lines that carry the 'XTX' suffix, the core is clocked at 650MHz. The video RAM is clocked far higher than most, if not all, cards available at the time of introduction; the video RAM on the Radeon X1900XTX is clocked to 1550MHz, which was higher than all but the GeForce 7800GTX 512, and the GeForce 7900GTX, upon its release. The Radeon X1950XTX is the first video card to use GDDR4 memory, and its video RAM is clocked at 2000MHz, which remains the fastest video RAM clock speed specification in a commercial product to this day.

See also

ATI graphics processors
2D Chips: Mach
Direct3D 3-6: Rage
Direct3D 7.0: Radeon R100
Direct3D 8.0: Radeon R200
Direct3D 9.0: Radeon R300R420R520
Direct3D 10: Radeon R600R700
Other ATI technologies
Chipsets: IGP3xx9000/9100 IGPXpress 200Xpress 3200580X690GRD700
Multi-GPU: Multi-renderingCrossFire
Professional graphics: FireGLFireMV
Consumer electronics: ImageonXilleon
Misc: HyperMemoryAVIVO • "Universal Video Decoder" • PowerPlay
Game consoles: GameCube (Flipper) • Xbox 360 (Xenos) • Wii (Hollywood)



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