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Encyclopedia > ASCAP

The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects intellectual property, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music. It competes with Broadcast Music Incorporated (or BMI).


It was established in New York City on February 13, 1914 to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members, then mostly the United States' Tin Pan Alley music business.


Both BMI and ASCAP, as well as other organizations like SESAC monitor performances of the music to which they control the rights and collect and distribute royalties.


Radio stations originally only broadcast performers live, the performers working for free. Later performers wanted to be paid and recordings became more palatable. Many composers didn't want their music performed or played for free, but the stations wouldn't pay them. The composers who were members of ASCAP boycotted radio in 1944. The stations established a competing source of music, Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI). Many stations also joined one of the NBC networks, Red or Blue, to lower production costs. (The NBC Blue network later became ABC.)


Although it is not a hard and fast rule, ASCAP has been more identified with established professional composers from Hollywood, Broadway, and Tin Pan Alley, while BMI represents less established composers. In more recent times, many of the more successful composers in these genres have joined ASCAP. Some have publishing companies in both camps.


ASCAP has an extensive awards program: Country Music, Concert Music, Primetime Emmy, World Soundtrack, MTV Music Video, Pop, Rhythm and Soul Music, Film and Television, El Premio, Dove, Christian Music, Academy of Country Music, Academy, NAACP Image, Stellar, Soul Train, Grammy, Billboard Music, Golden Globe, and American Music.


External link

  • http://www.ascap.com/



  Results from FactBites:
 
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (321 words)
The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects intellectual property, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music.
Both BMI and ASCAP, as well as other organizations like SESAC monitor performances of the music to which they control the rights and collect and distribute royalties.
Although it is not a hard and fast rule, ASCAP has been more identified with established professional composers from Hollywood, Broadway, and Tin Pan Alley, while BMI represents less established composers.
IP Workshop - Massarsky: ASCAP, BMI and SESAC (3570 words)
ASCAP's membership rules allow a writer or publisher to resign at a fixed point each year, but the songs attributable to the catalog, as represented to the music user in a negotiated agreement, must stay with ASCAP through the duration of the agreement with the music user.
ASCAP, BMI and SESAC negotiate the value of their licenses in such a similar approach that the ASCAP approach is representative of the efforts for all three performing rights societies.
ASCAP's methodology indicates that a radio station paying $10,000 is guaranteed to be sampled at least once during the year; stations paying in excess of $10,000 are sampled pro-rata to a $10,000 station; and stations paying less than $10,000 may or may not be sampled.
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