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Encyclopedia > ASEAN Summit

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) holds annual meetings in relation to economic, and cultural development of Southeast Asian countries. These meetings are known as ASEAN Summit. Hymn: The ASEAN Hymn Seat of Secretariat Jakarta Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 592,000,000 122. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...

The grouping regularly conducts dialogue meetings with other countries in an organization collectively known as the ASEAN dialogue partners. The current dialogue partners are Australia, Canada, China, European Union, India, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Russia, East Timor, United States, Vietnam.

The formal summit are held in three days. The usual itinerary are as follows:

  • ASEAN leaders hold an internal organization meeting.
  • ASEAN leaders hold a conference together with foreign ministers of the ASEAN Regional Forum.
  • Leaders of 3 ASEAN Dialogue Partners (also known as ASEAN+3) namely China, Japan and South Korea hold a meeting with the ASEAN leaders.
  • A separate meeting is set for leaders of 2 ASEAN Dialogue Partners (also known as ASEAN+CER) namely Australia and New Zealand.

At the 11th ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, new meetings are scheduled. These are: Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan Area  - Total (City) 243. ...


The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum to be held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, (help· info), Vladímir Vladímirovich Pútin; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician, and the current President of the Russian Federation. ...

Free trade

China signed a trade deal with ASEAN, which further strengthens the trade ties between ASEAN and China. [1]

At the same time, Australia and New Zealand started the negotiation for a free trade deal with ASEAN. The aim of the negotiation is to significantly reduce trade barriers by 2016. [2] [3]

Treaty of Amity and Cooperation

ASEAN has tried to sign a Treaty of Amity and Cooperation [4] (TAC) with most of its neighbours. This in turn has prompted various criticisms from some ASEAN leaders. The TAC requires signatory countries to forgo any use of violence against member countries. A non-aggression pact is an international treaty between two or more states, agreeing to avoid war or armed conflict between them even if they find themselves fighting third countries, or even if one is fighting allies of the other. ...

The Foreign Ministers of ASEAN member states determined that invitation to the inaugural East Asian Summit, the first of which is to be held in late 2005 and hosted by Malaysia, was to be restricted to signatories of the TAC. The Howard Government in Australia, although seeking invitation, was reluctant to ascend to the treaty claiming it was out-of-date and might conflict with obligations and rights it had under other treaties. However, with entry to the Summit confined to signatories only, and with domestic pressure to sign, Australia decided in early 2005 to sign the TAC on the condition that its rights under the UN Charter are recognised as inalienable. Upon the announcement of accession, Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer was asked whether or not he considered himself an east Asian, he replied: "Do I consider myself an East Asian? ... I consider myself an Australian." The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum to be held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the countrys 25th and current Prime Minister. ... R. G. Casey House, the headquarters of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade This is a list of Australian Foreign Ministers: Note: Prior to 1970, the office was known as the Minister for External Affairs. ... The Hon. ...

All the original ASEAN members signed the treaty during the Bali Summit of 1976. Papua New Guinea agreed to the treaty in 1989. China and India signed in October 2003, Japan and Pakistan signed in 2004 and Australia and New Zealand in 2005.

The treaty was amended in 1987 to include countries outside the region. It was further amended in 1998 to include new members to ASEAN.

East Timor

The new nation of East Timor, previously ruled by Indonesia, has had a long struggle with ASEAN. East Timor, during its long process towards independence, has sought to have observer status in ASEAN, much like Papua New Guinea, and eventually official member status. Historically, ASEAN countries supported Indonesia over East Timor, with the Philippines and Malaysia barring overseas NGOs from participating in East Timor conferences in the late 1990s. More recently, Myanmar opposed granting observer status to East Timor because of the latter's support for opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization that is not part of a government and was not founded by states. ... Aung San Suu Kyi Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (Burmese: ), born June 19, 1945 in Yangon (Rangoon), is a nonviolent pro-democracy activist in Myanmar (Burma). ...

Since East Timor's independence in May 2002, ASEAN has been more accommodating of the new nation. East Timor has already been invited to several ASEAN meetings, but is still not an observer nation in the ASEAN. [5] In December 2005, the government of East Timor stated the nation would be a member of ASEAN by 2011. [6]

October 2003 summit

At a meeting on October 7, 2003 on Bali, leaders of the members nations signed a declaration known as the Bali Concord II in which they agreed to pursue closer economic integration by 2020. October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , and one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ...

According to the declaration, "an ASEAN Community" would be set upon three pillars, "namely political and security cooperation, economic cooperation, and socio-cultural cooperation...for the purpose of ensuring durable peace, stability and shared prosperity in the region." The plan envisaged a region with a population of 500 million and annual trade of US$720 billion. Also, a free trade area would be established in the region by 2020. ASEAN's leaders also discussed setting up a security community alongside the economic one, though without any formal military alliance.

During the same meeting, the People's Republic of China and ASEAN have also agreed to work faster toward a mutual trade agreement, which will create the world's most populous market, with 1.7 billion consumers. Japan also signed an agreement pledging to reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers with ASEAN members.

November 2004 summit

The summit was held in Vientiane, Laos on November 29, 2004. Pha That Luang temple. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Thailand issues

Further information: South Thailand insurgency, and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]]

Prior to the ASEAN summit, Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra publicly threatened to walk out of the meeting if any member states raised the issue of the Thai government's handling of the insurgency in south Thailand. He stated "If the topic is raised, I will fly back home" [7]. This is notable since leaders have often shown solidarity with each other over high profile issues such as East Timor and Myanmar's handling of Aung San Suu Kyi. Furthermore, one of the principles on which ASEAN was founded is a stated principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other member states. Any tension has been kept from the public view and leaders have avoided confrontational statements in public. It has been suggested that Pattani separatism be merged into this article or section. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister A Prime Minister is a politician who serves as the head of the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra Thaksin Shinawatra (Thai: ทักษิณ ชินวัตร, IPA: [ (help· info); Chinese: 丘达新; pinyin: Qiū Dáxīn; born July 26, 1949), Thai politician, is the current prime minister of Thailand and the leader of the populist Thai Rak Thai party. ... Aung San Suu Kyi Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (Burmese: ), born June 19, 1945 in Yangon (Rangoon), is a nonviolent pro-democracy activist in Myanmar (Burma). ...

Indonesia (the world's most populous Muslim country) and Malaysia however were particularly vehement in their condemnation over the Thai government's handling of the events in south Thailand with a former Malaysian Prime minister going to the extent of suggesting that the Southern Thai states should be given autonomy power. The Malaysian foreign minister further was quoted as saying that there is no such thing as absolute non-interference. It is thought that Thaksin's statement was made following the Malaysian government's passing of an opposition resolution condemning the Thai government for the death of at least 85 Muslim protestors in south Thailand. Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ...

Laotian spokesman Yong Chanthalangsy stated "I think we have a golden rule, that is non-interference in the internal affairs of each other." He added "It is a courtesy among the leaders, among the ministers, that if one of the leaders does not wish to discuss a question, all the leaders will respect it."

Myanmar issues

Also prior to the 2004 summit, Myanmar has taken steps to rehabilitate itself by releasing up to 9,000 prisoners who were imprisoned under the old junta. Myanmar's new leader General Soe Win will be attending the conference and foreign minister Nyan Wim has already made pre-summit press releases on Myanmar's continuing commitment for the roadmap to democracy. General Soe Win (born 1948?) is the Prime Minister of Myanmar. ...

Myanmar was due to hold the chair of ASEAN in 2006. This however had created criticism from various factions. The US and the EU have publicly announced that they might boycott any ASEAN related event as long as Myanmar continues to be the chair. In July 2005 during an ASEAN foreign minister meeting in Vientiane, Myanmar decided to postpone its turn. The Philippines instead will hold the ASEAN chair in 2006.

Apart from the US, various ASEAN lawmakers have called Myanmar's membership to be stripped due to its poor human rights record. [8]

December 2005 summit

The 2005 edition was being held from December 12 to 14 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Seven main issues to discussed at the summit were spread of bird flu, southern Thailand conflict, democracy in Myanmar, crude oil prices fluctuation and poverty, investment and trade and an ASEAN charter. [9] Avian influenza (also known as bird flu) is a type of influenza virulent in birds. ...

Immediately after the summit ended, the inaugural East Asia Summit was held. The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum to be held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ...

December 2006 Summit

The summit is set to be hosted by Cebu island in the Philippines from December 11 to 13. The island's metropolitan area (composed of Cebu City, Mandaue City and Lapu-Lapu City) will jointly host varied events of the summit. The actual conference will be held at the still unbuilt Cebu International Convention Center in Mandaue City while the grand opening will be done in Cebu City and Lapu-Lapu City will provide accommodations for delegates and venues for smaller meetings. Cebu City is the capital of the Cebu Province in the Philippines and is the second most important metropolitan center in the country. ... Mandaue City is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ... Lapu-Lapu City is a 1st class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. ...

Cebu management controversy

While the the three major cities of Cebu island share different functions for the summit, the joint management has been marred by controversy and political tension. Early on, Cebu City mayor Tomas Osmena took charge of the media spotlight and acted as if he was the head organizer, even though his city was not the actual venue of the ASEAN's main conference. Osmena, who is known for his rough tactics, approached Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo with the idea of declaring a long day holiday covering Metro Cebu. Osmena got an early victory when Arroyo declared in January 2006 that December 11 to 14 (the days of the ASEAN summit) will be non-working holidays and urged the public to boost local tourism by spending time at Cebu's beach resorts. Initially the holiday declaration was meant to ensure traffic-free roads and enhance security in Metro Cebu for the convenience of the delegates and their respective leaders. Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Metropolitan Cebu or the Cebu Metropolitan Area is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ... Metropolitan Cebu or the Cebu Metropolitan Area is the main urban center of the island province of Cebu. ...

Despite the declaration, people in Cebu have grown restless over the "ASEAN holidays" complaining that the scheme will deprive workers of their earnings, will force schools to delay their Christmas vacations by a full week and at that tourism in the island will not get a boost. Cebu's business sector expressed that operating costs of business will escalate and production will be greatly disrupted, resulting massive losses. Osmena lashed back at the private sector and bluntly told them to "sacrifice for a few days".

Even Mandaue City mayor Teddy Ouano agreed with the people and groups who opposed the long holidays. Ouano even said that mayor Osmena was "overacting", thinking that the holidays will give the province a tourism and economic boost and that foreign delegates will find a deserted Metro Cebu attractive. Osmena attacked Ouano raising his alleged connections to the Mandaue City shabu factory scandal of 2004 and even picked on his daughter.

Cebu City's preparation for the ASEAN summit was declared by observers as "deplorable" as city streets continue to deteriorate, pollution has left the city dirty and crime remains rampant. Critics noted that Cebu City spent P3 million tax money on a single cultural show which was held during Cebu City's charter day celebrations last February 22, 2006, a program meant to show that the city was "ready" to host the ASEAN summit. Critics stated that the cultural show was a huge waste and that it would have been better had the city spent the money on cleaning the city, fixing the roads and fighting crime.



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