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Encyclopedia > ATI Rage

The ATI Rage is a series of graphics chipsets offering 2D GUI acceleration, video acceleration, and 3D acceleration. It is the successor to the Mach series of chips (See list of major graphics chipsets released by ATI). Image File history File links Rage128logo. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... GeForce 6600GT (NV43) GPU Radeon 9800 Pro (R350) GPU A Graphics Processing Unit or GPU (also occasionally called Visual Processing Unit or VPU) is a dedicated graphics rendering device for a personal computer, workstation, or game console. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... The rewrite of this article is being devised at Talk:3D computer graphics/Temp. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ...

Contents

3D Rage (I)

The original Rage chip was based upon a Mach64 2D core with new 3D functionality and MPEG-1 acceleration. The 3D Rage was used at least on ATI's Xpression video board (a board that previously used a Mach64). MPEG-1 defines a group of Audio and Video (AV) coding and compression standards agreed upon by MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group). ...


3D Rage II (IIC, II+, II+DVD)

The 2nd generation Rage was capable of roughly 2 times greater 3D performance. Its graphics processor was based again on a re-engineered Mach64 GUI engine that provided optimal 2D performance with either single-cycle EDO memory or high-speed SGRAM. The 3D RAGE II chip was an enhanced, pin compatible version of the 3D RAGE accelerator. The second-generation PCI-bus compatible chip boosted 2D performance by 20 percent and added support for MPEG-2 (DVD) playback. The chip also had driver support for Microsoft Direct3D and Reality Lab, QuickDraw 3D Rave, Criterion RenderWare, and Argonaut BRender. OpenGL drivers are available for the professional 3D and CAD community and Heidi drivers are available for AutoCAD users. Drivers are also provided in operating systems including Windows 95, Windows NT, the Mac OS, and OS/2. ATI also shipped a companion chip for RAGE II, the ImpacTV chip. This chip was a TV encoder. Image File history File links 3drageii+dvd. ... Image File history File links ATIXpressionRageII.png‎ ATI Rage Xpression+ with Rage II. logo This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Dram can mean several things: For the imperial unit of volume see dram (unit), commonly used to describe a measure of Scotch whisky For the imperial unit of weight or mass see avoirdupois and apothecaries system (of mass) For the Armenian monetary unit see dram (currency) DRAM is a type... Synchronous Graphics random accsess memory SGRAM is based on SDRAM, but includes graphics-specific read/write functions SGRAM also retrieves blocks of data and so reduces the number of reads and writes that memory must carry out. ... In electronics, a pin-compatible device, such as a logic chip or microprocessor, is one that has the same functions assigned to the same particular pins. ... 64-bit PCI expansion slots inside a Power Macintosh G4 The Peripheral Component Interconnect, or PCI Standard (in practice almost always shortened to PCI) specifies a computer bus for attaching peripheral devices to a computer motherboard. ... MPEG-2 is the designation for a group of coding and compression standards for Audio and Video (AV), agreed upon by MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group), and published as the ISO/IEC 13818 international standard. ... The Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Reality Lab was the 3D API created the RenderMorphics. ... Two quickdraws. ... RenderWare (RW) is computer and video game middleware from Criterion Software. ... BRender (abbreviation of Blazing Renderer) is a development toolkit and a real-time 3D graphics engine for computer games, simulators and graphic tools. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 3D computer graphics (and 2D computer graphics as well). ... Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of a wide range of computer-based tools that assist engineers, architects and other design professionals in their design activities. ... AutoCAD 2006 drawing. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Mac OS, which stands for Macintosh Operating System, is a series of graphical user interface-based operating systems developed by Apple Computer for their Macintosh line of computer systems. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Rage II was integrated into Macintosh G3 and Power Mac 6500 computers, PC motherboards, and several video cards including: ATI 3D Xpression+, 3D Pro Turbo, and the original All-in-Wonder. The Power Macintosh G3 (commonly called beige G3s or platinum G3s for the color of their cases) is a series of personal computers that was designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer from November 1997 to January 1999. ... A motherboard, also known as a mainboard, system board, or logic boards on Apple Computers, and sometimes abbreviated as mobo (generally credited to the magazine Maximum PC) is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. ...


3D Rage Pro

ATI added a triangle setup engine; improved the perspective correction, fog, and transparency implementations; added support for specular lighting; and enhanced the video playback and DVD support. The 3D Rage Pro chip was designed for Intel's Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), taking advantage of execute-mode texturing, command pipelining, sideband addressing, and full 2x-mode protocols. Initial versions relied on standard graphics memory configurations: up to 8MB of SGRAM or 16MB of WRAM, depending on the model. Image File history File links 3dragepro. ... Picture of Notre Dame de Reims showing perspective distortion The same picture corrected Perspective correction is a procedure for composing or editing photographs to better conform with the commonly accepted distortions in constructed perspective. ... Distance fog is a technique used in 3D computer graphics to enhance the perception of distance. ... A specular highlight on a rendered sphere. ... MP2, also known as Musicam, is a short form of MPEG-1 Audio Layer 2 (not MPEG-2), and it is also used as a file extension for files containing audio data of this type. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section can be improved by converting lengthy lists to text. ... Synchronous Graphics random accsess memory SGRAM is based on SDRAM, but includes graphics-specific read/write functions SGRAM also retrieves blocks of data and so reduces the number of reads and writes that memory must carry out. ... Window RAM or WRAM is an obsolete type of semiconductor computer memory that was designed to replace video RAM (VRAM) in graphics adapters. ...


Rage Pro offered performance in the range of NVIDIA's RIVA 128 and 3DFX's Voodoo accelerator, but normally failed to match or exceed its competitors. This, in addition to its (early) lack of OpenGL support, hurt sales for what was touted to be a solid gaming solution. In February 1998, ATI attempted to "reinvent" the Rage Pro by simultaneously renaming the chip to "Rage Pro Turbo," and releasing a new "Rage Pro Turbo" driver-set (4.10.2312) that supposedly increased performance by 40%. In reality, the drivers only delivered increased performance in benchmarks such as Ziff-Davis' 3D Winbench 98 and Final Reality. In games, the performance actually suffered. Despite the poor introduction, the name Rage Pro Turbo stuck, and eventually ATI was able to release updated drivers without the performance hit in games. Still, there was no tangible gaming performance improvement from the whole debacle. NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) is a major supplier of graphics processors (graphics processing units, GPUs), graphics cards, and media and communications devices for PCs and game consoles such as the original Xbox and the upcoming PlayStation 3. ... The RIVA 128 was a 3D graphics chipset manufactured by NVIDIA. Following several less successful products, it was the first product to gain NVIDIA widespread consumer recognition. ... 3dfx Interactive was a company which specialized in the manufacturing of cutting-edge 3D graphics processing units and, later, graphics cards. ... Ziff-Davis Inc. ...


The 3D Rage Pro was mainly sold as the Xpert@Work or the Xpert@Play, with the only difference being a TV-out port on the Xpert@Play version.


Rage LT

Rage LT was often implemented on motherboards and in mobile applications like notebook computers. This chip was very similar to the Rage Pro and supported the same application coding. It integrated a Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) transmitter for notebook LCDs and advanced power management (block-by-block power control). The Rage LT PRO also offered "Filtered Ratiometric Expansion," which automatically adjusted images to full-screen size. ATI's ImpacTV2+ is integrated with the Rage LT PRO chip to support multi-screen viewing, i.e. simultaneous outputs to TV, CRT and LCD. In addition, the Rage LT PRO can drive two displays with different images and/or refresh rates with the use of integrated dual, independent CRT controllers. Image File history File linksMetadata 3drageltpro. ... A laptop computer or simply laptop (also notebook computer or notebook) is a small mobile personal computer, usually weighing from two to six pounds (one to three kilograms), depending on size, materials and other factors. ... Low voltage differential signaling, or LVDS, is an electrical signalling system that can run at very high speeds over cheap, twisted-pair copper cables. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ... The refresh rate (or vertical refresh rate, vertical scan rate for CRTs) is the number of times in a second that a display is illuminated. ... It has been suggested that Crookes tube be merged into this article or section. ...


A Rage LT Pro chip also existed which was a slightly faster variant.


Rage XL

Rage XL was a low-cost Rage Pro-based solution. The chip was used on many low-end graphics cards. It was also seen on Intel motherboards, as recently as 2004 and is still used in 2006 for server motherboards. It was known as being a low-power solution with capable 2D-acceleration. Image File history File links 3dragexl. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


The chip was basically a die-shrunk Rage Pro, optimized to be very inexpensive for solutions where only basic graphics output was necessary.


Rage 128

In the continuing struggle to create the fastest and most advanced 3D accelerator, ATI came up with its latest design, the Rage 128. The chip was announced in two flavors, the Rage 128 GL (a reference to a full OpenGL installable client driver) and the Rage 128 VR (Virtual Reality). Aside from the VR chip's lower price-point, the main difference was that the former was a full 128-bit engine, while the VR -- still a 128-bit processor internally -- used a 64-bit external memory interface. Image File history File links Rage128chip. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 3D computer graphics (and 2D computer graphics as well). ... Virtual reality (VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment, be it a real or imagined one. ... In computer architecture, 128-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are at most 128 bits wide. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ...

  • Magnum - A workstation board for OEMs, optimized for OpenGL, with 32 MB SDRAM. OEM-only model.
  • Rage Fury - 32 MB SDRAM memory and same performance as the Magnum, this add-in card was targeted at PC gamers.
  • Xpert 128 - 16 MB SDRAM memory and, like the others, used the Rage 128 GL chip.

Rage 128 was ATI's Direct3D 6-compliant accelerator. It supported many features from the previous Rage chips, such as triangle setup, DVD acceleration, and a capable 2D accelerator core. Rage 128 added inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) acceleration to the DVD repertoire. It was ATI's first multitexturing renderer, in that it could output 2 pixels per clock (2 pixel pipelines). The processor was known for its extremely capable 32-bit color mode, while also being known for an extremely low-quality 16-bit mode (poor dithering) that also strangely gained little speed over the more bandwidth-heavy 32-bit color. In 32-bit mode, Rage 128 was more than a match for the RIVA TNT, and the Voodoo 3 did not support 32-bit at all. The chip was meant to compete with the NVIDIA RIVA TNT, Matrox G200 and G400, and 3dfx Voodoo 3. Several SDRAM ICs on a DIMM package. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... iDCT is an acronym for inverse Discrete Cosine Transform, a transformation step commonly used in software that works with different multimedia formats such as MP3, Vorbis, MPEG or JPEG. One-dimensional iDCT can be thought of as moving a digitized signal from the frequency domain into the time domain, but... A pixel pipeline is a video card part that transfers pixel information. ... Truecolor (also spelled Truecolour; called Millions on a Macintosh) graphics is a method of storing image information in a computers memory such that each pixel is represented by three or more bytes. ... Highcolour (or Hicolour, Highcolor, Hicolor, Thousands on a Macintosh) graphics is a method of storing image information in a computers memory such that each pixel is represented by two bytes. ... Dither is a form of noise, or erroneous signal or data which is added to sample data for the purpose of minimizing quantization error. ... The RIVA TNT (For TwiN Texel) was a 3D graphics chipset manufactured by NVIDIA. It was released in late 1998 and cemented NVIDIAs reputation as the chief rival of then industry leader 3dfx. ... 3dfx Voodoo3 box art Voodoo3 was a series of computer gaming video cards manufactured and designed by 3dfx Interactive. ... NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) is a major supplier of graphics processors (graphics processing units, GPUs), graphics cards, and media and communications devices for PCs and game consoles such as the original Xbox and the upcoming PlayStation 3. ... The G200 is a 2D, 3D, and video accelerator chip for personal computers designed by Matrox. ... // Development Architecture The G400 was Matroxs Direct3D 6. ... 3dfx Interactive was a company which specialized in the manufacturing of cutting-edge 3D graphics processing units and, later, graphics cards. ...


ATI implemented a then-new cacheing technique they called "Twin Cache Architecture" with Rage 128. The Rage 128 used an 8 KB buffer to store texels that were used by the 3D engine. In order to improve performance even more, ATI engineers also incorporated an 8 KB pixel cache used to write pixels back to the frame buffer. Look up cache in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... ... This example shows an image with a portion greatly enlarged, in which the individual pixels are rendered as little squares and can easily be seen. ... The framebuffer is a part of RAM in a computer allocated to hold the graphics information for one frame or picture. ...

Rage Fury MAXX
Rage Fury MAXX

Later, ATI developed a successor to the original Rage 128, called the Rage 128 Pro. This chip carried several enhancements, including an enhanced triangle setup engine that doubled geometry throughput to 8 million triangles/sec, better texture filtering, DirectX 6 texture compression, AGP 4X, DVI support, and a Rage Theater chip for better video encoding/decoding. This chip was used on the gamer-oriented Rage Fury Pro boards and the business-oriented Xpert 2000 PRO. Rage 128 Pro was generally an even match for Voodoo 3 3500, RIVA TNT2 Ultra, and Matrox G400 MAX. Assorted transistors The transistor is a solid state semiconductor device that can be used for amplification, switching, voltage stabilization, signal modulation and many other functions. ... A micrometre (American spelling: micrometer, symbol µm) is an SI unit of length equal to one millionth of a metre, or about a tenth of the size of a droplet of mist or fog. ... Processor board of a CRAY T3e parallel computer with four superscalar Alpha processors A superscalar CPU architecture implements a form of parallelism called Instruction-level parallelism within a single processor. ... In computer architecture, 128-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are at most 128 bits wide. ... ... A pixel (a contraction of picture element) is one of the many tiny dots that make up the representation of a picture in a computers memory. ... Highcolour (or Hicolour, Highcolor, Hicolor, Thousands on a Macintosh) graphics is a method of storing image information in a computers memory such that each pixel is represented by two bytes. ... Truecolor (also spelled Truecolour; called Millions on a Macintosh) graphics is a method of storing image information in a computers memory such that each pixel is represented by three or more bytes. ... Alpha blending is a convex combination of two colors allowing for transparency effects in computer graphics. ... A zoomed small portion of a bitmap of a cat, using nearest neighbor filtering (left) and bicubic filtering (right). ... Trilinear filtering is an extension of the bilinear texture filtering method, which also performs linear interpolation between mipmaps. ... In 3D computer graphics texture mapping, MIP maps (also mipmaps) are pre-calculated, optimized collections of bitmap images that accompany a main texture, intended to increase rendering speed and reduce artifacts. ... In 3D computer graphics, hidden surface determination is the process used to determine which surfaces and parts of surfaces are not visible from a certain viewpoint. ... Z-buffer data In computer graphics, z-buffering is the management of image depth coordinates in three-dimensional (3-D) graphics, usually done in hardware, sometimes in software. ... Gouraud shaded sphere - note the inaccuracies towards the edges of the polygons. ... A specular highlight on a rendered sphere. ... In digital signal processing, anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing aliasing (jagged or blocky patterns) when representing a high-resolution signal at a lower resolution. ... A sphere without bump mapping. ... Stencil buffer is an extra buffer in addition to the color buffer and depth buffer found in OpenGL and Direct3D. The buffer is per pixel, and works on integer values. ... The framebuffer is a part of RAM in a computer allocated to hold the graphics information for one frame or picture. ... Random Access Memory Digital-to-Analog Converter is a combination of three fast DACs with a small SRAM used in graphics display adapters to store the color palette and to generate the analog signals (usually a voltage amplitude) to drive a colour monitor. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section can be improved by converting lengthy lists to text. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (805x741, 90 KB) ATI Rage Fury MAXX board photo This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo in... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (805x741, 90 KB) ATI Rage Fury MAXX board photo This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo in... The RIVA TNT2 was a 3D graphics chip manufactured by NVIDIA starting in early 1999. ... Matrox Electronic Systems Ltd is a Canadian company based in Dorval, Quebec, which produces video card components and equipment for personal computers. ...


The Rage 128 graphics accelerator is the final revision of the Rage architecture.


Alternate Frame Rendering

The Rage Fury MAXX board held dual Rage 128 Pro chips in an alternate frame rendering (AFR) configuration to allow a near-double increase in performance. As the name says, AFR renders each frame on an independent graphics processor. This board was meant to compete with the GeForce 256 and Voodoo 5. While it performed well, it was not really a match for those aforementioned cards due to feature disparity (especially with GeForce). The board died a quick death when it was discovered that Windows 2000 and later NT 5.x-based operating systems did not support dual AGP GPUs in the way ATI had implemented them, and so the board could only operate as a single Rage 128 Pro (i.e. with performance of a Rage Fury card.) So, in order to get full performance, Windows 9x must be used; ideally Windows 98, as Windows 95 had an early and sub-optimal AGP implementation. There never was a specific driver for Windows Me; the Windows 98 driver was used, with often unstable results. The GeForce 256 (codenamed NV10), often known simply as the GeForce, was the first of NVIDIAs GeForce product-line. ... The Voodoo 5 was the last and most powerful graphics card line that 3dfx ever released. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptible, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that is designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Microsoft Windows is a family of operating systems by Microsoft. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: ), also known as Windows Millennium Edition is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ...


Trivia

  • The ATI Radeon 256 was codenamed Rage 6. This was later changed to "R100".

// Development Architecture Radeon 256 The first-generation Radeon GPU was launched in 2000, and was initially code-named Rage 6, (later R100), as the successor to ATIs aging Rage 128 which was unable to compete with the GeForce 256. ...

References

January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (282nd in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

ATI Technologies Inc. ... Matrox Electronic Systems Ltd is a Canadian company based in Dorval, Quebec, which produces video card components and equipment for personal computers. ... NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) is a major supplier of graphics processors (graphics processing units, GPUs), graphics cards, and media and communications devices for PCs and game consoles such as the original Xbox and the upcoming PlayStation 3. ... Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ... S3 Graphics, Ltd design graphics chipsets for PCs. ...

External links

  • ATI: Discontinued Products
  • Rage 128 Technical Documentation
  • Rage 128 Register Reference
  • Rage 128 PRO Register Reference
  • Rage Mobility M3 Register Reference
ATI Graphics Processors
2D Chips: Mach
DirectX 3-6: Rage
DirectX 7.x: Radeon R100
DirectX 8.x: Radeon R200
DirectX 9.x: Radeon R300R420R520
Direct3D 10: Radeon R600
Other ATI Technologies
Chipsets: IGP3xx9000 IGP9100 IGPXpress 200Xpress 3200RD700
Multi-GPU: AMRCrossFire
Professional Graphics: FireGLFireMV
Consumer Electronics: Imageon
Misc: AVIVO
Game Consoles: GameCubeXbox 360Wii

 
 

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