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Encyclopedia > ANZAC Day
Anzac Day

Anzac Day Dawn Service at Australian War Memorial, 25 April 2005, 90th anniversary
Observed by Memorial services, public holiday
Type Patriotic, Historical, Nationalist
Significance First landing of the Anzacs at Gallipoli
Date 25 April
Observances Military parades, remembrance services
Related to Remembrance Day (Commonwealth of Nations),
Armistice Day
A veteran on Anzac Day.
A veteran on Anzac Day.
Flags on a cenotaph in Wellington for the 2007 Dawn Service. Note the flags of New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia(left to right)
Flags on a cenotaph in Wellington for the 2007 Dawn Service. Note the flags of New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia(left to right)

Anzac Day is commemorated by Australia and New Zealand on 25 April every year to honour members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. Anzac Day is also celebrated in the Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa and Tonga. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 43 KB) Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 25 April 2005 - ANZAC Dawn Service - 90th anniversary of ANZAC Day. ... The Australian War Memorial is Australias national memorial to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in the wars of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Remembrance Day also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (the event it commemorates), or Veterans Day in the United States is a day to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... Armistice Day Celebrations in Toronto, Canada - 1918 Armistice Day is the anniversary of the official end of World War I, November 11, 1918. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 391 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (669 × 1024 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): ANZAC Day ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 391 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (669 × 1024 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): ANZAC Day ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The flags on the Wellington cenotaph - L-R - New Zealand, United Kingdom and Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The flags on the Wellington cenotaph - L-R - New Zealand, United Kingdom and Australia. ... Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force that was formed in Egypt in 1915 and operated during the Battle of Gallipoli. ... ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps — t[[Image: ]]he name used to describe the combination of the Australian Army and New Zealand Army Corps during wartime. ... Belligerents British Empire Australia British India Newfoundland New Zealand United Kingdom Egyptian labourers[1] France Senegal Ottoman Empire German Empire[2] Austria-Hungary[3] Commanders Sir Ian Hamilton Lord Kitchener John de Robeck Otto Liman von Sanders Mustafa Kemal Strength 5 divisions (initial) 16 divisions (final) 6 divisions (initial) 15... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Contents

Beginnings of the memorial day

Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.[1] The acronym ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, whose soldiers were known as Anzacs. The pride they took in that name endures to this day, and Anzac Day remains one of the most important national occasions of both Australia and New Zealand.[2] ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps — t[[Image: ]]he name used to describe the combination of the Australian Army and New Zealand Army Corps during wartime. ... The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force that was formed in Egypt in 1915 and operated during the Battle of Gallipoli. ...


When war broke out in 1914, Australia had been a Federal Commonwealth for only thirteen years. In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, under a plan by Winston Churchill to open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. The objective was to capture Istanbul, capital of the Ottoman Empire and an ally of Germany. The ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold strike to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stale-mate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian and 2,700 New Zealand soldiers died. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians and New Zealanders at home and 25 April quickly became the day on which they remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in war. For the Italian city in the Province of Lecce, see Gallipoli, Italy. ... Churchill redirects here. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320...


Though the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives of capturing Istanbul and knocking Turkey out of the war, the Australian and New Zealand troops' actions during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as an "Anzac legend" became an important part of the national identity in both countries. This shaped the ways they viewed both their past and their future. Simpson and his donkey statue by Peter Corlett outside the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. ...


On 30 April 1915, when the first news of the landing reached New Zealand, a half-day holiday was declared and impromptu services were held. The following year a public holiday was gazetted on 5 April and services to commemorate were organised by the returned servicemen.[3] is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The date, 25 April, was officially named Anzac Day in 1916; in that year it was marked by a wide variety of ceremonies and services in Australia and New Zealand, a march through London, and a sports day for the Australian and New Zealand soldiers in Egypt. The small New Zealand community of Tinui, near Masterton in the Wairarapa was apparently the first place in New Zealand to have an Anzac Day service, when the then vicar led an expedition to place a large wooden cross on the Tinui Taipos (a 1,200 ft (370 m) high large hill/mountain, behind the village) in April 1916 to commemorate the dead. A service was held on the 25th of April of that year. In 2006 the 90th Anniversary of the event was celebrated with a full twenty-one gun salute fired at the service by soldiers from the Waiouru Army Camp. Tinui is a small village aproximately 40 kilometres from Masterton, in the Wairarapa, New Zealand. ... Masterton is a town (and local government district) in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Wairarapa (often known as The Wairarapa) is a geographical region of New Zealand. ... The Waiouru Army Camp is a base of the New Zealand Army in the central North Island near Waiouru. ...


In London, over 2,000 Australian and New Zealand troops marched through the streets of the city. A London newspaper headline dubbed them "The Knights of Gallipoli". Marches were held all over Australia in 1916; wounded soldiers from Gallipoli attended the Sydney march in convoys of cars, accompanied by nurses. Over 2,000 people attended the service in Rotorua.[3] For the remaining years of the war, Anzac Day was used as an occasion for patriotic rallies and recruiting campaigns, and parades of serving members of the AIF were held in most cities. From 1916 onwards, in both Australia and New Zealand, Anzac services were held on or about 25 April, mainly organised by returned servicemen and school children in cooperation with local authorities. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Anzac Day at Manly, Brisbane, Australia, 1922
Anzac Day at Manly, Brisbane, Australia, 1922

Anzac Day was gazetted as a public holiday in New Zealand in 1920, through the Anzac Day Act, after lobbying by the Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association, the RSA.[4] In Australia at the 1921 State Premiers' Conference, it was decided that Anzac Day would be observed on 25 April each year. However, it was not observed uniformly in all the States. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... New Zealand has had several Anzac Day Acts, all of them intended to regulate commercial and entertainment activities on Anzac Day, 25 April. ... The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association Inc, often referred to as the Returned Services Association, RSA or the RNZRSA, is a voluntary ex-service organisation, dedicated to the welfare of veterans. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the 1920s, Anzac Day became established as a National Day of Commemoration for the 60,000 Australians and 18,000 New Zealanders who died during the war. The first year in which all the States observed some form of public holiday together on Anzac Day was 1927. By the mid-1930s, all the rituals now associated with the day — dawn vigils, marches, memorial services, reunions, sly two-up games — became part of Australian Anzac Day culture. New Zealand commemorations also adopted many of these rituals, with the dawn service being introduced from Australia in 1939.[4] Two-up is a traditional Australian gambling game. ...

A small commemoration march in suburban Sydney moves off (April 2008)

With the coming of the Second World War, Anzac Day became a day on which to commemorate the lives of Australians and New Zealanders lost in that war as well and in subsequent years, the meaning of the day has been further broadened to include those killed in all the military operations in which the countries have been involved. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 355 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,378 × 611 pixels, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was made by me File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 355 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,378 × 611 pixels, file size: 787 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was made by me File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


Anzac Day was first commemorated at the Australian War Memorial in 1942, but, due to government orders preventing large public gatherings in case of Japanese air attack, it was a small affair and was neither a march nor a memorial service. Anzac Day has been annually commemorated at the Australian War Memorial ever since.[2]


Australians and New Zealanders recognise 25 April as a ceremonial occasion, to reflect on the futility of war, and to remember those who fought and lost their lives for their country. Commemorative services are held at dawn, the time of the original landing, mainly at war memorials in cities and towns across both nations. One of the traditions of Anzac Day is the 'gunfire breakfast' (coffee with rum added) which occurs shortly after many dawn ceremonies, and recalls the 'breakfast' taken by many soldiers before facing battle. Later in the day, ex-servicemen and women meet and join in marches through the major cities and many smaller centres. This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... Caribbean rum, circa 1941 Rum is a distilled beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses and sugarcane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. ...


Dawn service

Poppies, a symbol of remembrance

After the First World War, returned soldiers sought the comradeship they felt in those quiet, peaceful moments before dawn. With symbolic links to the dawn landing at Gallipoli, a dawn stand-to or dawn ceremony became a common form of Anzac Day remembrance during the 1920s. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1233x1600, 322 KB) Remembrance Poppy, WW2 section - Australian War Memorial, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Remembrance Day Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Remembrance Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Poppy ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1233x1600, 322 KB) Remembrance Poppy, WW2 section - Australian War Memorial, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Remembrance Day Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Remembrance Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Poppy ... This article is about the plant. ...


The first official dawn service was held at the Sydney Cenotaph in 1927. Dawn services were originally very simple and followed the operational ritual; in many cases they were restricted to veterans only. The daytime ceremony was for families and other well-wishers and the dawn service was for returned soldiers to remember and reflect among the comrades with whom they shared a special bond. The Sydney Cenotaph is located in Martin Place and is one of the oldest World War I war monument in the Central Business District. ...


Before dawn the gathered veterans would be ordered to "stand-to" and two minutes of silence would follow. At the start of this time a lone bugler would play "The Last Post" and then concluded the service with "Reveille". In more recent times the families and young people have been encouraged to take part in dawn services, and services in Australian capital cities have seen some of the largest turnouts ever. Reflecting this change, the ceremonies have become more elaborate, incorporating hymns, readings, pipers and rifle volleys. Others, though, have retained the simple format of the dawn stand-to, familiar to so many soldiers. The Last Post is a tune, usually played on a Bugle, used at military funerals and ceremonies commemorating those who have fallen in war. ... Reveille (British and Canadian English: ; American English: ) is most often associated with the military; it is chiefly used to wake military personnel at sunrise. ...


Typical modern dawn services follow a pattern that is now familiar to generations of Australians, containing the following features: introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, recitation, the playing of "The Last Post", a minute of silence, "Reveille", and the playing of both New Zealand and Australian national anthems. At the Australian War Memorial, following events such as the Anzac Day and Remembrance Day services, families often place red poppies beside the names of relatives on the Memorial's Roll of Honour. In Australia sprigs of rosemary are often worn on lapels [5] and in New Zealand poppies have taken on this role [6].


Commemoration

The Last Post is played at an Anzac Day ceremony in Port Melbourne, Victoria, 25 April 2005. Ceremonies like this are held in virtually every suburb and town in Australia and New Zealand on Anzac Day each year.

In Australia and New Zealand, Anzac Day commemoration features solemn "Dawn Services", a tradition started in Albany, Western Australia on 25 April 1923 and now held at war memorials around both countries, accompanied by thoughts of those lost at war to the ceremonial sounds of The Last Post on the bugle. The fourth stanza of Laurence Binyon's poem For the Fallen (known as the "Ode of Remembrance") is often recited. Download high resolution version (960x1280, 151 KB)Photo by User:Adam Carr, 25 April 2005. ... Download high resolution version (960x1280, 151 KB)Photo by User:Adam Carr, 25 April 2005. ... The Last Post is a tune, usually played on a Bugle, used at military funerals and ceremonies commemorating those who have fallen in war. ... Port Melbourne is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albany, (IPA: }, is the largest regional city in WA situated on the south coast of Western Australia south-southeast of Perth. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... The Last Post is a tune, usually played on a Bugle, used at military funerals and ceremonies commemorating those who have fallen in war. ... Military bugle in B♭ Bugler redirects here. ... Robert Laurence Binyon (August 10, 1869 at Lancaster – March 10, 1943 at Reading, Berkshire) was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar. ... The Ode of Remembrance is an ode taken from Laurence Binyons For the Fallen, which was first published in September 1914 to honour the fat people of the First World War. ...


Australia

Anzac Day is a National public holiday and is considered one of the most spiritual and solemn days of the year in Australia. Marches by veterans from all past wars, current serving members of the Australian Defence Force, Australian Defence Force Cadets, members of Scouts Australia and Guides Australia , Australian Air League members and other uniformed service groups, are held in capital cities and towns nationwide. The Anzac Day Parade from each state capital is televised live with commentary. These events are generally followed by social gatherings of veterans, hosted either in a pub or in an RSL Club, often including a traditional Australian gambling game called two-up, which was an extremely popular pastime with ANZAC soldiers. The importance of this tradition is demonstrated by the fact that though most Australian states have laws forbidding gambling outside of designated licensed venues, on Anzac Day it is legal to play "two-up". The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia. ... The Australian Defence Force Cadets (ADFC) is a community-based, youth development organisation of approximately 22,000 cadets and 2,200 cadet staff in 464 units and squadrons across Australia. ... Scouts Australia is an organisation for children and young adults from 6 to 26 years of age. ... Girl Guides Australia is the national Guiding organisation in Australia. ... Australian Air League logo The Australian Air League is a not-for-profit, civilian operated aviation youth organisation in Australia. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... RSL National HQ, on Constitution Ave, Canberra, nearest the Australian Defence Force Russell Offices HQ The Returned and Services League of Australia (often abbreviated to RSL) is a support organisation for men and women who have served or are serving in the Australian Defence Force. ... Two-up is a traditional Australian gambling game. ...


Although Australia's official national day is in fact Australia Day, many Australians have now come to regard Anzac Day as the true National day of the country.[citation needed] Despite federation being proclaimed in Australia in 1901, many argue the "national identity" of Australia was largely forged during the violent conflict of World War I[7][8], and the most iconic event in the war for most Australians was the landing at Gallipoli. Dr. Paul Skrebels of the University of South Australia has noted that Anzac Day has continued to grow in popularity[9]; even the threat of a terrorist attack at the Gallipoli site in 2004[10] could not deter some 15,000 Australians from making the pilgrimage to Turkey to commemorate the fallen ANZAC troops[11]. Anniversary Day redirects here. ... For the Italian city in the Province of Lecce, see Gallipoli, Italy. ...

Australian Postage Stamps

Australia has issued numerous stamps over time to commemorate Anzac Day, the first being in 1935 for the 20th anniversary of the Gallipoli landings.


The full list of issued stamps is as follows:


1935 20th Anniversary (2 values) 2d Red and 1/- Black featuring the Cenotaph.


1965 50th Anniversary (3 values) 5d Khaki, 8d Blue and 2/3 Maroon featuring the Simpson and his donkey.


1990 75th Anniversary (5 values) 41¢ x 2, 65¢, $1, & $1.10 all various ANZAC themes.


2000 ANZAC legends (4 values) 45¢ x 4 featuring Walter Parker, Roy Longmore, Alec Campbell and the ANZAC medal. Walter Parker may be: Walter Richard Parker, VC (1881–1931) -- English infantryman, honored for bravery at Gallipoli in World War I Walter Parker (ANZAC) (1894–2000) -- Australian centenarian, one of last three living ANZAC veterans of World War I Categories: ... Roy Longmore (29 April 1894 – 21 June 2001) was an Australian centenarian, and one of the last two living veterans of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) serving in World War I.[1] // Longmore set aside his life as a farm-hand in Geelong, Victoria, when he enlisted... Australias Last ANZAC Mr Alec William Campbell, Australias last ANZAC Alec William Campbell (26 February 1899 – 16 May 2002) was the final surviving Australian participant in the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. His death broke the last living link of Australians with the Gallipoli story. ...


In 1955 the current 3½d Purple Nursing Commemorative Stamp was privately overprinted with the words "ANZAC 1915-1955 40 YEARS LEST WE FORGET" and a value added to the stamp ranging from 1d to £1 on top of the legal postage value of 3½d. There were a total of eight values issued and these were meant to raise funds for the ANZAC celebrations. It is believed that these stamps were authorized by the secretary of a leading Melbourne RSL club. See: Commemorative coin United States Commemorative Coin Commemorative stamp This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... RSL National HQ, on Constitution Ave, Canberra, nearest the Australian Defence Force Russell Offices HQ The Returned and Services League of Australia (often abbreviated to RSL) is a support organisation for men and women who have served or are serving in the Australian Defence Force. ...

Australian Football
Main article: The ANZAC Day clash

During many wars, Australian rules football matches have been played overseas in places like northern Africa and Vietnam as a celebration of Australian culture and as a bonding exercise between soldiers.[12][13][14] In 1975 the VFL/AFL first celebrated Anzac Day and the ANZAC spirit with a match of Australian rules football between Essendon and Carlton in a once-off match in front of a large crowd of 77,770 at VFL Park, Waverley, with Essendon coming out winners.[15] The Anzac Day clash is an annual Australian rules football match between Australian Football League teams Essendon and the Collingwood on ANZAC Day (April, 25). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 760 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (997 × 787 pixels, file size: 388 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 760 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (997 × 787 pixels, file size: 388 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Australian War Memorial is Australias national memorial to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in the wars of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Air Chief Marshal Allan (Angus) Grant Houston, AO, AFC, is the Chief of the Australian Defence Forces as of 4 July 2005. ... Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, current CDF The Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) is the most senior appointment in the Australian Defence Force (ADF). ... For the 18th century British politician, see John Stanhope. ... The Chief Minister for the Australian Capital Territory is the head of government of the Australian Capital Territory. ... General Peter John Cosgrove, AC, MC (born 28 July 1947) is an Australian general. ... Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, current CDF The Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) is the most senior appointment in the Australian Defence Force (ADF). ... Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957), is the leader of the federal Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian Parliament. ... The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... VFL/AFL is the term used to refer to the competition established in 1897, which was originally known as the Victorian Football League. ... Simpson and his donkey statue by Peter Corlett outside the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... Essendons Home and Clash Jumpers Essendon Football Club, nicknamed The Bombers, is an Australian rules football club that is part of the Australian Football League. ... Carlton Football Club, nicknamed The Blues, is the third oldest club in the Australian Football League and one of the oldest Australian rules football clubs. ... Waverley Park (formerly VFL Park and then AFL Park) was an often controversial Australian rules football stadium in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ...


The modern day tradition began in 1995 and is played every year between traditional AFL rivals Collingwood and Essendon at the MCG. This annual blockbuster is often considered the biggest match of the AFL season outside of the finals, sometimes drawing bigger crowds than all but the Grand Final,[16] and often selling out in advance; a record crowd of 94,825 people attended the inaugural match in 1995.[17][18][19] The ANZAC Medal is awarded to the player in the match who best exemplifies the ANZAC Spirit - skill, courage, self-sacrifice, teamwork and fair play. This article is about the national league in Australian rules football. ... Collingwood Football Club, officially nicknamed The Magpies, is an Australian rules football club involved, and playing in the Australian Football League. ... Essendons Home and Clash Jumpers Essendon Football Club, nicknamed The Bombers, is an Australian rules football club that is part of the Australian Football League. ... “MCG” redirects here. ... Part of the pre-match entertainment at the 2006 AFL Grand Final at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. ...

Rugby league

Beginning in 1997, the ANZAC Test, a rugby league test match has commemorated Anzac Day, though it is typically played a week prior to Anzac Day. The match is always played between the Australian and New Zealand national teams, and has drawn attendances between 20,000-45,000 in the past. The ANZAC Test is a rugby league match played annually around ANZAC Day between Australia and New Zealand. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ...


Domestically, matches have played on Anzac Day since 1926 (with occasional exceptions). Since 2002, the National Rugby League (NRL) have followed the lead of the Australian Football League, hosting a match between traditional rivals St George Illawarra Dragons and the Sydney Roosters each year to commemorate Anzac Day in the Club ANZAC Game. NRL redirects here. ... The St. ... The Sydney Roosters are a professional rugby league club based in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, Australia. ... The New South Wales Rugby League played matches on ANZAC Day, usually a full round of games, starting from 1926. ...


New Zealand

People departing Wellington's cenotaph following the conclusion of the 2007 Dawn Service

New Zealand's Commemoration of Anzac Day [20] is similar, though on several occasions the day has become an opportunity for some groups for political protest. In 1967, two members of the left-wing Progressive Youth Movement in Christchurch staged a minor protest at the Anzac Day Ceremony, laying a wreath protesting against the Vietnam War. They were subsequently convicted of disorderly conduct, but that was not the last time that the parade was used as a vehicle for protest. In 1978, a women's group laid a wreath dedicated to all the women raped and killed during war, and movements for feminism, gay rights, and peace used the occasion to draw attention to their respective causes at various times during the 1980s.[21] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1,023 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Crowds at the conclusion of the 2007 Wellington ANZAC Day Dawn Service. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1,023 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Crowds at the conclusion of the 2007 Wellington ANZAC Day Dawn Service. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... The Cenotaph, London. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


The number of New Zealanders attending Anzac Day events in New Zealand, and at Gallipoli, is increasing. For some[weasel words] younger people, the sombre focus of the day receives less emphasis than do the more celebratory aspects of a national holiday. For most[weasel words], though, the day is an occasion on which to formally pay tribute and to remember.[citation needed] For the Italian city in the Province of Lecce, see Gallipoli, Italy. ...


Dawn Parades and other memorials Nationwide are typically attended by the New Zealand Defence Force, the New Zealand Cadet Forces, members of the New Zealand Police, New Zealand Fire Service, Order of St John Ambulance Service (Youth and Adult Volunteers) as well as Scouting New Zealand, GirlGuiding New Zealand and other uniformed community service groups. The New Zealand Defence Force consists of three branches: the New Zealand Army; the Royal New Zealand Navy; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force. ... The New Zealand Cadet Forces (NZCF or Cadet Forces) is a voluntary military training organisation for youth. ... The New Zealand Police (Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa in Māori) is the national police force of New Zealand, responsible for enforcing criminal and traffic law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout the country. ... The New Zealand Fire Service (Whakaratonga Iwi in Maori) is the national body in New Zealand responsible for Fire Fighting and Emergency Service Response. ... St John Ambulance vehicle in a London street. ... The Scout emblem of Scouting New Zealand features a stylized pup tent. ... GirlGuiding New Zealand (in Māori Nga Kohine Whakamahiri o Aotearoa) is the national Guiding organisation in New Zealand. ...


Anzac Day now promotes a sense of unity, perhaps more effectively than any other day on the National calendar. People whose politics, beliefs and aspirations are widely different can nevertheless share a genuine sorrow at the loss of so many lives in war.


Paper poppies are widely distributed by the Returned Services Association and worn as symbols of remembrance. This tradition follows that of the wearing of poppies on Remembrance Sunday in other Commonwealth countries. [1] In the United Kingdom, Remembrance Sunday is the second Sunday of November, the Sunday nearest to 11 November (Remembrance Day), which is the anniversary of the end of the hostilities of the First World War at 11 a. ...


The day is a half-day holiday in New Zealand, as per the Anzac Day Act 1966. New Zealand has had several Anzac Day Acts, all of them intended to regulate commercial and entertainment activities on Anzac Day, 25 April. ...


Turkey

In Turkey the name "Anzac Cove" was officially recognised by the Turkish government on Anzac Day in 1985. In 1990, to mark the 75th anniversary of the Gallipoli landing, Government officials from Australia and New Zealand as well as most of the last surviving Gallipoli veterans, and many Australian and New Zealand tourists travelled to Turkey for a special Dawn Service at Gallipoli. The service at dawn in Gallipoli has since become popular to attend on Anzac Day. Upwards of 15,000 people have attended services in Gallipoli. Until 1999, the Gallipoli Dawn Service was held at the Ari Burnu War Cemetery at ANZAC Cove, but the growing numbers of people attending resulted in the construction of a more spacious site on North Beach, known as the "ANZAC Commemorative Site" in time for the year 2000 service. [2] In 2005 criticism surrounded the daybreak service at Anzac Cove after the screening of a rock concert-style commemoration of popular musical artists, with the site being left strewn with rubbish.[22][23] Anzac Cove looking towards Ari Burnu, 1915. ... An anniversary (from the Latin anniversarius, from the words for year and to turn, meaning (re)turning yearly; known in English since c. ... Belligerents British Empire Australia British India Newfoundland New Zealand United Kingdom Egyptian labourers[1] France Senegal Ottoman Empire German Empire[2] Austria-Hungary[3] Commanders Sir Ian Hamilton Lord Kitchener John de Robeck Otto Liman von Sanders Mustafa Kemal Strength 5 divisions (initial) 16 divisions (final) 6 divisions (initial) 15... For the Swedish death metal band, see Cemetary. ... Anzac Cove looking towards Ari Burnu, 1915. ...


Other overseas ceremonies

Troop review on 25 April 2005 (Rarotonga)
Troop review on 25 April 2005 (Rarotonga)
  • In Kanchanaburi, Thailand, a dawn service is held at Hellfire Pass, a rock cutting dug by allied Prisoners of War and Asian labourers for the Thai-Burma Railway. This cutting is where the greatest number of lives were lost during railway construction. The dawn service is followed by a “gunfire breakfast” (coffee with a shot (or two) of rum) recalling the 'breakfast' taken by many soldiers before facing battle. At 11am a second ceremony is held at the main POW cemetery in the city of Kanchanaburi, where 6,982 POWs are buried, mostly British, Australian, Dutch and Canadians. Over the years, both services have been attended by some ANZAC ex-POWs and their families traveling from Australia, as well as ambassadors from the Australian and New Zealand consulates, the Kanchanaburi Provincial Governor, and others. The closest Saturday to ANZAC Day also sees the ex-POWs attend an Australian Rules footy match between the Thailand Tigers and a team invited from neighboring Asian Countries.
  • In the Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, and Tonga Anzac Day is also commemorated to honour their soldiers who participated in the campaign.
  • In Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea there is a dawn service at the Bomana War Cemetery. Bomana is the location of thousands of graves of Australian and New Zealand Servicemen who were killed during the New Guinea campaign of World War II.
  • In Newfoundland, Canada, the Gallipoli offensive is commemorated each year on 25 April by the Royal Newfoundland Regiment who hold a march from Government House through the streets of St. John's ending at the National War Memorial. Members of both the Australian and New Zealand armed forces are invited each year to participate in the march and wreath laying ceremonies. Other Canadian communities also mark Anzac Day; Calgary has had a Cenotaph Service annually at Central Park with participation from the local military.[24]
  • In London, England, a Dawn Service is held at the Australian War Memorial, and more recently constructed New Zealand War Memorial at Hyde Park Corner.
  • In France in the towns of Le Quesnoy and Longueval[25] and in the town of Villers-Bretonneux (on the next closest weekend) because on April 25, 1918, the village of Villers-Bretonneux was liberated by the ANZACs.
  • In Indonesia, Anzac Day is commemorated in Jakarta, Balikpapan, Bangka Island, Bandung, Denpasar and Surabaya.
  • In Israel Anzac Day is commemorated at the Commonwealth War cemetery on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem.
  • In Hodogaya a suburb of Yokohama, Japan, there is a small service held in the Commonwealth War Graves cemetery.
  • In the United States of America, Anzac Day is commemorated at the Los Angeles National Cemetery in Westwood, California. The New Zealand and Australian Consulates-General rotate hosting the service. The largest expatriate community of New Zealanders and Australians are in Southern California, hence this location. In New York a small mid-morning tribute to Anzac Day is commemorated in the roof garden in the British Empire Building in Rockefeller Plaza, 620 5th Avenue, overlooking St. Patrick's Cathedral, on the Sunday nearest April 25; it is an annual tradition that has been celebrated at this locale since 1950. In Washington DC Australian and New Zealand servicemen and women commemorate Anzac Day at a Dawn Service at the Korean War Memorial on April 25 each year. In Hawaii the Marine Corps hosts an Anzac Day Ceremony at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, known as "The Punchbowl", where several dignitaries from many countries including Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the U.S. attend to commemorate the memory of all who have fallen for their country.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rarotonga Island from space, September 1994 View of a Rarotongan beach. ... The Bridge over the river Kwai A World War II cemetery in Kanchanaburi Kanchanaburi (Thai: ) is a city in the west of Thailand. ... Hellfire Pass is the name of a railway cutting on the Death Railway in Thailand, known by the Japanese as Konyu cutting. ... The Bridge over the river Kwai The Death Railway (known also as Burma Railway or Thai-Burma Railway) was a railway built from Thailand to Burma (now Myanmar) by the Japanese during World War II to complete the route from Bangkok to Rangoon and support the Japanese occupation of Burma. ... Downtown Port Moresby Port Moresby (IPA: ), or Pot Mosbi in Tok Pisin, population 255,000 (2000), is the capital of Papua New Guinea. ... The New Guinea campaign was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Fighting in the Australian mandated Territory of New Guinea (the north-eastern part of the island of New Guinea and surrounding islands) and Dutch New Guinea, between Allied and Japanese forces, commenced with the Japanese... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Royal Newfoundland Regiment is a militia unit of the Canadian Armed Forces. ... St. ... Unveiling the National War Memorial in St. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... The Cenotaph, London. ... Central Memorial Park is a park located in central Calgarys Beltline district. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Hyde Park Corner is a place in London, England, at the south-east corner of Hyde Park. ... For other uses, see Quesnoy. ... Longueval is a French commune in the Somme departement and in the Picardie region. ... Villers-Bretonneux is a commune of the Somme département in France. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Bangka Island is an island lying east of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Bandung (disambiguation). ... Gajah Mada Street Denpasar is the capital city of the province of Bali, Indonesia. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... Mount Scopus (הר הצופים, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ; Arabic جبل المشارف Jabal al-Mašārif, جبل المشهد Jabal al-Mašhad, جبل الصوانة ) is a mountain in East Jerusalem. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Hodogaya-ku ) in Yokohama, Japan, established 1927, is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the state. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center. ... St. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... The Korean War Veterans Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.s West Potomac Park, southeast of the Lincoln Memorial and just south of the Reflecting Pool on the National Mall. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Like Arlington, the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is one of the most prominent of the many national cemeteries in the United States. ...

Criticisms, protests and controversies

Anzac Day has been criticised by a number of Australians and New Zealanders.[26][27] Criticism began in earnest in 1960 with the publication of Alan Seymour's classic play, The One Day of the Year, which dramatised the growing social divide in Australia and the questioning of old values. In the play, Anzac Day is critiqued by the central character, Hughie, as a day of drunken debauchery by returned soldiers and as a day when questions of what it means to be loyal to a nation or Empire must be raised. The play was scheduled to be performed at the inaugural Adelaide Festival of Arts, but after complaints from the Returned Services League, the governors of the Festival refused permission for this to occur.[28] Alan Seymour, born 6 June 1927 in Perth, Western Australia, is an Australian writer of plays, radio scripts, novels and articles. ... North Terrace, Adelaide - Cultural Precinct The Adelaide Festival of Arts is a prestigious arts festival held biannually in Adelaide, South Australia. ...


Anzac Day has also been marked by protests against contemporary wars; for instance, protests against the Vietnam War were common Anzac Day occurrences during the 1960s and 1970s.[29][30] In the 1980s, feminists used the annual Anzac Day march to protest against male violence in war and were banned from marching.[31] More recently protest groups have expressed concern about New Zealands involvement in 18 United Nations missions including Afghanistan, Solomon Islands and East Timor.[32][33] Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Feminists redirects here. ...


Following Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War, interest in Anzac Day reached its lowest point. On 26 April 1975, The Australian newspaper covered the passing of Anzac Day in a single story. [34] Anzac Day now draws record crowds,[35] with an increasing number of those attending being young Australians,[36] many of whom now attend ceremonies swathed in Australian flags, wearing green and gold T-shirts and beanies and with Australian flag tattoos imprinted on their skin.[37][38][8] This has been seen as a reflection of younger generations of Australians wanting to honour the sacrifices made by the previous generations.[39] However, critics contend that this revived interest in Anzac day is a manifestation of the success by former Australian Prime Minister, John Howard, in encouraging a greater feeling of national pride involving an uncritical and self-serving embrace of the Anzac legend.[40][41] Although the Anzac revival was well under way before Howard came to office, the Prime Minister encouraged this phenomenon through his willingness to talk up the Anzac tradition and its importance in contemporary Australia.[42] is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Simpson and his donkey statue by Peter Corlett outside the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. ...


Other critics have suggested that the revival in public interest in Anzac day amongst the young is problematised by the fact that these younger Australians have not themselves experienced war.[43][41] Other sections of the community are concerned that the increasing participation of the young in Anzac Day events has injected a carnival element into what is traditionally a solemn occasion.[34][44][45] This was highlighted by a rock concert-style performance at Anzac Cove in 2005 where people drank and slept between headstones. After the event the site was left strewn with rubbish.[22][23][46] “Tombstone” redirects here. ...


See also

Belligerents British Empire Australia British India Newfoundland New Zealand United Kingdom Egyptian labourers[1] France Senegal Ottoman Empire German Empire[2] Austria-Hungary[3] Commanders Sir Ian Hamilton Lord Kitchener John de Robeck Otto Liman von Sanders Mustafa Kemal Strength 5 divisions (initial) 16 divisions (final) 6 divisions (initial) 15... Simpson and his donkey statue by Peter Corlett outside the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. ... The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association Inc, often referred to as the Returned Services Association, RSA or the RNZRSA, is a voluntary ex-service organisation, dedicated to the welfare of veterans. ... Australias Last ANZAC Mr Alec William Campbell, Australias last ANZAC Alec William Campbell (26 February 1899 – 16 May 2002) was the final surviving Australian participant in the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. His death broke the last living link of Australians with the Gallipoli story. ...

References

  1. ^ "'ANZAC Day' in London; King, Queen, and General Birdwood at Services in Abbey," New York Times. April 26, 1916.
  2. ^ a b "The ANZAC Day tradition". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved on 2008-05-02.
  3. ^ a b "The making of Anzac Day", New Zealand History online - Nga korero aipurangi o Aotearoa, History Group, Ministry for Culture and Heritage, Wellington, New Zealand. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  4. ^ a b A sacred holiday - Anzac Day, New Zealand History online - Nga korero aipurangi o Aotearoa, History Group, Ministry for Culture and Heritage, Wellington, New Zealand. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  5. ^ "Rosemary". anzacday.org.au. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
  6. ^ Clarke, Stephen. "The History of Poppy Day". RSA.org.nz. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
  7. ^ "Anzac Day remembered across the globe", ABC News Online (2006-04-25). Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  8. ^ a b "Thousands mark Anzac Day at Gallipoli", Sydney Morning Herald, April 25, 2007
  9. ^ "A changing past: the contemporary Anzac tradition". University of South Australia (2006-04-21). Retrieved on 2007-05-10.
  10. ^ Cynthia Banham (2004-04-12). "Travel ban slapped on military amid fears of Gallipoli terrorist attack", Sydney Morning Herald/AAP. Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  11. ^ "15,000 attend dawn service", The Age (2004-04-25). Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  12. ^ Australian War Memorial H13624
  13. ^ Australian War Memorial P00851.009
  14. ^ Australian War Memorial MEB0068
  15. ^ "Club History". Essendon FC. Retrieved on 2007-05-10.
  16. ^ "Malthouse urges more history education", The Age (2006-04-24). Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  17. ^ "AFL's Anzac clash sold out", ABC News Online (2006-04-11). Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  18. ^ "A fighting spirit", The Age (2006-04-24). Retrieved on 2007-05-10. 
  19. ^ "AFL Tables 1995", Australian Sporting Statistics. Retrieved on 2008-04-26. 
  20. ^ A Guide to Anzac Day for New Zealanders
  21. ^ Modern Anzac Day, New Zealand History online - Nga korero aipurangi o Aotearoa, History Group, Ministry for Culture and Heritage, Wellington, New Zealand. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  22. ^ a b Yuko Narushima, Call for a cap on Gallipoli crowds, Sydney Morning Herald, April 25, 2006
  23. ^ a b Andra Jackson and Doug Conway, RSL chiefs dismayed by Gallipoli rubbish, The Age, April 27, 2005
  24. ^ "Anzac Day Ceremonies Overseas 2007". Department of Veteran' Affairs. Retrieved on 2007-05-10.
  25. ^ "New Zealand/France Bilateral Relations » War Commemorations". NZ Embassy, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved on 2007-05-10.
  26. ^ For example, Mark McKenna, Patriot Act, The Australian, June 06, 2007. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  27. ^ An Alternative Anzac Day commemoration, Peace Movement Aotearoa. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  28. ^ Gallipoli's Shadows, The Age, April 25, 2003
  29. ^ State Library of South Australia, "Commemoration"
  30. ^ Alan Ryan, "The Australian Army and the Vietnam War in Retrospect", Australian Department of Defence
  31. ^ Shane Cahill, "Don’t mention the anti-war feeling", The University of Melbourne Voice Vol. 3, No. 1, 14 April - 12 May 2008
  32. ^ Peter Lewis, Protestors arrested at NZ Anzac Day service, ABC News Online, April 25, 2007
  33. ^ "Lest we forget Afghanistan, the Solomon Islands and Timor Leste", Aotearoa Independent Media Centre (2007-04-25). Retrieved on 2008-05-04. 
  34. ^ a b The Anzac Spirit, The Australian, April 25, 2006
  35. ^ DB Waterson, Anzac Day: Australia's National Day, ABC News Online
  36. ^ Anne-Marie Hede and John Hall, "Anzac Day and Australian nationalism: assessing the marketing lifecycle of this cultural phenomenon", Deakin University: www.deakin.edu.au/research/stories/hede/anzac-vietnam.doc
  37. ^ "Thousands honour Anzac Day at Gallipoli", Sydney Morning Herald, April 25, 2007.
  38. ^ Charles Miranda, "Embracing our Anzac history", Herald Sun, April 26, 2008.
  39. ^ ANZAC Day - ABC News Online
  40. ^ Mark McKenna, Patriot Act, The Australian, June 06, 2007. Accessed 2007-06-16.
  41. ^ a b "Gallipoli – remembering and learning", The University of Melbourne Voice Vol. 3, No. 1, 14 April - 12 May 2008
  42. ^ Andrew Ball, What the Anzac Revival means, The Age, April 24, 2004
  43. ^ Tim Brunero, Anzac Day is not for kids, LIVENEWS.com.au, April 23, 2008
  44. ^ Andrew Tate, The rest we forget, The Age, April 25, 2008
  45. ^ Paul Heinrichs and Frank Walker, Diggers dirty on Anzac Day 'carnival', The Age, April 9, 2006
  46. ^ Ben Haywood, ANZAC Day, The Age, May 2, 2005.
  47. ^ Shaw, John. "Alec Campbell, Last Anzac at Gallipoli, Dies at 103," New York Times. May 20, 2002.

The Australian War Memorial is Australias national memorial to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in the wars of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australias national public broadcaster. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Essendons Home and Clash Jumpers Essendon Football Club, nicknamed The Bombers, is an Australian rules football club that is part of the Australian Football League. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Department of Veterans Affairs exists to serve members of Australias veteran and defence force communities, war widows and widowers, widows and dependants, through programs of care, compensation, commemoration and defence support services. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) is the New Zealand Government ministry responsible for promoting New Zealands interests in trade and international relations. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 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External links

  • Anzac Day: A Guide for New Zealanders
  • Commemorative Australian site
  • History of the Dawn Service
Wikinews has related news:
ANZAC Day marked throughout NZ, AU
Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...

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