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Encyclopedia > ARTICLE 19

ARTICLE 19 is a human rights organisation with a specific mandate and focus on the defence and promotion of freedom of expression and freedom of information worldwide. Image File history File links ARTICLE_19_bigger_logo. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ... Over sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ...

Contents


Name

The organisation takes its name from Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: Wikisource has original text related to this article: Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948), outlining the organisations view on the human rights guaranteed to all people. ...

 "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; the right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media regardless of frontiers." 

Activities

ARTICLE 19 monitors threats to free expression around the globe, lobbies governments to adopt laws that conform to international standards on freedom of expression; and drafts legal standards which strengthen media, public broadcasting, free expression and access to government-held information. Public broadcasting, also known as public service broadcasting or PSB (though this term has a specific different meaning in the United Kingdom - see public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom )is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding... Nearly sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ...


It also produces legal analyses and critiques of national laws, including media laws; provides legal counsel on behalf of individuals or groups whose rights have been violated; and provides capacity-building support to non-governmental organisations, judges and lawyers, journalists, media owners, media lawyers, public officials and parliamentarians. A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism. ... A parliamentarian is a specialist in parliamentary procedure. ...


ARTICLE 19’s work is organised into five Regional Programmes – Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East – and a Law Programme. It works in partnership with 52 organisations in more than 30 countries around the world.


In June 2005, ARTICLE 19 joined human rights groups around the world in calling for the release of jailed Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who turned 60. Aung San Suu Kyi Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (Burmese: ), born June 19, 1945 in Yangon (Rangoon), is a nonviolent pro-democracy activist in Myanmar (Burma). ...


ARTICLE 19 is a founding member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX), a global network of non-governmental organisations that monitors free expression violations worldwide and campaigns to defend journalists, writers, Internet users and others who are persecuted for exercising their right to freedom of expression. The International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX), founded in 1992, is a global network of more than 60 non-governmental organisations that promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression. ... The word violation, when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language. ... Though anyone who creates a written work may be called a writer, the term is usually reserved for those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...


It also belongs to the IFEX Tunisia Monitoring Group, a coalition of 14 free expression groups that seeks to pressure Tunisia into improving its human rights record. The Tunisia Monitoring Group (TMG) is a coalition of 14 free expression organisations that belong to the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX), a global network of non-governmental organisations that promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press. ...


ARTICLE 19 is a founding member of the Freedom of Information Advocates (FOIA) Network, a global forum that aims to support campaigning, advocacy and fundraising on access to information through the exchange of information, ideas and strategies. The FOIA Network also aims to facilitate the formation of regional or international coalitions to address access to information issues.


See also

The International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX), founded in 1992, is a global network of more than 60 non-governmental organisations that promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression. ... The Tunisia Monitoring Group (TMG) is a coalition of 14 free expression organisations that belong to the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX), a global network of non-governmental organisations that promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press. ... Over sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ...

External links

  • ARTICLE 19
  • Freedominfo
  • Freedom of Information Advocates Network

  Results from FactBites:
 
Article 19 - Work (543 words)
ARTICLE 19 is a human rights organisation with a specific mandate and focus on the defence and promotion of freedom of expression and freedom of information worldwide.
Monitoring and Research: ARTICLE 19 monitors threats to freedom of expression in different regions of the world, as well as national and global trends and develops long-term strategies to address them.
Lobbying: ARTICLE 19 lobbies national governments, international and regional bodies to bring national laws in line with the best international standards and on behalf of individuals and groups who are persecuted for expressing their views
Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression (506 words)
ARTICLE 19 applauds the decision of the Indonesian Supreme Court to overturn the criminal libel conviction of Bambang Harymurti, the chief editor of Tempo magazine.
ARTICLE 19 has published a series of seven baseline studies on the state of media law and media freedom in Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore,Thailand and Timor Leste.
ARTICLE 19 and the BBC World Service Trust brought together media outlets and political parties in a workshop in Somaliland, which culminated in the adoption of a Code of Conduct for Elections.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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