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Encyclopedia > AMD Quad FX platform

The AMD Quad FX platform is an AMD platform targeted at enthusiasts which allows users to plug two Socket F Athlon 64 FX or 2-way Opteron processors (CPUs) into a single motherboard for a total of four physical cores [1]. This is a type of dual processor setup, where two CPUs are installed on a motherboard to increase computing power. The major difference between the platform and past dual processor systems like Xeon (pre Intel 5000X/P chipset) is that each processor has its own dedicated memory stores. The Quad FX platform also has HyperTransport capability targeted toward consumer platforms. [2][3] Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... In computing, a platform describes some sort of framework, either in hardware or software, which allows software to run. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... The AMD Opteron (codenamed SledgeHammer during development) was the first of AMDs eighth-generation x86 processors based on the K8 or Hammer core, and the first processor to implement the AMD64 (formerly x86-64) instruction set architecture. ... Die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor (actual size: 12×6. ... In computer architecture, dual processor can refer to two different types of multiprocessing: A computer with two CPUs A dual-core CPU: two processors inside a single CPU core This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. ... The Xeon is Intels brand name for its server-class x86 microprocessors intended for multiple-processor machines. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ...


On May 2007, AMD has officially codenamed the eight core setup with two Phenom FX processors to be the FASN8 (pronunced as "fascinate", IPA: /fæsəˌneɪt/, in short for First AMD Silicon Next-gen 8-core platform [4]) [5] from the previous codename "4x4+" used in Analyst Day presentations. The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ...

Contents

Configuration

In each socket resides an AMD Athlon 64 FX CPU. Each socket is connected using AMD's Direct Connect Architecture, this dual-processor architecture was dubbed by AMD as the "Dual Socket Direct Connect Architecture" (DSDC Architecture) [6], providing a dedicated channel between the CPU cores and from each CPU out to the system memory. Due to the nature of the Direct Connect architecture, each CPU can access the other's dedicated memory store. The both of them, constituting one four-core system, have a power consumption (TDP) of 250 W [7] for each 125 W labelled TDP. The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... The Direct Connect Architecture is the I/O architecture of the Athlon64 and Opteron microprocessors from AMD. It consists of the combination of three elements: The microprocessor is directly connected to DRAM memory through an integrated memory controller. ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... The watt (symbol: W) is the SI derived unit of power, equal to one joule per second. ...


A four-core system has been exhibited as a demo at AMD headquarters on July 25, 2006. AMD has claimed that the systems which consist of a pair of CPUs will cost below US$1000 altogether with a suitable motherboard. The motherboards strongly resemble dual-socket Opteron 22xx series motherboards as they share the same socket and one bank of memory DIMMs per CPU, but the motherboards of the platform have support for regular unbuffered DDR2 RAM while the Opteron setup requires registered memory. The platform also has support for multiple graphics cards. is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The AMD Opteron (codenamed SledgeHammer during development) was the first of AMDs eighth-generation x86 processors based on the K8 or Hammer core, and the first processor to implement the AMD64 (formerly x86-64) instruction set architecture. ... Two types of DIMMs: a 168-pin SDRAM module (top) and a 184-pin DDR SDRAM module (bottom). ... Registered (sometimes called buffered) memory modules have additional components between the SDRAM modules and the systems memory controller. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...


An eight core reference system was demonstrated in an event held early May 2007 by AMD [8].


Competing products

The major competition of the platform is from Intel, which launched its Core 2 desktop microprocessors in late July 2006 and its multi-chip module quad-core processor codenamed "Kentsfield" in November 2006 as the Core 2 Extreme series [9]. Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... The Core 2 brand refers to a range of Intels mobile and desktop 64-bit dual-/quad-core x86 CPUs with the Core microarchitecture, which evolved from the 32-bit dual-core Yonah mobile processor. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... ... Core 2 Duo brand logo This article is about Intel processors branded as Intel Core 2. ...


Intel had also responded in 2007 with two upcoming platforms, one in CeBIT codenamed V8, targeting workstation market [10] and one in 2007 Beijing Intel Developer Forum (IDF), codenamed Skulltrail for enthusiasts [11], both with similar dual-processor configuration but with V8 lacking multi-graphics support. A crowded exhibition hall during CeBIT 2000. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Intel Developer Forum (IDF), is a twice yearly gathering of technologists to discuss Intel products and products based around Intel products. ...


Reception

Initial reviews of the platform have been largely unfavourable. Reviewers have noted that the platform requires significantly more power than a Core 2 Extreme QX6700 processor system[12], with performance being generally inferior [13][14]. In some cases, performance was seen to be even lower than the dual-core FX-62, which was largely blamed on Windows XP being less NUMA-aware, resulting in higher memory latency [15], while it was theorized that Windows Vista would show better performance[clarify] due to proper NUMA support. Core 2 Duo brand logo This article is about Intel processors branded as Intel Core 2. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Non-Uniform Memory Access or Non-Uniform Memory Architecture (NUMA) is a computer memory design used in multiprocessors, where the memory access time depends on the memory location relative to a processor. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Non-Uniform Memory Access or Non-Uniform Memory Architecture (NUMA) is a computer memory design used in multiprocessors, where the memory access time depends on the memory location relative to a processor. ...


Availability

The platform was launched in November 2006. Three new processors, the FX-70, FX-72 and FX-74 are released simultaneously with clock speeds of 2.6 GHz, 2.8 GHz and 3.0 GHz respectively, with FX-76 clocked at speed of 3.2 GHz coming up 2007, but being cancelled for upcoming 65 nm microarchitecture Phenom FX processors replacing the 90 nm fabrication process line of Athlon 64 FX series processor [16]. The 65 nanometer (65 nm) process is the next milestone as of 2005 in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ... Since 2002 and up to 2004, the 90 nanometer (90 nm) process has been a buzzword in the electronic, the LSI and semiconductor manufacturing, and fabrication industries. ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ...


Chipsets

NVIDIA

NVIDIA has introduced a chipset for the platform, called "nForce 680a", provides 4 PCI-Express slots of x16-x8-x16-x8 configuration, and support up to 12 SATA2 hard disks [17]. ASUSteK will produce the first motherboard that will support two Socket F (dubbed as socket L1FX by NVIDIA) processors each with its own dedicated memory banks, dubbed as "ASUS L1N64-SLI WS" (instead of the L1N64-SLI Deluxe that NVIDIA announced), based on NVIDIA nForce 680a chipset. NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) is an American corporation specializing in the manufacture of GPU technologies for video cards, graphics cards, workstations, desktop computers, handhelds and more. ... The nForce 600 chipset was released in the first half of November 2006, coinciding with the GeForce 8 series launch on November 8, 2006. ... First generation (1. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... ASUSTeK Computer Inc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The nForce 600 chipset was released in the first half of November 2006, coinciding with the GeForce 8 series launch on November 8, 2006. ...


Reports suggested that ASUStek is the sole motherboard manufacturer for the chipset and left other motherboard manufacturers out, some of which stated that they will produce motherboards based on Intel chipsets instead [18]. There are also reports showing that the L1N64-SLI WS motherboard supports a pair of 2200 series CPU in the Opteron family without modifications to the motherboard, and the chipset was recognized as "nForce 570 SLI" chipset revision A1 instead of "nForce 680a" chipset [19]. The AMD Opteron (codenamed SledgeHammer during development) was the first of AMDs eighth-generation x86 processors based on the K8 or Hammer core, and the first processor to implement the AMD64 (formerly x86-64) instruction set architecture. ...


ATI Technologies

In October 2006, sites leaked ATI chipset updates that ATI will also introduce a chipset connecting two AMD processors and four PCI-Express graphic cards, dubbed as "RD790", which provides PCI Express slots of x8-x8-x8-x8 configuration, and will be available first half of 2007. [20] The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... RD700 series is a chipset series made by ATI and is targeted to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... PCI Express (formerly known as 3GIO for 3rd Generation I/O, not to be mistaken with PCI-X) is an implementation of the PCI computer bus that uses existing PCI programming concepts and communications standards, but bases it on a much faster serial communications system. ...


Source also revealed that a revamped "580X" chipset, which is due first half of 2007, will allow 2 CPUs and at most 3 Graphic Cards to run on the same board [20], but was obviously cancelled as AMD demonstrated the RD790 chipset recently in internal events and Computex 2007 [21][22] instead of an revamped 580X chipset. AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by AMD subsidairy ATI Technologies, for the AMD processors. ... The AMD 700 chipset series is a chipset series made by ATI under the brand AMD and is targeted to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... Computex Taipei (formal name: Taipei International Information Technology Show) is a computer expo held annually at the Taipei World Trade Center in Taipei, Taiwan. ...


System Builders

Since the platform launched in November, AMD has announced a list of System Builders, which have announced PC systems for the platform, those includes Vigor Gaming, IBuyPower, CyberPower, MainGear and Velocity Micro [23]


American-based system builder, Alienware, a subsidiary of Dell Computers have announced that there will be a system using the platform once the product released. Alienware has dubbed the platform "AMD Quad FX technology" [24] [25]. However, as of today, none of the expected product lineup have been officially announced. Alienware is an American computer hardware company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dell Computer Corporation. ... Dell, Inc. ...


Another system builder, VoodooPC, subsidiary of Hewlett Packard, has demonstrated an Omen PC, supporting the platform in CES 2007. With a similar system featuring Dual CPU configuration dubbed as the Omen a:221 SIlent DCC workstation, equipping two Opteron 200 or 800 series CPU dated back to 2006, and the "OMEN AMD Quad FX SLI" system was announced later in the year. Voodoo Computers Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is currently the worlds largest information technology corporation (by revenue) and is known worldwide for its printers, personal computers and high end servers. ... The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) is a trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored by the Consumer Electronics Association. ... The AMD Opteron (codenamed SledgeHammer during development) was the first of AMDs eighth-generation x86 processors based on the K8 or Hammer core, and the first processor to implement the AMD64 (formerly x86-64) instruction set architecture. ...


Several system integrators have also announced special Quad FX themed platforms, most notably Vigor Gaming's Force Recon QX4 "Quadfather" system. The Quadfather system sports a stylish Thermaltake Armor chassis with a green and black tweaked version of the iconic cover art from the movie The Godfather. The Godfather is a 1972 crime film based on the novel of the same name by Mario Puzo and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, with screenplay by Puzo and Coppola. ...


Future updates

Sometime during 2008, users should be able to use two, future quad-core AMD processors using the chipset, providing a total of eight physical cores, dubbed as "4x4++" with DDR3 support [26]. While backward compatible AMD quad-cores will also support an update to HyperTransport which will benefit more from a new chipset released at the same time. HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ...


References

  1. ^ ExtremeTech on 4x4
  2. ^ Ars Technica report on K8L and 4x4
  3. ^ Goodin, Dan (2006-11-15). AMD, Intel: Who's Zooming Who?. Wired Magazine.
  4. ^ PC Watch image
  5. ^ AMD Press Release
  6. ^ AMD DSDC Architecture page
  7. ^ AMD's Quad FX platform: AMD decides to socket to 'em. The Tech Report. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  8. ^ TGDaily report
  9. ^ DigiTimes report on Core 2 Extreme QX6700
  10. ^ The Inquirer report
  11. ^ Intel fact sheet on Intel Developer Forum
  12. ^ Anandtech Quad FX review: Power consumption
  13. ^ Anandtech Quad FX review: Summary
  14. ^ Hexus Quad FX review: Summary
  15. ^ Anandtech Quad FX review: More Sockets, but Lower Performance?
  16. ^ FudZilla report
  17. ^ The Inquirer report on "nForce 680a"
  18. ^ ASUS is the sole 4x4 chipset motherboard maker report
  19. ^ DailyTech report
  20. ^ a b Chile Hardware report on ATI chipset update
  21. ^ TGDaily report
  22. ^ TGDaily report
  23. ^ TechReport report
  24. ^ Alienware Production Information Gallery
  25. ^ Alienware "AMD Quad FX technology" fact sheet
  26. ^ AMD Technology Analyst Day Presentation 2006 (Slide 32)

Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The nForce 600 chipset was released in the first half of November 2006, coinciding with the GeForce 8 series launch on November 8, 2006. ...

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